@iter-tools/imm-stack
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1.1.0 • Public • Published

@iter-tools/imm-stack

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A simple singly-linked immutable stack data structure. A stack is composed of immutable stack frames, each of which supports the full stack API.

Package includes Typescript libdefs. Suitable for node or browser environments. Supports native es imports in node > 13.2.

Usage

import emptyStack from '@iter-tools/immutable-stack'; // OR
const emptyStack = require('@iter-tools/immutable-stack');

const stack = emptyStack.push('Hello', 'world');
stack.size; // 2
stack.size; // 'world'
stack.peek(); // 'world'
stack.pop().peek(); // 'Hello'
stack.pop().pop(); // emptyStack
[...stack]; // ['Hello', 'world']

Access to the underlying ImmutableStackFrame class is not required for ordiary usage, but can be achieved easily:

import { ImmutableStackFrame } from '@iter-tools/immutable-stack'; // OR
const ImmutableStackFrame = require('@iter-tools/immutable-stack').constructor;

Until Typescript supports package exports you must enable esModuleInterop to use this module.

API

/**
 * Each frame stores a `value` and a reference to the previous (`prev`) frame.
 * Each frame also caches `size` for performance reasons.
 */
declare class ImmutableStackFrame<T> {
  /**
   * Returns true if `inst` is an `ImmutableStackFrame`.
   * This does not necessarily imply instanceof, but the check
   * is safe across frame boundaries, as it is done by looking for
   * `inst[Symbol.for('@iter-tools/immutable-stack')]`
   */
  static isImmutableStack(inst: any): boolean;

  /**
   * Instead of `new Stack(iterable)` use `emptyStack.concat(iterable)`
   */
  protected constructor();

  /**
   * The number of values stored in the stack. O(1) cost.
   */
  readonly size: number;

  /**
   * The previous frame in the stack
   */
  readonly prev: ImmutableStackFrame<T>;

  /**
   * The value stored in the current stack frame.
   */
  readonly value: T;

  /**
   * Returns a new stack with the specified `values` on top.
   */
  push<V>(...values: Array<V>): ImmutableStackFrame<T | V>;

  /**
   * Returns a new stack without its top value.
   * emptyStack.pop === emptyStack
   */
  pop(): ImmutableStackFrame<T>;

  /**
   * Returns this.value
   */
  peek(): T;

  /**
   * Returns a new stack with the specified `values` in place
   * of the previous top values.
   */
  replace<V>(...values: Array<V>): ImmutableStackFrame<T | V>;

  /**
   * Returns a new stack with the values in `iterable` on top.
   */
  concat<V>(iterable: Iterable<V>): ImmutableStackFrame<T | V>;

  /**
   * Returns a new stack with the values in reverse order.
   */
  reverse(): ImmutableStackFrame<T>;

  /**
   * Calls `cb(value)` for each value stored in the stack
   */
  forEach(cb: (value: T) => any): void;

  /**
   * Returns an iterator over the values in insertion order
   */
  values(): IterableIterator<T>;

  /**
   * Returns an iterator over the values in reverse insertion order
   */
  valuesReverse(): IterableIterator<T>;

  /**
   * Equivalent to `values()`
   */
  [Symbol.iterator](): IterableIterator<T>;

  /**
   * Returns an iterator over the stack frames from top to bottom
   */
  protected __iterateReverse(): IterableIterator<
    ImmutableStackFrame<T>
  >;
}

declare var emptyStack: ImmutableStackFrame<never>;

export { ImmutableStackFrame };
export default emptyStack;

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npm i @iter-tools/imm-stack

Weekly Downloads

160

Version

1.1.0

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

12 kB

Total Files

7

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