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vinyl-fs

vinyl-fs

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Vinyl adapter for the file system.

What is Vinyl?

Vinyl is a very simple metadata object that describes a file. When you think of a file, two attributes come to mind: path and contents. These are the main attributes on a Vinyl object. A file does not necessarily represent something on your computer’s file system. You have files on S3, FTP, Dropbox, Box, CloudThingly.io and other services. Vinyl can be used to describe files from all of these sources.

What is a Vinyl Adapter?

While Vinyl provides a clean way to describe a file, we now need a way to access these files. Each file source needs what we call a "Vinyl adapter". A Vinyl adapter simply exposes a src(globs) and a dest(folder) method. Each return a stream. The src stream produces Vinyl objects, and the dest stream consumes Vinyl objects. Vinyl adapters can expose extra methods that might be specific to their input/output medium, such as the symlink method vinyl-fs provides.

Usage

var map = require('map-stream');
var vfs = require('vinyl-fs');
 
var log = function(file, cb) {
  console.log(file.path);
  cb(null, file);
};
 
vfs.src(['./js/**/*.js', '!./js/vendor/*.js'])
  .pipe(map(log))
  .pipe(vfs.dest('./output'));

API

src(globs[, options])

Takes a glob string or an array of glob strings as the first argument and an options object as the second. Returns a stream of vinyl File objects.

Note: UTF-8 BOM will be removed from all UTF-8 files read with .src unless disabled in the options.

Globs

Globs are executed in order, so negations should follow positive globs.

For example:

fs.src(['!b*', '*'])

would not exclude any files, but the following would exclude all files starting with "b":

fs.src(['*', '!b*'])

Options

  • Values passed to the options must be of the expected type, otherwise they will be ignored.
  • All options can be passed a function instead of a value. The function will be called with the vinyl File object as its only argument and must return a value of the expected type for that option.
options.buffer

Whether or not you want to buffer the file contents into memory. Setting to false will make file.contents a paused Stream.

Type: Boolean

Default: true

options.read

Whether or not you want the file to be read at all. Useful for stuff like removing files. Setting to false will make file.contents = null and will disable writing the file to disk via .dest().

Type: Boolean

Default: true

options.since

Only streams files that have been modified since the time specified.

Type: Date or Number

Default: undefined

options.removeBOM

Causes the BOM to be removed on UTF-8 encoded files. Set to false if you need the BOM for some reason.

Type: Boolean

Default: true

options.sourcemaps

Enables sourcemap support on files passed through the stream. Will load inline sourcemaps and resolve sourcemap links from files.

Type: Boolean

Default: false

options.resolveSymlinks

Whether or not to recursively resolve symlinks to their targets. Set to false to preserve them as symlinks and make file.symlink equal the original symlink's target path.

Type: Boolean

Default: true

options.dot

Whether or not you want globs to match on dot files (e.g. .gitignore).

Note: This option is not resolved from a function because it is passed verbatim to node-glob.

Type: Boolean

Default: false

other

Any glob-related options are documented in glob-stream and node-glob and are forwarded verbatim.

dest(folder[, options])

Takes a folder path string or a function as the first argument and an options object as the second. If given a function, it will be called with each vinyl File object and must return a folder path. Returns a stream that accepts vinyl File objects, writes them to disk at the folder/cwd specified, and passes them downstream so you can keep piping these around.

Once the file is written to disk, an attempt is made to determine if the stat.mode, stat.mtime and stat.atime of the vinyl File object differ from the file on the filesystem. If they differ and the running process owns the file, the corresponding filesystem metadata is updated. If they don't differ or the process doesn't own the file, the attempt is skipped silently. This functionality is disabled on Windows operating systems or any other OS that doesn't support process.getuid or process.geteuid in node. This is due to Windows having very unexpected results through usage of fs.fchmod and fs.futimes.

Note: The fs.futimes() method internally converts stat.mtime and stat.atime timestamps to seconds; this division by 1000 may cause some loss of precision in 32-bit Node.js.

If the file has a symlink attribute specifying a target path, then a symlink will be created.

Note: The file will be modified after being written to this stream.

  • cwd, base, and path will be overwritten to match the folder.
  • stat will be updated to match the file on the filesystem.
  • contents will have it's position reset to the beginning if it is a stream.

Options

  • Values passed to the options must be of the expected type, otherwise they will be ignored.
  • All options can be passed a function instead of a value. The function will be called with the vinyl File object as its only argument and must return a value of the expected type for that option.
options.cwd

The working directory the folder is relative to.

Type: String

Default: process.cwd()

options.mode

The mode the files should be created with. This option is only resolved if the vinyl File is not symbolic.

Type: Number

Default: The mode of the input file (file.stat.mode) if any, or the process mode if the input file has no mode property.

options.dirMode

The mode directories should be created with.

Type: Number

Default: The process mode.

options.overwrite

Whether or not existing files with the same path should be overwritten.

Type: Boolean

Default: true (always overwrite existing files)

options.append

Whether or not new data should be appended after existing file contents (if any).

Type: Boolean

Default: false (always replace existing contents, if any)

options.sourcemaps

Enables sourcemap support on files passed through the stream. Will write inline soucemaps if specified as true. Specifying a String path will write external sourcemaps at the given path.

Examples:

// Write as inline comments
vfs.dest('./', { sourcemaps: true });
 
// Write as files in the same folder
vfs.dest('./', { sourcemaps: '.' });

Type: Boolean or String

Default: undefined (do not write sourcemaps)

options.relativeSymlinks

When creating a symlink, whether or not the created symlink should be relative. If false, the symlink will be absolute.

Note: This option will be ignored if a junction is being created, as they must be absolute.

Type: Boolean

Default: false

options.useJunctions

When creating a symlink, whether or not a directory symlink should be created as a junction. This option is only relevant on Windows and ignored elsewhere. Please refer to the Symbolic Links on Windows section below.

Type: Boolean

Default: true

symlink(folder[, options])

Takes a folder path string or a function as the first argument and an options object as the second. If given a function, it will be called with each vinyl File object and must return a folder path. Returns a stream that accepts vinyl File objects, creates a symbolic link (i.e. symlink) at the folder/cwd specified, and passes them downstream so you can keep piping these around.

Note: The file will be modified after being written to this stream.

  • cwd, base, and path will be overwritten to match the folder.
  • stat will be updated to match the symlink on the filesystem.
  • contents will be set to null.
  • symlink will be added or replaced to be the original path.

Note: On Windows, directory links are created using Junctions by default. Use the useJunctions option to disable this behavior.

Options

  • Values passed to the options must be of the expected type, otherwise they will be ignored.
  • All options can be passed a function instead of a value. The function will be called with the vinyl File object as its only argument and must return a value of the expected type for that option.
options.cwd

The working directory the folder is relative to.

Type: String

Default: process.cwd()

options.dirMode

The mode directories should be created with.

Type: Number

Default: The process mode.

options.overwrite

Whether or not existing files with the same path should be overwritten.

Type: Boolean

Default: true (always overwrite existing files)

options.relativeSymlinks

Whether or not the created symlinks should be relative. If false, the symlink will be absolute.

Note: This option will be ignored if a junction is being created, as they must be absolute.

Type: Boolean

Default: false

options.useJunctions

When creating a symlink, whether or not a directory symlink should be created as a junction. This option is only relevant on Windows and ignored elsewhere. Please refer to the Symbolic Links on Windows section below.

Type: Boolean

Default: true

Symbolic Links on Windows

When creating symbolic links on Windows, we pass a type argument to Node's fs module which specifies the kind of target we link to (one of 'file', 'dir' or 'junction'). Specifically, this will be 'file' when the target is a regular file, 'junction' if the target is a directory, or 'dir' if the target is a directory and the user overrides the useJunctions option default.

However, if the user tries to make a "dangling" link (pointing to a non-existent target) we won't be able to determine automatically which type we should use. In these cases, vinyl-fs will behave slightly differently depending on whether the dangling link is being created via symlink() or via dest().

For dangling links created via symlink(), the incoming vinyl represents the target and so we will look to its stats to guess the desired type. In particular, if isDirectory() returns false then we'll create a 'file' type link, otherwise we will create a 'junction' or a 'dir' type link depending on the value of the useJunctions option.

For dangling links created via dest(), the incoming vinyl represents the link - typically read off disk via src() with the resolveSymlinks option set to false. In this case, we won't be able to make any reasonable guess as to the type of link and we default to using 'file', which may cause unexpected behavior if you are creating a "dangling" link to a directory. It is advised to avoid this scenario.