superjson
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2.2.1 • Public • Published

superjson

Safely serialize JavaScript expressions to a superset of JSON, which includes Dates, BigInts, and more.

All Contributors npm Language grade: JavaScript CI

Key features

  • 🍱 Reliable serialization and deserialization
  • 🔐 Type safety with autocompletion
  • 🐾 Negligible runtime footprint
  • 💫 Framework agnostic
  • 🛠 Perfect fix for Next.js's serialisation limitations in getServerSideProps and getInitialProps

Backstory

At Blitz, we have struggled with the limitations of JSON. We often find ourselves working with Date, Map, Set or BigInt, but JSON.stringify doesn't support any of them without going through the hassle of converting manually!

Superjson solves these issues by providing a thin wrapper over JSON.stringify and JSON.parse.

Sponsors

Flightcontrol Logo

Superjson logo by NUMI:

NUMI Logo

Getting started

Install the library with your package manager of choice, e.g.:

yarn add superjson

Basic Usage

The easiest way to use Superjson is with its stringify and parse functions. If you know how to use JSON.stringify, you already know Superjson!

Easily stringify any expression you’d like:

import superjson from 'superjson';

const jsonString = superjson.stringify({ date: new Date(0) });

// jsonString === '{"json":{"date":"1970-01-01T00:00:00.000Z"},"meta":{"values":{date:"Date"}}}'

And parse your JSON like so:

const object = superjson.parse<
{ date: Date }
>(jsonString);

// object === { date: new Date(0) }

Advanced Usage

For cases where you want lower level access to the json and meta data in the output, you can use the serialize and deserialize functions.

One great use case for this is where you have an API that you want to be JSON compatible for all clients, but you still also want to transmit the meta data so clients can use superjson to fully deserialize it.

For example:

const object = {
  normal: 'string',
  timestamp: new Date(),
  test: /superjson/,
};

const { json, meta } = superjson.serialize(object);

/*
json = {
  normal: 'string',
  timestamp: "2020-06-20T04:56:50.293Z",
  test: "/superjson/",
};

// note that `normal` is not included here; `meta` only has special cases
meta = {
  values: {
    timestamp: ['Date'],
    test: ['regexp'],
  }
};
*/

Using with Next.js

The getServerSideProps, getInitialProps, and getStaticProps data hooks provided by Next.js do not allow you to transmit Javascript objects like Dates. It will error unless you convert Dates to strings, etc.

Thankfully, Superjson is a perfect tool to bypass that limitation!

Next.js SWC Plugin (experimental, v13 or above)

Next.js SWC plugins are experimental, but promise a significant speedup. To use the SuperJSON SWC plugin, install it and add it to your next.config.js:

yarn add next-superjson-plugin
// next.config.js
module.exports = {
  experimental: {
    swcPlugins: [
      [
        'next-superjson-plugin',
        {
          excluded: [],
        },
      ],
    ],
  },
};

Next.js (stable Babel transform)

Install the library with your package manager of choice, e.g.:

yarn add babel-plugin-superjson-next

Add the plugin to your .babelrc. If you don't have one, create it.

{
  "presets": ["next/babel"],
  "plugins": [
    ...
    "superjson-next" // 👈
  ]
}

Done! Now you can safely use all JS datatypes in your getServerSideProps / etc. .

API

serialize

Serializes any JavaScript value into a JSON-compatible object.

Examples

const object = {
  normal: 'string',
  timestamp: new Date(),
  test: /superjson/,
};

const { json, meta } = serialize(object);

Returns json and meta, both JSON-compatible values.

deserialize

Deserializes the output of Superjson back into your original value.

Examples

const { json, meta } = serialize(object);

deserialize({ json, meta });

Returns your original value.

stringify

Serializes and then stringifies your JavaScript value.

Examples

const object = {
  normal: 'string',
  timestamp: new Date(),
  test: /superjson/,
};

const jsonString = stringify(object);

Returns string.

parse

Parses and then deserializes the JSON string returned by stringify.

Examples

const jsonString = stringify(object);

parse(jsonString);

Returns your original value.


Superjson supports many extra types which JSON does not. You can serialize all these:

type supported by standard JSON? supported by Superjson?
string
number
boolean
null
Array
Object
undefined
bigint
Date
RegExp
Set
Map
Error
URL

Recipes

SuperJSON by default only supports built-in data types to keep bundle-size as low as possible. Here are some recipes you can use to extend to non-default data types.

Place them in some central utility file and make sure they're executed before any other SuperJSON calls. In a Next.js project, _app.ts would be a good spot for that.

Decimal.js / Prisma.Decimal

import { Decimal } from 'decimal.js';

SuperJSON.registerCustom<Decimal, string>(
  {
    isApplicable: (v): v is Decimal => Decimal.isDecimal(v),
    serialize: v => v.toJSON(),
    deserialize: v => new Decimal(v),
  },
  'decimal.js'
);

Contributors ✨

Thanks goes to these wonderful people (emoji key):

Dylan Brookes
Dylan Brookes

💻 📖 🎨 ⚠️
Simon Knott
Simon Knott

💻 🤔 ⚠️ 📖
Brandon Bayer
Brandon Bayer

🤔
Jeremy Liberman
Jeremy Liberman

⚠️ 💻
Joris
Joris

💻
tomhooijenga
tomhooijenga

💻 🐛
Ademílson F. Tonato
Ademílson F. Tonato

⚠️
Piotr Monwid-Olechnowicz
Piotr Monwid-Olechnowicz

🤔
Alex Johansson
Alex Johansson

💻 ⚠️
Simon Edelmann
Simon Edelmann

🐛 💻 🤔
Sam Garson
Sam Garson

🐛
Mark Hughes
Mark Hughes

🐛
Lxxyx
Lxxyx

💻
Máximo Mussini
Máximo Mussini

💻
Peter Dekkers
Peter Dekkers

🐛
Gabe O'Leary
Gabe O'Leary

📖
Benjamin
Benjamin

📖
Ionut-Cristian Florescu
Ionut-Cristian Florescu

🐛
Chris Johnson
Chris Johnson

📖
Nicholas Chiang
Nicholas Chiang

🐛 💻
Datner
Datner

💻
ruessej
ruessej

🐛
JH.Lee
JH.Lee

📖
narumincho
narumincho

💻
Markus Greystone
Markus Greystone

🐛
darthmaim
darthmaim

💻
Max Malm
Max Malm

📖
Tyler Collier
Tyler Collier

📖
Nick Quebbeman
Nick Quebbeman

📖
Tom MacWright
Tom MacWright

🐛 💻
Peter Budai
Peter Budai

🐛

This project follows the all-contributors specification. Contributions of any kind welcome!

See also

Other libraries that aim to solve a similar problem:

Readme

Keywords

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Install

npm i superjson

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Version

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License

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Collaborators

  • mattmueller
  • flybayer
  • dillonraphael
  • skn0tt