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2.14.3 • Public • Published

A feature-filled and friendly way to take advantage of localStorage and sessionStorage (JSON, namespacing, extensions, etc).

Download: store2.min.js or store2.js
NPM: npm install store2
NuGet: Install-Package store2

Build Status npm version npm


The main store function can handle set, get, transact, setAll, getAll, each, and clear actions directly. Respectively, these are called like so:

store(key, data);                 // sets stringified data under key
store(key);                       // gets and parses data stored under key
store(key, fn[, alt]);            // run transaction function on/with data stored under key
store({key: data, key2: data2});  // sets all key/data pairs in the object
store();                          // gets all stored key/data pairs as an object
store((key, data)=>{ });          // calls function for each key/data in storage, return false to exit
store(false);                     // clears all items from storage

Parameters in [brackets] are optional. There are also more explicit and versatile functions available:

store.set(key, data[, overwrite]); // === store(key, data);
store.setAll(data[, overwrite]);   // === store({key: data, key2: data});
store.get(key[, alt]);             // === store(key);
store.getAll([fillObj]);           // === store();
store.transact(key, fn[, alt]);    // === store(key, fn[, alt]);
store.clear();                     // === store(false);
store.has(key);                    // returns true or false
store.remove(key[, alt]);          // removes key and its data, then returns the data or alt, if none
store.each(fn[, fill]);            // === store(fn); optional call arg will be 3rd fn arg (e.g. for gathering values)
store.add(key, data[, replacer]);  // concats, merges, or adds new value into existing one
store.keys([fillList]);            // returns array of keys
store.size();                      // number of keys, not length of data
store.clearAll();                  // clears *ALL* areas (but still namespace sensitive)

Passing in false for the optional overwrite parameters will cause set actions to be skipped if the storage already has a value for that key. All set action methods return the previous value for that key, by default. If overwrite is false and there is a previous value, the unused new value will be returned.

Functions passed to transact will receive the current value for that key as an argument or a passed alternate if there is none. When the passed function is completed, transact will save the returned value under the specified key. If the function returns undefined, the original value will be saved. This makes it easy for transact functions to change internal properties in a persistent way:

store.transact(key, function(obj) {
    obj.changed = 'newValue';// this change will be persisted

Functions passed to each will receive the key as first argument and current value as the second; if a fill parameter is specified, it's value will be the third argument for every call (few should ever need a fill parameter). If the function returns false at any point during the iteration, the loop will exit early and not continue on to the next key/value pair.

store.each(function(key, value) {
    console.log(key, '->', value);
    if (key === 'stopLoop') {
        return false;// this will cause each to stop calling this function

All retrieval functions which take an optional alt parameter can also use that parameter to specify a "reviver" function. These receive each key and value (yes, nested ones too) as arguments and allow you to provide an alternate means of parsing that string. This is particularly useful for rich objects like Date types. See MDN's JSON.parse docs for more information and examples. Alternately, you can set a global reviver to the store._.revive property to handle all get, getAll, remove, and transact calls.

Likewise, setter functions which take an optional overwrite parameter can also use that parameter to accept a "replacer" function that receives each key and value (yes, nested ones too) as arguments and allow you to provide an alternate means of stringifying the values. This is particularly useful for rich objects like Map or Set. See MDN's JSON.stringify docs for more information and examples. Alternately, you can set a global replacer to the store._.replace property to handle all set, setAll, add, and transact calls.

For getAll and keys, there is the option to pass in the object or list, respectively, that you want the results to be added to. This is instead of an empty list. There are only a few special cases where you are likely to need or want this, in general, most users should ignore these optional parameters. These both use the second, optional argument each function, which is also a niche feature. The value argument is passed as the second arg to the callback function (in place of the data associated with the current key) and is returned at the end. Again, most users should not need this feature. All of these use the browser's localStorage (aka "local"). Using sessionStorage merely requires calling the same functions on store.session:

store.session("addMeTo", "sessionStorage");
store.local({lots: 'of', data: 'altogether'});// store.local === store :)

There is also a store API automatically available for keeping non-persistent information, meant only to last until page reload."until","reload");

All the specific get, set, etc. functions are available on store.session, store.local, and, as well as any other storage facility registered via store.area(name, customStorageObject) by an extension, where customStorageObject must implement the Storage interface. This is how store.old.js extends store.js to support older versions of IE and Firefox.

If you want to put stored data from different pages or areas f your site into separate namespaces, the store.namespace(ns) function is your friend:

var cart = store.namespace('cart');
cart('total', 23.25);// stores in localStorage as ''
console.log(store('') == cart('total'));// logs true
console.log(store.cart.getAll());// logs {total: 23.25}
cart.session('group', 'toys');// stores in sessionStorage as ''

The namespace provides the same exact API as store but silently adds/removes the namespace prefix as needed. It also makes the namespaced API accessible directly via store[namespace] (e.g. store.cart) as long as it does not conflict with an existing part of the store API.

The 'namespace' function is one of three "extra" functions that are also part of the "store API":

store.namespace(prefix);// returns a new store API that prefixes all key-based functions
store.isFake([force]);// test or set whether localStorage/sessionStorage or an in-memory, 'fake' storage is used

store.namespace can also take extra params to only create the namespace in the called-on storage area, and to pass in an alternate namespace delimiter for advanced use-cases (e.g."subpage", true, ":")).

If localStorage or sessionStorage are unavailable, they will be faked to prevent errors, but data stored will NOT persist beyond the life of the current document/page. Use the store.old.js extension to add persistent backing for the store API in ancient browsers.

isFake(true|false) is particularly useful to force use of a temporary, fake storage in testing situations, to prevent cluttering actual storage.


These mostly could use further documentation and Contributions are welcome! In particular, any ES6 user interested in making these importable in ES6 would be appreciated.

Beta - Stable and definitely useful

  • store.old.js - Add working localStorage and sessionStorage polyfills for ancient browsers
  • store.overflow.js - Fall back to fake storage on quota errors
  • store.cache.js - To make data expire, pass a number of seconds as the overwrite (third) param on set() calls
  • store.on.js - Superior storage event handling (per key, per namespace, etc in IE9+)
  • store.array.js - Easy, powerful array functions for any and all data (e.g. store.push(key, v1, v2)).
  • store.dom.js - Declarative, persistent DOM element content via store.
  • store.cookie.js - Support for a cookie as a storage area: store.cookie('num',1) to make sharing with backend easier.

Alpha - Either incomplete or unstable or both

  • store.quota.js - Register callbacks to handle (and even cancel) quota errors
  • store.measure.js - Experimental extension for measuring space used and available (needs work)
  • store.onlyreal.js - When only fake storage is available, silently fail instead of faking it.
  • - Creates accessors for keys (e.g. == store.get('foo'))
  • store.deep.js - Allow retrieval of properties from within stored objects (e.g. store.get(''))
  • store.async.js - Adds store.async duplicate to each store and namespace that performs functions asynchronously and returns a Promise that resolves when complete.
  • store.cookies.js - Support managing all cookies as a storage area with the store API (e.g. store.cookies.get('user'))

Write Your Own Extension

To write your own extension, you can use or carefully override internal functions exposed as store._. In particular, the store._.fn(fnName, fn) method is available to automatically add your new function to every instance of the store interface (e.g. store, store.session and all existing and future namespaces). Take care using this, as it will override existing methods. Here is a simple example:

(function(_) {
    _.fn('falsy', function(key) {
        return !this.get(key);
    _.fn('truthy', function(key) {
        return !this.falsy(key);

This extension would be used like so:

store('foo', 1);
store.falsy('foo'); // returns false

store.session('bar', 'one');
store.session.truthy('bar'); // return true;

const widgetStore = store.namespace('widget');
widgetStore.falsy('state'); // returns true

Release History

  • 2010-02-10 v0.1 (extraction from esha.js)
  • 2010-05-25 v1.0 (internal release)
  • 2013-04-09 v2.0.3 (public) - First GitHub release
  • 2013-04-20 v2.1.0 (public) - Drops flawed/confusing/unused key(i) method, fixes extension problems.
  • 2013-04-30 v2.1.1 (public) - Browserify (and friends) support (module.exports = store)
  • 2013-05-30 v2.1.2 (public) - Component support (old component.json is now bower.json)
  • 2014-03-10 v2.1.6 (public) - AMD support and Component improvements
  • 2015-02-02 v2.2.0 (public) - Change store.cache.js to use seconds, not minutes.
  • 2015-05-05 v2.2.1 (public) - node.js compatibility
  • 2015-05-08 v2.2.2 (public) - Always expose global to allow extensions to always work.
  • 2015-05-22 v2.3.0 (public) - Use fake storage for Safari private mode (instead of letting quota exceptions go)
  • 2015-10-27 v2.3.2 (public) - Add source map
  • 2017-01-04 v2.4.0 (public) - Add store.transact(key, fn[, alt])
  • 2017-01-09 v2.5.0 (public) - Update for issue #34; new extensions (array, dot, and deep); only expose global in non-AMD/CommonJS environments (PR #35)
  • 2017-08-09 v2.5.2 (public) - Fix clear() in fake storage (thx to Martin Kluska)
  • 2018-01-18 v2.5.11 (public) - Add index.d.ts in root to provide TypeScript support
  • 2018-01-23 v2.6.0 (public) - Support each(fn,value), getAll(fillObj), and keys(fillList) to support some advanced/corner cases
  • 2018-11-15 v2.7.1 (public) - Add add(key, data) for common case of saving a combination of existing and new data. Fix issue #60.
  • 2019-07-23 v2.8.0 (public) - Add store(fn) shortcut for store.each, copy properties when inheriting, and make store.each(fn, fill) always send fill as 3rd arg instead of replacing values.
  • 2019-08-21 v2.9.0 (public) - Add store.remove(key, alt) to match behavior of store.get(key, alt) (Issue #68)
  • 2019-09-27 v2.10.0 (public) - Add to provide page scope storage to complement local and session scope storage. (Issue #69)
  • 2020-03-23 [v2.11.0][] (public) - Add store.get(key, reviveFn) and ```store._.revive`` to support parsing for rich types (e.g. Date)
  • 2020-04-14 v2.11.1 (public) - Fix falsey alt value support in store.get(key, alt)
  • 2020-05-11 v2.11.2 (public) - Fix missing TS declaration of new page scope storage.
  • 2020-08-12 v2.12.0 (public) - PRs for better Storage typing, better testKey, and dev dependency updates.
  • 2021-12-16 v2.13.1 (public) - Add store.set(key, value, replacerFn), store._replace, and isFake([force]) to support stringifying rich types and easier testing. And cookie-based extensions for using store backed by a single 'store' cookie or store API for all cookies.
  • 2022-03-14 v2.13.2 (public) - Restore missing TS declaration of store.area(id[, area])
  • 2022-05-11 v2.14.0 (public) - Allow namespace delimiter to be changed via store._.nsdelim
  • 2022-07-14 v2.14.1 (public) - Fix change to set that broke store.cache.js, and allow namespace delimiter to be passed to namespace(name, thisAreaOnly, delim) for a single namespace, to avoid conflicts.
  • 2022-07-18 v2.14.2 (public) - Fix typo in index.d.ts typings.
  • 2024-02-14 v2.14.3 (public) - Cut license options to just MIT, also removed Bower and Component support since those are long dead.

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