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file-loader

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File Loader

Instructs webpack to emit the required object as file and to return its public URL

Install

npm install --save-dev file-loader

Usage

By default the filename of the resulting file is the MD5 hash of the file's contents with the original extension of the required resource.

import img from './file.png'

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
  module: {
    rules: [
      {
        test: /\.(png|jpg|gif)$/,
        use: [
          {
            loader: 'file-loader',
            options: {}  
          }
        ]
      }
    ]
  }
}

Emits file.png as file in the output directory and returns the public URL

"/public/path/0dcbbaa7013869e351f.png"

Options

Name Type Default Description
name {String\|Function} [hash].[ext] Configure a custom filename template for your file
context {String} this.options.context Configure a custom file context, defaults to webpack.config.js context
publicPath {String\|Function} __webpack_public_path__ Configure a custom public path for your files
outputPath {String\|Function} 'undefined' Configure a custom output path for your files
useRelativePath {Boolean} false Should be true if you wish to generate a context relative URL for each file
emitFile {Boolean} true By default a file is emitted, however this can be disabled if required (e.g. for server side packages)

name

You can configure a custom filename template for your file using the query parameter name. For instance, to copy a file from your context directory into the output directory retaining the full directory structure, you might use

{String}

webpack.config.js

{
  loader: 'file-loader',
  options: {
    name: '[path][name].[ext]'
  }  
}

{Function}

webpack.config.js

{
  loader: 'file-loader',
  options: {
    name (file) {
      if (env === 'development') {
        return '[path][name].[ext]'
      }
 
      return '[hash].[ext]'
    }
  }  
}

placeholders

Name Type Default Description
[ext] {String} file.extname The extension of the resource
[name] {String} file.basename The basename of the resource
[path] {String} file.dirname The path of the resource relative to the context
[hash] {String} md5 The hash of the content, hashes below for more info
[N] {Number} `` The n-th match obtained from matching the current file name against the query param regExp

hashes

[<hashType>:hash:<digestType>:<length>] optionally you can configure

Name Type Default Description
hashType {String} md5 sha1, md5, sha256, sha512
digestType {String} base64 hex, base26, base32, base36, base49, base52, base58, base62, base64
length {Number} 8 The length in chars

By default, the path and name you specify will output the file in that same directory and will also use that same URL path to access the file.

context

webpack.config.js

{
  loader: 'file-loader',
  options: {
    name: '[path][name].[ext]',
    context: ''
  }  
}

You can specify custom output and public paths by using outputPath, publicPath and useRelativePath

publicPath

webpack.config.js

{
  loader: 'file-loader',
  options: {
    name: '[path][name].[ext]',
    publicPath: 'assets/'
  }  
}

outputPath

webpack.config.js

{
  loader: 'file-loader',
  options: {
    name: '[path][name].[ext]',
    outputPath: 'images/'
  }  
}

useRelativePath

useRelativePath should be true if you wish to generate a relative URL to the for each file context.

{
  loader: 'file-loader',
  options: {
    useRelativePath: process.env.NODE_ENV === "production"
  }
}

emitFile

By default a file is emitted, however this can be disabled if required (e.g. for server side packages).

import img from './file.png'
{
  loader: 'file-loader',
  options: {
    emitFile: false
  }  
}

⚠️ Returns the public URL but does not emit a file

`${publicPath}/0dcbbaa701328e351f.png`

Examples

import png from 'image.png'

webpack.config.js

{
  loader: 'file-loader',
  options: {
    name: 'dirname/[hash].[ext]'
  }  
}
dirname/0dcbbaa701328ae351f.png

webpack.config.js

{
  loader: 'file-loader',
  options: {
    name: '[sha512:hash:base64:7].[ext]'
  }  
}
gdyb21L.png
import png from 'path/to/file.png'

webpack.config.js

{
  loader: 'file-loader',
  options: {
    name: '[path][name].[ext]?[hash]'
  }  
}
path/to/file.png?e43b20c069c4a01867c31e98cbce33c9

Maintainers


Juho Vepsäläinen

Joshua Wiens

Michael Ciniawsky

Alexander Krasnoyarov