react-canvas-animate
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1.3.7 • Public • Published

🎞️ Welcome to react-canvas-animate 👋

Version Maintenance License: MIT

React canvas wrapper with functionality for animation and event handling.

Requirements

  • react >= 16
  • react-dom >= 16

Install

Add to an existing react project.

npm add react-canvas-animate

Getting Started

The most basic component to start with. By default the canvas will init with a Context2D

import Canvas, { Context2D } from 'react-canvas-animate'

export default function App() {
  const render = (ctx: Context2D) => {
    const { width, height } = ctx.canvas
    ctx.fillStyle = '#111'
    ctx.fillRect(0, 0, width, height)
  }

  return <Canvas render={render} />
}

Props

CanvasContext - Specify any of the available HTMLCanvasElement contextTypes - HTMLCanvasElement Docs

Type aliases are available for each of the available context types:

type CanvasContext = Context2D | WebGL | WebGL2 | Bitmap

By default, a Context2D is created, but you can specify any type along with it's respective attributes using the type and attributes props, here is an example:

import Canvas, { Context2D } from 'react-canvas-animate'

export default function App() {
  return (
    <Canvas<Context2D> // Define the CanvasContext that will be used
      type='2d' // '2d' | 'webgl' | 'webgl2' | 'bitmaprenderer'
      attributes={{ alpha: true }}
    />
  )
}

A more comprehensive example initializing an OpenGL context

import Canvas, { WebGL } from 'react-canvas-animate'

export default function App() {
  const init = (gl: WebGL) => {
    const { width, height } = gl.canvas
    gl.viewport(0, 0, width, height)
    gl.clearColor(0.1, 0.1, 0.1, 1.0)
    gl.enable(gl.DEPTH_TEST)
  }

  const render = (gl: WebGL) => {
    gl.clear(gl.COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | gl.DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT)
  }

  const update = (gl: WebGL, deltaTime: number) => {
    // Perform calculations
  }

  return (
    <Canvas<WebGL>
      type='webgl'
      attributes={{ antialias: true }}
      init={init}
      render={render}
      update={update}
      fullscreen
    />
  )
}

Callbacks

  • init (context: CanvasContext) => void

    Init is called once after the component has mounted and context has been initialized

  • render (context: CanvasContext, deltaTime: number) => void

    Render is automatically synced to the display refresh rate

  • update (context: CanvasContext, deltaTime: number) => void

    Update is called by default at 60 times per second, update loop is de-coupled from rendering. Adjust using the frameRate prop

  • events { handleEvent: (event: Event) => void, eventTypes: string[] }

    Event listener callback (see "Handle Events" section below).

  • documentEvents { handleEvent: (event: Event) => void, eventTypes: string[] }

  • windowEvents { handleEvent: (event: Event) => void, eventTypes: string[] }

    Functions the same as events, but attaches to the document/window instead of the canvas element.

Props

All available HTMLCanvasElement props are passed to the underlying canvas element. So things like height, width, style, and children can all be passed.

Additional props are defined as:

  • type ContextType: '2d' | 'webgl' | 'webgl2' | 'bitmaprenderer'

    Specifies what type of context should be created.

  • attributes Object - Collection of any permitted context attributes to be passed on init

  • hideCursor boolean

  • fullscreen boolean

    Defaults to false. Setting true will adjust canvas dimensions to window inner dimensions, and handle resize events automatically. Position will also become fixed.

  • nogrid boolean

    Setting to true will disable the tiled grid background. Note: The grid is generated interally through styles, and will not in any way affect image rendering

  • gridOffset { x: number, y: number }

    Control the background grid positioning. Useful for zoom & scroll operations.

  • gridSize number

    Default is 20. Size in pixels for the tiled grid background.

  • frameRate number

    Default is 60. Does not affect actual render framerate as that is locked to screen refresh rate. Only affects timeout of update callback.

Handle Events

Standard event hooks work as usual:

<Canvas onClick={() => alert('Click')} />

Some functionality is also included to attach a primary event listener to the canvas.

The events prop accepts an object structured as

{
  handleEvent: (event: Event) => void,
  eventTypes: string[]
}

Example

import { useState, useRef } from 'react'
import Canvas, { Context2D } from 'react-canvas-animate'

export default function App() {
  const [fullscreen, setFullscreen] = useState(true)
  const cursorRef = useRef({ x: 0, y: 0 })

  const render = (ctx: Context2D) => {
    // Clear the screen
    ctx.clearRect(0, 0, ctx.canvas.width, ctx.canvas.height)

    // Draw a square at the cursor position
    ctx.fillStyle = 'red'
    ctx.fillRect(
      cursorRef.current.x - 10,
      cursorRef.current.y - 10,
      20,
      20
    )
  }

  const handleMouseMove = (event: MouseEvent) => {
    cursorRef.current = {
      x: event.offsetX,
      y: event.offsetY
    }
  }

  const handleKeyDown = (event: KeyboardEvent) => {
    switch (event.key.toLowerCase()) {
      case 'escape':
        setFullscreen(false)
        break
      case 'f':
        setFullscreen(!fullscreen)
        break
    }
  }

  const handleEvent = (event: Event) => {
    switch (event.type) {
      case 'keydown':
        handleKeyDown(event as KeyboardEvent)
        break
      case 'mousemove':
        handleMouseMove(event as MouseEvent)
        break
    }
  }

  return (
    <Canvas
      events={{ handleEvent, eventTypes: ['keydown', 'mousemove'] }}
      documentEvents={{ handleEvents, eventTypes: [] }}
      fullscreen={fullscreen}
      render={render}
    />
  )
}

Loading Images

A helper class is included to ease in loading image data programmatically. See example usage below.

ImageLoader class

  • constructor (string[] | null)

  • loadImages (string[]) => Promise<HTMLImageElement[]>

  • loadImage (string) => Promise<HTMLImageElement>

  • getImageList () => string[]

  • getImages () => HTMLImageElement[]

  • getImage (string) => HTMLImageElement

    Returns the specified image. If image is not loaded, returns an empty Image() instance.

CanvasObject

CanvasObject is provided to better encapsulate things. It's highly flexible and can be extended to suit your needs (e.g. Scenes, Layers, Components, etc.)

  • CanvasObject namespace

    • Base class CanvasObject <State, Props, Context>

      • constructor(context: CanvasContext, state: CanvasObject.State)
      • this.context Provides access to the CanvasContext passed during init
      • this.state Initial state values
      • this.props Access values passed during update as props
      • render(): void (optional) abstract callback method
      • update(): void(optional) abtract callback method. this.props is updated by Manager prior to callback
    • Manager CanvasObjectManager State, Props, CanvasContext, CanvasObject>

      • constructor(context: CanvasContext, objects?: type T[])
      • this.objects CanvasObject[] Access collection of managed objects
      • render void Internally calls render() method on all objects
      • update(props: Props) void Internally calls update() method on all objects
    • Component abstract class

    • Entity abstract class

      • attachComponents() => Record<string, Component> Providing a collection of Component types will instantiate the underlying CanvasObjects passing through (context, state). You can then access the components under this.components
    • State Type Record<string, unknown> {}

    • Props Type Record<string, unknown> {}

Example

Let's create an object to represent Nyan cat using a CanvasObject

import { CanvasObject, Context2D, ImageLoader } from 'react-canvas-animate'

import NyanImage from './nyan.png'

// First, let's define the initial state
interface CatState extends CanvasObject.State {
  isAwesome: boolean
}

// Then we'll define the types required in props
interface CatProps extends CanvasObject.Props {
  deltaTime: number
}

// Then we'll build our custom object
// We're loading the image directly instead of passing it for sake of brevity
export class Cat extends CanvasObject.Base<CatState, CatProps> {
  private images: ImageLoader

  constructor(context: Context2D, state: CatState) {
    super(context, state)
    this.images = new ImageLoader([NyanImage])
  }

  render(): void {
    // const ctx = this.context
    // const { width, height } = ctx.canvas
    const img = this.images.getImage(NyanImage)
    this.context.drawImage(img, 0, 0)
  }

  update(): void {
    console.log('Cat State', this.state) // { isAwesome: true }
    console.log('Cat Props', this.props) // { deltaTime: 1000 }
  }
}

// Lastly, we'll build a custom Manager for our object type
export class CatManager extends CanvasObject.Manager<
  CatState,
  CatProps,
  Context2D,
  Cat
> {}

And then render it in our component using the CatManager that we created:

import { useRef } from 'react'
import Canvas, { Context2D } from 'react-canvas-animate'

import { Cat, CatManager } from '../objects/Cat'

export default function Nyan() {
  const catMan = useRef<CatManager>()

  const init = (ctx: Context2D) => {
    const cats = (catMan.current = new CatManager(ctx))

    // Use factory method to instantiate our Cat object
    cats.create(Cat, { isAwesome: true })
  }

  const render = (ctx: Context2D) => {
    ctx.clearRect(0, 0, ctx.canvas.width, ctx.canvas.height)

    catMan.current?.render()
  }

  const update = (ctx: Context2D, deltaTime: number) => {
    catMan.current?.update({ deltaTime })
  }

  return (
    <Canvas init={init} render={render} update={update} frameRate={1} />
  )
}

Get Creative! These classes lend themselves to being quite flexible.

Component/Entity

The CanvasObject module also includes some base component/entity classes, here is a basic example:

import { CanvasObject } from 'react-canvas-animate'

// First, we'll define a component state to represent Style
interface StyleState extends CanvasObject.State {
  style?: {
    fill?: string
  }
}

// Then we'll pass that state type to a component class
class StyleComponent extends CanvasObject.Component<StyleState> {
  render() {
    const ctx = this.context
    ctx.fillStyle = this.state.style?.fill || ctx.fillStyle
  }
}

// Next, we'll define an Entity state to represent a rectangle
// We'll extend StyleState to include the component options
interface RectState extends CanvasObject.State, StyleState {
  x: number
  y: number
  width: number
  height: number
}

// Then, we'll define our Rect Entity class
class Rect extends CanvasObject.Entity<RectState> {
  useComponents() {
    return {
      style: StyleComponent,
    }
  }

  render() {
    const { x, y, width, height } = this.state
    const ctx = this.context
    this.components.style.render()
    ctx.fillRect(x, y, width, height)
  }
}

// Lastly, we'll make a custom manager for our Entity class
class RectManager extends CanvasObject.Manager<RectState> {}

// Then we can use the factory method to render a red rectangle
const rectManager = new RectManager()
rectManager.create(Rect, {
  x: 50,
  y: 50,
  width: 100,
  height: 100,
  style: {
    fill: 'red',
  },
})

// ...
rectManager.render()

Helpers

  • rgbAngle(angle: number) => string 🌈 Takes any number and provides an rgb color (scale 0-360)

    ctx.shadowColor = rgbAngle(angle)
    

Contributing

Contributions are welcomed and encouraged.

To get started, install react and react-dom globally, then link them to the package

npm install -g react react-dom
npm link react
npm link react-dom

Next, link our local package, then link it inside the demo app

npm install
npm link
cd demo
npm link react-canvas-animate
cd ..

At this point, Typescript should watch for code changes, and launch the demo create-react-app

npm start

Author

👤 Nicholaus Brabant

Show your support

Give a ⭐️ if this project helped you!

📝 License

Copyright © 2024 Nicholaus Brabant.
This project is MIT licensed.


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