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An experimental, in progress, flexible, memory compact, fast and dynamic Constructive Solid Geometry implementation on top of three-mesh-bvh. More than 100 times faster than other BSP-based three.js CSG libraries in complex cases. Contributions welcome!

Note All brush geometry must be two-manifold - or water tight with no triangle interpenetration.

Warning Due to numerical precision and corner cases resulting geometry may not be correctly completely two-manifold.

Roadmap / Help Wanted

  • Fix triangle splitting / missing triangle issues #73 #68
  • Polygon splitting & triangulation #51
  • Worker Support #14

And more!


Simple CSG

Complex Model CSG

Hollow Operations

Multi Material CSG

Multi Operation CSG

Hierarchical Operations


import { SUBTRACTION, Brush, Evaluator } from 'three-bvh-csg';
import { MeshStandardMaterial, Mesh, SphereGeometry, BoxGeometry } from 'three';

const brush1 = new Brush( new SphereGeometry() );

const brush2 = new Brush( new BoxGeometry() );
brush2.position.y = 0.5;

const evaluator = new Evaluator();
const result = evaluator.evaluate( brush1, brush2, SUBTRACTION );

// render the result!




CSG operations enums for use with Evaluator.

ADDITION              // A ∪ B
SUBTRACTION           // A - B
DIFFERENCE            // A ⊕ B
INTERSECTION          // A ∩ B

// "Hollow" operations are non-solid and result in simply removing the geometry
// within Brush B from brush A. For these operations Brush A can be non-manifold
// but it is still required that Brush B be a water-tight, two-manifold mesh.


extends THREE.Mesh

An object with the same interface as THREE.Mesh but used to evaluate CSG operations. Once a brush is created the geometry should not be modified.


It is recommended to remove groups from a geometry before creating a brush if multi-material support is not required.


extends Brush

This is an extension of the Brush class. With this class is possible to create a mesh and pass the CSG Operation constant to define which operation computes on the mesh. The result is a Mesh whose effect is defined from the operation selected. You can see how it works in the hierarchy example.


operation = ADDITION : CSGOperation

The operation to perform on the next brush in processing chain when running Evaluater.evaluateHierarchy.


insertBefore( brush : Brush )

Inserts the brush before the operation element that calls the method, in the list of the children of the operation's parent.


insertAfter( brush : Brush )

Inserts the brush after the operation element that calls the method, in the list of the children of the operation's parent.


extends THREE.Group

A class with the same interface as THREE.Group but used to group a list of Operation mesh through the .add method inherited from the THREE.Group class. You can create a group starting from single Operation meshes as in the hierarchy example.



useGroups = true : Boolean

Whether to use geometry groups when processing the geometry. If geometry groups are used then a material array and groups will be assigned to the target Brush after processing. If groups are disabled then a single coherent piece of geometry with no groups will be produced.


consolidateGroups = true : Boolean

If true then any group in the final geometry that shares a common material with another group will be merged into one to reduce the number of draw calls required by the resulting mesh.


	brushA : Brush,
	brushB : Brush,
	operation : CSGOperation,
	target = null : Brush | Mesh
) : Brush | Mesh

// or

	brushA : Brush,
	brushB : Brush,
	operations : Array<CSGOperation>,
	targets : Array<Brush | Mesh>
) : Array<Brush | Mesh>

Performs the given operation on brushA with brushB. If no target is provided then a new Brush will be created with the new geometry. Otherwise the provided Brush will be modified in place and geometry disposed or marked for update as needed.

If arrays are provided for the "targets" and "operations" arguments then multiple results from different operations can be produced at once with minimal additional overhead.


  root: Operation,
  target = null : Brush | Mesh
) : Brush | Mesh

The method gets as parameters a root, an Operation mesh and a target if it is provided, otherwise, a new Brush will be created. First sets the updateMatrixWolrd of the root to true then calls the traverse function with the root parameter to evaluate the mesh and its children.

evaluate( brush, child, child.operation );

In this case, the arguments passed to evaluate is the root as brushA, the child as brushB and the child.operation as the operation to apply to the mesh.


This class is used in the constructor of the Evaluator class. When the Evaluator is defined the constructor creates a debug property of type OperationDebugData and it is used to set the debug context, that is addEdge and addIntersectionTriangles to, for example, an EdgesHelper or a TriangleHelper.


enabled = false : Boolean

Whether to collect the debug data during CSG operations which has a performance a memory cost.


intersectionEdges = [] : Line3

A list of edges formed by intersecting triangles during the CSG process.


extends THREE.MeshPhongMaterial

A material with the same interface as THREE.MeshPhongMaterial. It adds a stylized grid on the mesh for more easily visualizing mesh topology and measurements.


enableGrid = true : Boolean

Sets the visibility of the grid on the mesh.




constructor( geometry : BufferGeometry = null )


getSiblingTriangleIndex( triIndex : Number, edgeIndex : 0 | 1 | 2 ) : Number


getSiblingEdgeIndex( triIndex : Number, edgeIndex : 0 | 1 | 2 ) : Number


updateFrom( geometry : BufferGeometry ) : void


extends THREE.InstancedMesh

Helper class for generating spheres to display.


setPoints( points : Vector3[] ) : void;

Sets the points, passed as Vector3, and visualizes them as spheres.


extends THREE.LineSegments

Helper class for generating a line to display the provided edges.


setEdges( edges : Line3[] ) : void

Sets the list of lines to be visualized.


extends EdgesHelper

This is a helper class that takes the HalfEdgeMap object and visualizes the connectivity between triangles.


setHalfEdges( geometry : Geometry, halfEdges : HalfEdgeMap ) : void

Sets the half edge map to visualize along with the associated geometry.


extends THREE.Group

Helper class for displaying a set of triangles. In the Simple CSG example is possible to enable/disable the visibility of the triangles helper via displayTriangleIntersections checkbox.

The helper is composed of two meshes, one is a mesh with a MeshPhongMaterial and the other is a mesh with a LineBasicMaterial.


setTriangles( triangles:  Triangle[] ) : void

Sets the geometry of the mesh and the line with the position of the triangles passed as a parameter of the method.



computeMeshVolume( mesh : Mesh | BufferGeometry ) : Number

Computes the volume of the given mesh in world space. The world matrix is expected to be updated before calling this function.


  • All geometry are expected to have all attributes being used and of the same type.
  • Geometry on a Brush should be unique and not be modified after being set.
  • All geometry must be two-manifold - or water tight with no triangle interpenetration.
  • CSG results use Geometry.drawRange to help maintain performance which can cause three.js exporters to fail to export the geometry correctly. It is necessary to convert the geometry to remove the use of draw range before exporting with three.js exporters.


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