An AST-based pattern checker for JavaScript.


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ESLint is a tool for identifying and reporting on patterns found in ECMAScript/JavaScript code. In many ways, it is similar to JSLint and JSHint with a few exceptions:

  • ESLint uses Espree for JavaScript parsing.
  • ESLint uses an AST to evaluate patterns in code.
  • ESLint is completely pluggable, every single rule is a plugin and you can add more at runtime.

You can install ESLint using npm:

npm install -g eslint

If it's your first time using ESLint, you should set up a config file using --init:

eslint --init

After that, you can run ESLint on any JavaScript file:

eslint test.js test2.js

After running eslint --init, you'll have a .eslintrc file in your directory. In it, you'll see some rules configured like this:

    "rules": {
        "semi": [2, "always"],
        "quotes": [2, "double"]

The names "semi" and "quotes" are the names of rules in ESLint. The number is the error level of the rule and can be one of the three values:

  • 0 - turn the rule off
  • 1 - turn the rule on as a warning (doesn't affect exit code)
  • 2 - turn the rule on as an error (exit code will be 1)

The three error levels allow you fine-grained control over how ESLint applies rules (for more configuration options and details, see the configuration docs).

  • Development is sponsored by Box

These folks keep the project moving and are resources for help:

We have scheduled releases every two weeks on Friday or Saturday.

I do like JSHint. And I like Anton and Rick. Neither of those were deciding factors in creating this tool. The fact is that I've had a dire need for a JavaScript tool with pluggable linting rules. I had hoped JSHint would be able to do this, however after chatting with Anton, I found that the planned plugin infrastructure wasn't going to suit my purpose.

That's not really a question, but I got it. I'm not trying to convince you that ESLint is better than JSHint. The only thing I know is that ESLint is better than JSHint for what I'm doing. In the off chance you're doing something similar, it might be better for you. Otherwise, keep using JSHint, I'm certainly not going to tell you to stop using it.

ESLint is slower than JSHint, usually 2-3x slower on a single file. This is because ESLint uses Espree to construct an AST before it can evaluate your code whereas JSHint evaluates your code as it's being parsed. The speed is also based on the number of rules you enable; the more rules you enable, the slower the process.

Despite being slower, we believe that ESLint is fast enough to replace JSHint without causing significant pain.

ESLint is faster than JSCS, as ESLint uses a single-pass traversal for analysis whereas JSCS using a querying model.

If you are using both JSHint and JSCS on your files, then using just ESLint will be faster.

ESLint does both traditional linting (looking for problematic patterns) and style checking (enforcement of conventions). You can use it for both.

ESLint has full support for ECMAScript 6. By default, this support is off. You can enable ECMAScript 6 support through configuration.

Yes, ESLint natively supports parsing JSX syntax (this must be enabled in configuration.). Please note that supporting JSX syntax is not the same as supporting React. React applies specific semantics to JSX syntax that ESLint doesn't recognize. We recommend using eslint-plugin-react if you are using React and want React semantics.

ESLint doesn't natively support experimental ECMAScript language features. You can use babel-eslint to use any option available in Babel.

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