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    Node.js proxying made simple. Configure proxy middleware with ease for connect, express, browser-sync and many more.

    Powered by the popular Nodejitsu http-proxy. GitHub stars

    ⚠️ Note

    This page is showing documentation for version v2.x.x (release notes)

    If you're looking for v0.x documentation. Go to:


    Proxy /api requests to

    // javascript
    const express = require('express');
    const { createProxyMiddleware } = require('http-proxy-middleware');
    const app = express();
    app.use('/api', createProxyMiddleware({ target: '', changeOrigin: true }));
    // http://localhost:3000/api/foo/bar ->
    // typescript
    import * as express from 'express';
    import { createProxyMiddleware, Filter, Options, RequestHandler } from 'http-proxy-middleware';
    const app = express();
    app.use('/api', createProxyMiddleware({ target: '', changeOrigin: true }));
    // http://localhost:3000/api/foo/bar ->

    All http-proxy options can be used, along with some extra http-proxy-middleware options.

    💡 Tip: Set the option changeOrigin to true for name-based virtual hosted sites.

    Table of Contents


    $ npm install --save-dev http-proxy-middleware

    Core concept

    Proxy middleware configuration.

    createProxyMiddleware([context,] config)

    const { createProxyMiddleware } = require('http-proxy-middleware');
    const apiProxy = createProxyMiddleware('/api', { target: '' });
    //                                    \____/   \_____________________________/
    //                                      |                    |
    //                                    context             options
    // 'apiProxy' is now ready to be used as middleware in a server.
    • context: Determine which requests should be proxied to the target host. (more on context matching)
    • target host to proxy to. (protocol + host)

    (full list of http-proxy-middleware configuration options)

    createProxyMiddleware(uri [, config])

    // shorthand syntax for the example above:
    const apiProxy = createProxyMiddleware('');

    More about the shorthand configuration.


    An example with express server.

    // include dependencies
    const express = require('express');
    const { createProxyMiddleware } = require('http-proxy-middleware');
    // proxy middleware options
    /** @type {import('http-proxy-middleware/dist/types').Options} */
    const options = {
      target: '', // target host
      changeOrigin: true, // needed for virtual hosted sites
      ws: true, // proxy websockets
      pathRewrite: {
        '^/api/old-path': '/api/new-path', // rewrite path
        '^/api/remove/path': '/path', // remove base path
      router: {
        // when == 'dev.localhost:3000',
        // override target '' to 'http://localhost:8000'
        'dev.localhost:3000': 'http://localhost:8000',
    // create the proxy (without context)
    const exampleProxy = createProxyMiddleware(options);
    // mount `exampleProxy` in web server
    const app = express();
    app.use('/api', exampleProxy);

    Context matching

    Providing an alternative way to decide which requests should be proxied; In case you are not able to use the server's path parameter to mount the proxy or when you need more flexibility.

    RFC 3986 path is used for context matching.

             \_/   \______________/\_________/ \_________/ \__/
              |           |            |            |        |
           scheme     authority       path        query   fragment
    • path matching

      • createProxyMiddleware({...}) - matches any path, all requests will be proxied.
      • createProxyMiddleware('/', {...}) - matches any path, all requests will be proxied.
      • createProxyMiddleware('/api', {...}) - matches paths starting with /api
    • multiple path matching

      • createProxyMiddleware(['/api', '/ajax', '/someotherpath'], {...})
    • wildcard path matching

      For fine-grained control you can use wildcard matching. Glob pattern matching is done by micromatch. Visit micromatch or glob for more globbing examples.

      • createProxyMiddleware('**', {...}) matches any path, all requests will be proxied.
      • createProxyMiddleware('**/*.html', {...}) matches any path which ends with .html
      • createProxyMiddleware('/*.html', {...}) matches paths directly under path-absolute
      • createProxyMiddleware('/api/**/*.html', {...}) matches requests ending with .html in the path of /api
      • createProxyMiddleware(['/api/**', '/ajax/**'], {...}) combine multiple patterns
      • createProxyMiddleware(['/api/**', '!**/bad.json'], {...}) exclusion

      Note: In multiple path matching, you cannot use string paths and wildcard paths together.

    • custom matching

      For full control you can provide a custom function to determine which requests should be proxied or not.

       * @return {Boolean}
      const filter = function (pathname, req) {
        return pathname.match('^/api') && req.method === 'GET';
      const apiProxy = createProxyMiddleware(filter, {
        target: '',


    http-proxy-middleware options

    • option.pathRewrite: object/function, rewrite target's url path. Object-keys will be used as RegExp to match paths.

      // rewrite path
      pathRewrite: {'^/old/api' : '/new/api'}
      // remove path
      pathRewrite: {'^/remove/api' : ''}
      // add base path
      pathRewrite: {'^/' : '/basepath/'}
      // custom rewriting
      pathRewrite: function (path, req) { return path.replace('/api', '/base/api') }
      // custom rewriting, returning Promise
      pathRewrite: async function (path, req) {
        const should_add_something = await httpRequestToDecideSomething(path);
        if (should_add_something) path += "something";
        return path;
    • option.router: object/function, re-target for specific requests.

      // Use `host` and/or `path` to match requests. First match will be used.
      // The order of the configuration matters.
      router: {
          'integration.localhost:3000' : 'http://localhost:8001',  // host only
          'staging.localhost:3000'     : 'http://localhost:8002',  // host only
          'localhost:3000/api'         : 'http://localhost:8003',  // host + path
          '/rest'                      : 'http://localhost:8004'   // path only
      // Custom router function (string target)
      router: function(req) {
          return 'http://localhost:8004';
      // Custom router function (target object)
      router: function(req) {
          return {
              protocol: 'https:', // The : is required
              host: 'localhost',
              port: 8004
      // Asynchronous router function which returns promise
      router: async function(req) {
          const url = await doSomeIO();
          return url;
    • option.logLevel: string, ['debug', 'info', 'warn', 'error', 'silent']. Default: 'info'

    • option.logProvider: function, modify or replace log provider. Default: console.

      // simple replace
      function logProvider(provider) {
        // replace the default console log provider.
        return require('winston');
      // verbose replacement
      function logProvider(provider) {
        const logger = new (require('winston').Logger)();
        const myCustomProvider = {
          log: logger.log,
          debug: logger.debug,
          warn: logger.warn,
          error: logger.error,
        return myCustomProvider;

    http-proxy events

    Subscribe to http-proxy events:

    • option.onError: function, subscribe to http-proxy's error event for custom error handling.

      function onError(err, req, res, target) {
        res.writeHead(500, {
          'Content-Type': 'text/plain',
        res.end('Something went wrong. And we are reporting a custom error message.');
    • option.onProxyRes: function, subscribe to http-proxy's proxyRes event.

      function onProxyRes(proxyRes, req, res) {
        proxyRes.headers['x-added'] = 'foobar'; // add new header to response
        delete proxyRes.headers['x-removed']; // remove header from response
    • option.onProxyReq: function, subscribe to http-proxy's proxyReq event.

      function onProxyReq(proxyReq, req, res) {
        // add custom header to request
        proxyReq.setHeader('x-added', 'foobar');
        // or log the req
    • option.onProxyReqWs: function, subscribe to http-proxy's proxyReqWs event.

      function onProxyReqWs(proxyReq, req, socket, options, head) {
        // add custom header
        proxyReq.setHeader('X-Special-Proxy-Header', 'foobar');
    • option.onOpen: function, subscribe to http-proxy's open event.

      function onOpen(proxySocket) {
        // listen for messages coming FROM the target here
        proxySocket.on('data', hybridParseAndLogMessage);
    • option.onClose: function, subscribe to http-proxy's close event.

      function onClose(res, socket, head) {
        // view disconnected websocket connections
        console.log('Client disconnected');

    http-proxy options

    The following options are provided by the underlying http-proxy library.

    • url string to be parsed with the url module

    • option.forward: url string to be parsed with the url module

    • option.agent: object to be passed to http(s).request (see Node's https agent and http agent objects)

    • option.ssl: object to be passed to https.createServer()

    • true/false: if you want to proxy websockets

    • option.xfwd: true/false, adds x-forward headers

    • true/false, if you want to verify the SSL Certs

    • option.toProxy: true/false, passes the absolute URL as the path (useful for proxying to proxies)

    • option.prependPath: true/false, Default: true - specify whether you want to prepend the target's path to the proxy path

    • option.ignorePath: true/false, Default: false - specify whether you want to ignore the proxy path of the incoming request (note: you will have to append / manually if required).

    • option.localAddress : Local interface string to bind for outgoing connections

    • option.changeOrigin: true/false, Default: false - changes the origin of the host header to the target URL

    • option.preserveHeaderKeyCase: true/false, Default: false - specify whether you want to keep letter case of response header key

    • option.auth : Basic authentication i.e. 'user:password' to compute an Authorization header.

    • option.hostRewrite: rewrites the location hostname on (301/302/307/308) redirects.

    • option.autoRewrite: rewrites the location host/port on (301/302/307/308) redirects based on requested host/port. Default: false.

    • option.protocolRewrite: rewrites the location protocol on (301/302/307/308) redirects to 'http' or 'https'. Default: null.

    • option.cookieDomainRewrite: rewrites domain of set-cookie headers. Possible values:

      • false (default): disable cookie rewriting
      • String: new domain, for example cookieDomainRewrite: "new.domain". To remove the domain, use cookieDomainRewrite: "".
      • Object: mapping of domains to new domains, use "*" to match all domains.
        For example keep one domain unchanged, rewrite one domain and remove other domains:
        cookieDomainRewrite: {
          "unchanged.domain": "unchanged.domain",
          "old.domain": "new.domain",
          "*": ""
    • option.cookiePathRewrite: rewrites path of set-cookie headers. Possible values:

      • false (default): disable cookie rewriting
      • String: new path, for example cookiePathRewrite: "/newPath/". To remove the path, use cookiePathRewrite: "". To set path to root use cookiePathRewrite: "/".
      • Object: mapping of paths to new paths, use "*" to match all paths. For example, to keep one path unchanged, rewrite one path and remove other paths:
        cookiePathRewrite: {
          "/unchanged.path/": "/unchanged.path/",
          "/old.path/": "/new.path/",
          "*": ""
    • option.headers: object, adds request headers. (Example: {host:''})

    • option.proxyTimeout: timeout (in millis) when proxy receives no response from target

    • option.timeout: timeout (in millis) for incoming requests

    • option.followRedirects: true/false, Default: false - specify whether you want to follow redirects

    • option.selfHandleResponse true/false, if set to true, none of the webOutgoing passes are called and it's your responsibility to appropriately return the response by listening and acting on the proxyRes event

    • option.buffer: stream of data to send as the request body. Maybe you have some middleware that consumes the request stream before proxying it on e.g. If you read the body of a request into a field called 'req.rawbody' you could restream this field in the buffer option:

      'use strict';
      const streamify = require('stream-array');
      const HttpProxy = require('http-proxy');
      const proxy = new HttpProxy();
      module.exports = (req, res, next) => {
            target: 'http://localhost:4003/',
            buffer: streamify(req.rawBody),


    Use the shorthand syntax when verbose configuration is not needed. The context and will be automatically configured when shorthand is used. Options can still be used if needed.

    // createProxyMiddleware('/api', {target: ''});
    // createProxyMiddleware('/api/books/*/**.json', {target: ''});
    createProxyMiddleware('', { changeOrigin: true });
    // createProxyMiddleware('/api', {target: '', changeOrigin: true});

    app.use(path, proxy)

    If you want to use the server's app.use path parameter to match requests; Create and mount the proxy without the http-proxy-middleware context parameter:

    app.use('/api', createProxyMiddleware({ target: '', changeOrigin: true }));

    app.use documentation:


    // verbose api
    createProxyMiddleware('/', { target: '', ws: true });
    // shorthand
    createProxyMiddleware('', { ws: true });
    // shorter shorthand

    External WebSocket upgrade

    In the previous WebSocket examples, http-proxy-middleware relies on a initial http request in order to listen to the http upgrade event. If you need to proxy WebSockets without the initial http request, you can subscribe to the server's http upgrade event manually.

    const wsProxy = createProxyMiddleware('ws://', { changeOrigin: true });
    const app = express();
    const server = app.listen(3000);
    server.on('upgrade', wsProxy.upgrade); // <-- subscribe to http 'upgrade'

    Intercept and manipulate requests

    Intercept requests from downstream by defining onProxyReq in createProxyMiddleware.

    Currently the only pre-provided request interceptor is fixRequestBody, which is used to fix proxied POST requests when bodyParser is applied before this middleware.


    const { createProxyMiddleware, fixRequestBody } = require('http-proxy-middleware');
    const proxy = createProxyMiddleware({
       * Fix bodyParser
      onProxyReq: fixRequestBody,

    Intercept and manipulate responses

    Intercept responses from upstream with responseInterceptor. (Make sure to set selfHandleResponse: true)

    Responses which are compressed with brotli, gzip and deflate will be decompressed automatically. The response will be returned as buffer (docs) which you can manipulate.

    With buffer, response manipulation is not limited to text responses (html/css/js, etc...); image manipulation will be possible too. (example)

    NOTE: responseInterceptor disables streaming of target's response.


    const { createProxyMiddleware, responseInterceptor } = require('http-proxy-middleware');
    const proxy = createProxyMiddleware({
       * IMPORTANT: avoid res.end being called automatically
      selfHandleResponse: true, // res.end() will be called internally by responseInterceptor()
       * Intercept response and replace 'Hello' with 'Goodbye'
      onProxyRes: responseInterceptor(async (responseBuffer, proxyRes, req, res) => {
        const response = responseBuffer.toString('utf8'); // convert buffer to string
        return response.replace('Hello', 'Goodbye'); // manipulate response and return the result

    Check out interception recipes for more examples.

    Working examples

    View and play around with working examples.


    View the recipes for common use cases.

    Compatible servers

    http-proxy-middleware is compatible with the following servers:

    Sample implementations can be found in the server recipes.


    Run the test suite:

    # install dependencies
    $ yarn
    # linting
    $ yarn lint
    $ yarn lint:fix
    # building (compile typescript to js)
    $ yarn build
    # unit tests
    $ yarn test
    # code coverage
    $ yarn cover
    # check spelling mistakes
    $ yarn spellcheck



    The MIT License (MIT)

    Copyright (c) 2015-2022 Steven Chim


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