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    @adobe/fetch
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    3.3.0 • Public • Published
    Adobe Fetch

    Light-weight Fetch API implementation transparently supporting both HTTP/1(.1) and HTTP/2

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    About

    @adobe/fetch in general adheres to the Fetch API Specification, implementing a subset of the API. However, there are some notable deviations:

    • Response.body returns a Node.js Readable stream.
    • Response.blob() is not implemented. Use Response.buffer() instead.
    • Response.formData() is not implemented.
    • Cookies are not stored by default. However, cookies can be extracted and passed by manipulating request and response headers.
    • The following values of the fetch() option cache are supported: 'default' (the implicit default) and 'no-store'. All other values are currently ignored.
    • The following fetch() options are ignored due to the nature of Node.js and since @adobe/fetch doesn't have the concept of web pages: mode, referrer, referrerPolicy, integrity and credentials.
    • The fetch() option keepalive is not supported. But you can use the h1.keepAlive context option, as demonstrated here.

    @adobe/fetch also supports the following non-spec extensions:

    • Response.buffer() returns a Node.js Buffer.
    • Response.url contains the final url when following redirects.
    • The body that can be sent in a Request can also be a Readable Node.js stream, a Buffer, a string or a plain object.
    • There are no forbidden header names.
    • The Response object has an extra property httpVersion which is one of '1.0', '1.1' or '2.0', depending on what was negotiated with the server.
    • The Response object has an extra property fromCache which determines whether the response was retrieved from cache.
    • The Response object has an extra property decoded which determines whether the response body was automatically decoded (see Fetch option decode below).
    • Response.headers.plain() returns the headers as a plain object.
    • Response.headers.raw() returns the internal/raw representation of the headers where e.g. the Set-Cokkie header is represented with an array of strings value.
    • The Fetch option follow allows to limit the number of redirects to follow (default: 20).
    • The Fetch option compress enables transparent gzip/deflate/br content encoding (default: true).
    • The Fetch option decode enables transparent gzip/deflate/br content decoding (default: true).

    Note that non-standard Fetch options have been aligned with node-fetch where appropriate.

    Features

    • [x] supports reasonable subset of the standard Fetch specification
    • [x] Transparent handling of HTTP/1(.1) and HTTP/2 connections
    • [x] RFC 7234 compliant cache
    • [x] Support gzip/deflate/br content encoding
    • [x] HTTP/2 request and response multiplexing support
    • [x] HTTP/2 Server Push support (transparent caching and explicit listener support)
    • [x] overridable User-Agent
    • [x] low-level HTTP/1.* agent/connect options support (e.g. keepAlive, rejectUnauthorized)

    Installation

    Note:

    As of v2 Node version >= 12 is required.

    $ npm install @adobe/fetch

    API

    Apart from the standard Fetch API

    • fetch()
    • Request
    • Response
    • Headers
    • Body

    @adobe/fetch exposes the following non-spec extensions:

    • context() - creates a new customized API context
    • reset() - resets the current API context, i.e. closes pending sessions/sockets, clears internal caches, etc ...
    • onPush() - registers an HTTP/2 Server Push listener
    • offPush()- deregisters a listener previously registered with onPush()
    • clearCache() - clears the HTTP cache (cached responses)
    • cacheStats() - returns cache statistics
    • noCache() - creates a customized API context with disabled caching (convenience)
    • h1() - creates a customized API context with enforced HTTP/1.1 protocol (convenience)
    • keepAlive() - creates a customized API context with enforced HTTP/1.1 protocol and persistent connections (convenience)
    • h1NoCache() - creates a customized API context with disabled caching and enforced HTTP/1.1 protocol (convenience)
    • keepAliveNoCache() - creates a customized API context with disabled caching and enforced HTTP/1.1 protocol with persistent connections (convenience)
    • createUrl() - creates a URL with query parameters (convenience)
    • timeoutSignal() - ceates a timeout signal (convenience)

    Context

    An API context allows to customize certain aspects of the implementation and provides isolation of internal structures (session caches, HTTP cache, etc.) per API context.

    The following options are supported:

    interface ContextOptions {
      /**
       * Value of `user-agent` request header
       * @default 'adobe-fetch/<version>'
       */
      userAgent?: string;
      /**
       * The maximum total size of the cached entries (in bytes). 0 disables caching.
       * @default 100 * 1024 * 1024
       */
      maxCacheSize?: number;
      /**
       * The protocols to be negotiated, in order of preference
       * @default [ALPN_HTTP2, ALPN_HTTP1_1, ALPN_HTTP1_0]
       */
      alpnProtocols?: ReadonlyArray< ALPNProtocol >;
      /**
       * How long (in milliseconds) should ALPN information be cached for a given host?
       * @default 60 * 60 * 1000
       */
      alpnCacheTTL?: number;
      /**
       * (HTTPS only, applies to HTTP/1.x and HTTP/2)
       * If not false, the server certificate is verified against the list of supplied CAs. An 'error' event is emitted if verification fails; err.code contains the OpenSSL error code.
       * @default true
       */
      rejectUnauthorized?: boolean;
      /**
       * Maximum number of ALPN cache entries
       * @default 100
       */
      alpnCacheSize?: number;
      h1?: Http1Options;
      h2?: Http2Options;
    };
    
    interface Http1Options {
      /**
       * Keep sockets around in a pool to be used by other requests in the future.
       * @default false
       */
      keepAlive?: boolean;
      /**
       * When using HTTP KeepAlive, how often to send TCP KeepAlive packets over sockets being kept alive.
       * Only relevant if keepAlive is set to true.
       * @default 1000
       */
      keepAliveMsecs?: number;
      /**
       * (HTTPS only)
       * If not false, the server certificate is verified against the list of supplied CAs. An 'error' event is emitted if verification fails; err.code contains the OpenSSL error code.
       * @default true
       */
      rejectUnauthorized?: boolean;
      /**
       * (HTTPS only)
       * Maximum number of TLS cached sessions. Use 0 to disable TLS session caching.
       * @default 100
       */
      maxCachedSessions?: number;
    }
    
    interface Http2Options {
      /**
       * Max idle time in milliseconds after which a session will be automatically closed. 
       * @default 5 * 60 * 1000
       */
      idleSessionTimeout?: number;
      /**
       * Enable HTTP/2 Server Push?
       * @default true
       */
      enablePush?: boolean;
      /**
       * Max idle time in milliseconds after which a pushed stream will be automatically closed. 
       * @default 5000
       */
      pushedStreamIdleTimeout?: number;
      /**
       * (HTTPS only)
       * If not false, the server certificate is verified against the list of supplied CAs. An 'error' event is emitted if verification fails; err.code contains the OpenSSL error code.
       * @default true
       */
      rejectUnauthorized?: boolean;
    };

    Common Usage Examples

    Access Response Headers and other Meta data

      const { fetch } = require('@adobe/fetch');
    
      const resp = await fetch('https://httpbin.org/get');
      console.log(resp.ok);
      console.log(resp.status);
      console.log(resp.statusText);
      console.log(resp.httpVersion);
      console.log(resp.headers.plain());
      console.log(resp.headers.get('content-type'));

    Fetch JSON

      const { fetch } = require('@adobe/fetch');
    
      const resp = await fetch('https://httpbin.org/json');
      const jsonData = await resp.json();

    Fetch text data

      const { fetch } = require('@adobe/fetch');
    
      const resp = await fetch('https://httpbin.org/');
      const textData = await resp.text();

    Fetch binary data

      const { fetch } = require('@adobe/fetch');
    
      const resp = await fetch('https://httpbin.org//stream-bytes/65535');
      const imageData = await resp.buffer();

    Specify a timeout for a fetch operation

    Using timeoutSignal(ms) non-spec extension:

      const { fetch, timeoutSignal, AbortError } = require('@adobe/fetch');
    
      const signal = timeoutSignal(1000);
      try {
        const resp = await fetch('https://httpbin.org/json', { signal });
        const jsonData = await resp.json();
      } catch (err) {
        if (err instanceof AbortError) {
          console.log('fetch timed out after 1s');
        }
      } finally {
        // avoid pending timers which prevent node process from exiting
        signal.clear();
      }

    Using AbortController:

      const { fetch, AbortController, AbortError } = require('@adobe/fetch');
    
      const controller = new AbortController();
      const timerId = setTimeout(() => controller.abort(), 1000);
      const { signal } = controller;
    
      try {
        const resp = await fetch('https://httpbin.org/json', { signal });
        const jsonData = await resp.json();
      } catch (err) {
        if (err instanceof AbortError) {
          console.log('fetch timed out after 1s');
        }
      } finally {
        // avoid pending timers which prevent node process from exiting
        clearTimeout(timerId);
      }

    Stream an image

      const fs = require('fs');
      const { fetch } = require('@adobe/fetch');
    
      const resp = await fetch('https://httpbin.org/image/jpeg');
      resp.body.pipe(fs.createWriteStream('saved-image.jpg'));

    Post JSON

      const { fetch } = require('@adobe/fetch');
    
      const method = 'POST';
      const body = { foo: 'bar' };
      const resp = await fetch('https://httpbin.org/post', { method, body });

    Post JPEG image

      const fs = require('fs');
      const { fetch } = require('@adobe/fetch');
    
      const method = 'POST';
      const body = fs.createReadStream('some-image.jpg');
      const headers = { 'content-type': 'image/jpeg' };
      const resp = await fetch('https://httpbin.org/post', { method, body, headers });

    Post form data

      const { FormData, Blob, File } = require('formdata-node'); // spec-compliant implementations
      const { fileFromPath } = require('formdata-node/file-from-path'); // helper for creating File instance from disk file
    
      const { fetch } = require('@adobe/fetch');
    
      const method = 'POST';
      const fd = new FormData();
      fd.set('field1', 'foo');
      fd.set('field2', 'bar');
      fd.set('blob', new Blob([0x68, 0x65, 0x6c, 0x69, 0x78, 0x2d, 0x66, 0x65, 0x74, 0x63, 0x68]));
      fd.set('file', new File(['File content goes here'], 'file.txt'));
      fd.set('other_file', await fileFromPath('/foo/bar.jpg', 'bar.jpg', { type: 'image/jpeg' }));
      const resp = await fetch('https://httpbin.org/post', { method, body: fd });

    GET with query parameters object

    const { createUrl, fetch } = require('@adobe/fetch');
    
    const qs = {
      fake: 'dummy',
      foo: 'bar',
      rumple: "stiltskin",
    };
    
    const resp = await fetch(createUrl('https://httpbin.org/json', qs));

    or using URLSearchParams:

    const { fetch } = require('@adobe/fetch');
    
    const body = new URLSearchParams({
      fake: 'dummy',
      foo: 'bar',
      rumple: "stiltskin",
    });
    
    const resp = await fetch('https://httpbin.org/json', { body });

    Cache

    Responses of GET and HEAD requests are by default cached, according to the rules of RFC 7234:

    const { fetch } = require('@adobe/fetch');
    
    const url = 'https://httpbin.org/cache/60'; // -> max-age=60 (seconds)
    // send initial request, priming cache
    let resp = await fetch(url);
    assert(resp.ok);
    assert(!resp.fromCache);
    
    // re-send request and verify it's served from cache
    resp = await fetch(url);
    assert(resp.ok);
    assert(resp.fromCache);

    You can disable caching per request with the cache: 'no-store' option:

    const { fetch } = require('@adobe/fetch');
    
    const resp = await fetch('https://httbin.org/', { cache: 'no-store' });
    assert(resp.ok);
    assert(!resp.fromCache);

    You can disable caching entirely:

    const { fetch } = require('@adobe/fetch').noCache();

    Advanced Usage Examples

    HTTP/2 Server Push

    Note that pushed resources will be automatically and transparently added to the cache. You can however add a listener which will be notified on every pushed (and cached) resource.

      const { fetch, onPush } = require('@adobe/fetch');
    
      onPush((url, response) => console.log(`received server push: ${url} status ${response.status}`));
    
      const resp = await fetch('https://nghttp2.org');
      console.log(`Http version: ${resp.httpVersion}`);

    Force HTTP/1(.1) protocol

      const { fetch } = require('@adobe/fetch').h1();
    
      const resp = await fetch('https://nghttp2.org');
      console.log(`Http version: ${resp.httpVersion}`);

    HTTP/1.1 Keep-Alive

    const { fetch } = require('@adobe/fetch').keepAlive();
    
    const resp = await fetch('https://httpbin.org/status/200');
    console.log(`Connection: ${resp.headers.get('connection')}`); // -> keep-alive

    Extract Set-Cookie Header

    Unlike browsers, you can access raw Set-Cookie headers manually using Headers.raw(). This is an @adobe/fetch only API.

    const { fetch } = require('@adobe/fetch');
    
    const resp = await fetch('https://httpbin.org/cookies/set?a=1&b=2');
    // returns an array of values, instead of a string of comma-separated values
    console.log(resp.headers.raw()['set-cookie']);

    Self-signed Certificates

    const { fetch } = require('@adobe/fetch').context({ rejectUnauthorized: false });
    
    const resp = await fetch('https://localhost:8443/');  // a server using a self-signed certificate

    Set cache size limit

      const { fetch, cacheStats } = require('@adobe/fetch').context({
        maxCacheSize: 100 * 1024, // 100kb (Default: 100mb)
      });
    
      let resp = await fetch('https://httpbin.org/bytes/60000'); // ~60kb response
      resp = await fetch('https://httpbin.org/bytes/50000'); // ~50kb response
      console.log(cacheStats());

    Disable caching

      const { fetch } = require('@adobe/fetch').noCache();
    
      let resp = await fetch('https://httpbin.org/cache/60'); // -> max-age=60 (seconds)
      // re-fetch
      resp = await fetch('https://httpbin.org/cache/60');
      assert(!resp.fromCache);

    Set a custom user agent

      const { fetch } = require('@adobe/fetch').context({
        userAgent: 'custom-fetch'
      });
    
      const resp = await fetch('https://httpbin.org//user-agent');
      const json = await resp.json();
      console.log(json['user-agent']);

    More examples

    More example code can be found in the test source files.

    Development

    Build

    $ npm install

    Test

    $ npm test

    Lint

    $ npm run lint

    Troubleshooting

    You can enable @adobe/fetch low-level debug console output by setting the DEBUG environment variable to adobe/fetch*, e.g.:

    $ DEBUG=adobe/fetch* node test.js

    This will produce console outout similar to:

      ...
      adobe/fetch:core established TLS connection: #48 (www.nghttp2.org) +2s
      adobe/fetch:core www.nghttp2.org -> h2 +0ms
      adobe/fetch:h2 reusing socket #48 (www.nghttp2.org) +2s
      adobe/fetch:h2 GET www.nghttp2.org/httpbin/user-agent +0ms
      adobe/fetch:h2 session https://www.nghttp2.org established +1ms
      adobe/fetch:h2 caching session https://www.nghttp2.org +0ms
      adobe/fetch:h2 session https://www.nghttp2.org remoteSettings: {"headerTableSize":8192,"enablePush":true,"initialWindowSize":1048576,"maxFrameSize":16384,"maxConcurrentStreams":100,"maxHeaderListSize":4294967295,"maxHeaderSize":4294967295,"enableConnectProtocol":true} +263ms
      adobe/fetch:h2 session https://www.nghttp2.org localSettings: {"headerTableSize":4096,"enablePush":true,"initialWindowSize":65535,"maxFrameSize":16384,"maxConcurrentStreams":4294967295,"maxHeaderListSize":4294967295,"maxHeaderSize":4294967295,"enableConnectProtocol":false} +0ms
      adobe/fetch:h2 session https://www.nghttp2.org closed +6ms
      adobe/fetch:h2 discarding cached session https://www.nghttp2.org +0ms
      ... 

    Additionally, you can enable Node.js low-level debug console output by setting the NODE_DEBUG environment variable appropriately, e.g.

    $ export NODE_DEBUG=http*,stream*
    $ export DEBUG=adobe/fetch*
    
    $ node test.js

    Note: this will flood the console with highly verbose debug output.

    Acknowledgement

    Thanks to node-fetch and github/fetch for providing a solid implementation reference.

    License

    Apache 2.0

    Install

    npm i @adobe/fetch

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    Version

    3.3.0

    License

    Apache-2.0

    Unpacked Size

    144 kB

    Total Files

    24

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