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react-native-extended-stylesheet

0.10.0 • Public • Published

React Native Extended StyleSheet

Build Status Coverage Status npm version license

Drop-in replacement of React Native StyleSheet with media-queries, variables, dynamic themes, relative units, percents, math operations, scaling and other styling stuff.

Demo

Use this Expo snack to play with Extended StyleSheets right in the browser or in Expo app.

Installation

npm i react-native-extended-stylesheet --save

Usage

  1. Define styles using EStyleSheet.create() instead of StyleSheet.create():
/* component.js */
import EStyleSheet from 'react-native-extended-stylesheet';
 
// define extended styles 
const styles = EStyleSheet.create({
  column: {
    width: '80%'                                    // 80% of screen width
  },
  text: {
    color: '$textColor',                            // global variable $textColor
    fontSize: '1.5rem'                              // relative REM unit
  },
  '@media (min-width: 350) and (max-width: 500)': { // media queries
    text: {
      fontSize: '2rem',
    }
  }
});
 
// use styles as usual
class MyComponent extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return (
      <View style={styles.column}>
        <Text style={styles.text}>Hello</Text>
      </View>
    );
  }
}  
  1. In app entry point call EStyleSheet.build() to actually calculate styles:
/* app.js */
import EStyleSheet from 'react-native-extended-stylesheet';
 
EStyleSheet.build({ // always call EStyleSheet.build() even if you don't use global variables!
  $textColor: '#0275d8'
});

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Features

Global variables

Global variables are passed to EStyleSheet.build() and available in all stylesheets.

// app entry: set global variables and calc styles
EStyleSheet.build({
  $textColor: '#0275d8'
});
 
// component: use global variables
const styles = EStyleSheet.create({
  text: {
    color: '$textColor'
  }
});
 
// global variable as inline style or as props to components
<View style = {{
  backgroundColor: EStyleSheet.value('$textColor')
}}>
...
</View>

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Local variables

Local variables can be defined directly in sylesheet and have priority over global variables. To define local variable just start it with $:

const styles = EStyleSheet.create({
  $textColor: '#0275d8',
  text: {
    color: '$textColor'
  },
  icon: {
    color: '$textColor'
  },
});

Local variables are also available in result style: styles.$textColor.
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Theming

Changing app theme contains two steps:

  1. re-build app styles
  2. re-render components tree with new styles

To re-build app styles you can call EStyleSheet.build() with new set of global variables:

EStyleSheet.build({
  $theme: 'light',  // required variable for caching!
  $bgColor: 'white',
});

Please note that special variable $theme is required for proper caching of calculated styles.

Re-rendering whole component tree is currently a bit tricky in React.
One option is to wrap app into component and re-mount it on theme change:

  toggleTheme() {
    const theme = EStyleSheet.value('$theme') === 'light' ? darkTheme : lightTheme;
    EStyleSheet.build(theme);
    this.setState({render: false}, () => this.setState({render: true}));
  }
  render() {
    return this.state.render ? <App/> : null;
  }

The caveat is that all components loss their state. In the future it may be possible with forceDeepUpdate() method (see facebook/react#7759).
The approach is open for discusison, feel free to share your ideas in #22, #47.

You can check out full theming code in examples/theming or in Expo snack.
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Media queries

Media queries allows to have different styles for different screens, platform, direction and orientation. They are supported as properties with @media prefix (thanks for idea to @grabbou, #5).

Media queries can operate with the following values:

  • media type: ios|android
  • width, min-width, max-width
  • height, min-height, max-height
  • orientation (landscape|portrait)
  • aspect-ratio
  • direction (ltr|rtl)

You can use media queries on:

  • global level
  • sheet level
  • style level

Examples:

// global level
EStyleSheet.build({
  '@media ios': {
    $fontSize: 12,
  },
  '@media android': {
    $fontSize: 16,
  },
});
 
// sheet level
const styles = EStyleSheet.create({
  column: {
    width: '80%',
  },
  '@media (min-width: 350) and (max-width: 500)': {
    column: {
      width: '90%',
    }
  }
});
 
// style level
const styles = EStyleSheet.create({
  header: {
    '@media ios': {
      color: 'green',
    },
    '@media android': {
      color: 'blue',
    },
  }
});

See full example here.
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Math operations

Any value can contain one of following math operations: *, /, +, -. Operands can be numbers, variables and percents.
For example, to render circle you may create style:

const styles = EStyleSheet.create({
  $size: 20,
  circle: {
    width: '$size',
    height: '$size',
    borderRadius: '0.5 * $size'
  }
});

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REM units

Similar to CSS3 rem unit it allows to define any integer value as relative to the root element. In our case root value is special rem global variable that can be set in EStyleSheet.build(). It makes easy to scale app depending on screen size and other conditions. Default rem is 16.

// component
const styles = EStyleSheet.create({
  text: {
    fontSize: '1.5rem',
    marginHorizontal: '2rem'
  }
});
// app entry
let {height, width} = Dimensions.get('window');
EStyleSheet.build({
  $rem: width > 340 ? 18 : 16
});

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Percents

Percent values are supported natively since React Native 0.43. EStyleSheet passes them through to original StyleSheet except cases, when you use calculations with percents, e.g. "100% - 20". Percents are calculated relative to screen width/height on application launch.

const styles = EStyleSheet.create({
  column: {
    width: '100% - 20'
  }
});

Percents in nested components
If you need sub-component with percent operations relative to parent component - you can achieve that with variables.
For example, to render 2 sub-columns with 30%/70% width of parent column:

render() {
  return (
    <View style={styles.column}>
      <View style={styles.subColumnLeft}></View>
      <View style={styles.subColumnRight}></View>
    </View>
  );
}
 
...
 
const styles = EStyleSheet.create({
  $columnWidth: '80%',
  column: {
    width: '$columnWidth',
    flexDirection: 'row'
  },
  subColumnLeft: {
    width: '0.3 * $columnWidth'
  },
  subColumnRight: {
    width: '0.7 * $columnWidth'
  }
});

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Scaling

You can apply scale to components by setting special $scale variable.

const styles = EStyleSheet.create({
  $scale: 1.5,
  button: {
    width: 100,
    height: 20,
    marginLeft: 10
  }
});

This helps to create reusable components that could be scaled depending on prop:

class Button extends React.Component {
  static propTypes = {
    scale: React.PropTypes.number
  };
  render() {
    let style = getStyle(this.props.scale)
    return (
      <View style={style.button}>
      </View>
    );
  }
}
 
let getStyle = function (scale = 1) {
  return EStyleSheet.create({
    $scale: scale,
    button: {
      width: 100,
      height: 20,
      marginLeft: 10
    }
  });
}

To cache calculated styles please have a look on caching section.
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Underscored styles

Original react-native stylesheets are calculated to integer numbers and original values are unavailable. But sometimes they are needed. Let's take an example:
You want to render text and icon with the same size and color. You can take this awesome icon library and see that <Icon> component has size and color props. It would be convenient to define style for text and keep icon's size/color in sync.

const styles = EStyleSheet.create({
  text: {
    fontSize: '1rem',
    color: 'gray'
  }
});

In runtime styles created with original react's StyleSheet will look like:

styles = {
  text: 0
}

But extended stylesheet saves calculated values under _text property:

styles = {
  text: 0,
  _text: {
    fontSize: 16,
    color: 'gray'
  }
}

To render icon we just take styles from _text:

return (
  <View>
    <Icon name="rocket" size={styles._text.fontSize} color={styles._text.color} />
    <Text style={styles.text}>Hello</Text>
  </View>
);

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Pseudo classes (:nth-child)

Extended stylesheet supports 4 pseudo classes: :first-child, :nth-child-even, :nth-child-odd, :last-child. As well as in traditional CSS it allows to apply special styling for first/last items or render stripped rows.
To get style for appropriate index you should use EStyleSheet.child() method. It's signature: EStyleSheet.child(stylesObj, styleName, index, count).

const styles = EStyleSheet.create({
  row: {
    fontSize: '1.5rem',
    borderTopWidth: 1
  },
  'row:nth-child-even': {
    backgroundColor: 'gray' // make stripped
  },
  'row:last-child': {
    borderBottomWidth: 1 // render bottom edge for last row
  }
});
...
render() {
  return (
    <View>
      {items.map((item, index) => {
        return (
          <View key={index} style={EStyleSheet.child(styles, 'row', index, items.length)}></View>
        );
      })}
    </View>
  );
}

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Value as a function

For the deepest customization you can specify any value as a function that will be executed on EStyleSheet build. For example, you may darken or lighten color of variable via npm color package:

import Color from 'color';
import EStyleSheet from 'react-native-extended-stylesheet';
 
const styles = EStyleSheet.create({
  button: {
    backgroundColor: () => Color('green').darken(0.1).hexString() // <-- value as a function
  }
});
 
render() {
  return (
    <TouchableHighlight style={styles.button}>
      ...
    </TouchableHighlight>
  );
}

The common pattern is to use EStyleSheet.value() inside the function to get access to global variables:

 
EStyleSheet.build({
  $prmaryColor: 'green'
});
 
const styles = EStyleSheet.create({
  button: {
    backgroundColor: () => Color(EStyleSheet.value('$prmaryColor')).darken(0.1).hexString()
  }
});

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Caching

If you use dynamic styles depending on runtime prop or you are making reusable component with dynamic styling you may need stylesheet creation in every render() call. Let's take example from scaling section:

class Button extends React.Component {
  static propTypes = {
    scale: React.PropTypes.number
  };
  render() {
    let style = getStyle(this.props.scale)
    return (
      <View style={style.button}>
      </View>
    );
  }
}
 
let getStyle = function (scale = 1) {
  return EStyleSheet.create({
    $scale: scale,
    button: {
      width: 100,
      height: 20,
      marginLeft: 10
    }
  });
}

To avoid creating styles on every render you can use lodash.memoize: store result for particular parameters and returns it from cache when called with the same parameters. Updated example:

import memoize from 'lodash.memoize';
 
let getStyle = memoize(function (scale = 1) {
  return EStyleSheet.create({
    $scale: scale,
    button: {
      width: 100,
      height: 20,
      marginLeft: 10
    }
  });
});

Now if you call getStyle(1.5) 3 times actually style will be created on the first call and two other calls will get it from cache.
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Outline for debug

It is possible to outline all components that are using EStyleSheet. For that set global $outline variable:

EStyleSheet.build({$outline: 1});

Note that components without styles will not be outlined, because RN does not support default component styling yet.

To outline particular component set local $outline variable:

const styles = EStyleSheet.create({
  $outline: 1,
  column: {
    width: '80%',
    flexDirection: 'row'
  },
  ...
});

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Hot module reload

Hot module reload (HMR) allows you to change code and see live updates without loosing app state. It is very handy for tuning styles. EStyleSheet supports HMR with the following options:

  1. When you change style of component - the component is updated by HMR automatically without any effort from your side.
  2. When you change global variable or theme - you should use HMR API to force style re-calculation:
    // app.js
    EStyleSheet.build({
      $fontColor: 'black'
    });
     
    ...
     
    module.hot.accept(() => {
      EStyleSheet.clearCache();
      EStyleSheet.build(); // force style re-calculation
    });

See full example of HMR here.
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EStyleSheet API

.create()

/**
 * Creates extended stylesheet object
 *
 * @param {Object} source style
 * @returns {Object} extended stylesheet object
 */
 create (source) {...}

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.build()

/**
 * Calculates all stylesheets
 *
 * @param {Object} [globalVars] global variables for all stylesheets
 */
 build (globalVars) {...}

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.value()

/**
 * Calculates particular expression.
 *
 * @param {*} value 
 * @param {String} [prop] property for which value is calculated. For example, to calculate percent values 
 * the function should know is it 'width' or 'height' to use proper reference value.
 * @returns {*} calculated result
 */
 value (value, prop) {...}

Please note that in most cases EStyleSheet.value() should be used inside function, not directly:

const styles = EStyleSheet.create({
    button1: {
        width: () => EStyleSheet.value('$contentWidth') + 10 // <-- Correct!
    },
    button2: {
        width: EStyleSheet.value('$contentWidth') + 10 // <-- Incorrect. Because EStyleSheet.build() may occur later and $contentWidth will be undefined at this moment.
    }
});

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.child()

/**
 * Returns styles with pseudo classes :first-child, :nth-child-even, :last-child according to index and count
 *
 * @param {Object} stylesheet 
 * @param {String} styleName 
 * @param {Number} index index of item for style
 * @param {Number} count total count of items
 * @returns {Object|Array} styles
 */
 child (styles, styleName, index, count) {...}

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.subscribe()

/**
 * Subscribe to events. Currently only 'build' event is supported
 *
 * @param {String} event 
 * @param {Function} listener 
 */
 subscribe (event, listener) {...}
 

This method is useful when you want to pre-render some component on init. As extended style is calculated after call of EStyleSheet.build(), it is not available instantly after creation so you should wrap pre-render info listener to build event:

const styles = EStyleSheet.create({
  button: {
    width: '80%',
  }
});
 
// this will NOT work as styles.button is not calculated yet
let Button = <View style={styles.button}></View>;
 
// but this will work
let Button;
EStyleSheet.subscribe('build', () => {
  Button = <View style={styles.button}></View>;
});

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Caveats

  1. Dynamic theme change is possible only with loosing components local state
    When theme styles are re-calculated - all components should be re-rendered. Currently it can be done via re-mounting components tree, please see #47.

    Note: it is not issue if you are using state container like Redux

  2. Dynamic orientation change is not supported
    Please see #9 for more details.

  3. Percent values can crash the app in RN < 0.43
    RN >= 0.43 supports percent values natively (#32) and EStyleSheet since 0.5.0 just proxy percent values to RN as is (#77) without any processing. If you are using RN < 0.43, you should stick to EStyleSheet@0.4.0.

FAQ

  1. I'm getting error: "Unresolved variable: ..."
    • Ensure that you call EStyleSheet.build() in entry point of your app.
    • Ensure that $variable name without typos.
    • Ensure that you are not using EStyleSheet.value() before the styles are built. See #50 for details.

Changelog

Please see CHANGELOG.md

Feedback

If you have any ideas or something goes wrong feel free to open new issue.

License

MIT @ Vitaliy Potapov

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* * *
If you love :heart: JavaScript and would like to track new trending repositories,
have a look on vitalets/github-trending-repos.

install

npm i react-native-extended-stylesheet

Downloadsweekly downloads

360

version

0.10.0

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

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