We track data about users of the npm website, the npm public registry and any other services we may offer from time to time.
This page tells you what we track, and what we do with it.
The npm Registry
All requests to the registry are logged and retained by npm, Inc. These requests include non-personally identifiable information such as the package requested and the time of the request, as well as potentially personally identifiable information such as the IP address of the requester.
For example, this is a sample of the kind of data we track in our logs when you download a package:
2014-05-05T23:17:52Z 18.104.22.168 "-" "GET /npm-test-blerg" 200 "npm/1.4.10 node/v0.10.26 darwin x64" "install npm-test-blerg" "1db337334dbd3fc1" "MISS" "shield__cache_v41_ASH__ashburn_va_us" "cache-v41-ASH" 2014-05-05T23:17:53Z 22.214.171.124 "-" "GET /npm/public/registry/npm-test-blerg/_attachments/npm-test-blerg-0.1000.1.tgz" 200 "npm/1.4.10 node/v0.10.26 darwin x64" "install npm-test-blerg" "1db337334dbd3fc1" "MISS" "shield__cache_c99_CHI__chi_il_us" "cache-c99-CHI"
This includes a number of things:
- The date and time.
- The IP address of the requester.
- The HTTP request URL and method.
- The HTTP response status code.
user-agentstring, which includes the versions of Node and npm in use.
- Data about the CDN cache.
- A random
npm-sessionheader, unique to a single invocation of the
npmcommand line utility.
refererheader, which will indicate the command that was invoked.
For example, if you type
npm install express, then all HTTP requests
as a result of that command will indicate that they are related to a
single action, and that the originating request was for the
Note that different versions of npm may send different information, so some of the fields may not be tracked for all requests.
The npm Website
Like most website operators, npm, Inc. collects non-personally-identifying information of the sort that web browsers and servers typically make available, such as the browser type, language preference, referring site, and the date and time of each visitor request. npm, Inc.'s purpose in collecting non-personally identifying information is to better understand how npm's visitors use its website. From time to time, npm, Inc. may release non-personally-identifying information in the aggregate, e.g., by publishing a report on trends in website usage.
npm, Inc. also collects potentially personally-identifying information like Internet Protocol (IP) addresses. npm, Inc. does not use such information to identify its visitors, however, and does not disclose such information, other than under the same circumstances that it uses and discloses personally-identifying information, as described below.
Collection of Personally Identifying Information
In order to write information into the npm registry database (for example, to publish packages, bookmark packages, edit metadata, etc.) users may decide to provide certain personally identifying information including but not limited to: email address, username, password, personal website, and account names on other services such as GitHub, Twitter, and IRC.
When packages are published in the npm registry, the user responsible for the publish action is saved, along with the date and time of the publish. This information is shared on the website.
If you create an account or publish a package, your email address will be publicly disclosed.
If users do not want their information tracked in this manner, they can opt to not create an account. However, this means that some features of npm and the npm website will be unavailable to them.
Use of Personally Identifying Information
We may use personally identifying information we have collected about you, including your email address, to provide you with news, notes, and recommendations. You can opt out of receiving such messages at any time by using the "unsubscribe" links or directions at the ends of messages you receive. In addition, we use collected personally identifying information to operate our business and the npm service. We do not disclose your personal information to unaffiliated third parties who may want to offer you their own products and services unless you have requested or authorized us to do so.
We may share your personal information with third parties or affiliates where it is necessary for us to complete a transaction or do something you have asked us to do. Likewise, we may share your personal information with third parties or affiliates with whom we have contracted to perform services on our behalf. Companies that act on our behalf are required to keep the personal information we provide to them confidential and to use the personal information we share only to provide the services we ask them to perform.
In addition, we may disclose personal information in the good faith belief that we are lawfully authorized to do so, or that doing so is reasonably necessary to comply with legal process or authorities, respond to any claims, or to protect the rights, property, or personal safety of npm, our users, our employees, or the public. In addition, information about our users, including personal information, may be disclosed or transferred as part of, or during negotiations of, any merger, sale of company assets, or acquisition.
A cookie is a string of information that a website stores on a visitor's computer, and that the visitor's browser provides to the website each time the visitor returns.
Packages Published to The npm Registry
Most packages published to the npm registry are open source, and freely available to all users of the npm service. We show basic package metadata on the npm website, in a variety of forms, so as to assist users in finding a package that meets their needs.
We may also inspect the contents of published packages to investigate any claims of malicious contents, or to debug problems that may occur in the process of running the service. For open source packages, we may also analyze the contents of published packages in an automated fashion to gain information about how people use npm packages. This information may be disclosed to third parties on our website, or in other forms. (Note that it is already freely available to anyone who downloads the packages themselves.)
If a package is published to the npm registry in such a way as to restrict read-access to the package, then we may still need to inspect the package contents on rare occasions. However, we never disclose information about a private package--including the fact that the package exists--to third parties who are not granted access to the package by the package's owners.
Disclosure of Log Information
All user information is retained in raw form for such time as deemed appropriate by npm, Inc. It is shared with employees and contractors of npm, Inc., as needed to process information on npm, Inc.'s behalf.
Raw log data is not shared with third parties, but may be shared in aggregate. For example, every page on the npm includes a report on the number of downloads that module has received, and occasionally npm, Inc. may publish blog posts or reports on registry or website usage.
We also analyze log data for a variety of reasons, including counting up downloads and unique visitors, debugging production problems, tracking which versions of Node.js and npm are in use in the wild, and researching how npm packages are used together with one another. This helps us to better understand the usage patterns of npm, and make better decisions about the npm product.
Use by Minors
The npm service is not intended for use by minor children (under the age of 18). Parents and guardians should monitor the use of the npm service by minor children. Children under age 13 should not use the npm service at all. If a child under age 13 submits personal information through any part of the service, and we become aware that the person submitting the information is under age 13, we will attempt to delete the information as soon as reasonably possible.
Links to Other Websites
United States Jurisdiction
If you have any questions or concerns about how we track user information, or how that information is used, please contact us at once.
1999 Harrison Street
Oakland CA 94612
Credit and License
This document may be reused under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.