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react-if

3.4.3¬†‚Äʬ†Public¬†‚Äʬ†Published

React If

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Render React components conditionally.

What does this component do

Take a look at the following presentational component, which contains a commonly used pattern for conditional rendering:

const Bar = ({ name, age, drinkingAge }) => (
    <div>
        <Header />
        {
            age >= drinkingAge
                ? <span className="ok">Have a beer, {name}!</span>
                : <span className="not-ok">Sorry, {name}, you are not old enough.</span>
        }
        <Footer />
    </div>
)

With React-If you can rewrite this into a more readable, expressive format:

const Bar = ({ name, age, drinkingAge }) => (
    <div>
        <Header />
        <If condition={ age >= drinkingAge }>
            <Then><span className="ok">Have a beer, {name}!</span></Then>
            <Else><span className="not-ok">Sorry, {name}, you are not old enough.</span></Else>
        </If>
        <Footer />
    </div>
)

Delaying evaluation of children / condition

It is important to note that, because JavaScript is an eagearly evaluated language, children of both the Then and Else component and condition will be evaluated regardless of the value of the condition. Should that be an issue for performance reasons, one can wrap said children / condition in a arrow function, to delay evaluation of the children / condition, as in the following example:

const renderData = (data) => {
  val computed = /* expensive computation */
  return <span>Here is the result: {computed}</span>;
};
 
const Foo = ({ data }) => (
    <div>
        <If condition={false}>
            <Then>{() =>
              renderData(data)
            }</Then>
            <Else>
              Nothing to see here
            </Else>
        </If>
        <If condition={!this.props.bears}>
          <Then>
            No bears
          </Then>
 
          <Else>
            <If condition={() => this.props.bears.length}>
              Empty bears array
            </If>
            <Else>
              // Display bears
            </Else>
          </Else>
        </If>
    </div>
)

By doing so, renderData will not be called in the 1st example.

And this.props.bears.length will not be called in the 2nd example.

Installing and usage

NPM:

npm install react-if

Bower:

bower install react-if

// ES2015
import { If, Then, Else, When, Unless, Switch, Case, Default } from 'react-if'
 
// CommonJS:
const { If, Then, Else, When, Unless, Switch, Case, Default } = require('react-if')
 
// Global
var If   = ReactIf.If
var Then = If.Then
var Else = If.Else
var When = If.When
var Unless = If.Unless
var Switch = If.Switch
var Case = If.Case
var Default = If.Default

Examples

Swich/Case/Default

import React from 'react'
import { Switch, Case, Default } from 'react-if'
 
const myNumber = 3
 
const Example = () => (
    <div>
        <Switch>
          <Case condition={ myNumber === 9 }>
            This will be displayed if condition is matched
          </Case>
          <Case condition={ myNumber > 1 }>
            This will be displayed if condition is matched
          </Case>
          <Default>
            This will be displayed if no Case have matching condition
          </Default>
        </Switch>
    </div>
)

Shorthands: When and Unless

import React from 'react'
import { When, Unless } from 'react-if'
 
const someCondition = false
 
const Example = () => (
    <div>
        <When condition={ someCondition }>
            This will only be displayed, if the condition is TRUE
        </When>
    </div>
)
 
const AnotherExample = () => (
    <div>
        <Unless condition={ someCondition }>
            This will only be displayed, if the condition is FALSE
        </Unless>
    </div>
)

API

<If />

Property Type
condition Boolean

If condition evaluates to true, renders the <Then /> block will be rendered, otherwise renders the <Else /> block. Either block may be omitted.

This component can contain any number of <Then /> or <Else /> blocks, but only the first block of the right type (either Then or Else, depending on the condition) will be rendered.

<Then />

Can contain any number of elements inside, which it renders as-is. It can also contain a function. Should not be used outside of an <If /> block. It will only be displayed, if parent If block's condition is true.

<Else />

Can contain any number of elements inside, which it renders as-is. It can also contain a function. Should not be used outside of an <If /> block. It will only be displayed, if parent If block's condition is false.

<Switch />

A container for <Case condition={...}/> and <Default /> blocks. It will render the first matching Case, or the first encountered Default (, or null).

<Case />

Property Type
condition Boolean

If the Case is the first one to have its condition evaluates to true inside the parent <Switch /> it will be the only rendered.

<Default />

If no Case have its condition evaluates to true inside the parent <Switch />, the first Default will be the only one rendered.

<When />

A shorthand for <If condition={...}><Then>...</Then></If>. The same rules apply to the child elements as with using the Then block.

<Unless />

A shorthand for <If condition={...}><Else>...</Else></If>. The same rules apply to the child elements as with using the Else block.

License

React If is released under the MIT license.

install

npm i react-if

Downloadsweekly downloads

3,253

version

3.4.3

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

last publish

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