vanilla-routing
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0.0.4 • Public • Published

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Vanilla Routing

The Vanilla Routing stands out as a lightweight and versatile routing solution designed for vanilla JavaScript web applications. This router seamlessly handles both browser-based and hash-based routing, empowering developers to effortlessly navigate and manage various views within their applications without the need for complete application reloads. As a dedicated Single Page Application (SPA) router tailored for Vanilla JS enthusiasts, it provides a streamlined approach to enhancing user experience and application flow.

Vanilla Router for client side routing, inspired by React Router.

Live Example
Example Repo

Installation

To install the Vanilla Routing, you can use npm or yarn:

npm install vanilla-routing

or

yarn add vanilla-routing

Getting Started

To get started with the Vanilla Routing, you can use either BrowserRoute and HashRoute functions to initialize the routing configuration with the desired routes.

Here's a simple example:

<BrowserRoute>

It is a router implementation that uses the HTML5 history API(pushState, replaceState, and the popstate event) to keep your UI in sync with the URL.

import { BrowserRoute } from 'vanilla-routing';

// Define your routes here
const routes = [
  {
    pathname: '/',
    element: () => document.createElement('div') {/* 👈 Renders at / */}
  },
  {
    pathname: '/post',
    element: () => document.createElement('div') {/* 👈 Renders at /post */}
  },
];

BrowserRoute(routes); // Initialize browser-based routing

<HashRoute>

It is for use in web browsers when the URL cannot be sent to the server for some reason. <HashRouter> makes it possible to store the current location in the hash portion of the current URL, so it is never sent to the server.

import { HashRoute } from 'vanilla-routing';

// Define your routes here
const routes = [
  {
    pathname: '/',
    element: () => document.createElement('div')  {/* 👈 Renders at /#/ */}
  },
  {
    pathname: '/post',
    element: () => document.createElement('div') {/* 👈 Renders at /#/post/ */}
  },
];

HashRoute(routes); // Initialize hash-based routing

Rendering Routes

To render the content of the routes, use the data-vanilla-route-ele attribute with the value router-wrap. This attribute is added to the HTML element where the content of the route should be rendered.

<section data-vanilla-route-ele="router-wrap">
  <!-- Content of the routes will be rendered here -->
</section>

By using the data-vanilla-route-ele attribute, you can easily define the target elements for rendering the content of the routes, allowing for a flexible and organized approach to managing complex page layouts and content.

Link

To create a link tag that navigate to the different route without reloading the page you've to add data-vanilla-route-link attribute with the value spa to the anchor tag.

<a data-vanilla-route-link="spa" href="/">
  <!-- Home Page Link -->
</a>
<a data-vanilla-route-link="spa" href="/">
  <!-- About Page Link -->
</a>

Nested Routes

In the Vanilla Routing, you can easily configure nested routes to create a hierarchical structure for your web application. Nested routes allow you to define parent routes with child routes, enabling you to manage and render complex page layouts and content.

Example Configuration

import { Router, routeLocation } from 'vanilla-routing';

// Define the main route configuration
export const routeConfig= [
  {
    pathname: '/',
    element: () =>  {},
  },
  {
    pathname: '/learn',
    element: () =>  {},
    children: [
      {
        pathname: '/js',  /* /learn/js */
        element: () => {},
        children: [
          {
            pathname: '/library-creation', /* /learn/js/library-creation */
            element: () => {},
          },
        ];
      },
      {
        pathname: '/css',
        element: () => {},
    },
    ]
  },
];

The children property is used to specify the nested routes within the parent route.

404 Route

  {
    pathname: '*',
    element: () =>  {},
  },

API Reference

BrowserRoute

The BrowserRoute() function initializes browser-based routing with the provided routes.

HashRoute

The HashRoute() function initializes hash-based routing with the provided routes.

routeLocation

The routeLocation() function returns the current route location which contain:

{
  pathname: '/about/me?detail=true#all',
  params:{id:'me'},
  search: {details:true},
  hash: 'all'
}

router

The router() function returns the configured routes.

Router

The Router class provides methods for managing routes, navigating, and configuring routing.

go(searchPathname: string, options?: PushHistory)

The go method is used to navigate to a new route based on the provided searchPathname. It also allows for additional options to be passed, such as PushHistory options and a boolean flag replaceState to indicate whether the navigation should replace the current history state.

  • Parameters:
    • searchPathname: A string representing the pathname of the route to navigate to.
    • options (optional): An object containing additional options for the navigation, such as addToHistory and state.
back()

The back method is used to navigate to the previous page in the session history.

forward()

The forward method is used to navigate to the next page in the session history.

replace(searchPathname: string, state?: PushHistory['state'])

The replace method is used to replace the current route with a new route based on the provided searchPathname. It also allows for an optional state object to be passed for the history state.

  • Parameters:
    • searchPathname: A string representing the pathname of the route to replace.
    • state (optional): An object representing the history state to replace.
refresh()

The refresh method is used to reload the current page.

config(routeData, basePath = '')

The config method is used to configure the routes for the application. It takes an array of Routes and optional parameter basePath to define the base path and nested level for the routes.

  • Parameters:
    • routeData: An array of Routes representing the routes to be configured.
      Routes = {
        pathname: '/' /* route path */,
        element: () => {} /* element to be rendered */,
        children: [] /* (Optional) nested routes */,
      };
    • basePath (optional): A string representing the base path for the routes.
dispose(cb: () => void)

The dispose method is used to register a callback function to be executed when the current route is unmounted.

  • Parameters:
    • cb: A callback function to be executed when the current route is unmounted.

Advanced Topics

The Vanilla Routing supports advanced features such as route disposal, route setup, and event listeners for route navigation.

Contributing and Support

If you'd like to contribute to the Vanilla Routing or report any issues, please visit the GitHub repository for the library.

License

Released under the MIT license

Copyright (c) 2023 Manisha Basra

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