verify-on-etherscan

    1.2.1 • Public • Published

    Build Status NPM version

    Verify on Etherscan

    CLI utility / truffle plugin / Node.js library that automates verification on etherscan.io of contracts that were compiled and deployed with truffle.

    The most common use case of verifying contracts after deployment should be covered by the following command even without installing the library:

    API_KEY=<your_etherscan_api_key> npx verify-on-etherscan --network mainnet ./build/contracts/*

    Etherscan supports mainnet, ropsten, rinkeby, kovan and goerli networks for verification and requires a valid Etherscan APIkey. You can see details here.

    Installation

    npm install --save-dev verify-on-etherscan

    Usage

    The library can be used as a cli utility -- the simplest way, as a truffle plugin -- to take advantage of truffle config or as a third-party library.

    As a cli utility

    Usage: API_KEY=<your_key> npx verify-on-etherscan [options] <artifact_paths ...>
     
    Positionals:
      artifacts             a space separated list of paths to artifact json files (required)
                            or a glob pattern like ./build/contracts/*.json
                            [string, string, string...]
     
    Options:
      --version, -v         Show version number
     
      --network             which network to verify contracts on
                            [string] [required] [choices: "mainnet""ropsten""rinkeby""kovan""goerli"]
     
      --optimize, -o        whether your contracts were optimized during compilation
                            (sets --optimize-runs to 200 if none given)
                            [string]
     
      --optimize-runs, -r   how many runs your contracts were optimized for during compilation
                            (sets --optimize to true if given)
                            [number]
     
      --output              which directory to write flattened contracts to
                            [string]
     
      --delay, -d           delay (in ms) between checking if a contract has been
                            verified after verification starts
                            [number] [default: 20000]
     
      --use-fetch           fetch transactions from Etherscan instead of from
                            blockchain when determining constructor arguments
                            [boolean] [default: true]
     
      --verbose             output more logs
     
      --help, -h            Show help

    By default the library will use Etherscan api to fetch transactions. To use a web3 for that set --use-fetch=false. That way an instance of web3 will be created for you and connected to https://<network>.infura.io

    If no --optimizer or --optimize-runs flags are provided, the library will attempt to infer optimizer settings from ./truffle.js or ./truffle-config.js in the project directory. Failing that { enabled: false, runs: 200 } will be used.

    You can use voeth as an alias for verify-on-etherscan if you install it locally:

    API_KEY=<your_etherscan_api_key> npx voeth --network rinkeby ./build/contracts/Contract1.json ./build/contracts/Contract2.json
    

    As a truffle plugin

    First add

    plugins: ["verify-on-etherscan"]

    to your config in truffle.js or truffle-config.js

    Usage: API_KEY=<your_key> npx truffle run verify [options] <artifact_paths ...>
     
        artifact_paths      a space separated list of paths to artifact json files (required)
                            or a glob pattern like ./build/contracts/*.json
     
        API_KEY             your key for Etherscan API (required)
     
        --network <name>    network from truffle.js file (required)
                            web3 instance is created with provider supplied by truffle to the plugin
                            a network with its networkId must be available for verification on Etherscan 
                            currently available are mainnet, rinkeby, kovan, ropsten and goerli
     
        --output            path to directory to output flattened contracts to (optional)
                            for optional saving to filesystem
     
        --delay,  -d        delay (in ms) between checking if a contract has been verified after verification starts
                            (optional)(default 20000)
     
        --use-fetch         fetch transactions from Etherscan instead of from blockchain when determining constructor arguments
                            (optional)(default false)
                            
        --verbose           output more logs (optional)
     
        --help, -h          output more logs (optional)

    By default a web3 instance will be created with a provider from the config returned from truffle.js corresponding to the provided --network. It will be used for requisting transaction data from the blockchain. --use-fetch allows to use Etherscan api to fetch transactions.

    Optimizer settings are passed by truffle as part of the plugin config.


    As a library

    First import it in your project then call it with your options:

    const verify = require('verify-on-etherscan');
     
    const result = await verify({
      cwd,
      artifacts,
      apiKey,
      web3,
      network,
      useFetch,
      optimizer,
      output,
      delay,
      logger,
      verbose
    })

    verify(options) returns a Promise that resolves to

      {
        // contracts that were already verified on Etherscan
        alreadyVerified: Array<absolute_artifact_paths>,
        // contracts that were verified successfully
        successful: Array<absolute_artifact_paths>,
        // contracts for which verification failed
        failed: Array<absolute_artifact_paths>
      }

    when the verification is finished, or rejects if any unhandled Errors are thrown inside.

    Options:

      cwd                   current working directory, relative to which artifacts will be looked up
                            (default: process.cwd())
     
      artifacts             array of paths to json artifact files, relative to cwd
                            (required non-empty array)
     
      apiKey                Etherscan APIkey (required)
     
      web3                  a web3 instance connected to a valid network (optional)
     
      network               name from the list of valid networks to connect to (optional)
     
      useFetch              use Etherscan api to fetch transactions instead of a web3 instance
                            (optional, default: false)
      
      optimizer             optimizer settings object
                            (default: { enabled: false, runs: 200 })
                          
        optimizer.enabled   whether your contracts were optimized during compilation
        optimizer.runs      how many runs your contracts were optimized for during compilation
     
      output                path to directory to write flattened contracts to
                            (optional)
     
      delay                 delay (in ms) between checking if a contract has been verified after verification starts
     
      logger                logger to use for output to console
                            (optional, default: console, if falsy nothing will be output)
     
      verbose               ouput more logs (optional, default: false)

    If web3 is provided, it will be used to determine which network to verify contracts on (through web3.eth.net.getId() matching).

    if network is provided and useFetch === false, an instance of web3 will be created for you and connected to https://<network>.infura.io. network must be one of the networks which Etherscan supports for verification.

    if network is provided and useFetch === true, no web3 instance will be created and the library will fetch transactions from Etherscan api.

    Either web3 or network must be provided.

    Workflow

    Step 0

    In case of using the library as a cli utility or a truffle plugin some config parsing will first take place


    Step 1

    Depending on provided config an instance of web3 is created.


    Step 2

    JSON artifacts are read, parsed and necessary data is extracted.

    Extracted: contractname, compilerversion, bytecode, contractaddress, txhash, sourcePath, library addresses (if any). contractaddress and txhash are dependent on the network set for verification.

    It's also determined whether a contract has a non-emty constructor.


    Step 3

    For each contractaddress the libary fetches contract abi from Etherscan to filter out already verified contracts.

    Keep in mind that recently verified contracts would still be reported as unverified by Etherscan for some time and won't be filtered out immediately.


    Step 4

    truffle-flattener processes sourcePath of each artifact and returns the flattened code.


    Step 5 (optional)

    If --output <directory> was given, flattened contracts are written out there following <original_filename>.flat.sol pattern.


    Step 6

    For contracts that have a non-emty constructor the library determines its encoded constructor arguments.

    It gets the input data of the transaction corresponding to a contract's creation txhash. Then subtracts the artifact bytecode from it. The result is the encoded constructor arguments.

    In case the bytecode and the transaction data don't match, provided source code and compiler are the same, the difference is usually in the metadata portion of the code.

    A typical contract creation transaction data looks like this:

    (solc v>=0.4.7 <0.4.22)
    0x6060604052[__contract_code__]a165627a7a72305820[__metadata__]0029[__constractor_arguments__]
     
    (solc v>=0.4.22)
    0x6080604052[__contract_code__]a165627a7a72305820[__metadata__]0029[__constractor_arguments__]

    It is trivial to extract the constructor arguments from it.


    Step 7

    For each contract the library posts apiKey, optimizer settings, contractaddress, contractname, sourceCode, constructorArguments, library addresses and compileversion to Etherscan api getting GUIDs in return.

    The library checks the GUIDs for status change until all contracts are either verified or fail verification. The interval between check is determined by the delay option.

    License

    Licensed under the MIT license.

    Install

    npm i verify-on-etherscan

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    76

    Version

    1.2.1

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

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    Total Files

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