less-loader

less loader module for webpack

less loader for webpack

Documentation: Using loaders

var css = require("!raw!less!./file.less");
// => returns compiled css code from file.less, resolves imports 
var css = require("!css!less!./file.less");
// => returns compiled css code from file.less, resolves imports and url(...)s 

Use in tandem with the style-loader to add the css rules to your document:

require("!style!css!less!./file.less");
module.exports = {
  module: {
    loaders: [
      {
        test: /\.less$/,
        loader: "style!css!less"
      }
    ]
  }
};

Then you only need to write: require("./file.less")

You can pass any LESS specific configuration options through to the render function via query parameters.

module.exports = {
  module: {
    loaders: [
      {
        test: /\.less$/,
        loader: "style!css!less?strictMath&noIeCompat"
      }
    ]
  }
};

See the LESS documentation for all available options. LESS translates dash-case to camelCase.

In order to use plugins, simply define the lessLoader.lessPlugins option. You can also change the options key with a query parameter: "style!css!less?config=lessLoaderCustom".

var LessPluginCleanCSS = require('less-plugin-clean-css');
 
module.exports = {
  module: {
    loaders: [...]
  },
  lessLoader:
    lessPlugins: [
      new LessPluginCleanCSS({advanced: true})
    ]
};

webpack provides an advanced mechanism to resolve files. The less-loader stubs less' fileLoader and passes all queries to the webpack resolving engine. Thus you can import your less-modules from node_modules or bower_components. Just prepend them with a ~ which tells webpack to look-up the modulesDirectories

@import "~bootstrap/less/bootstrap";

It's important to only prepend it with ~, because ~/ resolves to the home-directory. webpack needs to distinguish bootstrap from ~bootstrap because css- and less-files have no special syntax for importing relative files:

@import "file";

is the same as

@import "./file";

Because of browser limitations, source maps are only available in conjunction with the extract-text-webpack-plugin. Use that plugin to extract the CSS code from the generated JS bundle into a separate file (which even improves the perceived performance because JS and CSS are loaded in parallel).

Then your webpack.config.js should look like this:

var ExtractTextPlugin = require('extract-text-webpack-plugin');
 
module.exports = {
    ...
    // must be 'source-map' or 'inline-source-map' 
    devtool: 'source-map',
    module: {
        loaders: [
            {
                test: /\.less$/,
                loader: ExtractTextPlugin.extract(
                    // activate source maps via loader query 
                    'css?sourceMap!' +
                    'less?sourceMap'
                )
            }
        ]
    },
    plugins: [
        // extract inline css into separate 'styles.css' 
        new ExtractTextPlugin('styles.css')
    ]
};

If you want to view the original LESS files inside Chrome and even edit it, there's a good blog post. Checkout test/sourceMap for a running example. Make sure to serve the content with an HTTP server.

Don't hesitate to create a pull request. Every contribution is appreciated. In development you can start the tests by calling npm test.

The tests are basically just comparing the generated css with a reference css-file located under test/css. You can easily generate a reference css-file by calling node test/helpers/generateCss.js <less-file-without-less-extension>. It passes the less-file to less and writes the output to the test/css-folder.

MIT (http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php)