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    5.1.2 • Public • Published


    An animation component for A-Frame using anime.js.

    Also check out the animation-timeline component for defining and orchestrating timelines of animations.


    Latest version requires A-Frame v0.8.0.



    Property Description Default Value Values
    property Property to animate. Can be a component name, a dot-delimited property of a component (e.g., material.color), or a plain attribute.
    isRawProperty Flag to animate an arbitrary object property outside of A-Frame components for better performance. If set to true, for example, we can set property to like components.material.material.opacity. If property starts with components or object3D, this will be inferred to true. false
    from Initial value at start of animation. If not specified, the current property value of the entity will be used (will be sampled on each animation start). It is best to specify a from value when possible for stability. null
    to Target value at end of animation. null
    type Right now only supports color for tweening isRawProperty color XYZ/RGB vector values. ''
    delay How long (milliseconds) to wait before starting. 0
    dir Which dir to go from from to to. normal alternate, reverse
    dur How long (milliseconds) each cycle of the animation is. 1000
    easing Easing function of animation. To ease in, ease out, ease in and out. easeInQuad See easings
    elasticity How much to bounce (higher is stronger). 400
    loop How many times the animation should repeat. If the value is true, the animation will repeat infinitely. 0
    round Whether to round values. false
    startEvents Comma-separated list of events to listen to trigger play/restart. Animation will not autoplay if specified. null
    pauseEvents Comma-separated list of events to listen to trigger pause. Can be resumed with resumeEvents. null
    resumeEvents Comma-separated list of events to listen to trigger resume after pausing. null
    autoplay Whether or not the animation should autoplay. Should be specified if the animation is defined for the animation-timeline component. null
    enabled Toggle startEvents effect. true

    Multiple Animations

    Base name is animation. We can attach multiple animations to one entity by name-spacing the component with double underscores (__):

    <a-entity animation="property: rotation"
              animation__2="property: position"
              animation__color="property: material.color"></a-entity>


    easeIn easeOut easeInOut
    easeInQuad easeOutQuad easeInOutQuad
    easeInCubic easeOutCubic easeInOutCubic
    easeInQuart easeOutQuart easeInOutQuart
    easeInQuint easeOutQuint easeInOutQuint
    easeInSine easeOutSine easeInOutSine
    easeInExpo easeOutExpo easeInOutExpo
    easeInCirc easeOutCirc easeInOutCirc
    easeInBack easeOutBack easeInOutBack
    easeInElastic easeOutElastic easeInOutElastic


    Property Description
    animationbegin Animation began. Event detail contains name of animation.
    animationcomplete Animation completed. Event detail contains name of animation.


    Member Description
    animation anime.js object.

    Using anime.js Directly

    anime is a popular and powerful animation engine. The component prefers to do just basic tweening and touches only the surface of what anime can do (e.g., timelines, motion paths, progress, seeking). If we need more animation features, create a separate component that uses anime.js directly. anime is accessible via AFRAME.anime.

    Read through and explore the anime.js documentation and website.



    Install and use by directly including the browser files:

      <title>My A-Frame Scene</title>
      <script src=""></script> 
      <script src="^4.1.2/dist/aframe-animation-component.min.js"></script> 
        <a-entity geometry="primitive: box" material="color: black"
                  animation__color="property: material.color; dir: alternate; dur: 1000;
                                    easing: easeInSine; loop: true; to: #FFF">
        <a-entity geometry="primitive: box" material="color: orange"
                  animation__fadein="property: material.opacity; dur: 100;
                                      easing: linear; from 0; to: 1; startEvents: fadein"
                  animation__fadeout="property: material.opacity; dur: 100;
                                      easing: linear; from 1; to: 0; startEvents: fadeout"
        <a-cylinder color="#F55" radius="0.1"
                    animation="property: color; dir: alternate; dur: 1000;
                               easing: easeInSine; loop: true; to: #5F5"
                    animation__scale="property: scale; dir: alternate; dur: 200;
                               easing: easeInSine; loop: true; to: 1.2 1 1.2"
                    animation__yoyo="property: position; dir: alternate; dur: 1000;
                                     easing: easeInSine; loop: true; to: 0 2 0">


    Install via npm:

    npm install aframe-animation-component

    Then register and use.


    Versus <a-animation>

    I expect to deprecate <a-animation> in favor for this component.

    • Imperative Ergonomics: Imperatively set animations and all of its properties with a single setAttribute call. With <a-animation>, we must do createElement, multiple setAttributes, appendChild, and addEventListener('loaded').
    • Performance: The animation component takes advantage of shortcut updates of positions, rotations, and scales. In later versions of A-Frame, A-Frame allows us to performantly modify these transformation properties without going through the whole .setAtttribute flow.
    • Synchronous: Setting a component is synchronous, meaning it takes effect immediately. With <a-animation>, we must wait for it to append to the DOM and register a callback listener.
    • Consistency with the Framework: The animation component fits into A-Frame's entity-component-system framework. The <a-animation> tag is the only outlier in which we must use a DOM element to modify an entity.
    • Simpler API: The animation component uses anime.js, a popular and simple JavaScript animation library. <a-animation>'s API is loosely based off of Web Animations draft specification which is overly complex.
    • Easier Maintenance: The animation component uses A-Frame's component API as well as anime.js. <a-animation> uses the Custom Element polyfill directly with tween.js. anime.js's features makes the animation codebase much slimmer (140 vs 550 lines of code).
    • Features: The animation component has the features of the newly popular anime.js library (e.g., color interpolation).
    • Faster Development: Being detached from the A-Frame core library means faster iteration of features. Due to being easier to maintain, having more features, and not being tied to A-Frame versions, we can add things quickly such as timeline support.
    • anime.js: anime.js has great performance over Tween.js and tons of great animation features.
    • Less Bugs: <a-animation> has not been touched in ages. This component has lesss issues filed against it, and people usually end up switching to the component once they run into issues with <a-animation>.


    npm i aframe-animation-component

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