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0.8.4 • Public • Published


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An elasticsearch transport for the winston logging toolkit.


  • logstash compatible message structure.
  • Thus consumable with kibana.
  • Date pattern based index names.
  • Custom transformer function to transform logged data into a different message structure.
  • Buffering of messages in case of unavailability of ES. The limit is the memory as all unwritten messages are kept in memory.


For Winston 3.x, Elasticsearch 6.0 and later, use the 0.7.0. For Elasticsearch 6.0 and later, use the 0.6.0. For Elasticsearch 5.0 and later, use the 0.5.9. For earlier versions, use the 0.4.x series.

Unsupported / Todo

  • Querying.


npm install --save winston winston-elasticsearch


var winston = require('winston');
var Elasticsearch = require('winston-elasticsearch');
var esTransportOpts = {
  level: 'info'
var logger = winston.createLogger({
  transports: [
    new Elasticsearch(esTransportOpts)

The winston API for logging can be used with one restriction: Only one JS object can only be logged and indexed as such. If multiple objects are provided as arguments, the contents are stringified.


  • level [info] Messages logged with a severity greater or equal to the given one are logged to ES; others are discarded.
  • index [none] the index to be used. This option is mutually exclusive with indexPrefix.
  • indexPrefix [logs] the prefix to use to generate the index name according to the pattern <indexPrefix>-<indexInterfix>-<indexSuffixPattern>. Can be string or function, returning the string to use.
  • indexSuffixPattern [YYYY.MM.DD] a Moment.js compatible date/ time pattern.
  • messageType [_doc] the type (path segment after the index path) under which the messages are stored under the index.
  • transformer [see below] a transformer function to transform logged data into a different message structure.
  • ensureMappingTemplate [true] If set to true, the given mappingTemplate is checked/ uploaded to ES when the module is sending the fist log message to make sure the log messages are mapped in a sensible manner.
  • mappingTemplate [see file index-template-mapping.json file] the mapping template to be ensured as parsed JSON.
  • flushInterval [2000] distance between bulk writes in ms.
  • client An elasticsearch client instance. If given, all following options are ignored.
  • clientOpts An object hash passed to the ES client. See its docs for supported options.
  • waitForActiveShards [1] Sets the number of shard copies that must be active before proceeding with the bulk operation.
  • pipeline [none] Sets the pipeline id to pre-process incoming documents with. See the bulk API docs.
  • buffering [true] Boolean flag to enable or disable messages buffering. The bufferLimit option is ignored if set to false.
  • bufferLimit [null] Limit for the number of log messages in the buffer.

Logging of ES Client

The default client and options will log through console.

Interdependencies of Options

When changing the indexPrefix and/ or the transformer, make sure to provide a matching mappingTemplate.


The transformer function allows mutation of log data as provided by winston into a shape more appropriate for indexing in Elasticsearch.

The default transformer generates a @timestamp and rolls any meta objects into an object called fields.


  • logdata An object with the data to log. Properties are:
    • timestamp [new Date().toISOString()] The timestamp of the log entry
    • level The log level of the entry
    • message The message for the log entry
    • meta The meta data for the log entry

Returns: Object with the following properties

  • @timestamp The timestamp of the log entry
  • severity The log level of the entry
  • message The message for the log entry
  • fields The meta data for the log entry
  • indexInterfix optional, the interfix of the index to use for this entry

The default transformer function's transformation is shown below.

Input A:

  "message": "Some message",
  "level": "info",
  "meta": {
    "method": "GET",
    "url": "/sitemap.xml",

Output A:

  "@timestamp": "2019-09-30T05:09:08.282Z",
  "message": "Some message",
  "severity": "info",
  "fields": {
    "method": "GET",
    "url": "/sitemap.xml",

Note that in current logstash versions, the only "standard fields" are @timestamp and @version, anything else ist just free.

A custom transformer function can be provided in the options hash.


  • error: in case of any error.


An example assuming default settings.

Log Action'Some message', {});

Only JSON objects are logged from the meta field. Any non-object is ignored.

Generated Message

The log message generated by this module has the following structure:

  "@timestamp": "2019-09-30T05:09:08.282Z",
  "message": "Some log message",
  "severity": "info",
  "fields": {
    "method": "GET",
    "url": "/sitemap.xml",
    "headers": {
      "host": "",
      "user-agent": "Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; Googlebot/2.1; +",
      "accept": "*/*",
      "accept-encoding": "gzip,deflate",
      "from": "googlebot(at)",
      "if-modified-since": "Tue, 30 Sep 2019 11:34:56 GMT",
      "x-forwarded-for": ""

Target Index

This message would be POSTed to the following endpoint:


So the default mapping uses an index pattern logs-*.


npm i winston-elasticsearch

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