A Bounding Volume Hierarchy (BVH) implementation to speed up raycasting and enable spatial queries against three.js meshes. See the associated Wikipedia article for more information on bounding volume hierarchies and how they work.
Casting 500 rays against an 80,000 polygon model at 60fps!
Tools
Games
Path Tracing
External Projects
Using premade functions
import * as THREE from 'three';
import {
computeBoundsTree, disposeBoundsTree,
computeBatchedBoundsTree, disposeBatchedBoundsTree, acceleratedRaycast,
} from 'threemeshbvh';
// Add the extension functions
THREE.BufferGeometry.prototype.computeBoundsTree = computeBoundsTree;
THREE.BufferGeometry.prototype.disposeBoundsTree = disposeBoundsTree;
THREE.Mesh.prototype.raycast = acceleratedRaycast;
THREE.BatchedMesh.prototype.computeBoundsTree = computeBatchedBoundsTree;
THREE.BatchedMesh.prototype.disposeBoundsTree = disposeBatchedBoundsTree;
THREE.BatchedMesh.prototype.raycast = acceleratedRaycast;
// Generate geometry and associated BVH
const geom = new THREE.TorusKnotGeometry( 10, 3, 400, 100 );
const mesh = new THREE.Mesh( geom, material );
geom.computeBoundsTree();
// Or generate BatchedMesh and associated BVHs
const batchedMesh = new THREE.BatchedMesh( ... );
const geomId = batchedMesh.addGeometry( geom );
const instId = batchedMesh.addGeometry( geom );
// Generate bounds tree for sub geometry
batchedMesh.computeBoundsTree( geomId );
Or manually building the BVH
import * as THREE from 'three';
import { MeshBVH, acceleratedRaycast } from 'threemeshbvh';
// Add the raycast function. Assumes the BVH is available on
// the `boundsTree` variable
THREE.Mesh.prototype.raycast = acceleratedRaycast;
// ...
// Generate the BVH and use the newly generated index
geom.boundsTree = new MeshBVH( geom );
And then raycasting
// Setting "firstHitOnly" to true means the Mesh.raycast function will use the
// bvh "raycastFirst" function to return a result more quickly.
const raycaster = new THREE.Raycaster();
raycaster.firstHitOnly = true;
raycaster.intersectObjects( [ mesh ] );
import * as THREE from 'three';
import { MeshBVH, acceleratedRaycast } from 'threemeshbvh';
let mesh, geometry;
const invMat = new THREE.Matrix4();
// instantiate the geometry
// ...
const bvh = new MeshBVH( geometry );
invMat.copy( mesh.matrixWorld ).invert();
// raycasting
// ensure the ray is in the local space of the geometry being cast against
raycaster.ray.applyMatrix4( invMat );
const hit = bvh.raycastFirst( raycaster.ray );
// results are returned in local spac, as well, so they must be transformed into
// world space if needed.
hit.point.applyMatrixWorld( mesh.matrixWorld );
// spherecasting
// ensure the sphere is in the local space of the geometry being cast against
sphere.applyMatrix4( invMat );
const intersects = bvh.intersectsSphere( sphere );
import { StaticGeometryGenerator } from 'threemeshbvh';
const generator = new StaticGeometryGenerator( [ ...skinnedMeshes ] );
const geometry = generator.generate();
geometry.computeBoundsTree();
// ...
// update the geometry in place
generator.generate( geometry );
geometry.boundsTree.refit();
const geometry = new KnotGeometry( 1, 0.5, 40, 10 );
const bvh = new MeshBVH( geometry );
const serialized = MeshBVH.serialize( bvh );
// ...
const deserializedBVH = MeshBVH.deserialize( serialized, geometry );
geometry.boundsTree = deserializedBVH;
NOTE WebWorker syntax is inconsistently supported across bundlers and sometimes not supported at all so the GenerateMeshBVHWorker class is not exported from the package root. If needed the code from src/worker
can be copied and modified to accommodate a particular build process.
import { GenerateMeshBVHWorker } from 'threemeshbvh/src/workers/GenerateMeshBVHWorker.js';
// ...
const geometry = new KnotGeometry( 1, 0.5, 40, 10 );
const worker = new GenerateMeshBVHWorker();
worker.generate( geometry ).then( bvh => {
geometry.boundsTree = bvh;
} );
Parallel BVH generation is also supported using "ParallelMeshBVHWorker", which requires support for SharedArrayBuffer. If SharedArrayBuffer is not available it falls back to "GenerateMeshBVHWorker". It is recommended that geometry passed to this function have position
and index
with SharedArrayBuffer arrays, otherwise buffer copies must be made.
import { ParallelMeshBVHWorker } from 'threemeshbvh/src/workers/ParallelMeshBVHWorker.js';
// ...
const geometry = new KnotGeometry( 1, 0.5, 40, 10 );
const worker = new ParallelMeshBVHWorker();
worker.generate( geometry ).then( bvh => {
geometry.boundsTree = bvh;
} );
See the shader implementation in the simple GPU Path Tracing example for an example on how to perform BVH ray queries in a shader. Or the GPU SDF Generation example for how to perform distance and closest point to point queries in a shader.
Option for splitting each BVH node down the center of the longest axis of the bounds.
This is the fastest construction option and will yield a good, performant bounds.
Option for splitting each BVH node at the average point along the longest axis for all triangle centroids in the bounds.
This strategy may be better than CENTER
with some geometry.
Option to use a Surface Area Heuristic to split the bounds more optimally. This SAH implementation tests 32 discrete splits in each node along each axis to determine which split is the lowest cost.
This is the slowest construction option but will yield the best bounds of the three options and use the least memory.
Indicates the shape did not intersect the given bounding box.
Indicates the shape did intersect the given bounding box.
Indicate the shape entirely contains the given bounding box.
The MeshBVH generation process modifies the geometry's index bufferAttribute in place to save memory. The BVH construction will use the geometry's boundingBox if it exists or set it if it does not. The BVH will no longer work correctly if the index buffer is modified.
Note that all query functions expect arguments in local space of the BVH and return results in local space, as well. If world space results are needed they must be transformed into world space using object.matrixWorld
.
static serialize( bvh : MeshBVH, options : Object = null ) : SerializedBVH
Generates a representation of the complete bounds tree and the geometry index buffer which can be used to recreate a bounds tree using the deserialize function. The serialize
and deserialize
functions can be used to generate a MeshBVH asynchronously in a background web worker to prevent the main thread from stuttering. The BVH roots buffer stored in the serialized representation are the same as the ones used by the original BVH so they should not be modified. If SharedArrayBuffers
are used then the same BVH memory can be used for multiple BVH in multiple WebWorkers.
bvh
is the MeshBVH to be serialized. The options
object can have the following fields:
{
// if true then a clone of the `geometry.index.array` and MeshBVH buffers are made which slightly slower but
// ensures modifications do not affect the serialized content. Can be set to "false" if it is guaranteed that
// no modifications will be made, to save memory, or transfer and share them across WebWorkers if SharedArrayBuffers
// are being used.
cloneBuffers: true
}
static deserialize( data : SerializedBVH, geometry : BufferGeometry, options : Object = null ) : MeshBVH
Returns a new MeshBVH instance from the serialized data. geometry
is the geometry used to generate the original BVH data
was derived from. The root buffers stored in data
are set directly on the new BVH so the memory is shared.
The options
object can have the following fields:
{
// If true then the buffer for the `geometry.index` attribute is set from the serialized
// data attribute or created if an index does not exist.
setIndex: true,
}
NOTE: In order for the bounds tree to be used for casts the geometry index attribute must be replaced by the data in the SeralizedMeshBVH object.
constructor( geometry : BufferGeometry, options : Object )
Constructs the bounds tree for the given geometry and produces a new index attribute buffer. A reference to the passed geometry is retained. The available options are
{
// Which split strategy to use when constructing the BVH.
strategy: CENTER,
// The maximum depth to allow the tree to build to.
// Setting this to a smaller trades raycast speed for better construction
// time and less memory allocation.
maxDepth: 40,
// The number of triangles to aim for in a leaf node. Setting this to a lower
// number can improve raycast performance but increase construction time and
// memory footprint.
maxLeafTris: 10,
// If true then the bounding box for the geometry is set once the BVH
// has been constructed.
setBoundingBox: true,
// If true then the MeshBVH will use SharedArrayBuffer rather than ArrayBuffer when
// initializing the BVH buffers. Geometry index data will be created as a
// SharedArrayBuffer only if it needs to be created. Otherwise it is used asis.
useSharedArrayBuffer: false,
// An optional function that takes a "progress" argument in the range [0, 1]
// indicating the progress along BVH generation. Useful primarily when generating
// the BVH asynchronously with the GenerateMeshBVHWorker class.
onProgress: null,
// If false then an index buffer is created if it does not exist and is rearranged
// to hold the bvh structure. If false then a separate buffer is created to store the
// structure and the index buffer (or lack thereof) is retained. This can be used
// when the existing index layout is important or groups are being used so a
// single BVH hierarchy can be created to improve performance.
// Note: This setting is experimental.
indirect: false,
// Print out warnings encountered during tree construction.
verbose: true,
// If given, the MeshBVH will be computed for the given range on the geometry.
// If not specified, geometry.drawRange is used.
range: { start: number, count: number }
}
NOTE: The geometry's index attribute array is modified in order to build the bounds tree unless indirect
is set to true
. If the geometry has no index then one is added if indirect
is set to false
.
resolveTriangleIndex( index : Number ) : Number
Helper function for use when indirect
is set to true. This function takes a triangle index in the BVH layout and returns the associated triangle index in the geometry index buffer or position attribute.
raycast( ray : Ray, side : FrontSide  BackSide  DoubleSide = FrontSide, near : Number = 0, far : Number = Infinity ) : Array<RaycastHit>
raycast( ray : Ray, material? : Array<Material>  Material, near : Number = 0, far : Number = Infinity ) : Array<RaycastHit>
Returns all raycast triangle hits in unsorted order. It is expected that ray
is in the frame of the BVH already. Likewise the returned results are also provided in the local frame of the BVH. The side
identifier is used to determine the side to check when raycasting or a material with the given side field can be passed. If an array of materials is provided then it is expected that the geometry has groups and the appropriate material side is used per group.
Note that unlike three.js' Raycaster results the points and distances in the intersections returned from this function are relative to the local frame of the MeshBVH. When using the acceleratedRaycast function as an override for Mesh.raycast
they are transformed into world space to be consistent with three's results.
raycastFirst( ray : Ray, side : FrontSide  BackSide  DoubleSide = FrontSide, near : Number = 0, far : Number = Infinity ) : RaycastHit
raycastFirst( ray : Ray, material : Array<Material>  Material, near : Number = 0, far : Number = Infinity ) : RaycastHit
Returns the first raycast hit in the model. This is typically much faster than returning all hits. See raycast for information on the side and material options as well as the frame of the returned intersections.
intersectsSphere( sphere : Sphere ) : Boolean
Returns whether or not the mesh intersects the given sphere.
intersectsBox( box : Box3, boxToBvh : Matrix4 ) : Boolean
Returns whether or not the mesh intersects the given box.
The boxToBvh
parameter is the transform of the box in the meshes frame.
intersectsGeometry( geometry : BufferGeometry, geometryToBvh : Matrix4 ) : Boolean
Returns whether or not the mesh intersects the given geometry.
The geometryToBvh
parameter is the transform of the geometry in the BVH's local frame.
Performance improves considerably if the provided geometry also has a boundsTree
.
closestPointToPoint(
point : Vector3,
target : Object = {},
minThreshold : Number = 0,
maxThreshold : Number = Infinity
) : target
Computes the closest distance from the point to the mesh and gives additional information in target
. The target can be left undefined to default to a new object which is ultimately returned by the function.
If a point is found that is closer than minThreshold
then the function will return that result early. Any triangles or points outside of maxThreshold
are ignored. If no point is found within the min / max thresholds then null
is returned and the target
object is not modified.
target : {
point : Vector3,
distance : Number,
faceIndex : Number
}
The returned faceIndex can be used with the standalone function getTriangleHitPointInfo to obtain more information like UV coordinates, triangle normal and materialIndex.
closestPointToGeometry(
geometry : BufferGeometry,
geometryToBvh : Matrix4,
target1 : Object = {},
target2 : Object = {},
minThreshold : Number = 0,
maxThreshold : Number = Infinity
) : target1
Computes the closest distance from the geometry to the mesh and puts the closest point on the mesh in target1
(in the frame of the BVH) and the closest point on the other geometry in target2
(in the geometry frame). If target1
is not provided a new Object is created and returned from the function.
The geometryToBvh
parameter is the transform of the geometry in the BVH's local frame.
If a point is found that is closer than minThreshold
then the function will return that result early. Any triangles or points outside of maxThreshold
are ignored. If no point is found within the min / max thresholds then null
is returned and the target objects are not modified.
target1
and target2
are optional objects that similar to the target
parameter in closestPointPoint and set with the same fields as that function.
The returned in target1
and target2
can be used with the standalone function getTriangleHitPointInfo to obtain more information like UV coordinates, triangle normal and materialIndex.
Note that this function can be very slow if geometry
does not have a geometry.boundsTree
computed.
shapecast(
callbacks : {
boundsTraverseOrder : (
box: Box3
) => Number = null,
intersectsBounds : (
box : Box3,
isLeaf : Boolean,
score : Number  undefined,
depth : Number,
nodeIndex : Number
) => NOT_INTERSECTED  INTERSECTED  CONTAINED,
intersectsRange : (
triangleOffset : Number,
triangleCount : Number
contained : Boolean,
depth : Number,
nodeIndex : Number,
box: Box3
) => Boolean = null,
intersectsTriangle : (
triangle : ExtendedTriangle,
triangleIndex : Number,
contained : Boolean,
depth : Number
) => Boolean = null,
}
) : Boolean
A generalized cast function that can be used to implement intersection logic for custom shapes. This is used internally for intersectsBox, intersectsSphere, and more. The function returns as soon as a triangle has been reported as intersected and returns true
if a triangle has been intersected. The bounds are traversed in depth first order calling boundsTraverseOrder
, intersectsBoundsFunc
, intersectsRange
, and intersectsTriangle
for each node and using the results to determine when to end traversal. The depth
value passed to callbacks indicates the depth of the bounds the provided box or triangle range belongs to unless the triangles are indicated to be CONTAINED
, in which case depth is the depth of the parent bounds that were contained. The depth field can be used to precompute, cache to an array, and then read information about a parent bound to improve performance while traversing because nodes are traversed in a dpeth first order. The triangleIndex
parameter specifies the index of the triangle in the index buffer. The three vertex indices can be computed as triangleIndex * 3 + 0
, triangleIndex * 3 + 1
, triangleIndex * 3 + 2
.
boundsTraverseOrder
takes as an argument the axis aligned bounding box representing an internal node local to the BVH and returns a score (often distance) used to determine whether the left or right node should be traversed first. The shape with the lowest score is traversed first.
intersectsBounds
takes the axis aligned bounding box representing an internal node local to the bvh, whether or not the node is a leaf, the score calculated by boundsTraverseOrder
, the node depth, and the node index (for use with the refit function) and returns a constant indicating whether or not the bounds is intersected or contained meaning traversal should continue. If CONTAINED
is returned (meaning the bounds is entirely encapsulated by the shape) then an optimization is triggered allowing the range and / or triangle intersection callbacks to be run immediately rather than traversing the rest of the child bounds.
intersectsRange
takes a triangle offset and count representing the number of triangles to be iterated over. 1 triangle from this range represents 3 values in the geometry's index buffer. If this function returns true then traversal is stopped and intersectsTriangle
is not called if provided.
NOTE The triangle range provided in intersectsRange
is for the indirect bvh storage buffer if the option has been set so it is necessary to transform to geometry triangle indices using resolveTriangleIndex
.
intersectsTriangle
takes a triangle and the triangle index and returns whether or not the triangle has been intersected. If the triangle is reported to be intersected the traversal ends and the shapecast
function completes. If multiple triangles need to be collected or intersected return false here and push results onto an array. contained
is set to true
if one of the parent bounds was marked as entirely contained (returned CONTAINED
) in the intersectsBoundsFunc
function.
refit( nodeIndices : Array<Number>  Set<Number> = null ) : void
Refit the node bounds to the current triangle positions. This is quicker than regenerating a new BVH but will not be optimal after significant changes to the vertices. nodeIndices
is a set of node indices (provided by the shapecast function, see example snippet below) that need to be refit including all internal nodes. If one of a nodes children is also included in the set of node indices then only the included child bounds are traversed. If neither child index is included in the nodeIndices
set, though, then it is assumed that every child below that node needs to be updated.
Here's how to get the set of indices that need to be refit:
const nodeIndices = new Set();
bvh.shapecast(
{
intersectsBounds: ( box, isLeaf, score, depth, nodeIndex ) => {
if ( /* intersects shape */ ) {
nodeIndices.add( nodeIndex );
return INTERSECTED;
}
return NOT_INTERSECTED;
},
intersectsRange: ( offset, count, contained, depth, nodeIndex ) => {
/* collect triangles / vertices to move */
// the nodeIndex here will have always already been added to the set in the
// `intersectsBounds` callback.
nodeIndices.add( nodeIndex );
}
}
);
/* update the positions of the triangle vertices */
// update the BVH bounds of just the bounds that need to be updated
bvh.refit( nodeIndices );
getBoundingBox( target : Box3 ) : Box3
Get the bounding box of the geometry computed from the root node bounds of the BVH. Significantly faster than BufferGeometry.computeBoundingBox
.
roots : Array<ArrayBuffer>
index : TypedArray
extends THREE.Group
Displays a view of the bounds tree up to the given depth of the tree. Update() must be called after any fields that affect visualization geometry are changed.
Note: The visualizer is expected to be a sibling of the mesh being visualized.
depth : Number
The depth to traverse and visualize the tree to.
color = 0x00FF88 : THREE.Color
The color to render the bounding volume with.
opacity = 0.3 : Number
The opacity to render the bounding volume with.
displayParents = false : Boolean
Whether or not to display the parent bounds.
displayEdges = true : Boolean
If true displays the bounds as edges other displays the bounds as solid meshes.
objectIndex = 0 : Number
When using an InstancedMesh
or a BatchedMesh
this refers to the item index to use for the BVH and / or matrix transformation to use.
edgeMaterial : LineBasicMaterial
The material to use when rendering edges.
meshMaterial : MeshBasicMaterial
The material to use when rendering as a sold meshes.
constructor(
meshOrBvh: THREE.Mesh  MeshBVH,
depth = 10 : Number
)
constructor(
mesh = null : THREE.Mesh,
bvh = null : MeshBVH,
depth = 10 : Number
)
Instantiates the helper to visualize a MeshBVH.
If a mesh
and no bvh
is provided then the mesh.geometry.boundsTree
is displayed. Otherwise the provided bvh is displayed. Addtionally, if mesh
is provided then the helper world transform is automatically synchronized with the Mesh. Otherwise if not mesh
is provided then the user can manage the transform.
update() : void
Updates the display of the bounds tree in the case that the bounds tree has changed or the depth parameter has changed.
dispose() : void
Disposes of the material used.
extends THREE.Triangle
An extended version of three.js' Triangle class. A variety of derivative values are cached on the object to accelerate the intersection functions. .needsUpdate
must be set to true when modifying the triangle parameters.
needsUpdate : Boolean
Indicates that the triangle fields have changed so cached variables to accelerate other function execution can be updated. Must be set to true after modifying the triangle a
, b
, c
fields.
intersectsTriangle( other : Triangle, target? : Line3 ) : Boolean;
Returns whether the triangles intersect. target
is set to the line segment representing the intersection.
intersectsSphere( sphere : Sphere ) : Boolean
Returns whether the triangle intersects the given sphere.
closestPointToSegment( segment : Line3, target1? : Vector3, target2? : Vector3 ) : Number
Returns the distance to the provided line segment. target1
and target2
are set to the closest points on the triangle and segment respectively.
distanceToPoint( point : Vector3 ) : Number
Returns the distance to the provided point.
distanceToTriangle( tri : Triangle ) : Number
Returns the distance to the provided triangle.
extends THREE.Box3
An oriented version of three.js' Box3 class. A variety of derivative values are cached on the object to accelerate the intersection functions. .needsUpdate
must be set to true when modifying the box parameters.
matrix : Matrix4
Matrix transformation applied to the box.
updateUpdate : Boolean
Indicates that the bounding box fields have changed so cached variables to accelerate other function execution can be updated. Must be set to true after modifying the oriented box min
, max
, matrix
fields.
set( min : Vector3, max : Vector3, matrix : Matrix4 ) : this
Sets the oriented box parameters.
intersectsBox( box : Box3 ) : Boolean
Returns true if intersecting with the provided box.
intersectsTriangle( tri : Triangle ) : Boolean
Returns true if intersecting with the provided triangle.
closestPointToPoint( point : Vector3, target = null : Vector3 ) : Number
Returns the distance to the provided point. Sets target
to the closest point on the surface of the box if provided.
distanceToPoint( point : Vector3 ) : Number
Returns the distance to the provided point.
distanceToBox( box : Box3, threshold = 0 : Number, target1 = null : Vector3, target2 = null : Vector3 ) : Number
Returns the distance to the provided box. threshold
is an optional distance to return early if the distance is found to be within it. target1
and target2
are set to the points on the surface of this box and the box
argument respectively.
firstHitOnly = false : Boolean
If the Raycaster
member firstHitOnly
is set to true then the .acceleratedRaycast function will call the .raycastFirst function to retrieve hits which is generally faster.
computeBoundsTree( options? : Object ) : void
A premade BufferGeometry extension function that builds a new BVH, assigns it to boundsTree
for BufferGeometry, and applies the new index buffer to the geometry. Comparable to computeBoundingBox
and computeBoundingSphere
.
THREE.BufferGeometry.prototype.computeBoundsTree = computeBoundsTree;
disposeBoundsTree() : void
A BufferGeometry extension function that disposes of the BVH.
THREE.BufferGeometry.prototype.disposeBoundsTree = disposeBoundsTree;
computeBatchedBoundsTree( index =  1 : Number, options? : Object ) : void
Equivalent of computeBoundsTree
for BatchedMesh. Calling this generates a BatchedMesh.boundsTrees
array if it doesn't exist and assigns the newly generated BVHs. If index
is 1 then BVHs for all available geometry are generated. Otherwise only the BVH for the geometry at the given index is generated.
THREE.BatchedMesh.prototype.computeBoundsTree = computeBatchedBoundsTree;
disposeBatchedBoundsTree( index =  1 : Number, options? : Object ) : void
Equivalent of disposeBoundsTree
for BatchedMesh. Calling this sets entries in BatchedMesh.boundsTrees
array to null. If index
is 1 then BVHs are disposed. Otherwise only the BVH for the geometry at the given index is disposed.
THREE.BatchedMesh.prototype.disposeBoundsTree = disposeBatchedBoundsTree;
acceleratedRaycast( ... )
An accelerated raycast function with the same signature as THREE.Mesh.raycast
. Uses the BVH for raycasting if it's available otherwise it falls back to the builtin approach. The results of the function are designed to be identical to the results of the conventional THREE.Mesh.raycast
results.
If the raycaster object being used has a property firstHitOnly
set to true
, then the raycasting will terminate as soon as it finds the closest intersection to the ray's origin and return only that intersection. This is typically several times faster than searching for all intersections.
THREE.Mesh.prototype.raycast = acceleratedRaycast;
A utility class for taking a set of SkinnedMeshes or morph target geometry and baking it into a single, static geometry that a BVH can be generated for.
useGroups = true : Boolean
If true then groups are used to support an array of materials on the mesh.
attributes = [ 'position', 'normal', 'tangent', 'uv', 'uv2' ] : Array<String>
The set of attributes to copy onto the static geometry.
applyWorldTransforms = true : Boolean
Whether to transform the vertices of the geometry by the world transforms of each mesh when generating.
constructor( object : Array<Object3D> )
Takes an array of object hierarchies to bake into a single static geometry.
getMaterials() : Array<Material>
Returns an array of materials for the meshes to be merged. These can be used alongside the generated geometry when creating a mesh: new Mesh( geometry, generator.getMaterials() )
.
generate( target = new BufferGeometry() : BufferGeometry ) : BufferGeometry
Generates a single, static geometry for the passed meshes. When generating for the first time an empty target geometry is expected. The same generated geometry can be passed into the function on subsequent calls to update the geometry in place to save memory. An error will be thrown if the attributes or geometry on the meshes to bake has been changed and are incompatible lengths, types, etc.
On subsequent calls the "index" buffer will not be modified so any BVH generated for the geometry is unaffected. Once the geometry is updated the MeshBVH.refit
function can be called to update the BVH.
Helper class for generating a MeshBVH for a given geometry in asynchronously in a worker. The geometry position and index buffer attribute ArrayBuffers
are transferred to the Worker while the BVH is being generated meaning the geometry will be unavailable to use while the BVH is being processed unless SharedArrayBuffers
are used. They will be automatically replaced when the MeshBVH is finished generating.
NOTE It's best to reuse a single instance of this class to avoid the overhead of instantiating a new Worker.
See note in Asyncronous Generation use snippet.
running : Boolean;
Flag indicating whether or not a BVH is already being generated in the worker.
generate( geometry : BufferGeometry, options : Object ) : Promise< MeshBVH >;
Generates a MeshBVH instance for the given geometry with the given options in a WebWorker. Returns a promise that resolves with the generated MeshBVH. This function will throw an error if it is already running.
dispose() : void;
Terminates the worker.
estimateMemoryInBytes( bvh : MeshBVH ) : Number
Roughly estimates the amount of memory in bytes a BVH is using.
getBVHExtremes( bvh : MeshBVH ) : Array< Object >
Measures the min and max extremes of the tree including node depth, leaf triangle count, and number of splits on different axes to show how well a tree is structured. Returns an array of extremes for each group root for the bvh. The objects are structured like so:
{
// The total number of nodes in the tree including leaf nodes.
nodeCount: Number,
// The total number of leaf nodes in the tree.
leafNodeCount: Number,
// A total tree score based on the surface area heuristic score
// useful for comparing the quality and performance capability
// of the bounds tree. Lower score is better and based on the surface
// area of bounds and how many triangles are stored within.
surfaceAreaScore: Number,
// The min and max of leaf nodes in the tree.
depth: { min: Number, max: Number },
// The min and max number of triangles contained within the
// bounds the leaf nodes.
tris: { min: Number, max: Number },
// The number of splits on any given axis.
splits: [ Number, Number, Number ]
}
NOTE The when using the refit function the surfaceAreaScore
can be used to check how significantly the structure of the BVH has degraded and rebuild it if it has changed beyond some threshold ratio.
Functions exported individually not part of a class.
getTriangleHitPointInfo(
point: Vector3,
geometry : BufferGeometry,
triangleIndex: Number
target: Object
) : Object
This function returns information of a point related to a geometry. It returns the target
object or a new one if passed undefined
:
target : {
face: {
a: Number,
b: Number,
c: Number,
materialIndex: Number,
normal: Vector3
},
uv: Vector2
}

a
,b
,c
: Triangle indices 
materialIndex
: Face material index or 0 if not available. 
normal
: Face normal 
uv
: UV coordinates.
This function can be used after a call to closestPointPoint or closestPointToGeometry to retrieve more detailed result information.
In addition to queries in Javascript the BVH can be packed into a series of textures so raycast queries can be performed in a shader using provided WebGL shader functions. See the shader implementation in the simple GPU Path Tracing example for an example on how to use the functionality.
extends THREE.DataTexture
Float, Uint, and Int VertexAttributeTexture implementations are designed to simplify the efficient packing of a three.js BufferAttribute into a texture. An instance can be treated as a texture and when passing as a uniform to a shader they should be used as a sampler2d
, usampler2d
, and isampler2d
when using the Float, Uint, and Int texture types respectively.
overrideItemSize : Number = null
Treats BufferAttribute.itemSize
as though it were set to this value when packing the buffer attribute texture. Throws an error if the value does not divide evenly into the length of the BufferAttribute buffer (count * itemSize % overrideItemSize
).
Specifically used to pack geometry indices into an RGB texture rather than an Red texture.
updateFrom( attribute : THREE.BufferAttribute ) : void
Updates the texture to have the data contained in the passed BufferAttribute using the BufferAttribute itemSize
field, normalized
field, and TypedArray layout to determine the appropriate texture layout, format, and type. The texture dimensions will always be square. Because these are intended to be sampled as 1D arrays the width of the texture msut be taken into account to derive a sampling uv. See texelFetch1D
in shaderFunctions.
A shader uniform object corresponding to the BVH
shader struct defined in shaderStructs. The object contains four textures containing information about the BVH and geometry so it can be queried in a shader using the bvh intersection functions defined in shaderFunctions. This object is intended to be used as a shader uniform and read in the shader as a BVH
struct.
updateFrom( bvh : MeshBVH ) : void
Updates the object and associated textures with data from the provided BVH.
dispose() : void
Dispose of the associated textures.
shaderStructs : string
Set of shaders structs and defined constants used for interacting with the packed BVH in a shader. See src/gpu/shaderFunctions.js for full implementations and declarations.
shaderFunctions : string
Set of shader functions used for interacting with the packed BVH in a shader and sampling VertexAttributeTextures. See src/gpu/shaderFunctions.js for full implementations and declarations.
 When querying the MeshBVH directly all shapes and geometry are expected to be specified in the local frame of the BVH. When using three.js' built in raycasting system all results are implicitly transformed into world coordinates.
 A bounds tree can be generated for either an indexed or nonindexed
BufferGeometry
, but an index will be produced and retained as a side effect of the construction unless the "indirect" option is used.  The bounds hierarchy is not dynamic, so geometry that uses morph targets or skinning cannot be used. Though if vertex positions are modified directly the refit function can be used to adjust the bounds tree.
 If the geometry is changed then a new bounds tree will need to be generated or refit.
 InterleavedBufferAttributes are not supported with the geometry index buffer attribute.
 A separate bounds tree is generated for each geometry group, which could result in less than optimal raycast performance on geometry with lots of groups.
 Due to errors related to floating point precision it is recommended that geometry be centered using
BufferGeometry.center()
before creating the BVH if the geometry is sufficiently large or off center so bounds tightly contain the geometry as much as possible.
To run the examples locally:
 Run
npm start
 Then visit
localhost:5173/<demoname>.html
Where <demoname>
is the name of the HTML file from example
folder.
...and more!