Ninety-nine Pitchers of Malt

    rescript-logger

    3.0.0 • Public • Published

    rescript-logger

    npm version license

    Logging implementation for ReScript.

    rescript-logger

    Features

    • Zero runtime in production builds.
    • Multiple logging levels.
    • Customizable verbosity.
    • [@log] helper.
    • @rescript/react integration.
    • Custom loggers.
    • Logging in libraries.

    ShakaCode

    If you are looking for help with the development and optimization of your project, ShakaCode can help you to take the reliability and performance of your app to the next level.

    If you are a developer interested in working on ReScript / TypeScript / Rust / Ruby on Rails projects, we're hiring!

    Installation

    Get the package:

    # yarn
    yarn add rescript-logger
    # or npm
    npm install --save rescript-logger

    Then add it to bsconfig.json:

    "bs-dependencies": [
      "rescript-logger"
    ],
    "ppx-flags": ["rescript-logger/ppx"]

    Usage

    There are 5 log levels:

    • trace
    • debug
    • info
    • warn
    • error

    You can log message of specific level using appropriate macros:

    // ReScript
    %log.info("Info message")
    %log.error("Error message")
    
    // Reason
    [%log.info "Info message"];
    [%log.error "Error message"];

    Additional data

    You can add data to log entry like this:

    // ReScript
    %log.info(
      "Info message"
      ("Foo", 42)
    )
    %log.info(
      "Info message"
      ("Foo", {x: 42})
      ("Bar", [1, 2, 3])
    )
    
    // Reason
    [%log.info "Info message"; ("Foo", 42)];
    [%log.info
      "Info message";
      ("Foo", {x: 42});
      ("Bar", [1, 2, 3]);
    ];

    Currently, logger can accept up to 7 additional entries.

    Verbosity customization

    Output verbosity can be customized by providing specific log level and/or code locations.

    Log level

    You can set maximum log level via environment variable RES_LOG.

    Let's say you want to log only warnings and errors. To make it happen, run your build like this:

    RES_LOG=warn rescript build

    Available RES_LOG values:

    • *: log everything
    • trace: basically, the same as *
    • debug: log everything except trace level messages
    • info: log everything except trace & debug level messages
    • warn: log warn & error messages only
    • error: log error messages only
    • off: don't log anything

    If RES_LOG is set to off, nothing will be logged and none of the log entries will appear in your JS assets.

    In case if RES_LOG environment variable is not set, log level warn will be used.

    Also, see Usage in libraries.

    Code location

    If you want to focus on logging from specific part(s) of your code, you can use RES_LOG_ONLY environment variable.

    For example, if you want to see logs only from module Test, run the build as following:

    RES_LOG_ONLY=Test rescript build

    You can pass submodules and functions to it as well. If you want to log from multiple locations, separate them by ,.

    Consider the following source:

    // Test.res
    %log.warn("Top level message")
    
    module Submodule1 = {
      %log.warn("Message from Submodule1")
    }
    
    module Submodule2 = {
      %log.warn("Message from Submodule2")
    
      let fn = () => %log.warn("Message from function within Submodule2")
      fn()
    }

    Here is what will be logged with different build configurations:

    # build
    RES_LOG_ONLY=Test rescript build
    
    # output
    WARNING  [Test] Top level message
    WARNING  [Test.Submodule1] Message from Submodule1
    WARNING  [Test.Submodule2] Message from Submodule2
    WARNING  [Test.Submodule2.fn] Message from function within Submodule2
    
    # build
    RES_LOG_ONLY=Test.Submodule2 rescript build
    
    # output
    WARNING  [Test.Submodule2] Message from Submodule2
    WARNING  [Test.Submodule2.fn] Message from function within Submodule2
    
    # build
    RES_LOG_ONLY=Test.Submodule1,Test.Submodule2.fn rescript build
    
    # output
    WARNING  [Test.Submodule1] Message from Submodule1
    WARNING  [Test.Submodule2.fn] Message from function within Submodule2
    

    [@log] helper

    This helper can be placed in front of any switch expression with constructor patterns and it will inject debug expressions into each branch.

    // ReScript
    let _ =
      x =>
        @log
        switch x {
        | A => "A"
        | B(b) => b
        }
    
    // Reason
    let _ =
      x =>
        [@log]
        switch (x) {
        | A => "A"
        | B(b) => b
        }

    Without a @log helper, an equivalent would be:

    // ReScript
    let _ =
      x =>
        switch (x) {
        | A =>
          %log.debug("A")
          "A"
        | B(b) =>
          %log.debug("B with payload" ("b", b))
          b
        }
    
    // Reason
    let _ =
      x =>
        switch (x) {
        | A =>
          [%log.debug "A"];
          "A";
        | B(b) =>
          [%log.debug "B with payload"; ("b", b)];
          b;
        }

    You can pass optional custom namespace to helper like this: @log("MyNamespace").

    [@log] helper works only for switch expressions with constructor patterns, for now. Let us know in the issues if you need to handle more cases.

    @rescript/react integration

    Using @log helper, you can log dispatched actions in your components.

    Annotate reducer function like this:

    // ReScript
    let reducer =
      (state, action) =>
        @log
        switch action {
          ...
        }
    
    // Reason
    let reducer =
      (state, action) =>
        [@log]
        switch (action) {
          ...
        }

    These entries are logged on the debug level so none of it will appear in your production builds.

    Custom loggers

    rescript-logger ships with 3 loggers:

    • ReScriptLogger.Browser (default)
    • ReScriptLogger.Node
    • ReScriptLogger.Universal (picks either Browser or Node logger at runtime depending on an environment, useful for apps with SSR)

    And you can easily plug your own.

    For example, in development, you want to log everything to console using default logger, but in production, you want to disable console logging and send error level events to bug tracker.

    To implement your own logger, you need to create a module (e.g. BugTracker.re) and set the following environment variables for production build.

    RES_LOG=error
    RES_LOGGER=BugTracker
    

    Considering that you want to log only error level messages, you need to create functions only for errors logging.

    // BugTracker.res
    
    let error = (loc, msg) => BugTrackerSDK.notify(`${msg} in ${loc.rootModule}`)
    
    let error1 =
      (
        loc,
        msg,
        (label, payload),
      ) =>
        BugTrackerSDK.notify(
          `${msg} in ${loc.rootModule}`,
          [|(label, payload)|],
        );
    
    let error2 =
      (
        loc,
        msg,
        (label1, payload1),
        (label2, payload2),
      ) =>
        BugTrackerSDK.notify(
          `${msg} in ${loc.rootModule}`,
          [|
            (label1, payload1),
            (label2, payload2),
          |],
        );
    
    // Up to 7

    The first argument loc is a ReScriptLogger.Location.t record. It's passed by PPX and contains the location data.

    type t = {
      rootModule: string,
      subModulePath: list<string>,
      value: option<string>,
      fullPath: string,
      filePath: string,
    }

    If Test.Submodule.fn gets called, logger would receive the following location:

    // Test.res
    module Submodule = {
      let fn = () => %log.warn("Warn!")
    }
    
    // Location
    {
      rootModule: "Test",
      subModulePath: list{"Submodule"},
      value: Some("fn"),
      fullPath: "Test.Submodule.fn",
      filePath: "/absolute/path/to/project/src/Test.res",
    }

    Note, you don't have to re-implement all functions from the default logger, only the ones you actually use. Don't worry to forget to implement something. If later on, you will attempt to use unimplemented method it will be compile time error.

    Usage in libraries

    If you develop a library and want to use rescript-logger during development process, you can do so without spamming output of consumers of your library.

    rescript-logger/ppx accepts --lib flag:

    "ppx-flags": [
      ["rescript-logger/ppx", "--lib=my-lib"]
    ]

    Once this flag is passed, you need to provide special value of RES_LOG to log your entries:

    RES_LOG=my-lib=* rescript build

    If consumers of your lib would like to see log output from your lib, they can do so too by extending a value of RES_LOG variable:

    RES_LOG=*,my-lib=error rescript build

    Few more examples to illustrate how it works:

    # log everything from application code only
    RES_LOG=* rescript build
    
    # log everything from application code
    # log errors from `my-lib`
    RES_LOG=*,my-lib=error rescript build
    
    # log everything from application code
    # log errors from `my-lib-1`
    # log warnings and errors from `my-lib-2`
    RES_LOG=*,my-lib-1=error,my-lib-2=warn rescript build

    Caveats

    Logging is disabled after file save
    If you run bsb via editor integration, make sure editor picked up RES_LOG variable. E.g. if you use Atom run it like this:

    RES_LOG=info atom .

    If your editor is telling you, variables used in ppx are unused, you can either:

    1. prefix such variables with _
    2. or open editor with RES_LOG variable set to appropriate level.

    Changing value of RES_LOG/RES_LOGGER/RES_LOG_ONLY doesn't make any effect
    When you change a value of environment variable, rescript clean before the next build.

    Developing

    Repo consists of 2 parts:

    • ReScript lib: dependencies are managed by yarn
    • OCaml PPX: dependencies are managed either by nix (in development) or esy (in development and/or on CI)

    Nix flow

    Clone repo and either enter the Nix shell:

    nix-shell
    

    Or use direnv and create .envrc file in the root directory of the project with the folowing content:

    use nix
    

    Then install deps:

    yarn install

    Build loggers and ppx:

    dune build
    cd lib && yarn run build
    cd ../examples && yarn run build

    Esy flow

    Clone repo and install deps:

    esy install
    yarn install

    Build loggers and ppx:

    esy build
    cd lib && yarn run build
    cd ../examples && yarn run build

    Auto-formatting

    Note, this project doesn't use auto-formatting in OCaml files (*.ml), so if you're intended to contribute, please, turn off auto-formatting in the editor while editing such files.

    Supporters

    JetBrains ScoutAPM
    BrowserStack Rails Autoscale Honeybadger

    The following companies support our open source projects, and ShakaCode uses their products!

    Install

    npm i rescript-logger

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    244

    Version

    3.0.0

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    50.1 MB

    Total Files

    16

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • alex.fedoseev