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    Moved to @silvermine org. Use @silvermine/serverless-plugin-cloudfront-lambda-edge


    2.1.0 • Public • Published

    Serverless Plugin: Support CloudFront Lambda@Edge

    Build Status Coverage Status Dependency Status Dev Dependency Status

    What is it?

    This is a plugin for the Serverless framework that adds support for associating a Lambda function with a CloudFront distribution to take advantage of the Lambda@Edge features of CloudFront.

    Even though CloudFormation added support for Lambda@Edge via its LambdaFunctionAssociations config object, it would be difficult to define a CloudFront distribution in your serverless.yml file's resources that links to one of the functions that you're deploying with Serverless.

    Why? Because the LambdaFunctionAssociations array needs a reference to the Lambda function's version (AWS::Lambda::Version resource), not just the function itself. (The documentation for CloudFormation says "You must specify the ARN of a function version; you can't specify a Lambda alias or $LATEST."). Serverless creates the version automatically for you, but the logical ID for it is seemingly random. You'd need that logical ID to use a Ref in your CloudFormation template for the function association.

    This plugin hides all that for you - it uses other features in Serverless to be able to programmatically determine the function's logical ID and build the reference for you in the LambdaFunctionAssociations object. It directly modifies your CloudFormation template before the stack is ever deployed, so that CloudFormation does the heavy lifting for you. This 2.0 version of the plugin is thus much faster and easier to use than the 1.0 version (which existed before CloudFormation supported Lambda@Edge).

    How do I use it?

    There are three steps:

    Install the Plugin as a Development Dependency

    npm install --save-dev --save-exact serverless-plugin-cloudfront-lambda-edge

    Telling Serverless to Use the Plugin

    Simply add this plugin to the list of plugins in your serverless.yml file:

       - serverless-plugin-cloudfront-lambda-edge

    Configuring Functions to Associate With CloudFront Distributions

    Also in your serverless.yml file, you will modify your function definitions to include a lambdaAtEdge property. That property can be an object if you are associating the function with only a single distribution (or single cache behavior). Or, if you want the same function associated with multiple distributions or cache behaviors, the property value can be an array of objects. Whether you define a single object or an array of objects, the objects all have the same fields, each of which is explained here:

    • distribution (required): the logical name used in your Resources section to define the CloudFront distribution.
    • eventType (required): a string, one of the four Lambda@Edge event types:
      • viewer-request
      • origin-request
      • viewer-response
      • origin-response
    • pathPattern (optional): a string, the path pattern of one of the cache behaviors in the specified distribution if you want this function to be associated with a specific cache behavior. If the path pattern is not defined here, the function will be associated with the default cache behavior for the specified distribution.

    You can also apply global properties by adding the lambdaAtEdge property to your custom section of your serverless.yml. Note: This section currently only supports the follow option:

    • retain (optional): a boolean (default false). If you set this value to true, it will set the DeletionPolicy of the function resource to Retain. This can be used to avoid the currently-inevitable CloudFormation stack deletion failure. There are at least two schools of thought on how to handle this issue. Hopefully AWS will have this fixed soon. Use at your own discretion.

    For example:

          name: '${self:custom.objectPrefix}-directory-root-origin-request-rewriter'
          handler: src/DirectoryRootOriginRequestRewriteHandler.handler
          memorySize: 128
          timeout: 1
             distribution: 'WebsiteDistribution'
             eventType: 'origin-request'


          retain: true
          name: '${self:custom.objectPrefix}-image-handling'
          handler: src/ImageSomethingHandler.handler
          memorySize: 128
          timeout: 1
             distribution: 'WebsiteDistribution'
             eventType: 'viewer-request'
             # This must match a path pattern in a cache behavior of the distribution:
             pathPattern: 'images/*.jpg'


          name: '${self:custom.objectPrefix}'
          handler: src/SomethingHandler.handler
          memorySize: 128
          timeout: 1
                distribution: 'WebsiteDistribution'
                eventType: 'viewer-response'
                # This must match a path pattern in a cache behavior of the distribution:
                pathPattern: 'images/*.jpg'
                distribution: 'OtherDistribution'
                eventType: 'viewer-response'

    Example CloudFront Static Site Serverless Config

    Here is an example of a serverless.yml file that configures an S3 bucket with a CloudFront distribution and a Lambda@Edge function:

    service: static-site
       defaultRegion: us-east-1
       defaultEnvironmentGroup: dev
       region: ${opt:region, self:custom.defaultRegion}
       stage: ${opt:stage, env:USER}
       objectPrefix: '${self:service}-${self:custom.stage}'
       - serverless-plugin-cloudfront-lambda-edge
          - 'node_modules/**'
       name: aws
       runtime: nodejs6.10 # Because this runs on CloudFront (lambda@edge) it must be 6.10 or greater
       region: ${self:custom.region}
       stage: ${self:custom.stage}
       # Note that Lambda@Edge does not actually support environment variables for lambda
       # functions, but the plugin will strip the environment variables from any function
       # that has edge configuration on it
          SLS_SVC_NAME: ${self:service}
          SLS_STAGE: ${self:custom.stage}
          name: '${self:custom.objectPrefix}-origin-request'
          handler: src/DirectoryRootOriginRequestRewriteHandler.handler
          memorySize: 128
          timeout: 1
             distribution: 'WebsiteDistribution'
             eventType: 'origin-request'
             Type: 'AWS::S3::Bucket'
                BucketName: '${self:custom.objectPrefix}'
                AccessControl: 'PublicRead'
                   IndexDocument: 'index.html'
                   ErrorDocument: 'error.html'
             Type: 'AWS::CloudFront::Distribution'
                      TargetOriginId: 'WebsiteBucketOrigin'
                      ViewerProtocolPolicy: 'redirect-to-https'
                      DefaultTTL: 600 # ten minutes
                      MaxTTL: 600 # ten minutes
                      Compress: true
                         QueryString: false
                            Forward: 'none'
                   DefaultRootObject: 'index.html'
                   Enabled: true
                   PriceClass: 'PriceClass_100'
                   HttpVersion: 'http2'
                      CloudFrontDefaultCertificate: true
                         Id: 'WebsiteBucketOrigin'
                         DomainName: { 'Fn::GetAtt': [ 'WebsiteBucket', 'DomainName' ] }
                         S3OriginConfig: {}

    And here is an example function that would go with this Serverless template:

    'use strict';
    module.exports = {
       // invoked by CloudFront (origin requests)
       handler: function(evt, context, cb) {
          var req = evt.Records[0].cf.request;
          if (req.uri && req.uri.length && req.uri.substring(req.uri.length - 1) === '/') {
             var uri = req.uri + 'index.html';
             console.log('changing "%s" to "%s"', req.uri, uri);
             req.uri = uri;
          cb(null, req);

    How do I contribute?

    We genuinely appreciate external contributions. See our extensive documentation on how to contribute.


    This software is released under the MIT license. See the license file for more details.


    npm i serverless-plugin-cloudfront-lambda-edge

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    • jthomerson