Miss any of our Open RFC calls?Watch the recordings here! »

sequelize-typescript-generator

2.6.1 • Public • Published

sequelize-typescript-generator

Automatically generates typescript models compatible with sequelize-typescript library directly from your source database.

Table of Contents

Supported databases

Currently tested databases:

  • Postgres (10, 11, 12)
  • Mysql (5, 8)
  • MariaDB (10)
  • SQL Server (2017, 2019)
  • SQLite (3)

Prerequisites

Prerequisites are the same of the sequelize-typescript library. In particular the following peer dependencies must be installed:

Local install:

npm install -S typescript @types/node @types/validator @types/bluebird reflect-metadata sequelize sequelize-typescript

Or if you intend to use the library globally:

npm install -g typescript @types/node @types/validator @types/bluebird reflect-metadata sequelize sequelize-typescript

Your tsconfig.json file needs the following flags:

{
    "compilerOptions": {
        "target": "es6",
        "experimentalDecorators": true,
        "emitDecoratorMetadata": true   
    }
}

You should also install the specific driver library for your database, see sequelize documentation:

npm install -S pg pg-hstore # Postgres 
npm install -S mysql2 # MySQL 
npm install -S mariadb # MariaDB 
npm install -S sqlite3 # SQLite 
npm install -S tedious # Microsoft SQL Server 

Or if you intend to use the library globally:

npm install -g pg pg-hstore # Postgres 
npm install -g mysql2 # MySQL 
npm install -g mariadb # MariaDB 
npm install -g sqlite3 # SQLite 
npm install -g tedious # Microsoft SQL Server 

Installation

Local install:

npm install -S sequelize-typescript-generator

Global install (you must install also the peer dependencies globally, see Prerequisites):

npm install -g sequelize-typescript-generator

NB - Linting models globally is not supported (eslint library does not support global plugins). If you plan to use the library globally and you want your models to be automatically linted, you need to install the following packages locally:

npm install -S typescript eslint @typescript-eslint/parser

CLI usage

To use the library locally, install npx if not already available in the path:

npm install -g npx

Then to get usage information type:

npx stg --help

For a global usage simply type:

stg --help
Usage: stg -D <dialect> -d [database] -u [username] -x [password] -h [host] -p
[port] -o [out-dir] -s [schema] -a [associations-file]-t [tables] -T
[skip-tables] -i [indices] -C [case] -S [storage] -L [lint-file] -l [ssl] -r
[protocol] -c [clean]
 
Options:
  --help                   Show help                                   [boolean]
  --version                Show version number                         [boolean]
  -h, --host               Database IP/hostname                         [string]
  -p, --port               Database port. Defaults:
                           - MySQL/MariaDB: 3306
                           - Postgres: 5432
                           - MSSQL: 1433                                [number]
  -d, --database           Database name                                [string]
  -s, --schema             Schema name (Postgres only)                  [string]
  -D, --dialect            Dialect:
                           - postgres
                           - mysql
                           - mariadb
                           - sqlite
                           - mssql                           [string] [required]
  -u, --username           Database username                            [string]
  -x, --password           Database password                            [string]
  -t, --tables             Comma-separated names of tables to process   [string]
  -T, --skip-tables        Comma-separated names of tables to skip      [string]
  -i, --indices            Include index annotations in the generated models
                                                                       [boolean]
  -o, --out-dir            Output directory. Default:
                           - output-models                              [string]
  -c, --clean              Clean output directory before running       [boolean]
  -m, --timestamps         Add default timestamps to tables            [boolean]
  -C, --case               Transform tables and fields names
                           with one of the following cases:
                           - underscore
                           - camel
                           - upper
                           - lower
                           - pascal
                           - const
                           You can also specify a different
                           case for model and columns using the
                           following format:
                           <model case>:<column case>
 
                                                                        [string]
  -S, --storage            SQLite storage. Default:
                           - memory                                     [string]
  -L, --lint-file          ES Lint file path                            [string]
  -l, --ssl                Enable SSL                                  [boolean]
  -r, --protocol           Protocol used: Default:
                           - tcp                                        [string]
  -a, --associations-file  Associations file path                       [string]
  -g, --sequelize-logs     Enable Sequelize logs                       [boolean]

Local usage example:

npx stg -D mysql -h localhost -p 3306 -d myDatabase -u myUsername -x myPassword --indices --case camel --out-dir models --clean 

Global usage example:

stg -D mysql -h localhost -p 3306 -d myDatabase -u myUsername -x myPassword --indices --case camel --out-dir models --clean 

Programmatic usage

You can use the library programmatically, as shown in the following example:

import { IConfig, ModelBuilder, DialectMySQL } from 'sequelize-typescript-generator';
 
(async () => {
    const config: IConfig = {
        connection: {
            dialect: 'mysql',
            database: 'myDatabase',
            username: 'myUsername',
            password: 'myPassword'
        },
        metadata: {
            indices: true,
            case: 'CAMEL',
        },
        output: {
            clean: true,
            outDir: 'models'
        }
    };
 
    const dialect = new DialectMySQL();
 
    const builder = new ModelBuilder(config, dialect);
 
    try {
        await builder.build();
    }
    catch(err) {
        console.error(err);
        process.exit(1);
    }    
})();

Transform case

You can transform table name and fields with one of the following cases:

  • underscore
  • camel
  • upper
  • lower
  • pascal
  • const

You can provide a different case for the model name and columns:

npx stg -D mysql --case const:camel 
const config: IConfig = {
    // [...]
    metadata: {        
        case: {
            model: 'CONST',
            column: 'CAMEL'    
        },
    },
    // [...]
};

You can also provide your custom transformer function (code only):

const config: IConfig = {
    // [...]
    metadata: {        
        case: (value, target) => {
            // Model transformer
            if (target === 'model') {
                return value.toUpperCase();
            }
    
            // Column transformer
            return value.toLowerCase();
        }
    },
    // [...]
};

NB: please note that currently case transformation is not supported for non ASCII strings.

Associations

Including associations in the generated models requires a bit of manual work unfortunately, but hopefully it will buy you some time instead of defining them from scratch.

First you have to define a csv-like text file, let's call it associations.csv (but you can call it however you want). In this file you have to put an entry for each association you want to define. The following associations are supported:

  • 1:1
  • 1:N
  • N:N

Some rules for the association file:

  • Names of tables and columns in the associations file must be the native names on the database, not the transformed names generated when using a custom case transformation with the flag --case.
  • Only , separator is supported.
  • Do not use enclosing quotes.

Note that fields generated by associations will be pluralized or singularized based on cardinality.

One to One

In the associations file include an entry with the following structure:

1:1, left_table_key, right_table_key, left_table, right_table

where:

  • 1:1 is the relation cardinality
  • left_table_key is the join column of the left table
  • right_table_key is the join column of the right table
  • left_table is the name of the left table
  • right_table is the name of the right table

For example given the following tables:

CREATE TABLE person
(
    person_id           INT             PRIMARY KEY,
    name                VARCHAR(80)     NOT NULL,
    passport_id         INT             NOT NULL
);
 
CREATE TABLE passport
(
    passport_id         INT             PRIMARY KEY,
    code                VARCHAR(80)     NOT NULL
);

Define a 1:1 association with the following entry in the associations file:

1:1, passport_id, passport_id, person, passport

Then pass the associations file path to the cli:

npx stg -D mysql -h localhost -p 3306 -d myDatabase -u myUsername -x myPassword --indices --associations-file path/to/associations.csv --out-dir models --clean 

Global:

stg -D mysql -h localhost -p 3306 -d myDatabase -u myUsername -x myPassword --indices --associations-file path/to/associations.csv --out-dir models --clean 

Or programmatically:

import { IConfig, ModelBuilder, DialectMySQL } from 'sequelize-typescript-generator';
 
(async () => {
    const config: IConfig = {
        connection: {
            dialect: 'mysql',
            database: 'myDatabase',
            username: 'myUsername',
            password: 'myPassword'
        },
        metadata: {
            indices: true,
            associationsFile: 'path/to/associations.csv',            
        },
        output: {
            clean: true,
            outDir: 'models'
        }
    };
 
    const dialect = new DialectMySQL();
 
    const builder = new ModelBuilder(config, dialect);
 
    try {
        await builder.build();
    }
    catch(err) {
        console.error(err);
        process.exit(1);
    }    
})();

This will generate the following models:

import {
    Model, Table, Column, DataType, Index, ForeignKey, HasOne 
} from "sequelize-typescript";
import { passport } from "./passport";
 
@Table({
    tableName: "person",
    timestamps: false,
    comment: "" 
})
export class person extends Model<person> {
 
    @Column({
     field: "person_id",
     primaryKey: true,
     type: DataType.INTEGER 
    })
    @Index({
     name: "PRIMARY",
     using: "BTREE",
     order: "ASC",
     unique: true 
    })
    person_id!: number;
 
    @Column({
     field: "name",
     type: DataType.STRING(80) 
    })
    name!: string;
 
    @Column({
     field: "passport_id",
     type: DataType.INTEGER 
    })
    @Index({
     name: "person_passport_passport_id_fk",
     using: "BTREE",
     order: "ASC",
     unique: false 
    })
    passport_id!: number;
 
    @HasOne(() => passport)
    passport?: passport;
 
}
import {
    Model, Table, Column, DataType, Index, ForeignKey, BelongsTo 
} from "sequelize-typescript";
import { person } from "./person";
 
@Table({
    tableName: "passport",
    timestamps: false,
    comment: "" 
})
export class passport extends Model<passport> {
 
    @ForeignKey(() => person)
    @Column({
     field: "passport_id",
     primaryKey: true,
     type: DataType.INTEGER 
    })
    @Index({
     name: "PRIMARY",
     using: "BTREE",
     order: "ASC",
     unique: true 
    })
    passport_id!: number;
 
    @Column({
     field: "code",
     type: DataType.STRING(80) 
    })
    code!: string;
 
    @BelongsTo(() => person)
    person?: person;
 
}

One to Many

1:N, left_table_key, right_table_key, left_table, right_table

where:

  • 1:N is the relation cardinality
  • left_table_key is the join column of the left table
  • right_table_key is the join column of the right table
  • left_table is the name of the left table
  • right_table is the name of the right table

For example given the following tables:

CREATE TABLE races
(
    race_id             INT             PRIMARY KEY,
    race_name           VARCHAR(80)     NOT NULL
);
 
CREATE TABLE units
(
    unit_id             INT             PRIMARY KEY,
    unit_name           VARCHAR(80)     NOT NULL,
    race_id             INT             NOT NULL
);

Define a 1:N association with the following entry in the associations file:

1:N, race_id, race_id, races, units

Build models:

npx stg -D mysql -h localhost -p 3306 -d myDatabase -u myUsername -x myPassword --indices --associations-file path/to/associations.csv --out-dir models --clean 

This will generate the following models:

import {
    Model, Table, Column, DataType, Index, ForeignKey, HasMany 
} from "sequelize-typescript";
import { units } from "./units";
 
@Table({
    tableName: "races",
    timestamps: false,
    comment: "" 
})
export class races extends Model<races> {
 
    @Column({
     field: "race_id",
     primaryKey: true,
     type: DataType.INTEGER 
    })
    @Index({
     name: "PRIMARY",
     using: "BTREE",
     order: "ASC",
     unique: true 
    })
    race_id!: number;
 
    @Column({
     field: "race_name",
     type: DataType.STRING(80) 
    })
    race_name!: string;
 
    @HasMany(() => units)
    units?: units[];
 
}
import {
    Model, Table, Column, DataType, Index, ForeignKey, BelongsTo 
} from "sequelize-typescript";
import { races } from "./races";
 
@Table({
    tableName: "units",
    timestamps: false,
    comment: "" 
})
export class units extends Model<units> {
 
    @Column({
     field: "unit_id",
     primaryKey: true,
     type: DataType.INTEGER 
    })
    @Index({
     name: "PRIMARY",
     using: "BTREE",
     order: "ASC",
     unique: true 
    })
    unit_id!: number;
 
    @Column({
     field: "unit_name",
     type: DataType.STRING(80) 
    })
    unit_name!: string;
 
    @ForeignKey(() => races)
    @Column({
     field: "race_id",
     type: DataType.INTEGER 
    })
    race_id!: number;
 
    @BelongsTo(() => races)
    race?: races;
 
}

Many to Many

In the associations file include an entry with the following structure:

N:N, left_table_key, right_table_key, left_table, right_table, join_table

where:

  • N:N is the relation cardinality
  • left_table_key is the join column of the left table
  • right_table_key is the join column of the right table
  • left_table is the name of the left table
  • right_table is the name of the right table
  • join_table is the name of the join table

For example given the following tables:

CREATE TABLE authors
(
    author_id       INT             primary key,
    full_name       VARCHAR(80)     not null
);
 
CREATE TABLE books
(
    book_id         INT             PRIMARY KEY,
    title           VARCHAR(80)     not null
);
 
CREATE TABLE authors_books
(
    author_id       INT             not null,
    book_id         INT             not null,
    PRIMARY KEY (author_id, book_id)
);

Define an N:N association with the following entry in the associations file:

N:N, author_id, book_id, authors, books, authors_books

Build models:

npx stg -D mysql -h localhost -p 3306 -d myDatabase -u myUsername -x myPassword --indices --associations-file path/to/associations.csv --out-dir models --clean 

This will generate the following models:

import {
    Model, Table, Column, DataType, Index, ForeignKey, BelongsToMany 
} from "sequelize-typescript";
import { books } from "./books";
import { authors_books } from "./authors_books";
 
@Table({
    tableName: "authors",
    timestamps: false,
    comment: "" 
})
export class authors extends Model<authors> {
 
    @Column({
     field: "author_id",
     primaryKey: true,
     type: DataType.INTEGER 
    })
    @Index({
     name: "PRIMARY",
     using: "BTREE",
     order: "ASC",
     unique: true 
    })
    author_id!: number;
 
    @Column({
     field: "full_name",
     type: DataType.STRING(80) 
    })
    full_name!: string;
 
    @BelongsToMany(() => books, () => authors_books)
    books?: books[];
 
}
import {
    Model, Table, Column, DataType, Index, ForeignKey, BelongsToMany 
} from "sequelize-typescript";
import { authors } from "./authors";
import { authors_books } from "./authors_books";
 
@Table({
    tableName: "books",
    timestamps: false,
    comment: "" 
})
export class books extends Model<books> {
 
    @Column({
     field: "book_id",
     primaryKey: true,
     type: DataType.INTEGER 
    })
    @Index({
     name: "PRIMARY",
     using: "BTREE",
     order: "ASC",
     unique: true 
    })
    book_id!: number;
 
    @Column({
     field: "title",
     type: DataType.STRING(80) 
    })
    title!: string;
 
    @BelongsToMany(() => authors, () => authors_books)
    authors?: authors[];
 
}
import {
    Model, Table, Column, DataType, Index, ForeignKey 
} from "sequelize-typescript";
import { authors } from "./authors";
import { books } from "./books";
 
@Table({
    tableName: "authors_books",
    timestamps: false,
    comment: "" 
})
export class authors_books extends Model<authors_books> {
 
    @ForeignKey(() => authors)
    @Column({
     field: "author_id",
     primaryKey: true,
     type: DataType.INTEGER 
    })
    @Index({
     name: "PRIMARY",
     using: "BTREE",
     order: "ASC",
     unique: true 
    })
    author_id!: number;
 
    @ForeignKey(() => books)
    @Column({
     field: "book_id",
     primaryKey: true,
     type: DataType.INTEGER 
    })
    @Index({
     name: "PRIMARY",
     using: "BTREE",
     order: "ASC",
     unique: true 
    })
    book_id!: number;
 
}

Lint

By default each generated model will be linted with a predefined set of rules to improve readability:

export const eslintDefaultConfig = {
    parser:  '@typescript-eslint/parser',
    parserOptions:  {
        ecmaVersion:  2018,
        sourceType:  'module',
    },
    plugins: [
        '@typescript-eslint',
    ],
    extends:  [],
    rules:  {
        'padded-blocks': ['error', { blocks: 'always', classes: 'always', switches: 'always' }],
        'lines-between-class-members': ['error', 'always' ],
        'object-curly-newline': ['error', {
            'ObjectExpression': 'always',
            'ObjectPattern': { 'multiline': true },
            'ImportDeclaration': { 'multiline': true, 'minProperties': 3 },
            'ExportDeclaration': { 'multiline': true, 'minProperties': 3 },
        }],
        'object-property-newline': ['error'],
        'indent': ['error', 'tab'],
    },
};

You can provide your own set of rules that matches your coding style. Just define a file with the linting rules (see eslint docs) and pass it to the cli like the following:

npx stg -D mysql -h localhost -p 3306 -d myDatabase -u myUsername -x myPassword --lint-file path/to/lint-file --out-dir models --clean 

Globally:

stg -D mysql -h localhost -p 3306 -d myDatabase -u myUsername -x myPassword --lint-file path/to/lint-file --out-dir models --clean 

Or you can pass eslint options programmatically:

import { IConfig, ModelBuilder, DialectMySQL } from 'sequelize-typescript-generator';
 
(async () => {
    const config: IConfig = {
        connection: {
            dialect: 'mysql',
            database: 'myDatabase',
            username: 'myUsername',
            password: 'myPassword'
        },        
        lintOptions: {
            configFile: 'path/to/lint-file',
            fix: true,
        },
        output: {
            clean: true,
            outDir: 'my-models',
        },
    };
 
    const dialect = new DialectMySQL();
 
    const builder = new ModelBuilder(config, dialect);
 
    await builder.build();
})();

License

MIT License

Install

npm i sequelize-typescript-generator

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

135

Version

2.6.1

License

ISC

Unpacked Size

154 kB

Total Files

50

Last publish

Collaborators

  • avatar