Newsworthy Presidential Mistakes

    fastify-cli

    5.7.1 • Public • Published

    fastify-cli

    CI NPM version js-standard-style

    Command line tools for Fastify. Generate, write, and run an application with one single command!

    Install

    npm install fastify-cli --global

    Usage

    fastify-cli offers a single command line interface for your Fastify project:

    $ fastify

    Will print an help:

    Fastify command line interface, available commands are:
    
      * start                 start a server
      * eject                 turns your application into a standalone executable with a server.(js|ts) file being added
      * generate              generate a new project
      * generate-plugin       generate a new plugin project
      * generate-swagger      generate Swagger/OpenAPI schema for a project using @fastify/swagger
      * readme                generate a README.md for the plugin
      * print-routes          prints the representation of the internal radix tree used by the router, useful for debugging.
      * version               the current fastify-cli version
      * help                  help about commands
    
    Launch 'fastify help [command]' to know more about the commands.
    
    The default command is start, you can hit
    
      fastify start plugin.js
    
    to start plugin.js.
    

    start

    You can start any Fastify plugin with:

    $ fastify start plugin.js

    A plugin can be as simple as:

    // plugin.js
    module.exports = function (fastify, options, next) {
      fastify.get('/', function (req, reply) {
        reply.send({ hello: 'world' })
      })
      next()
    }

    If you are using Node 8+, you can use Promises or async functions too:

    // async-await-plugin.js
    module.exports = async function (fastify, options) {
      fastify.get('/', async function (req, reply) {
        return { hello: 'world' }
      })
    }

    For a list of available flags for fastify start see the help: fastify help start.

    If you want to use custom options for the server creation, just export an options object with your route and run the cli command with the --options flag.

    // plugin.js
    module.exports = function (fastify, options, next) {
      fastify.get('/', function (req, reply) {
        reply.send({ hello: 'world' })
      })
      next()
    }
    
    module.exports.options = {
      https: {
        key: 'key',
        cert: 'cert'
      }
    }

    And if you are using EcmaScript Module format:

    export default async function plugin (fastify, options) {
      // Both `/foo` and `/foo/` are registered
      fastify.get('/foo/', async function (req, reply) {
        return 'foo'
      })
    }
    
    export const options = {
      ignoreTrailingSlash: true
    }

    If you want to use custom options for your plugin, just add them after the -- terminator.

    // plugin.js
    module.exports = function (fastify, options, next) {
      if (option.one) {
        //...
      }
      //...
      next()
    }
    $ fastify start plugin.js -- --one

    Modules in EcmaScript Module format can be used on Node.js >= 14 or >= 12.17.0 but < 13.0.0'

    // plugin.js
    export default async function plugin (fastify, options) {
      fastify.get('/', async function (req, reply) {
        return options
      })
    }

    This works with a .js extension if you are using Node.js >= 14 and the nearest parent package.json has "type": "module" (more info here). If your package.json does not have "type": "module", use .mjs for the extension (plugin.mjs in the above example).

    Options

    You can pass the following options via CLI arguments. You can also use --config or -c flag to pass a configuration file that exports all the properties listed below in camelCase convention. In case of collision (i.e., An argument existing in both the configuration file and as a command-line argument, the command-line argument is given the priority). Every option has a corresponding environment variable:

    Description Short command Full command Environment variable
    Path to configuration file that can be used to manage the options listed below -c --config FASTIFY_CONFIG or CONFIG
    Port to listen on (default to 3000) -p --port FASTIFY_PORT or PORT
    Address to listen on -a --address FASTIFY_ADDRESS
    Socket to listen on -s --socket FASTIFY_SOCKET
    Module to preload -r --require FASTIFY_REQUIRE
    Log level (default to fatal) -l --log-level FASTIFY_LOG_LEVEL
    Path to logging configuration module to use -L --logging-module FASTIFY_LOGGING_MODULE
    Start Fastify app in debug mode with nodejs inspector -d --debug FASTIFY_DEBUG
    Set the inspector port (default: 9320) -I --debug-port FASTIFY_DEBUG_PORT
    Set the inspector host to listen on (default: loopback address or 0.0.0.0 inside Docker or Kubernetes) --debug-host FASTIFY_DEBUG_HOST
    Prints pretty logs -P --pretty-logs FASTIFY_PRETTY_LOGS
    Watch process.cwd() directory for changes, recursively; when that happens, the process will auto reload -w --watch FASTIFY_WATCH
    Ignore changes to the specified files or directories when watch is enabled. (e.g. --ignore-watch='node_modules .git logs/error.log' ) --ignore-watch FASTIFY_IGNORE_WATCH
    Prints events triggered by watch listener (useful to debug unexpected reload when using --watch ) -V --verbose-watch FASTIFY_VERBOSE_WATCH
    Use custom options -o --options FASTIFY_OPTIONS
    Set the prefix -x --prefix FASTIFY_PREFIX
    Set the plugin timeout -T --plugin-timeout FASTIFY_PLUGIN_TIMEOUT
    Defines the maximum payload, in bytes,
    that the server is allowed to accept
    --body-limit FASTIFY_BODY_LIMIT
    Set the maximum ms delay before forcefully closing pending requests after receiving SIGTERM or SIGINT signals; and uncaughtException or unhandledRejection errors (default: 500) -g --close-grace-delay FASTIFY_CLOSE_GRACE_DELAY

    By default fastify-cli runs dotenv, so it will load all the env variables stored in .env in your current working directory.

    The default value for --plugin-timeout is 10 seconds. By default --ignore-watch flag is set to ignore `node_modules build dist .git bower_components logs .swp' files.

    Containerization

    When deploying to a Docker container, and potentially other, containers, it is advisable to set a fastify address of 0.0.0.0 because these containers do not default to exposing mapped ports to localhost.

    For containers built and run specifically by the Docker Daemon or inside a Kubernetes cluster, fastify-cli is able to detect that the server process is running within a container and the 0.0.0.0 listen address is set automatically.

    Other containerization tools (eg. Buildah and Podman) are not detected automatically, so the 0.0.0.0 listen address must be set explicitly with either the --address flag or the FASTIFY_ADDRESS environment variable.

    Fastify version discovery

    If Fastify is installed as a project dependency (with npm install --save fastify), then fastify-cli will use that version of Fastify when running the server. Otherwise, fastify-cli will use the version of Fastify included within fastify-cli.

    Migrating out of fastify-cli start

    If you would like to turn your application into a standalone executable, just add the following server.js:

    'use strict'
    
    // Read the .env file.
    require('dotenv').config()
    
    // Require the framework
    const Fastify = require('fastify')
    
    // Require library to exit fastify process, gracefully (if possible)
    const closeWithGrace = require('close-with-grace')
    
    // Instantiate Fastify with some config
    const app = Fastify({
      logger: true
    })
    
    // Register your application as a normal plugin.
    const appService = require('./app.js')
    app.register(appService)
    
    // delay is the number of milliseconds for the graceful close to finish
    const closeListeners = closeWithGrace({ delay: process.env.FASTIFY_CLOSE_GRACE_DELAY || 500 }, async function ({ signal, err, manual }) {
      if (err) {
        app.log.error(err)
      }
      await app.close()
    })
    
    app.addHook('onClose', (instance, done) => {
      closeListeners.uninstall()
      done()
    })
    
    // Start listening.
    app.listen({ port: process.env.PORT || 3000 }, (err) => {
      if (err) {
        app.log.error(err)
        process.exit(1)
      }
    })

    Unhandled rejections

    fastify-cli uses make-promises-safe to avoid memory leaks in case of an 'unhandledRejection'.

    generate

    fastify-cli can also help with generating some project scaffolding to kickstart the development of your next Fastify application. To use it:

    1. fastify generate <yourapp>
    2. cd yourapp
    3. npm install

    The sample code offers you the following npm tasks:

    • npm start - starts the application
    • npm run dev - starts the application with pino-pretty pretty logging (not suitable for production)
    • npm test - runs the tests
    • npm run lint - fixes files accordingly to linter rules, for templates generated with --standardlint

    You will find three different folders:

    • plugins: the folder where you will place all your custom plugins
    • routes: the folder where you will declare all your endpoints
    • test: the folder where you will declare all your test

    Finally, there will be an app.js file, which is your entry point. It is a standard Fastify plugin and you will not need to add the listen method to run the server, just run it with one of the scripts above.

    If the target directory exists fastify generate will fail unless the target directory is ., as in the current directory.

    If the target directory is the current directory (.) and it already contains a package.json file, fastify generate will fail. This can be overidden with the --integrate flag:

    fastify generate . --integrate

    This will add or alter the main, scripts, dependencies and devDependencies fields on the package.json. In cases of file name collisions for any files being added, the file will be overwritten with the new file added by fastify generate. If there is an existing app.js in this scenario, it will be overwritten. Use the --integrate flag with care.

    Options

    Description Full command
    To generate ESM based JavaScript template --esm
    Use the TypeScript template --lang=ts, --lang=typescript
    Overwrite it when the target directory is the current directory (.) --integrate
    For JavaScript template, optionally includes Standard linter to fix code style issues --standardlint

    generate-plugin

    fastify-cli can help you improve your plugin development by generating a scaffolding project:

    1. fastify generate-plugin <yourplugin>
    2. cd yourplugin
    3. npm install

    The boilerplate provides some useful npm scripts:

    • npm run unit: runs all unit tests
    • npm run lint: to check your project's code style
    • npm run test:typescript: runs types tests
    • npm test: runs all the checks at once

    readme

    fastify-cli can also help with generating a concise and informative readme for your plugin. If no package.json is provided a new one is generated automatically. To use it:

    1. cd yourplugin
    2. fastify readme <path-to-your-plugin-file>

    Finally, there will be a new README.md file, which provides internal information about your plugin e.g:

    • Install instructions
    • Example usage
    • Plugin dependencies
    • Exposed decorators
    • Encapsulation semantics
    • Compatible Fastify version

    generate-swagger

    if your project uses @fastify/swagger, fastify-cli can generate and write out the resulting Swagger/OpenAPI schema for you.

    fastify generate-swagger app.js

    linting

    fastify-cli is unopinionated on the choice of linter. We recommend you to add a linter, like so:

    "devDependencies": {
    + "standard": "^11.0.1",
    }
    
    "scripts": {
    + "pretest": "standard",
      "test": "tap test/**/*.test.js",
      "start": "fastify start -l info app.js",
      "dev": "fastify start -l info -P app.js",
    + "lint": "standard --fix"
    },

    Test helpers

    When you use fastify-cli to run your project you need a way to load your application because you can run the CLI command. To do so, you can use the this module to load your application and give you the control to write your assertions. These utilities are async functions that you may use with the node-tap testing framework.

    There are two utilities provided:

    • build: builds your application and returns the fastify instance without calling the listen method.
    • listen: starts your application and returns the fastify instance listening on the configured port.

    Both of these utilities have the function(arg, pluginOptions, serverOptions) parameters:

    • cliArgs: is a string or a string array within the same arguments passed to the fastify-cli command.
    • pluginOptions: is an object containing the options provided to the started plugin (eg: app.js).
    • serverOptions: is an object containing the additional options provided to fastify server, similar to the --options command line argument
    // load the utility helper functions
    const { build, listen } = require('fastify-cli/helper')
    
    // write a test
    const { test } = require('tap')
    test('test my application', async t => {
      const argv = ['app.js']
      const app = await build(argv, {
        extraParam: 'foo'
      })
      t.teardown(() => app.close())
    
      // test your application here:
      const res = await app.inject('/')
      t.same(res.json(), { hello: 'one' })
    })

    Log output is consumed by tap. If log messages should be logged to the console the logger needs to be configured to output to stderr instead of stdout.

    const logger = {
      transport: {
        target: 'pino-pretty',
        options: {
          destination: 2,
        },
      },
    }
    const argv = ['app.js']
    test('test my application with logging enabled', async t => {
      const app = await build(argv, {}, { logger })
      t.teardown(() => app.close())
    
      // test your application here:
      const res = await app.inject('/')
      t.same(res.json(), { hello: 'one' })
    })

    Contributing

    If you feel you can help in any way, be it with examples, extra testing, or new features please open a pull request or open an issue.

    How to execute the CLI

    Instead of using the fastify keyword before each command, use node cli.js
    Example: replace fastify start with node cli.js start

    License

    MIT

    Install

    npm i fastify-cli

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    34,618

    Version

    5.7.1

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    177 kB

    Total Files

    135

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • galvez
    • simenb
    • coopflow
    • simoneb
    • rafaelgss
    • starptech
    • delvedor
    • matteo.collina
    • allevo
    • jsumners
    • zekth
    • eomm
    • fox1t
    • davidmarkclements
    • airhorns
    • kibertoad
    • climba03003