react-lazy-cache

3.0.1 • Public • Published

react-lazy-cache

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react-lazy-cache is a utility to lazily calculate and cache values in a React component based on props.

Installation

npm install --save react-lazy-cache

Why?

Ideally, in a React component, you would calculate values that depend on your props inputs every time the component is rendered. However, in practice, sometimes these values, either for computational or memory reasons, are better off cached. When you cache them, however, you need to be constantly watching your props to know if you need to invalidate your cache and recalculate those values. That is what react-lazy-cache does for you.

Usage

react-lazy-cache could not be simpler to use. You simply need to give it a map of calculations, and let it know when your component will receive new props.

import React, {Component, PropTypes} from 'react';
import lazyCache from 'react-lazy-cache';
 
export default class Arithmetic extends Component {
  static propTypes = {
    a: PropTypes.number.isRequired,
    b: PropTypes.number.isRequired
  }
  
  componentWillMount() {
    // create cache
    this.cache = lazyCache(this, {
      sum: {
        params: ['a', 'b'],
        fn: (a, b) => a + b
      },
      difference: {
        params: ['a', 'b'],
        fn: (a, b) => a - b
      },
      product: {
        params: ['a', 'b'],
        fn: (a, b) => a * b
      },
      quotient: {
        params: ['a', 'b'],
        fn: (a, b) => a / b
      },
      sumSquared: {
        params: ['sum'],
        fn: (sum) => sum * sum
      }
    });
  }
  
  componentWillReceiveProps(nextProps) {
    this.cache.componentWillReceiveProps(nextProps);
  }
  
  render() {
    const {sum, difference, product, quotient, sumSquared} = this.cache;
    return (<div>
      <div>Sum: {sum}</div>
      <div>Difference: {difference}</div>
      <div>Product: {product}</div>
      <div>Quotient: {quotient}</div>
      <div>Sum Squared: {sumSquared}</div>
    </div>);
  }
}

Two things to notice about the above example:

Lazy

The values do not get calculated until the properties on the cache object get referenced in render(). That's why it's "lazy". They will not be calculated again unless one of the props that the calculation depends on changes.

Selecting Parameters

When you specify your functions to calculate each value, you must specify the params, which refer either to props given to your React component, or to other calculated values (see: sumSquared).

Be careful to not cause an infinite dependency loop!

Internet Explorer 8 support

As this library utilizes Getters, which are not shimmable in IE8 and older, an alternate noGetters module is exposed. This version allows you to cache values, but are not able to inject other values such as sumSquared. Usage:

import LazyCache from 'react-lazy-cache/noGetters';
 
const cache = new LazyCache(...) // same signature as normal version
 
const sum = cache.get('sum');

The difference is that it's a class and not a plain function (so you have to new it), and properties are accessed through the get-function, instead of as a property.

Conclusion

That's all you need to know! Go forth and intelligently cache your calculated values!

Feedback welcome.

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Install

npm i react-lazy-cache

Weekly Downloads

23,925

Version

3.0.1

License

MIT

Last publish

Collaborators

  • erikras