- ESLint uses an AST to evaluate patterns in code.
- ESLint is completely pluggable, every single rule is a plugin and you can add more at runtime.
Table of Contents
- Installation and Usage
- Code of Conduct
- Filing Issues
- Frequently Asked Questions
- Semantic Versioning Policy
- Technology Sponsors
Prerequisites: Node.js (
>=11.10.1) built with SSL support. (If you are using an official Node.js distribution, SSL is always built in.)
You can install ESLint using npm:
$ npm install eslint --save-dev
You should then set up a configuration file:
$ ./node_modules/.bin/eslint --init
After that, you can run ESLint on any file or directory like this:
$ ./node_modules/.bin/eslint yourfile.js
eslint --init, you'll have a
.eslintrc file in your directory. In it, you'll see some rules configured like this:
"quotes" are the names of rules in ESLint. The first value is the error level of the rule and can be one of these values:
0- turn the rule off
1- turn the rule on as a warning (doesn't affect exit code)
2- turn the rule on as an error (exit code will be 1)
The three error levels allow you fine-grained control over how ESLint applies rules (for more configuration options and details, see the configuration docs).
ESLint adheres to the JS Foundation Code of Conduct.
Before filing an issue, please be sure to read the guidelines for what you're reporting:
I'm using JSCS, should I migrate to ESLint?
Yes. JSCS has reached end of life and is no longer supported.
We have prepared a migration guide to help you convert your JSCS settings to an ESLint configuration.
We are now at or near 100% compatibility with JSCS. If you try ESLint and believe we are not yet compatible with a JSCS rule/configuration, please create an issue (mentioning that it is a JSCS compatibility issue) and we will evaluate it as per our normal process.
Does Prettier replace ESLint?
No, ESLint does both traditional linting (looking for problematic patterns) and style checking (enforcement of conventions). You can use ESLint for everything, or you can combine both using Prettier to format your code and ESLint to catch possible errors.
Why can't ESLint find my plugins?
- Make sure your plugins (and ESLint) are both in your project's
package.jsonas devDependencies (or dependencies, if your project uses ESLint at runtime).
- Make sure you have run
npm installand all your dependencies are installed.
- Make sure your plugins' peerDependencies have been installed as well. You can use
npm view eslint-plugin-myplugin peerDependenciesto see what peer dependencies
Does ESLint support JSX?
Yes, ESLint natively supports parsing JSX syntax (this must be enabled in configuration). Please note that supporting JSX syntax is not the same as supporting React. React applies specific semantics to JSX syntax that ESLint doesn't recognize. We recommend using eslint-plugin-react if you are using React and want React semantics.
What ECMAScript versions does ESLint support?
ESLint has full support for ECMAScript 3, 5 (default), 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, and 2019. You can set your desired ECMAScript syntax (and other settings, like global variables or your target environments) through configuration.
What about experimental features?
ESLint's parser only officially supports the latest final ECMAScript standard. We will make changes to core rules in order to avoid crashes on stage 3 ECMAScript syntax proposals (as long as they are implemented using the correct experimental ESTree syntax). We may make changes to core rules to better work with language extensions (such as JSX, Flow, and TypeScript) on a case-by-case basis.
In other cases (including if rules need to warn on more or fewer cases due to new syntax, rather than just not crashing), we recommend you use other parsers and/or rule plugins. If you are using Babel, you can use the babel-eslint parser and eslint-plugin-babel to use any option available in Babel.
Once a language feature has been adopted into the ECMAScript standard (stage 4 according to the TC39 process), we will accept issues and pull requests related to the new feature, subject to our contributing guidelines. Until then, please use the appropriate parser and plugin(s) for your experimental feature.
Where to ask for help?
We have scheduled releases every two weeks on Friday or Saturday. You can follow a release issue for updates about the scheduling of any particular release.
ESLint follows semantic versioning. However, due to the nature of ESLint as a code quality tool, it's not always clear when a minor or major version bump occurs. To help clarify this for everyone, we've defined the following semantic versioning policy for ESLint:
- Patch release (intended to not break your lint build)
- A bug fix in a rule that results in ESLint reporting fewer errors.
- A bug fix to the CLI or core (including formatters).
- Improvements to documentation.
- Non-user-facing changes such as refactoring code, adding, deleting, or modifying tests, and increasing test coverage.
- Re-releasing after a failed release (i.e., publishing a release that doesn't work for anyone).
- Minor release (might break your lint build)
- A bug fix in a rule that results in ESLint reporting more errors.
- A new rule is created.
- A new option to an existing rule that does not result in ESLint reporting more errors by default.
- An existing rule is deprecated.
- A new CLI capability is created.
- New capabilities to the public API are added (new classes, new methods, new arguments to existing methods, etc.).
- A new formatter is created.
eslint:recommendedis updated and will result in strictly fewer errors (e.g., rule removals).
- Major release (likely to break your lint build)
eslint:recommendedis updated and may result in new errors (e.g., rule additions, most rule option updates).
- A new option to an existing rule that results in ESLint reporting more errors by default.
- An existing formatter is removed.
- Part of the public API is removed or changed in an incompatible way.
According to our policy, any minor update may report more errors than the previous release (ex: from a bug fix). As such, we recommend using the tilde (
"eslint": "~3.1.0" to guarantee the results of your builds.
These folks keep the project moving and are resources for help.
Technical Steering Committee (TSC)
The people who manage releases, review feature requests, and meet regularly to ensure ESLint is properly maintained.
Nicholas C. Zakas
The people who review and implement new features.
The people who review and fix bugs and help triage issues.
The following companies, organizations, and individuals support ESLint's ongoing maintenance and development. Become a Sponsor to get your logo on our README and website.