rambda
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9.2.1 • Public • Published

Rambda

Rambda is smaller and faster alternative to the popular functional programming library Ramda. - Documentation

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❯ Example use

import { compose, map, filter } from 'rambda'

const result = compose(
  map(x => x * 2),
  filter(x => x > 2)
)([1, 2, 3, 4])
// => [6, 8]

You can test this example in Rambda's REPL

---------------

❯ Rambda's advantages

TypeScript included

TypeScript definitions are included in the library, in comparison to Ramda, where you need to additionally install @types/ramda.

Still, you need to be aware that functional programming features in TypeScript are in development, which means that using R.compose/R.pipe can be problematic.

Important - Rambda version 7.1.0(or higher) requires TypeScript version 4.3.3(or higher).

Understandable source code due to little usage of internals

Ramda uses a lot of internals, which hides a lot of logic. Reading the full source code of a method can be challenging.

Better VSCode experience

If the project is written in Javascript, then go to source definition action will lead you to actual implementation of the method.

Immutable TS definitions

You can use immutable version of Rambda definitions, which is linted with ESLint functional/prefer-readonly-type plugin.

import {add} from 'rambda/immutable'

Deno support

Latest version of Ramba available for Deno users is 3 years old. This is not the case with Rambda as most of recent releases are available for Deno users.

Also, Rambda provides you with included TS definitions:

// Deno extension(https://marketplace.visualstudio.com/items?itemName=denoland.vscode-deno)
// is installed and initialized
import * as R from "https://deno.land/x/rambda/mod.ts";
import * as Ramda from "https://deno.land/x/ramda/mod.ts";

R.add(1)('foo') // => will trigger warning in VSCode as it should
Ramda.add(1)('foo') // => will not trigger warning in VSCode

Dot notation for R.path, R.paths, R.assocPath and R.lensPath

Standard usage of R.path is R.path(['a', 'b'], {a: {b: 1} }).

In Rambda you have the choice to use dot notation(which is arguably more readable):

R.path('a.b', {a: {b: 1} })

Comma notation for R.pick and R.omit

Similar to dot notation, but the separator is comma(,) instead of dot(.).

R.pick('a,b', {a: 1 , b: 2, c: 3} })
// No space allowed between properties

Speed

Rambda is generally more performant than Ramda as the benchmarks can prove that.

Support

One of the main issues with Ramda is the slow process of releasing new versions. This is not the case with Rambda as releases are made on regular basis.

---------------

❯ Missing Ramda methods

Click to see the full list of 43 Ramda methods not implemented in Rambda and their status.
  • into

  • invert

  • invertObj

  • invoker

  • keysIn

  • lift

  • liftN

  • mapAccum

  • mapAccumRight

  • memoizeWith

  • mergeDeepWith

  • mergeDeepWithKey

  • mergeWithKey

  • nAry

  • nthArg

  • o

  • otherwise

  • pair

  • partialRight

  • pathSatisfies

  • pipeWith

  • project

  • promap

  • reduceRight

  • reduceWhile

  • reduced

  • remove

  • scan

  • sequence

  • splitWhenever

  • symmetricDifferenceWith

  • andThen

  • toPairsIn

  • unary

  • uncurryN

  • unfold

  • unionWith

  • until

  • useWith

  • valuesIn

  • xprod

  • thunkify

  • default

    Most of above methods are in progress to be added to Rambda. The following methods are not going to be added:

  • __ - placeholder method allows user to further customize the method call. While, it seems useful initially, the price is too high in terms of complexity for TypeScript definitions. If it is not easy exressable in TypeScript, it is not worth it as Rambda is a TypeScript first library.

  • construct - Using classes is not very functional programming oriented.

  • constructN - same as above

  • transduce - currently is out of focus

  • traverse - same as above

---------------

❯ Install

  • yarn add rambda

  • For UMD usage either use ./dist/rambda.umd.js or the following CDN link:

https://unpkg.com/rambda@CURRENT_VERSION/dist/rambda.umd.js
  • with deno
import {add} from "https://deno.land/x/rambda/mod.ts";

---------------

Differences between Rambda and Ramda

  • Rambda's type detects async functions and unresolved Promises. The returned values are 'Async' and 'Promise'.

  • Rambda's type handles NaN input, in which case it returns NaN.

  • Rambda's forEach can iterate over objects not only arrays.

  • Rambda's map, filter, partition when they iterate over objects, they pass property and input object as predicate's argument.

  • Rambda's filter returns empty array with bad input(null or undefined), while Ramda throws.

  • Ramda's clamp work with strings, while Rambda's method work only with numbers.

  • Ramda's indexOf/lastIndexOf work with strings and lists, while Rambda's method work only with lists as iterable input.

  • Error handling, when wrong inputs are provided, may not be the same. This difference will be better documented once all brute force tests are completed.

  • TypeScript definitions between rambda and @types/ramda may vary.

If you need more Ramda methods in Rambda, you may either submit a PR or check the extended version of Rambda - Rambdax. In case of the former, you may want to consult with Rambda contribution guidelines.

---------------

❯ Benchmarks

Click to expand all benchmark results

There are methods which are benchmarked only with Ramda and Rambda(i.e. no Lodash).

Note that some of these methods, are called with and without curring. This is done in order to give more detailed performance feedback.

The benchmarks results are produced from latest versions of Rambda, Lodash(4.17.21) and Ramda(0.30.0).

method Rambda Ramda Lodash
add 🚀 Fastest 21.52% slower 82.15% slower
adjust 8.48% slower 🚀 Fastest 🔳
all 🚀 Fastest 7.18% slower 🔳
allPass 🚀 Fastest 88.25% slower 🔳
allPass 🚀 Fastest 98.56% slower 🔳
and 🚀 Fastest 89.09% slower 🔳
any 🚀 Fastest 92.87% slower 45.82% slower
anyPass 🚀 Fastest 98.25% slower 🔳
append 🚀 Fastest 2.07% slower 🔳
applySpec 🚀 Fastest 80.43% slower 🔳
assoc 72.32% slower 60.08% slower 🚀 Fastest
clone 🚀 Fastest 91.86% slower 86.48% slower
compose 6.07% slower 16.89% slower 🚀 Fastest
converge 78.63% slower 🚀 Fastest 🔳
curry 🚀 Fastest 28.86% slower 🔳
curryN 🚀 Fastest 41.05% slower 🔳
defaultTo 🚀 Fastest 48.91% slower 🔳
drop 🚀 Fastest 82.35% slower 🔳
dropLast 🚀 Fastest 86.74% slower 🔳
equals 58.37% slower 96.73% slower 🚀 Fastest
filter 6.7% slower 72.03% slower 🚀 Fastest
find 🚀 Fastest 85.14% slower 42.65% slower
findIndex 🚀 Fastest 86.48% slower 72.27% slower
flatten 🚀 Fastest 85.68% slower 3.57% slower
ifElse 🚀 Fastest 58.56% slower 🔳
includes 🚀 Fastest 81.64% slower 🔳
indexOf 🚀 Fastest 80.17% slower 🔳
indexOf 🚀 Fastest 82.2% slower 🔳
init 🚀 Fastest 92.24% slower 13.3% slower
is 🚀 Fastest 57.69% slower 🔳
isEmpty 🚀 Fastest 97.14% slower 54.99% slower
last 🚀 Fastest 93.43% slower 5.28% slower
lastIndexOf 🚀 Fastest 85.19% slower 🔳
map 🚀 Fastest 86.6% slower 11.73% slower
match 🚀 Fastest 44.83% slower 🔳
merge 🚀 Fastest 12.21% slower 55.76% slower
none 🚀 Fastest 96.48% slower 🔳
objOf 🚀 Fastest 38.05% slower 🔳
omit 🚀 Fastest 69.95% slower 97.34% slower
over 🚀 Fastest 56.23% slower 🔳
path 37.81% slower 77.81% slower 🚀 Fastest
pick 🚀 Fastest 19.07% slower 80.2% slower
pipe 🚀 Fastest 0.11% slower 🔳
prop 🚀 Fastest 87.95% slower 🔳
propEq 🚀 Fastest 91.92% slower 🔳
range 🚀 Fastest 61.8% slower 57.44% slower
reduce 60.48% slower 77.1% slower 🚀 Fastest
repeat 48.57% slower 68.98% slower 🚀 Fastest
replace 33.45% slower 33.99% slower 🚀 Fastest
set 🚀 Fastest 50.35% slower 🔳
sort 🚀 Fastest 40.23% slower 🔳
sortBy 🚀 Fastest 25.29% slower 56.88% slower
split 🚀 Fastest 55.37% slower 17.64% slower
splitEvery 🚀 Fastest 71.98% slower 🔳
take 🚀 Fastest 91.96% slower 4.72% slower
takeLast 🚀 Fastest 93.39% slower 19.22% slower
test 🚀 Fastest 82.34% slower 🔳
type 🚀 Fastest 48.6% slower 🔳
uniq 🚀 Fastest 84.9% slower 🔳
uniqBy 51.93% slower 🚀 Fastest 🔳
uniqWith 8.29% slower 🚀 Fastest 🔳
uniqWith 14.23% slower 🚀 Fastest 🔳
update 🚀 Fastest 52.35% slower 🔳
view 🚀 Fastest 76.15% slower 🔳

---------------

❯ Used by

---------------

API

add

It adds a and b.

Try this R.add example in Rambda REPL

---------------

addIndex

Try this R.addIndex example in Rambda REPL

---------------

addIndexRight

Same as R.addIndex, but it will passed indexes are decreasing, instead of increasing.

---------------

adjust

adjust<T>(index: number, replaceFn: (x: T) => T, list: T[]): T[]

It replaces index in array list with the result of replaceFn(list[i]).

Try this R.adjust example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
adjust<T>(index: number, replaceFn: (x: T) => T, list: T[]): T[];
adjust<T>(index: number, replaceFn: (x: T) => T): (list: T[]) => T[];
R.adjust source
import { cloneList } from './_internals/cloneList.js'
import { curry } from './curry.js'

function adjustFn(
  index, replaceFn, list
){
  const actualIndex = index < 0 ? list.length + index : index
  if (index >= list.length || actualIndex < 0) return list

  const clone = cloneList(list)
  clone[ actualIndex ] = replaceFn(clone[ actualIndex ])

  return clone
}

export const adjust = curry(adjustFn)
Tests
import { add } from './add.js'
import { adjust } from './adjust.js'
import { pipe } from './pipe.js'

const list = [ 0, 1, 2 ]
const expected = [ 0, 11, 2 ]

test('happy', () => {})

test('happy', () => {
  expect(adjust(
    1, add(10), list
  )).toEqual(expected)
})

test('with curring type 1 1 1', () => {
  expect(adjust(1)(add(10))(list)).toEqual(expected)
})

test('with curring type 1 2', () => {
  expect(adjust(1)(add(10), list)).toEqual(expected)
})

test('with curring type 2 1', () => {
  expect(adjust(1, add(10))(list)).toEqual(expected)
})

test('with negative index', () => {
  expect(adjust(
    -2, add(10), list
  )).toEqual(expected)
})

test('when index is out of bounds', () => {
  const list = [ 0, 1, 2, 3 ]
  expect(adjust(
    4, add(1), list
  )).toEqual(list)
  expect(adjust(
    -5, add(1), list
  )).toEqual(list)
})

---------------

all

all<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): boolean

It returns true, if all members of array list returns true, when applied as argument to predicate function.

Try this R.all example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
all<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): boolean;
all<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean): (list: T[]) => boolean;
R.all source
export function all(predicate, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => all(predicate, _list)

  for (let i = 0; i < list.length; i++){
    if (!predicate(list[ i ])) return false
  }

  return true
}
Tests
import { all } from './all.js'

const list = [ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 ]

test('when true', () => {
  const fn = x => x > -1

  expect(all(fn)(list)).toBeTrue()
})

test('when false', () => {
  const fn = x => x > 2

  expect(all(fn, list)).toBeFalse()
})
TypeScript test
import {all} from 'rambda'

describe('all', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = all(
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType number
        return x > 0
      },
      [1, 2, 3]
    )
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('curried needs a type', () => {
    const result = all<number>(x => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      return x > 0
    })([1, 2, 3])
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

allPass

allPass<T>(predicates: ((x: T) => boolean)[]): (input: T) => boolean

It returns true, if all functions of predicates return true, when input is their argument.

Try this R.allPass example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
allPass<T>(predicates: ((x: T) => boolean)[]): (input: T) => boolean;
allPass<T>(predicates: ((...inputs: T[]) => boolean)[]): (...inputs: T[]) => boolean;
R.allPass source
export function allPass(predicates){
  return (...input) => {
    let counter = 0
    while (counter < predicates.length){
      if (!predicates[ counter ](...input)){
        return false
      }
      counter++
    }

    return true
  }
}
Tests
import { allPass } from './allPass.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const rules = [ x => typeof x === 'number', x => x > 10, x => x * 7 < 100 ]

  expect(allPass(rules)(11)).toBeTrue()

  expect(allPass(rules)(undefined)).toBeFalse()
})

test('when returns true', () => {
  const conditionArr = [ val => val.a === 1, val => val.b === 2 ]

  expect(allPass(conditionArr)({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  })).toBeTrue()
})

test('when returns false', () => {
  const conditionArr = [ val => val.a === 1, val => val.b === 3 ]

  expect(allPass(conditionArr)({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  })).toBeFalse()
})

test('works with multiple inputs', () => {
  const fn = function (
    w, x, y, z
  ){
    return w + x === y + z
  }
  expect(allPass([ fn ])(
    3, 3, 3, 3
  )).toBeTrue()
})
TypeScript test
import {allPass, filter} from 'rambda'

describe('allPass', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const x = allPass<number>([
      y => {
        y // $ExpectType number
        return typeof y === 'number'
      },
      y => {
        return y > 0
      },
    ])(11)

    x // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('issue #642', () => {
    const isGreater = (num: number) => num > 5
    const pred = allPass([isGreater])
    const xs = [0, 1, 2, 3]

    const filtered1 = filter(pred)(xs)
    filtered1 // $ExpectType number[]
    const filtered2 = xs.filter(pred)
    filtered2 // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('issue #604', () => {
    const plusEq = function(w: number, x: number, y: number, z: number) {
      return w + x === y + z
    }
    const result = allPass([plusEq])(3, 3, 3, 3)

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

always

It returns function that always returns x.

Try this R.always example in Rambda REPL

---------------

and

Logical AND

Try this R.and example in Rambda REPL

---------------

any

any<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): boolean

It returns true, if at least one member of list returns true, when passed to a predicate function.

Try this R.any example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
any<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): boolean;
any<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean): (list: T[]) => boolean;
R.any source
export function any(predicate, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => any(predicate, _list)

  let counter = 0
  while (counter < list.length){
    if (predicate(list[ counter ], counter)){
      return true
    }
    counter++
  }

  return false
}
Tests
import { any } from './any.js'

const list = [ 1, 2, 3 ]

test('happy', () => {
  expect(any(x => x < 0, list)).toBeFalse()
})

test('with curry', () => {
  expect(any(x => x > 2)(list)).toBeTrue()
})
TypeScript test
import {any} from 'rambda'

describe('R.any', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = any(
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType number
        return x > 2
      },
      [1, 2, 3]
    )
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })

  it('when curried needs a type', () => {
    const result = any<number>(x => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      return x > 2
    })([1, 2, 3])
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

anyPass

anyPass<T>(predicates: ((x: T) => boolean)[]): (input: T) => boolean

It accepts list of predicates and returns a function. This function with its input will return true, if any of predicates returns true for this input.

Try this R.anyPass example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
anyPass<T>(predicates: ((x: T) => boolean)[]): (input: T) => boolean;
anyPass<T>(predicates: ((...inputs: T[]) => boolean)[]): (...inputs: T[]) => boolean;
R.anyPass source
export function anyPass(predicates){
  return (...input) => {
    let counter = 0
    while (counter < predicates.length){
      if (predicates[ counter ](...input)){
        return true
      }
      counter++
    }

    return false
  }
}
Tests
import { anyPass } from './anyPass.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const rules = [ x => typeof x === 'string', x => x > 10 ]
  const predicate = anyPass(rules)
  expect(predicate('foo')).toBeTrue()
  expect(predicate(6)).toBeFalse()
})

test('happy', () => {
  const rules = [ x => typeof x === 'string', x => x > 10 ]

  expect(anyPass(rules)(11)).toBeTrue()
  expect(anyPass(rules)(undefined)).toBeFalse()
})

const obj = {
  a : 1,
  b : 2,
}

test('when returns true', () => {
  const conditionArr = [ val => val.a === 1, val => val.a === 2 ]

  expect(anyPass(conditionArr)(obj)).toBeTrue()
})

test('when returns false + curry', () => {
  const conditionArr = [ val => val.a === 2, val => val.b === 3 ]

  expect(anyPass(conditionArr)(obj)).toBeFalse()
})

test('with empty predicates list', () => {
  expect(anyPass([])(3)).toBeFalse()
})

test('works with multiple inputs', () => {
  const fn = function (
    w, x, y, z
  ){
    console.log(
      w, x, y, z
    )

    return w + x === y + z
  }
  expect(anyPass([ fn ])(
    3, 3, 3, 3
  )).toBeTrue()
})
TypeScript test
import {anyPass, filter} from 'rambda'

describe('anyPass', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const x = anyPass<number>([
      y => {
        y // $ExpectType number
        return typeof y === 'number'
      },
      y => {
        return y > 0
      },
    ])(11)

    x // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('issue #604', () => {
    const plusEq = function(w: number, x: number, y: number, z: number) {
      return w + x === y + z
    }
    const result = anyPass([plusEq])(3, 3, 3, 3)

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('issue #642', () => {
    const isGreater = (num: number) => num > 5
    const pred = anyPass([isGreater])
    const xs = [0, 1, 2, 3]

    const filtered1 = filter(pred)(xs)
    filtered1 // $ExpectType number[]
    const filtered2 = xs.filter(pred)
    filtered2 // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('functions as a type guard', () => {
    const isString = (x: unknown): x is string => typeof x === 'string'
    const isNumber = (x: unknown): x is number => typeof x === 'number'
    const isBoolean = (x: unknown): x is boolean => typeof x === 'boolean'

    const isStringNumberOrBoolean = anyPass([isString, isNumber, isBoolean])

    isStringNumberOrBoolean // $ExpectType (input: unknown) => boolean

    const aValue: unknown = 1

    if (isStringNumberOrBoolean(aValue)) {
      aValue // $ExpectType unknown
    }
  })
})

---------------

ap

ap<T, U>(fns: Array<(a: T) => U>[], vs: T[]): U[]

It takes a list of functions and a list of values. Then it returns a list of values obtained by applying each function to each value.

Try this R.ap example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
ap<T, U>(fns: Array<(a: T) => U>[], vs: T[]): U[];
ap<T, U>(fns: Array<(a: T) => U>): (vs: T[]) => U[];
ap<R, A, B>(fn: (r: R, a: A) => B, fn1: (r: R) => A): (r: R) => B;
R.ap source
export function ap(functions, input){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _inputs => ap(functions, _inputs)
  }

  return functions.reduce((acc, fn) => [ ...acc, ...input.map(fn) ], [])
}
Tests
import { ap } from './ap.js'

function mult2(x){
  return x * 2
}
function plus3(x){
  return x + 3
}

test('happy', () => {
  expect(ap([ mult2, plus3 ], [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 2, 4, 6, 4, 5, 6 ])
})

---------------

aperture

aperture<N extends number, T>(n: N, list: T[]): Array<Tuple<T, N>> | []

It returns a new list, composed of consecutive n-tuples from a list.

Try this R.aperture example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
aperture<N extends number, T>(n: N, list: T[]): Array<Tuple<T, N>> | [];
aperture<N extends number>(n: N): <T>(list: T[]) => Array<Tuple<T, N>> | [];
R.aperture source
export function aperture(step, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _list => aperture(step, _list)
  }
  if (step > list.length) return []
  let idx = 0
  const limit = list.length - (step - 1)
  const acc = new Array(limit)
  while (idx < limit){
    acc[ idx ] = list.slice(idx, idx + step)
    idx += 1
  }

  return acc
}
Tests
import { aperture } from './aperture.js'

const list = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 ]

test('happy', () => {
  expect(aperture(1, list)).toEqual([ [ 1 ], [ 2 ], [ 3 ], [ 4 ], [ 5 ], [ 6 ], [ 7 ] ])
  expect(aperture(2, list)).toEqual([
    [ 1, 2 ],
    [ 2, 3 ],
    [ 3, 4 ],
    [ 4, 5 ],
    [ 5, 6 ],
    [ 6, 7 ],
  ])
  expect(aperture(3, list)).toEqual([
    [ 1, 2, 3 ],
    [ 2, 3, 4 ],
    [ 3, 4, 5 ],
    [ 4, 5, 6 ],
    [ 5, 6, 7 ],
  ])
  expect(aperture(8, list)).toEqual([])
})

---------------

append

append<T>(xToAppend: T, iterable: T[]): T[]

It adds element x at the end of iterable.

Try this R.append example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
append<T>(xToAppend: T, iterable: T[]): T[];
append<T, U>(xToAppend: T, iterable: IsFirstSubtypeOfSecond<T, U>[]) : U[];
append<T>(xToAppend: T): <U>(iterable: IsFirstSubtypeOfSecond<T, U>[]) => U[];
append<T>(xToAppend: T): (iterable: T[]) => T[];
R.append source
import { cloneList } from './_internals/cloneList.js'

export function append(x, input){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _input => append(x, _input)

  if (typeof input === 'string') return input.split('').concat(x)

  const clone = cloneList(input)
  clone.push(x)

  return clone
}
Tests
import { append } from './append.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(append('tests', [ 'write', 'more' ])).toEqual([
    'write',
    'more',
    'tests',
  ])
})

test('append to empty array', () => {
  expect(append('tests')([])).toEqual([ 'tests' ])
})

test('with strings', () => {
  expect(append('o', 'fo')).toEqual([ 'f', 'o', 'o' ])
})
TypeScript test
import {append, prepend} from 'rambda'

const listOfNumbers = [1, 2, 3]
const listOfNumbersAndStrings = [1, 'b', 3]

describe('R.append/R.prepend', () => {
  describe("with the same primitive type as the array's elements", () => {
    it('uncurried', () => {
      // @ts-expect-error
      append('d', listOfNumbers)
      // @ts-expect-error
      prepend('d', listOfNumbers)
      append(4, listOfNumbers) // $ExpectType number[]
      prepend(4, listOfNumbers) // $ExpectType number[]
    })

    it('curried', () => {
      // @ts-expect-error
      append('d')(listOfNumbers)
      append(4)(listOfNumbers) // $ExpectType number[]
      prepend(4)(listOfNumbers) // $ExpectType number[]
    })
  })

  describe("with a subtype of the array's elements", () => {
    it('uncurried', () => {
      // @ts-expect-error
      append(true, listOfNumbersAndStrings)
      append(4, listOfNumbersAndStrings) // $ExpectType (string | number)[]
      prepend(4, listOfNumbersAndStrings) // $ExpectType (string | number)[]
    })

    it('curried', () => {
      // @ts-expect-error
      append(true)(listOfNumbersAndStrings)
      append(4)(listOfNumbersAndStrings) // $ExpectType (string | number)[]
      prepend(4)(listOfNumbersAndStrings) // $ExpectType (string | number)[]
    })
  })

  describe("expanding the type of the array's elements", () => {
    it('uncurried', () => {
      // @ts-expect-error
      append('d', listOfNumbers)
      append<string | number>('d', listOfNumbers) // $ExpectType (string | number)[]
      prepend<string | number>('d', listOfNumbers) // $ExpectType (string | number)[]
    })

    it('curried', () => {
      // @ts-expect-error
      append('d')(listOfNumbers)
      const appendD = append('d')
      appendD<string | number>(listOfNumbers) // $ExpectType (string | number)[]
      const prependD = prepend('d')
      prependD<string | number>(listOfNumbers) // $ExpectType (string | number)[]
    })
  })
})

---------------

apply

apply<T = any>(fn: (...args: any[]) => T, args: any[]): T

It applies function fn to the list of arguments.

This is useful for creating a fixed-arity function from a variadic function. fn should be a bound function if context is significant.

Try this R.apply example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
apply<T = any>(fn: (...args: any[]) => T, args: any[]): T;
apply<T = any>(fn: (...args: any[]) => T): (args: any[]) => T;
R.apply source
export function apply(fn, args){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _args => apply(fn, _args)
  }

  return fn.apply(this, args)
}
Tests
import { apply } from './apply.js'
import { bind } from './bind.js'
import { identity } from './identity.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(apply(identity, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toBe(1)
})

test('applies function to argument list', () => {
  expect(apply(Math.max, [ 1, 2, 3, -99, 42, 6, 7 ])).toBe(42)
})

test('provides no way to specify context', () => {
  const obj = {
    method (){
      return this === obj
    },
  }
  expect(apply(obj.method, [])).toBeFalse()
  expect(apply(bind(obj.method, obj), [])).toBeTrue()
})
TypeScript test
import {apply, identity} from 'rambda'

describe('R.apply', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = apply<number>(identity, [1, 2, 3])

    result // $ExpectType number
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const fn = apply<number>(identity)
    const result = fn([1, 2, 3])

    result // $ExpectType number
  })
})

---------------

applySpec

applySpec<Spec extends Record<string, AnyFunction>>(
  spec: Spec
): (
  ...args: Parameters<ValueOfRecord<Spec>>
) => { [Key in keyof Spec]: ReturnType<Spec[Key]> }

Try this R.applySpec example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
applySpec<Spec extends Record<string, AnyFunction>>(
  spec: Spec
): (
  ...args: Parameters<ValueOfRecord<Spec>>
) => { [Key in keyof Spec]: ReturnType<Spec[Key]> };
applySpec<T>(spec: any): (...args: unknown[]) => T;
R.applySpec source
import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'

// recursively traverse the given spec object to find the highest arity function
export function __findHighestArity(spec, max = 0){
  for (const key in spec){
    if (spec.hasOwnProperty(key) === false || key === 'constructor') continue

    if (typeof spec[ key ] === 'object'){
      max = Math.max(max, __findHighestArity(spec[ key ]))
    }

    if (typeof spec[ key ] === 'function'){
      max = Math.max(max, spec[ key ].length)
    }
  }

  return max
}

function __filterUndefined(){
  const defined = []
  let i = 0
  const l = arguments.length
  while (i < l){
    if (typeof arguments[ i ] === 'undefined') break
    defined[ i ] = arguments[ i ]
    i++
  }

  return defined
}

function __applySpecWithArity(
  spec, arity, cache
){
  const remaining = arity - cache.length

  if (remaining === 1)
    return x =>
      __applySpecWithArity(
        spec, arity, __filterUndefined(...cache, x)
      )
  if (remaining === 2)
    return (x, y) =>
      __applySpecWithArity(
        spec, arity, __filterUndefined(
          ...cache, x, y
        )
      )
  if (remaining === 3)
    return (
      x, y, z
    ) =>
      __applySpecWithArity(
        spec, arity, __filterUndefined(
          ...cache, x, y, z
        )
      )
  if (remaining === 4)
    return (
      x, y, z, a
    ) =>
      __applySpecWithArity(
        spec,
        arity,
        __filterUndefined(
          ...cache, x, y, z, a
        )
      )
  if (remaining > 4)
    return (...args) =>
      __applySpecWithArity(
        spec, arity, __filterUndefined(...cache, ...args)
      )

  // handle spec as Array
  if (isArray(spec)){
    const ret = []
    let i = 0
    const l = spec.length
    for (; i < l; i++){
      // handle recursive spec inside array
      if (typeof spec[ i ] === 'object' || isArray(spec[ i ])){
        ret[ i ] = __applySpecWithArity(
          spec[ i ], arity, cache
        )
      }
      // apply spec to the key
      if (typeof spec[ i ] === 'function'){
        ret[ i ] = spec[ i ](...cache)
      }
    }

    return ret
  }

  // handle spec as Object
  const ret = {}
  // apply callbacks to each property in the spec object
  for (const key in spec){
    if (spec.hasOwnProperty(key) === false || key === 'constructor') continue

    // apply the spec recursively
    if (typeof spec[ key ] === 'object'){
      ret[ key ] = __applySpecWithArity(
        spec[ key ], arity, cache
      )
      continue
    }

    // apply spec to the key
    if (typeof spec[ key ] === 'function'){
      ret[ key ] = spec[ key ](...cache)
    }
  }

  return ret
}

export function applySpec(spec, ...args){
  // get the highest arity spec function, cache the result and pass to __applySpecWithArity
  const arity = __findHighestArity(spec)

  if (arity === 0){
    return () => ({})
  }
  const toReturn = __applySpecWithArity(
    spec, arity, args
  )

  return toReturn
}
Tests
import { applySpec as applySpecRamda, nAry } from 'ramda'

import {
  add,
  always,
  compose,
  dec,
  inc,
  map,
  path,
  prop,
  T,
} from '../rambda.js'
import { applySpec } from './applySpec.js'

test('different than Ramda when bad spec', () => {
  const result = applySpec({ sum : { a : 1 } })(1, 2)
  const ramdaResult = applySpecRamda({ sum : { a : 1 } })(1, 2)
  expect(result).toEqual({})
  expect(ramdaResult).toEqual({ sum : { a : {} } })
})

test('works with empty spec', () => {
  expect(applySpec({})()).toEqual({})
  expect(applySpec([])(1, 2)).toEqual({})
  expect(applySpec(null)(1, 2)).toEqual({})
})

test('works with unary functions', () => {
  const result = applySpec({
    v : inc,
    u : dec,
  })(1)
  const expected = {
    v : 2,
    u : 0,
  }
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

test('works with binary functions', () => {
  const result = applySpec({ sum : add })(1, 2)
  expect(result).toEqual({ sum : 3 })
})

test('works with nested specs', () => {
  const result = applySpec({
    unnested : always(0),
    nested   : { sum : add },
  })(1, 2)
  const expected = {
    unnested : 0,
    nested   : { sum : 3 },
  }
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

test('works with arrays of nested specs', () => {
  const result = applySpec({
    unnested : always(0),
    nested   : [ { sum : add } ],
  })(1, 2)

  expect(result).toEqual({
    unnested : 0,
    nested   : [ { sum : 3 } ],
  })
})

test('works with arrays of spec objects', () => {
  const result = applySpec([ { sum : add } ])(1, 2)

  expect(result).toEqual([ { sum : 3 } ])
})

test('works with arrays of functions', () => {
  const result = applySpec([ map(prop('a')), map(prop('b')) ])([
    {
      a : 'a1',
      b : 'b1',
    },
    {
      a : 'a2',
      b : 'b2',
    },
  ])
  const expected = [
    [ 'a1', 'a2' ],
    [ 'b1', 'b2' ],
  ]
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

test('works with a spec defining a map key', () => {
  expect(applySpec({ map : prop('a') })({ a : 1 })).toEqual({ map : 1 })
})

test('cannot retains the highest arity', () => {
  const f = applySpec({
    f1 : nAry(2, T),
    f2 : nAry(5, T),
  })
  const fRamda = applySpecRamda({
    f1 : nAry(2, T),
    f2 : nAry(5, T),
  })
  expect(f).toHaveLength(0)
  expect(fRamda).toHaveLength(5)
})

test('returns a curried function', () => {
  expect(applySpec({ sum : add })(1)(2)).toEqual({ sum : 3 })
})

// Additional tests
// ============================================
test('arity', () => {
  const spec = {
    one   : x1 => x1,
    two   : (x1, x2) => x1 + x2,
    three : (
      x1, x2, x3
    ) => x1 + x2 + x3,
  }
  expect(applySpec(
    spec, 1, 2, 3
  )).toEqual({
    one   : 1,
    two   : 3,
    three : 6,
  })
})

test('arity over 5 arguments', () => {
  const spec = {
    one   : x1 => x1,
    two   : (x1, x2) => x1 + x2,
    three : (
      x1, x2, x3
    ) => x1 + x2 + x3,
    four : (
      x1, x2, x3, x4
    ) => x1 + x2 + x3 + x4,
    five : (
      x1, x2, x3, x4, x5
    ) => x1 + x2 + x3 + x4 + x5,
  }
  expect(applySpec(
    spec, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  )).toEqual({
    one   : 1,
    two   : 3,
    three : 6,
    four  : 10,
    five  : 15,
  })
})

test('curried', () => {
  const spec = {
    one   : x1 => x1,
    two   : (x1, x2) => x1 + x2,
    three : (
      x1, x2, x3
    ) => x1 + x2 + x3,
  }
  expect(applySpec(spec)(1)(2)(3)).toEqual({
    one   : 1,
    two   : 3,
    three : 6,
  })
})

test('curried over 5 arguments', () => {
  const spec = {
    one   : x1 => x1,
    two   : (x1, x2) => x1 + x2,
    three : (
      x1, x2, x3
    ) => x1 + x2 + x3,
    four : (
      x1, x2, x3, x4
    ) => x1 + x2 + x3 + x4,
    five : (
      x1, x2, x3, x4, x5
    ) => x1 + x2 + x3 + x4 + x5,
  }
  expect(applySpec(spec)(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)).toEqual({
    one   : 1,
    two   : 3,
    three : 6,
    four  : 10,
    five  : 15,
  })
})

test('undefined property', () => {
  const spec = { prop : path([ 'property', 'doesnt', 'exist' ]) }
  expect(applySpec(spec, {})).toEqual({ prop : undefined })
})

test('restructure json object', () => {
  const spec = {
    id          : path('user.id'),
    name        : path('user.firstname'),
    profile     : path('user.profile'),
    doesntExist : path('user.profile.doesntExist'),
    info        : { views : compose(inc, prop('views')) },
    type        : always('playa'),
  }

  const data = {
    user : {
      id        : 1337,
      firstname : 'john',
      lastname  : 'shaft',
      profile   : 'shaft69',
    },
    views : 42,
  }

  expect(applySpec(spec, data)).toEqual({
    id          : 1337,
    name        : 'john',
    profile     : 'shaft69',
    doesntExist : undefined,
    info        : { views : 43 },
    type        : 'playa',
  })
})
TypeScript test
import {multiply, applySpec, inc, dec, add} from 'rambda'

describe('applySpec', () => {
  it('ramda 1', () => {
    const result = applySpec({
      v: inc,
      u: dec,
    })(1)
    result // $ExpectType { v: number; u: number; }
  })
  it('ramda 1', () => {
    interface Output {
      sum: number,
      multiplied: number,
    }
    const result = applySpec<Output>({
      sum: add,
      multiplied: multiply,
    })(1, 2)

    result // $ExpectType Output
  })
})

---------------

applyTo

Try this R.applyTo example in Rambda REPL

---------------

ascend

Try this R.ascend example in Rambda REPL

---------------

assoc

It makes a shallow clone of obj with setting or overriding the property prop with newValue.

Try this R.assoc example in Rambda REPL

---------------

assocPath

assocPath<Output>(path: Path, newValue: any, obj: object): Output

It makes a shallow clone of obj with setting or overriding with newValue the property found with path.

Try this R.assocPath example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
assocPath<Output>(path: Path, newValue: any, obj: object): Output;
assocPath<Output>(path: Path, newValue: any): (obj: object) => Output;
assocPath<Output>(path: Path): (newValue: any) => (obj: object) => Output;
R.assocPath source
import { cloneList } from './_internals/cloneList.js'
import { createPath } from './_internals/createPath.js'
import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'
import { isIndexInteger } from './_internals/isInteger.js'
import { assocFn } from './assoc.js'
import { curry } from './curry.js'

export function assocPathFn(
  path, newValue, input
){
  const pathArrValue = createPath(path)
  if (pathArrValue.length === 0) return newValue

  const index = pathArrValue[ 0 ]
  if (pathArrValue.length > 1){
    const condition =
      typeof input !== 'object' ||
      input === null ||
      !input.hasOwnProperty(index)

    const nextInput = condition ?
      isIndexInteger(pathArrValue[ 1 ]) ?
        [] :
        {} :
      input[ index ]

    newValue = assocPathFn(
      Array.prototype.slice.call(pathArrValue, 1),
      newValue,
      nextInput
    )
  }

  if (isIndexInteger(index) && isArray(input)){
    const arr = cloneList(input)
    arr[ index ] = newValue

    return arr
  }

  return assocFn(
    index, newValue, input
  )
}

export const assocPath = curry(assocPathFn)
Tests
import { assocPathFn } from './assocPath.js'

test.only('happy', () => {
  const path = 'a.c.1'
  const input = {
    a : {
      b : 1,
      c : [ 1, 2 ],
    },
  }
  assocPathFn(
    path, 3, input
  )
  expect(input).toEqual({
    a : {
      b : 1,
      c : [ 1, 2 ],
    },
  })
})

test('string can be used as path input', () => {
  const testObj = {
    a : [ { b : 1 }, { b : 2 } ],
    d : 3,
  }
  const result1 = assocPathFn(
    [ 'a', 0, 'b' ], 10, testObj
  )
  const result2 = assocPathFn(
    'a.0.b', 10, testObj
  )

  const expected = {
    a : [ { b : 10 }, { b : 2 } ],
    d : 3,
  }
  expect(result1).toEqual(expected)
  expect(result2).toEqual(expected)
})

test('difference with ramda - doesn\'t overwrite primitive values with keys in the path', () => {
  const obj = { a : 'str' }
  const result = assocPath(
    [ 'a', 'b' ], 42, obj
  )

  expect(result).toEqual({
    a : {
      0 : 's',
      1 : 't',
      2 : 'r',
      b : 42,
    },
  })
})

test('bug', () => {
  /*
    https://github.com/selfrefactor/rambda/issues/524
  */
  const state = {}

  const withDateLike = assocPath(
    [ 'outerProp', '2020-03-10' ],
    { prop : 2 },
    state
  )
  const withNumber = assocPath(
    [ 'outerProp', '5' ], { prop : 2 }, state
  )

  const withDateLikeExpected = { outerProp : { '2020-03-10' : { prop : 2 } } }
  const withNumberExpected = { outerProp : { 5 : { prop : 2 } } }
  expect(withDateLike).toEqual(withDateLikeExpected)
  expect(withNumber).toEqual(withNumberExpected)
})

test('adds a key to an empty object', () => {
  expect(assocPath(
    [ 'a' ], 1, {}
  )).toEqual({ a : 1 })
})

test('adds a key to a non-empty object', () => {
  expect(assocPath(
    'b', 2, { a : 1 }
  )).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  })
})

test('adds a nested key to a non-empty object', () => {
  expect(assocPath(
    'b.c', 2, { a : 1 }
  )).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : { c : 2 },
  })
})

test('adds a nested key to a nested non-empty object - curry case 1', () => {
  expect(assocPath('b.d',
    3)({
    a : 1,
    b : { c : 2 },
  })).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : {
      c : 2,
      d : 3,
    },
  })
})

test('adds a key to a non-empty object - curry case 1', () => {
  expect(assocPath('b', 2)({ a : 1 })).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  })
})

test('adds a nested key to a non-empty object - curry case 1', () => {
  expect(assocPath('b.c', 2)({ a : 1 })).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : { c : 2 },
  })
})

test('adds a key to a non-empty object - curry case 2', () => {
  expect(assocPath('b')(2, { a : 1 })).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  })
})

test('adds a key to a non-empty object - curry case 3', () => {
  const result = assocPath('b')(2)({ a : 1 })

  expect(result).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  })
})

test('changes an existing key', () => {
  expect(assocPath(
    'a', 2, { a : 1 }
  )).toEqual({ a : 2 })
})

test('undefined is considered an empty object', () => {
  expect(assocPath(
    'a', 1, undefined
  )).toEqual({ a : 1 })
})

test('null is considered an empty object', () => {
  expect(assocPath(
    'a', 1, null
  )).toEqual({ a : 1 })
})

test('value can be null', () => {
  expect(assocPath(
    'a', null, null
  )).toEqual({ a : null })
})

test('value can be undefined', () => {
  expect(assocPath(
    'a', undefined, null
  )).toEqual({ a : undefined })
})

test('assignment is shallow', () => {
  expect(assocPath(
    'a', { b : 2 }, { a : { c : 3 } }
  )).toEqual({ a : { b : 2 } })
})

test('empty array as path', () => {
  const result = assocPath(
    [], 3, {
      a : 1,
      b : 2,
    }
  )
  expect(result).toBe(3)
})

test('happy', () => {
  const expected = { foo : { bar : { baz : 42 } } }
  const result = assocPath(
    [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ], 42, { foo : null }
  )
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})
TypeScript test
import {assocPath} from 'rambda'

interface Output {
  a: number,
  foo: {bar: number},
}

describe('R.assocPath - user must explicitly set type of output', () => {
  it('with array as path input', () => {
    const result = assocPath<Output>(['foo', 'bar'], 2, {a: 1})

    result // $ExpectType Output
  })
  it('with string as path input', () => {
    const result = assocPath<Output>('foo.bar', 2, {a: 1})

    result // $ExpectType Output
  })
})

describe('R.assocPath - curried', () => {
  it('with array as path input', () => {
    const result = assocPath<Output>(['foo', 'bar'], 2)({a: 1})

    result // $ExpectType Output
  })
  it('with string as path input', () => {
    const result = assocPath<Output>('foo.bar', 2)({a: 1})

    result // $ExpectType Output
  })
})

---------------

binary

Try this R.binary example in Rambda REPL

---------------

bind

bind<F extends AnyFunction, T>(fn: F, thisObj: T): (...args: Parameters<F>) => ReturnType<F>

Creates a function that is bound to a context.

Try this R.bind example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
bind<F extends AnyFunction, T>(fn: F, thisObj: T): (...args: Parameters<F>) => ReturnType<F>;
bind<F extends AnyFunction, T>(fn: F): (thisObj: T) => (...args: Parameters<F>) => ReturnType<F>;
R.bind source
import { curryN } from './curryN.js'

export function bind(fn, thisObj){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _thisObj => bind(fn, _thisObj)
  }

  return curryN(fn.length, (...args) => fn.apply(thisObj, args))
}
Tests
import { bind } from './bind.js'

function Foo(x){
  this.x = x
}
function add(x){
  return this.x + x
}
function Bar(x, y){
  this.x = x
  this.y = y
}
Bar.prototype = new Foo()
Bar.prototype.getX = function (){
  return 'prototype getX'
}

test('returns a function', () => {
  expect(typeof bind(add)(Foo)).toBe('function')
})

test('returns a function bound to the specified context object', () => {
  const f = new Foo(12)
  function isFoo(){
    return this instanceof Foo
  }
  const isFooBound = bind(isFoo, f)
  expect(isFoo()).toBeFalse()
  expect(isFooBound()).toBeTrue()
})

test('works with built-in types', () => {
  const abc = bind(String.prototype.toLowerCase, 'ABCDEFG')
  expect(typeof abc).toBe('function')
  expect(abc()).toBe('abcdefg')
})

test('works with user-defined types', () => {
  const f = new Foo(12)
  function getX(){
    return this.x
  }
  const getXFooBound = bind(getX, f)
  expect(getXFooBound()).toBe(12)
})

test('works with plain objects', () => {
  const pojso = { x : 100 }
  function incThis(){
    return this.x + 1
  }
  const incPojso = bind(incThis, pojso)
  expect(typeof incPojso).toBe('function')
  expect(incPojso()).toBe(101)
})

test('does not interfere with existing object methods', () => {
  const b = new Bar('a', 'b')
  function getX(){
    return this.x
  }
  const getXBarBound = bind(getX, b)
  expect(b.getX()).toBe('prototype getX')
  expect(getXBarBound()).toBe('a')
})

test('preserves arity', () => {
  const f0 = function (){
    return 0
  }
  const f1 = function (a){
    return a
  }
  const f2 = function (a, b){
    return a + b
  }
  const f3 = function (
    a, b, c
  ){
    return a + b + c
  }

  expect(bind(f0, {})).toHaveLength(0)
  expect(bind(f1, {})).toHaveLength(1)
  expect(bind(f2, {})).toHaveLength(2)
  expect(bind(f3, {})).toHaveLength(3)
})
TypeScript test
import {bind} from 'rambda'

class Foo {}
function isFoo<T = any>(this: T): boolean {
  return this instanceof Foo
}

describe('R.bind', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const foo = new Foo()
    const result = bind(isFoo, foo)()

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

both

both(pred1: Pred, pred2: Pred): Pred

It returns a function with input argument.

This function will return true, if both firstCondition and secondCondition return true when input is passed as their argument.

Try this R.both example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
both(pred1: Pred, pred2: Pred): Pred;
both<T>(pred1: Predicate<T>, pred2: Predicate<T>): Predicate<T>;
both<T>(pred1: Predicate<T>): (pred2: Predicate<T>) => Predicate<T>;
both(pred1: Pred): (pred2: Pred) => Pred;
R.both source
export function both(f, g){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _g => both(f, _g)

  return (...input) => f(...input) && g(...input)
}
Tests
import { both } from './both.js'

const firstFn = val => val > 0
const secondFn = val => val < 10

test('with curry', () => {
  expect(both(firstFn)(secondFn)(17)).toBeFalse()
})

test('without curry', () => {
  expect(both(firstFn, secondFn)(7)).toBeTrue()
})

test('with multiple inputs', () => {
  const between = function (
    a, b, c
  ){
    return a < b && b < c
  }
  const total20 = function (
    a, b, c
  ){
    return a + b + c === 20
  }
  const fn = both(between, total20)
  expect(fn(
    5, 7, 8
  )).toBeTrue()
})

test('skip evaluation of the second expression', () => {
  let effect = 'not evaluated'
  const F = function (){
    return false
  }
  const Z = function (){
    effect = 'Z got evaluated'
  }
  both(F, Z)()

  expect(effect).toBe('not evaluated')
})
TypeScript test
import {both} from 'rambda'

describe('R.both', () => {
  it('with passed type', () => {
    const fn = both<number>(
      x => x > 1,
      x => x % 2 === 0
    )
    fn // $ExpectType Predicate<number>
    const result = fn(2) // $ExpectType boolean
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('with passed type - curried', () => {
    const fn = both<number>(x => x > 1)(x => x % 2 === 0)
    fn // $ExpectType Predicate<number>
    const result = fn(2)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('no type passed', () => {
    const fn = both(
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType any
        return x > 1
      },
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType any
        return x % 2 === 0
      }
    )
    const result = fn(2)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('no type passed - curried', () => {
    const fn = both((x: number) => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      return x > 1
    })((x: number) => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      return x % 2 === 0
    })
    const result = fn(2)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

call

Try this R.call example in Rambda REPL

---------------

chain

chain<T, U>(fn: (n: T) => U[], list: T[]): U[]

The method is also known as flatMap.

Try this R.chain example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
chain<T, U>(fn: (n: T) => U[], list: T[]): U[];
chain<T, U>(fn: (n: T) => U[]): (list: T[]) => U[];
R.chain source
export function chain(fn, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _list => chain(fn, _list)
  }

  return [].concat(...list.map(fn))
}
Tests
import { chain as chainRamda } from 'ramda'

import { chain } from './chain.js'

const duplicate = n => [ n, n ]

test('happy', () => {
  const fn = x => [ x * 2 ]
  const list = [ 1, 2, 3 ]

  const result = chain(fn, list)

  expect(result).toEqual([ 2, 4, 6 ])
})

test('maps then flattens one level', () => {
  expect(chain(duplicate, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3 ])
})

test('maps then flattens one level - curry', () => {
  expect(chain(duplicate)([ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3 ])
})

test('flattens only one level', () => {
  const nest = n => [ [ n ] ]
  expect(chain(nest, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ [ 1 ], [ 2 ], [ 3 ] ])
})

test('can compose', () => {
  function dec(x){
    return [ x - 1 ]
  }
  function times2(x){
    return [ x * 2 ]
  }

  const mdouble = chain(times2)
  const mdec = chain(dec)
  expect(mdec(mdouble([ 10, 20, 30 ]))).toEqual([ 19, 39, 59 ])
})

test('@types/ramda broken test', () => {
  const score = {
    maths   : 90,
    physics : 80,
  }

  const calculateTotal = score => {
    const { maths, physics } = score

    return maths + physics
  }

  const assocTotalToScore = (total, score) => ({
    ...score,
    total,
  })

  const calculateAndAssocTotalToScore = chainRamda(assocTotalToScore,
    calculateTotal)
  expect(() =>
    calculateAndAssocTotalToScore(score)).toThrowErrorMatchingInlineSnapshot('"fn(...) is not a function"')
})
TypeScript test
import {chain} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]
const fn = (x: number) => [`${x}`, `${x}`]

describe('R.chain', () => {
  it('without passing type', () => {
    const result = chain(fn, list)
    result // $ExpectType string[]

    const curriedResult = chain(fn)(list)
    curriedResult // $ExpectType string[]
  })
})

---------------

clamp

Restrict a number input to be within min and max limits.

If input is bigger than max, then the result is max.

If input is smaller than min, then the result is min.

Try this R.clamp example in Rambda REPL

---------------

clone

It creates a deep copy of the input, which may contain (nested) Arrays and Objects, Numbers, Strings, Booleans and Dates.

Try this R.clone example in Rambda REPL

---------------

collectBy

Try this R.collectBy example in Rambda REPL

---------------

comparator

It returns a comparator function that can be used in sort method.

Try this R.comparator example in Rambda REPL

---------------

complement

It returns inverted version of origin function that accept input as argument.

The return value of inverted is the negative boolean value of origin(input).

Try this R.complement example in Rambda REPL

---------------

compose

It performs right-to-left function composition.

Try this R.compose example in Rambda REPL

---------------

composeWith

Try this R.composeWith example in Rambda REPL

---------------

concat

It returns a new string or array, which is the result of merging x and y.

Try this R.concat example in Rambda REPL

---------------

cond

It takes list with conditions and returns a new function fn that expects input as argument.

This function will start evaluating the conditions in order to find the first winner(order of conditions matter).

The winner is this condition, which left side returns true when input is its argument. Then the evaluation of the right side of the winner will be the final result.

If no winner is found, then fn returns undefined.

Try this R.cond example in Rambda REPL

---------------

converge

Accepts a converging function and a list of branching functions and returns a new function. When invoked, this new function is applied to some arguments, each branching function is applied to those same arguments. The results of each branching function are passed as arguments to the converging function to produce the return value.

Try this R.converge example in Rambda REPL

---------------

count

It counts how many times predicate function returns true, when supplied with iteration of list.

Try this R.count example in Rambda REPL

---------------

countBy

countBy<T extends unknown>(transformFn: (x: T) => any, list: T[]): Record<string, number>

It counts elements in a list after each instance of the input list is passed through transformFn function.

Try this R.countBy example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
countBy<T extends unknown>(transformFn: (x: T) => any, list: T[]): Record<string, number>;
countBy<T extends unknown>(transformFn: (x: T) => any): (list: T[]) => Record<string, number>;
R.countBy source
export function countBy(fn, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _list => countBy(fn, _list)
  }
  const willReturn = {}

  list.forEach(item => {
    const key = fn(item)
    if (!willReturn[ key ]){
      willReturn[ key ] = 1
    } else {
      willReturn[ key ]++
    }
  })

  return willReturn
}
Tests
import { countBy } from './countBy.js'

const list = [ 'a', 'A', 'b', 'B', 'c', 'C' ]

test('happy', () => {
  const result = countBy(x => x.toLowerCase(), list)
  expect(result).toEqual({
    a : 2,
    b : 2,
    c : 2,
  })
})
TypeScript test
import {countBy} from 'rambda'

const transformFn = (x: string) => x.toLowerCase()
const list = ['a', 'A', 'b', 'B', 'c', 'C']

describe('R.countBy', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = countBy(transformFn, list)

    result // $ExpectType Record<string, number>
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = countBy(transformFn)(list)

    result // $ExpectType Record<string, number>
  })
})

---------------

curry

It expects a function as input and returns its curried version.

Try this R.curry example in Rambda REPL

---------------

curryN

It returns a curried equivalent of the provided function, with the specified arity.

---------------

dec

It decrements a number.

Try this R.dec example in Rambda REPL

---------------

defaultTo

defaultTo<T>(defaultValue: T, input: T | null | undefined): T

It returns defaultValue, if all of inputArguments are undefined, null or NaN.

Else, it returns the first truthy inputArguments instance(from left to right).

Try this R.defaultTo example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
defaultTo<T>(defaultValue: T, input: T | null | undefined): T;
defaultTo<T>(defaultValue: T): (input: T | null | undefined) => T;
R.defaultTo source
function isFalsy(input){
  return (
    input === undefined || input === null || Number.isNaN(input) === true
  )
}

export function defaultTo(defaultArgument, input){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _input => defaultTo(defaultArgument, _input)
  }

  return isFalsy(input) ? defaultArgument : input
}
Tests
import { defaultTo } from './defaultTo.js'

test('with undefined', () => {
  expect(defaultTo('foo')(undefined)).toBe('foo')
})

test('with null', () => {
  expect(defaultTo('foo')(null)).toBe('foo')
})

test('with NaN', () => {
  expect(defaultTo('foo')(NaN)).toBe('foo')
})

test('with empty string', () => {
  expect(defaultTo('foo', '')).toBe('')
})

test('with false', () => {
  expect(defaultTo('foo', false)).toBeFalse()
})

test('when inputArgument passes initial check', () => {
  expect(defaultTo('foo', 'bar')).toBe('bar')
})
TypeScript test
import {defaultTo} from 'rambda'

describe('R.defaultTo with Ramda spec', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = defaultTo('foo', '')
    result // $ExpectType "" | "foo"
  })
  it('with explicit type', () => {
    const result = defaultTo<string>('foo', null)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

descend

Try this R.descend example in Rambda REPL

---------------

difference

difference<T>(a: T[], b: T[]): T[]

It returns the uniq set of all elements in the first list a not contained in the second list b.

R.equals is used to determine equality.

Try this R.difference example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
difference<T>(a: T[], b: T[]): T[];
difference<T>(a: T[]): (b: T[]) => T[];
R.difference source
import { includes } from './includes.js'
import { uniq } from './uniq.js'

export function difference(a, b){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _b => difference(a, _b)

  return uniq(a).filter(aInstance => !includes(aInstance, b))
}
Tests
import { difference as differenceRamda } from 'ramda'

import { difference } from './difference.js'

test('difference', () => {
  const a = [ 1, 2, 3, 4 ]
  const b = [ 3, 4, 5, 6 ]
  expect(difference(a)(b)).toEqual([ 1, 2 ])

  expect(difference([], [])).toEqual([])
})

test('difference with objects', () => {
  const a = [ { id : 1 }, { id : 2 }, { id : 3 }, { id : 4 } ]
  const b = [ { id : 3 }, { id : 4 }, { id : 5 }, { id : 6 } ]
  expect(difference(a, b)).toEqual([ { id : 1 }, { id : 2 } ])
})

test('no duplicates in first list', () => {
  const M2 = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4 ]
  const N2 = [ 3, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 6, 6 ]
  expect(difference(M2, N2)).toEqual([ 1, 2 ])
})

test('should use R.equals', () => {
  expect(difference([ 1 ], [ 1 ])).toHaveLength(0)
  expect(differenceRamda([ NaN ], [ NaN ])).toHaveLength(0)
})
TypeScript test
import {difference} from 'rambda'

const list1 = [1, 2, 3]
const list2 = [1, 2, 4]

describe('R.difference', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = difference(list1, list2)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = difference(list1)(list2)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

---------------

differenceWith

differenceWith<T1, T2>(
  pred: (a: T1, b: T2) => boolean,
  list1: T1[],
  list2: T2[],
): T1[]

Try this R.differenceWith example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
differenceWith<T1, T2>(
  pred: (a: T1, b: T2) => boolean,
  list1: T1[],
  list2: T2[],
): T1[];
differenceWith<T1, T2>(
  pred: (a: T1, b: T2) => boolean,
): (list1: T1[], list2: T2[]) => T1[];
differenceWith<T1, T2>(
  pred: (a: T1, b: T2) => boolean,
  list1: T1[],
): (list2: T2[]) => T1[];
R.differenceWith source
import { curry } from './curry.js'
import { _indexOf } from './equals.js'

export function differenceWithFn(
  fn, a, b
){
  const willReturn = []
  const [ first, second ] = a.length > b.length ? [ a, b ] : [ b, a ]

  first.forEach(item => {
    const hasItem = second.some(secondItem => fn(item, secondItem))
    if (!hasItem && _indexOf(item, willReturn) === -1){
      willReturn.push(item)
    }
  })

  return willReturn
}

export const differenceWith = curry(differenceWithFn)
Tests
import { differenceWith } from './differenceWith.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const foo = [ { a : 1 }, { a : 2 }, { a : 3 } ]
  const bar = [ { a : 3 }, { a : 4 } ]
  const fn = function (r, s){
    return r.a === s.a
  }
  const result = differenceWith(
    fn, foo, bar
  )
  expect(result).toEqual([ { a : 1 }, { a : 2 } ])
})

---------------

dissoc

It returns a new object that does not contain property prop.

Try this R.dissoc example in Rambda REPL

---------------

dissocPath

Try this R.dissocPath example in Rambda REPL

---------------

divide

Try this R.divide example in Rambda REPL

---------------

drop

drop<T>(howMany: number, input: T[]): T[]

It returns howMany items dropped from beginning of list or string input.

Try this R.drop example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
drop<T>(howMany: number, input: T[]): T[];
drop(howMany: number, input: string): string;
drop<T>(howMany: number): {
  <T>(input: T[]): T[];
  (input: string): string;
};
R.drop source
export function drop(howManyToDrop, listOrString){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => drop(howManyToDrop, _list)

  return listOrString.slice(howManyToDrop > 0 ? howManyToDrop : 0)
}
Tests
import assert from 'assert'

import { drop } from './drop.js'

test('with array', () => {
  expect(drop(2)([ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([ 'baz' ])
  expect(drop(3, [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([])
  expect(drop(4, [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([])
})

test('with string', () => {
  expect(drop(3, 'rambda')).toBe('bda')
})

test('with non-positive count', () => {
  expect(drop(0, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
  expect(drop(-1, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
  expect(drop(-Infinity, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
})

test('should return copy', () => {
  const xs = [ 1, 2, 3 ]

  assert.notStrictEqual(drop(0, xs), xs)
  assert.notStrictEqual(drop(-1, xs), xs)
})
TypeScript test
import {drop} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3, 4]
const str = 'foobar'
const howMany = 2

describe('R.drop - array', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = drop(howMany, list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = drop(howMany)(list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

describe('R.drop - string', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = drop(howMany, str)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = drop(howMany)(str)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

dropLast

dropLast<T>(howMany: number, input: T[]): T[]

It returns howMany items dropped from the end of list or string input.

Try this R.dropLast example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
dropLast<T>(howMany: number, input: T[]): T[];
dropLast(howMany: number, input: string): string;
dropLast<T>(howMany: number): {
  <T>(input: T[]): T[];
  (input: string): string;
};
R.dropLast source
export function dropLast(howManyToDrop, listOrString){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _listOrString => dropLast(howManyToDrop, _listOrString)
  }

  return howManyToDrop > 0 ?
    listOrString.slice(0, -howManyToDrop) :
    listOrString.slice()
}
Tests
import assert from 'assert'

import { dropLast } from './dropLast.js'

test('with array', () => {
  expect(dropLast(2)([ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([ 'foo' ])
  expect(dropLast(3, [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([])
  expect(dropLast(4, [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([])
})

test('with string', () => {
  expect(dropLast(3, 'rambda')).toBe('ram')
})

test('with non-positive count', () => {
  expect(dropLast(0, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
  expect(dropLast(-1, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
  expect(dropLast(-Infinity, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
})

test('should return copy', () => {
  const xs = [ 1, 2, 3 ]

  assert.notStrictEqual(dropLast(0, xs), xs)
  assert.notStrictEqual(dropLast(-1, xs), xs)
})
TypeScript test
import {dropLast} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3, 4]
const str = 'foobar'
const howMany = 2

describe('R.dropLast - array', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = dropLast(howMany, list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = dropLast(howMany)(list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

describe('R.dropLast - string', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = dropLast(howMany, str)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = dropLast(howMany)(str)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

dropLastWhile

Try this R.dropLastWhile example in Rambda REPL

---------------

dropRepeats

dropRepeats<T>(list: T[]): T[]

It removes any successive duplicates according to R.equals.

Try this R.dropRepeats example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
dropRepeats<T>(list: T[]): T[];
R.dropRepeats source
import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'
import { equals } from './equals.js'

export function dropRepeats(list){
  if (!isArray(list)){
    throw new Error(`${ list } is not a list`)
  }

  const toReturn = []

  list.reduce((prev, current) => {
    if (!equals(prev, current)){
      toReturn.push(current)
    }

    return current
  }, undefined)

  return toReturn
}
Tests
import { dropRepeats as dropRepeatsRamda } from 'ramda'

import { compareCombinations } from './_internals/testUtils.js'
import { add } from './add.js'
import { dropRepeats } from './dropRepeats.js'

const list = [ 1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 3, 2, 2, { a : 1 }, { a : 1 } ]
const listClean = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 3, 2, { a : 1 } ]

test('happy', () => {
  const result = dropRepeats(list)
  expect(result).toEqual(listClean)
})

const possibleLists = [
  [ add(1), async () => {}, [ 1 ], [ 1 ], [ 2 ], [ 2 ] ],
  [ add(1), add(1), add(2) ],
  [],
  1,
  /foo/g,
  Promise.resolve(1),
]

describe('brute force', () => {
  compareCombinations({
    firstInput : possibleLists,
    callback   : errorsCounters => {
      expect(errorsCounters).toMatchInlineSnapshot(`
        {
          "ERRORS_MESSAGE_MISMATCH": 0,
          "ERRORS_TYPE_MISMATCH": 0,
          "RESULTS_MISMATCH": 1,
          "SHOULD_NOT_THROW": 3,
          "SHOULD_THROW": 0,
          "TOTAL_TESTS": 6,
        }
      `)
    },
    fn      : dropRepeats,
    fnRamda : dropRepeatsRamda,
  })
})
TypeScript test
import {dropRepeats} from 'rambda'

describe('R.dropRepeats', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = dropRepeats([1, 2, 2, 3])

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

---------------

dropRepeatsBy

Try this R.dropRepeatsBy example in Rambda REPL

---------------

dropRepeatsWith

Try this R.dropRepeatsWith example in Rambda REPL

---------------

dropWhile

Try this R.dropWhile example in Rambda REPL

---------------

either

either(firstPredicate: Pred, secondPredicate: Pred): Pred

It returns a new predicate function from firstPredicate and secondPredicate inputs.

This predicate function will return true, if any of the two input predicates return true.

Try this R.either example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
either(firstPredicate: Pred, secondPredicate: Pred): Pred;
either<T>(firstPredicate: Predicate<T>, secondPredicate: Predicate<T>): Predicate<T>;
either<T>(firstPredicate: Predicate<T>): (secondPredicate: Predicate<T>) => Predicate<T>;
either(firstPredicate: Pred): (secondPredicate: Pred) => Pred;
R.either source
export function either(firstPredicate, secondPredicate){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _secondPredicate => either(firstPredicate, _secondPredicate)
  }

  return (...input) =>
    Boolean(firstPredicate(...input) || secondPredicate(...input))
}
Tests
import { either } from './either.js'

test('with multiple inputs', () => {
  const between = function (
    a, b, c
  ){
    return a < b && b < c
  }
  const total20 = function (
    a, b, c
  ){
    return a + b + c === 20
  }
  const fn = either(between, total20)
  expect(fn(
    7, 8, 5
  )).toBeTrue()
})

test('skip evaluation of the second expression', () => {
  let effect = 'not evaluated'
  const F = function (){
    return true
  }
  const Z = function (){
    effect = 'Z got evaluated'
  }
  either(F, Z)()

  expect(effect).toBe('not evaluated')
})

test('case 1', () => {
  const firstFn = val => val > 0
  const secondFn = val => val * 5 > 10

  expect(either(firstFn, secondFn)(1)).toBeTrue()
})

test('case 2', () => {
  const firstFn = val => val > 0
  const secondFn = val => val === -10
  const fn = either(firstFn)(secondFn)

  expect(fn(-10)).toBeTrue()
})
TypeScript test
import {either} from 'rambda'

describe('R.either', () => {
  it('with passed type', () => {
    const fn = either<number>(
      x => x > 1,
      x => x % 2 === 0
    )
    fn // $ExpectType Predicate<number>
    const result = fn(2) // $ExpectType boolean
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('with passed type - curried', () => {
    const fn = either<number>(x => x > 1)(x => x % 2 === 0)
    fn // $ExpectType Predicate<number>
    const result = fn(2)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('no type passed', () => {
    const fn = either(
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType any
        return x > 1
      },
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType any
        return x % 2 === 0
      }
    )
    const result = fn(2)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('no type passed - curried', () => {
    const fn = either((x: number) => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      return x > 1
    })((x: number) => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      return x % 2 === 0
    })
    const result = fn(2)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

empty

Try this R.empty example in Rambda REPL

---------------

endsWith

endsWith<T extends string>(question: T, str: string): boolean

When iterable is a string, then it behaves as String.prototype.endsWith. When iterable is a list, then it uses R.equals to determine if the target list ends in the same way as the given target.

Try this R.endsWith example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
endsWith<T extends string>(question: T, str: string): boolean;
endsWith<T extends string>(question: T): (str: string) => boolean;
endsWith<T>(question: T[], list: T[]): boolean;
endsWith<T>(question: T[]): (list: T[]) => boolean;
R.endsWith source
import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'
import { equals } from './equals.js'

export function endsWith(target, iterable){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _iterable => endsWith(target, _iterable)

  if (typeof iterable === 'string'){
    return iterable.endsWith(target)
  }
  if (!isArray(target)) return false

  const diff = iterable.length - target.length
  let correct = true
  const filtered = target.filter((x, index) => {
    if (!correct) return false
    const result = equals(x, iterable[ index + diff ])
    if (!result) correct = false

    return result
  })

  return filtered.length === target.length
}
Tests
import { endsWith as endsWithRamda } from 'ramda'

import { compareCombinations } from './_internals/testUtils.js'
import { endsWith } from './endsWith.js'

test('with string', () => {
  expect(endsWith('bar', 'foo-bar')).toBeTrue()
  expect(endsWith('baz')('foo-bar')).toBeFalse()
})

test('use R.equals with array', () => {
  const list = [ { a : 1 }, { a : 2 }, { a : 3 } ]
  expect(endsWith({ a : 3 }, list)).toBeFalse(),
  expect(endsWith([ { a : 3 } ], list)).toBeTrue()
  expect(endsWith([ { a : 2 }, { a : 3 } ], list)).toBeTrue()
  expect(endsWith(list, list)).toBeTrue()
  expect(endsWith([ { a : 1 } ], list)).toBeFalse()
})

export const possibleTargets = [
  NaN,
  [ NaN ],
  /foo/,
  [ /foo/ ],
  Promise.resolve(1),
  [ Promise.resolve(1) ],
  Error('foo'),
  [ Error('foo') ],
]

export const possibleIterables = [
  [ Promise.resolve(1), Promise.resolve(2) ],
  [ /foo/, /bar/ ],
  [ NaN ],
  [ Error('foo'), Error('bar') ],
]

describe('brute force', () => {
  compareCombinations({
    fn          : endsWith,
    fnRamda     : endsWithRamda,
    firstInput  : possibleTargets,
    secondInput : possibleIterables,
    callback    : errorsCounters => {
      expect(errorsCounters).toMatchInlineSnapshot(`
        {
          "ERRORS_MESSAGE_MISMATCH": 0,
          "ERRORS_TYPE_MISMATCH": 0,
          "RESULTS_MISMATCH": 0,
          "SHOULD_NOT_THROW": 0,
          "SHOULD_THROW": 0,
          "TOTAL_TESTS": 32,
        }
      `)
    },
  })
})
TypeScript test
import {endsWith} from 'rambda'

describe('R.endsWith - array', () => {
  const target = [{a: 2}]
  const input = [{a: 1}, {a: 2}]
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = endsWith(target, input)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = endsWith(target)(input)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

describe('R.endsWith - string', () => {
  const target = 'bar'
  const input = 'foo bar'
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = endsWith(target, input)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = endsWith(target)(input)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

eqBy

Try this R.eqBy example in Rambda REPL

---------------

eqProps

It returns true if property prop in obj1 is equal to property prop in obj2 according to R.equals.

Try this R.eqProps example in Rambda REPL

---------------

equals

equals<T>(x: T, y: T): boolean

It deeply compares x and y and returns true if they are equal.

Try this R.equals example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
equals<T>(x: T, y: T): boolean;
equals<T>(x: T): (y: T) => boolean;
R.equals source
import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'
import { type } from './type.js'

export function _lastIndexOf(valueToFind, list){
  if (!isArray(list))
    throw new Error(`Cannot read property 'indexOf' of ${ list }`)

  const typeOfValue = type(valueToFind)
  if (![ 'Array', 'NaN', 'Object', 'RegExp' ].includes(typeOfValue))
    return list.lastIndexOf(valueToFind)

  const { length } = list
  let index = length
  let foundIndex = -1

  while (--index > -1 && foundIndex === -1)
    if (equals(list[ index ], valueToFind))
      foundIndex = index

  return foundIndex
}

export function _indexOf(valueToFind, list){
  if (!isArray(list))
    throw new Error(`Cannot read property 'indexOf' of ${ list }`)

  const typeOfValue = type(valueToFind)
  if (![ 'Array', 'NaN', 'Object', 'RegExp' ].includes(typeOfValue))
    return list.indexOf(valueToFind)

  let index = -1
  let foundIndex = -1
  const { length } = list

  while (++index < length && foundIndex === -1)
    if (equals(list[ index ], valueToFind))
      foundIndex = index

  return foundIndex
}

function _arrayFromIterator(iter){
  const list = []
  let next
  while (!(next = iter.next()).done)
    list.push(next.value)

  return list
}

function _compareSets(a, b){
  if (a.size !== b.size)
    return false

  const aList = _arrayFromIterator(a.values())
  const bList = _arrayFromIterator(b.values())

  const filtered = aList.filter(aInstance => _indexOf(aInstance, bList) === -1)

  return filtered.length === 0
}

function compareErrors(a, b){
  if (a.message !== b.message) return false
  if (a.toString !== b.toString) return false

  return a.toString() === b.toString()
}

function parseDate(maybeDate){
  if (!maybeDate.toDateString) return [ false ]

  return [ true, maybeDate.getTime() ]
}

function parseRegex(maybeRegex){
  if (maybeRegex.constructor !== RegExp) return [ false ]

  return [ true, maybeRegex.toString() ]
}

export function equals(a, b){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _b => equals(a, _b)

  if (Object.is(a, b)) return true

  const aType = type(a)

  if (aType !== type(b)) return false
  if (aType === 'Function')
    return a.name === undefined ? false : a.name === b.name

  if ([ 'NaN', 'Null', 'Undefined' ].includes(aType)) return true

  if ([ 'BigInt', 'Number' ].includes(aType)){
    if (Object.is(-0, a) !== Object.is(-0, b)) return false

    return a.toString() === b.toString()
  }

  if ([ 'Boolean', 'String' ].includes(aType))
    return a.toString() === b.toString()

  if (aType === 'Array'){
    const aClone = Array.from(a)
    const bClone = Array.from(b)

    if (aClone.toString() !== bClone.toString())
      return false

    let loopArrayFlag = true
    aClone.forEach((aCloneInstance, aCloneIndex) => {
      if (loopArrayFlag)
        if (
          aCloneInstance !== bClone[ aCloneIndex ] &&
          !equals(aCloneInstance, bClone[ aCloneIndex ])
        )
          loopArrayFlag = false

    })

    return loopArrayFlag
  }

  const aRegex = parseRegex(a)
  const bRegex = parseRegex(b)

  if (aRegex[ 0 ])
    return bRegex[ 0 ] ? aRegex[ 1 ] === bRegex[ 1 ] : false
  else if (bRegex[ 0 ]) return false

  const aDate = parseDate(a)
  const bDate = parseDate(b)

  if (aDate[ 0 ])
    return bDate[ 0 ] ? aDate[ 1 ] === bDate[ 1 ] : false
  else if (bDate[ 0 ]) return false

  if (a instanceof Error){
    if (!(b instanceof Error)) return false

    return compareErrors(a, b)
  }

  if (aType === 'Set')
    return _compareSets(a, b)

  if (aType === 'Object'){
    const aKeys = Object.keys(a)

    if (aKeys.length !== Object.keys(b).length)
      return false

    let loopObjectFlag = true
    aKeys.forEach(aKeyInstance => {
      if (loopObjectFlag){
        const aValue = a[ aKeyInstance ]
        const bValue = b[ aKeyInstance ]

        if (aValue !== bValue && !equals(aValue, bValue))
          loopObjectFlag = false

      }
    })

    return loopObjectFlag
  }

  return false
}
Tests
import { equals as equalsRamda } from 'ramda'

import { compareCombinations } from './_internals/testUtils.js'
import { variousTypes } from './benchmarks/_utils.js'
import { equals } from './equals.js'

test('compare functions', () => {
  function foo(){}
  function bar(){}
  const baz = () => {}

  const expectTrue = equals(foo, foo)
  const expectFalseFirst = equals(foo, bar)
  const expectFalseSecond = equals(foo, baz)

  expect(expectTrue).toBeTrue()
  expect(expectFalseFirst).toBeFalse()
  expect(expectFalseSecond).toBeFalse()
})

test('with array of objects', () => {
  const list1 = [ { a : 1 }, [ { b : 2 } ] ]
  const list2 = [ { a : 1 }, [ { b : 2 } ] ]
  const list3 = [ { a : 1 }, [ { b : 3 } ] ]

  expect(equals(list1, list2)).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(list1, list3)).toBeFalse()
})

test('with regex', () => {
  expect(equals(/s/, /s/)).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(/s/, /d/)).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(/a/gi, /a/gi)).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(/a/gim, /a/gim)).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(/a/gi, /a/i)).toBeFalse()
})

test('not a number', () => {
  expect(equals([ NaN ], [ NaN ])).toBeTrue()
})

test('new number', () => {
  expect(equals(new Number(0), new Number(0))).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(new Number(0), new Number(1))).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new Number(1), new Number(0))).toBeFalse()
})

test('new string', () => {
  expect(equals(new String(''), new String(''))).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(new String(''), new String('x'))).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new String('x'), new String(''))).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new String('foo'), new String('foo'))).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(new String('foo'), new String('bar'))).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new String('bar'), new String('foo'))).toBeFalse()
})

test('new Boolean', () => {
  expect(equals(new Boolean(true), new Boolean(true))).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(new Boolean(false), new Boolean(false))).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(new Boolean(true), new Boolean(false))).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new Boolean(false), new Boolean(true))).toBeFalse()
})

test('new Error', () => {
  expect(equals(new Error('XXX'), {})).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new Error('XXX'), new TypeError('XXX'))).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new Error('XXX'), new Error('YYY'))).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new Error('XXX'), new Error('XXX'))).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(new Error('XXX'), new TypeError('YYY'))).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new Error('XXX'), new Error('XXX'))).toBeTrue()
})

test('with dates', () => {
  expect(equals(new Date(0), new Date(0))).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(new Date(1), new Date(1))).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(new Date(0), new Date(1))).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new Date(1), new Date(0))).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new Date(0), {})).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals({}, new Date(0))).toBeFalse()
})

test('ramda spec', () => {
  expect(equals({}, {})).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  },
  {
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  })).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals({
    a : 2,
    b : 3,
  },
  {
    a : 2,
    b : 3,
  })).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals({
    a : 2,
    b : 3,
  },
  {
    a : 3,
    b : 3,
  })).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals({
    a : 2,
    b : 3,
    c : 1,
  },
  {
    a : 2,
    b : 3,
  })).toBeFalse()
})

test('works with boolean tuple', () => {
  expect(equals([ true, false ], [ true, false ])).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals([ true, false ], [ true, true ])).toBeFalse()
})

test('works with equal objects within array', () => {
  const objFirst = {
    a : {
      b : 1,
      c : 2,
      d : [ 1 ],
    },
  }
  const objSecond = {
    a : {
      b : 1,
      c : 2,
      d : [ 1 ],
    },
  }

  const x = [ 1, 2, objFirst, null, '', [] ]
  const y = [ 1, 2, objSecond, null, '', [] ]
  expect(equals(x, y)).toBeTrue()
})

test('works with different objects within array', () => {
  const objFirst = { a : { b : 1 } }
  const objSecond = { a : { b : 2 } }

  const x = [ 1, 2, objFirst, null, '', [] ]
  const y = [ 1, 2, objSecond, null, '', [] ]
  expect(equals(x, y)).toBeFalse()
})

test('works with undefined as second argument', () => {
  expect(equals(1, undefined)).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals(undefined, undefined)).toBeTrue()
})

test('compare sets', () => {
  const toCompareDifferent = new Set([ { a : 1 }, { a : 2 } ])
  const toCompareSame = new Set([ { a : 1 }, { a : 2 }, { a : 1 } ])
  const testSet = new Set([ { a : 1 }, { a : 2 }, { a : 1 } ])
  expect(equals(toCompareSame, testSet)).toBeTruthy()
  expect(equals(toCompareDifferent, testSet)).toBeFalsy()
  expect(equalsRamda(toCompareSame, testSet)).toBeTruthy()
  expect(equalsRamda(toCompareDifferent, testSet)).toBeFalsy()
})

test('compare simple sets', () => {
  const testSet = new Set([ '2', '3', '3', '2', '1' ])
  expect(equals(new Set([ '3', '2', '1' ]), testSet)).toBeTruthy()
  expect(equals(new Set([ '3', '2', '0' ]), testSet)).toBeFalsy()
})

test('various examples', () => {
  expect(equals([ 1, 2, 3 ])([ 1, 2, 3 ])).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals([ 1, 2, 3 ], [ 1, 2 ])).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals(1, 1)).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals(1, '1')).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals({}, {})).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  },
  {
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  })).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  },
  {
    a : 1,
    b : 1,
  })).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals({
    a : 1,
    b : false,
  },
  {
    a : 1,
    b : 1,
  })).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  },
  {
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
    c : 3,
  })).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals({
    x : {
      a : 1,
      b : 2,
    },
  },
  {
    x : {
      a : 1,
      b : 2,
      c : 3,
    },
  })).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  },
  {
    a : 1,
    b : 3,
  })).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals({ a : { b : { c : 1 } } }, { a : { b : { c : 1 } } })).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals({ a : { b : { c : 1 } } }, { a : { b : { c : 2 } } })).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals({ a : {} }, { a : {} })).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals('', '')).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals('foo', 'foo')).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals('foo', 'bar')).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals(0, false)).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals(/\s/g, null)).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals(null, null)).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals(false)(null)).toBeFalse()
})

test('with custom functions', () => {
  function foo(){
    return 1
  }
  foo.prototype.toString = () => ''
  const result = equals(foo, foo)

  expect(result).toBeTrue()
})

test('with classes', () => {
  class Foo{}
  const foo = new Foo()
  const result = equals(foo, foo)

  expect(result).toBeTrue()
})

test('with negative zero', () => {
  expect(equals(-0, -0)).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(-0, 0)).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(0, 0)).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(-0, 1)).toBeFalse()
})

test('with big int', () => {
  const a = BigInt(9007199254740991)
  const b = BigInt(9007199254740991)
  const c = BigInt(7007199254740991)
  expect(equals(a, b)).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(a, c)).toBeFalse()
})

describe('brute force', () => {
  compareCombinations({
    callback : errorsCounters => {
      expect(errorsCounters).toMatchInlineSnapshot(`
{
  "ERRORS_MESSAGE_MISMATCH": 0,
  "ERRORS_TYPE_MISMATCH": 0,
  "RESULTS_MISMATCH": 0,
  "SHOULD_NOT_THROW": 0,
  "SHOULD_THROW": 0,
  "TOTAL_TESTS": 289,
}
`)
    },
    firstInput  : variousTypes,
    fn          : equals,
    fnRamda     : equalsRamda,
    secondInput : variousTypes,
  })
})
TypeScript test
import {equals} from 'rambda'

describe('R.equals', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = equals(4, 1)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('with object', () => {
    const foo = {a: 1}
    const bar = {a: 2}
    const result = equals(foo, bar)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = equals(4)(1)

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

evolve

evolve<T, U>(rules: ((x: T) => U)[], list: T[]): U[]

It takes object or array of functions as set of rules. These rules are applied to the iterable input to produce the result.

Try this R.evolve example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
evolve<T, U>(rules: ((x: T) => U)[], list: T[]): U[];
evolve<T, U>(rules: ((x: T) => U)[]) : (list: T[]) => U[];
evolve<E extends Evolver, V extends Evolvable<E>>(rules: E, obj: V): Evolve<V, E>;
evolve<E extends Evolver>(rules: E): <V extends Evolvable<E>>(obj: V) => Evolve<V, E>;
R.evolve source
import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'
import { mapArray, mapObject } from './map.js'
import { type } from './type.js'

export function evolveArray(rules, list){
  return mapArray(
    (x, i) => {
      if (type(rules[ i ]) === 'Function'){
        return rules[ i ](x)
      }

      return x
    },
    list,
    true
  )
}

export function evolveObject(rules, iterable){
  return mapObject((x, prop) => {
    if (type(x) === 'Object'){
      const typeRule = type(rules[ prop ])
      if (typeRule === 'Function'){
        return rules[ prop ](x)
      }
      if (typeRule === 'Object'){
        return evolve(rules[ prop ], x)
      }

      return x
    }
    if (type(rules[ prop ]) === 'Function'){
      return rules[ prop ](x)
    }

    return x
  }, iterable)
}

export function evolve(rules, iterable){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _iterable => evolve(rules, _iterable)
  }
  const rulesType = type(rules)
  const iterableType = type(iterable)

  if (iterableType !== rulesType){
    throw new Error('iterableType !== rulesType')
  }

  if (![ 'Object', 'Array' ].includes(rulesType)){
    throw new Error(`'iterable' and 'rules' are from wrong type ${ rulesType }`)
  }

  if (iterableType === 'Object'){
    return evolveObject(rules, iterable)
  }

  return evolveArray(rules, iterable)
}
Tests
import { evolve as evolveRamda } from 'ramda'

import { add } from '../rambda.js'
import { compareCombinations, compareToRamda } from './_internals/testUtils.js'
import { evolve } from './evolve.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const rules = {
    foo    : add(1),
    nested : { bar : x => Object.keys(x).length },
  }
  const input = {
    a      : 1,
    foo    : 2,
    nested : { bar : { z : 3 } },
  }
  const result = evolve(rules, input)
  expect(result).toEqual({
    a      : 1,
    foo    : 3,
    nested : { bar : 1 },
  })
})

test('nested rule is wrong', () => {
  const rules = {
    foo    : add(1),
    nested : { bar : 10 },
  }
  const input = {
    a      : 1,
    foo    : 2,
    nested : { bar : { z : 3 } },
  }
  const result = evolve(rules)(input)
  expect(result).toEqual({
    a      : 1,
    foo    : 3,
    nested : { bar : { z : 3 } },
  })
})

test('is recursive', () => {
  const rules = {
    nested : {
      second : add(-1),
      third  : add(1),
    },
  }
  const object = {
    first  : 1,
    nested : {
      second : 2,
      third  : 3,
    },
  }
  const expected = {
    first  : 1,
    nested : {
      second : 1,
      third  : 4,
    },
  }
  const result = evolve(rules, object)
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

test('ignores primitive values', () => {
  const rules = {
    n : 2,
    m : 'foo',
  }
  const object = {
    n : 0,
    m : 1,
  }
  const expected = {
    n : 0,
    m : 1,
  }
  const result = evolve(rules, object)
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

test('with array', () => {
  const rules = [ add(1), add(-1) ]
  const list = [ 100, 1400 ]
  const expected = [ 101, 1399 ]
  const result = evolve(rules, list)
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

const rulesObject = { a : add(1) }
const rulesList = [ add(1) ]
const possibleIterables = [ null, undefined, '', 42, [], [ 1 ], { a : 1 } ]
const possibleRules = [ ...possibleIterables, rulesList, rulesObject ]

describe('brute force', () => {
  compareCombinations({
    firstInput : possibleRules,
    callback   : errorsCounters => {
      expect(errorsCounters).toMatchInlineSnapshot(`
        {
          "ERRORS_MESSAGE_MISMATCH": 0,
          "ERRORS_TYPE_MISMATCH": 4,
          "RESULTS_MISMATCH": 0,
          "SHOULD_NOT_THROW": 51,
          "SHOULD_THROW": 0,
          "TOTAL_TESTS": 63,
        }
      `)
    },
    secondInput : possibleIterables,
    fn          : evolve,
    fnRamda     : evolveRamda,
  })
})
TypeScript test
import {evolve, add} from 'rambda'

describe('R.evolve', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const input = {
      foo: 2,
      nested: {
        a: 1,
        bar: 3,
      },
    }
    const rules = {
      foo: add(1),
      nested: {
        a: add(-1),
        bar: add(1),
      },
    }
    const result = evolve(rules, input)
    const curriedResult = evolve(rules)(input)

    result.nested.a // $ExpectType number
    curriedResult.nested.a // $ExpectType number
    result.nested.bar // $ExpectType number
    result.foo // $ExpectType number
  })
  it('with array', () => {
    const rules = [String, String]
    const input = [100, 1400]
    const result = evolve(rules, input)
    const curriedResult = evolve(rules)(input)
    result // $ExpectType string[]
    curriedResult // $ExpectType string[]
  })
})

---------------

F

F(): boolean

Try this R.F example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
F(): boolean;
R.F source
export function F(){
  return false
}

---------------

filter

filter<T>(predicate: Predicate<T>): (input: T[]) => T[]

It filters list or object input using a predicate function.

Try this R.filter example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
filter<T>(predicate: Predicate<T>): (input: T[]) => T[];
filter<T>(predicate: Predicate<T>, input: T[]): T[];
filter<T, U>(predicate: ObjectPredicate<T>): (x: Dictionary<T>) => Dictionary<T>;
filter<T>(predicate: ObjectPredicate<T>, x: Dictionary<T>): Dictionary<T>;
R.filter source
import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'

export function filterObject(predicate, obj){
  const willReturn = {}

  for (const prop in obj){
    if (predicate(
      obj[ prop ], prop, obj
    )){
      willReturn[ prop ] = obj[ prop ]
    }
  }

  return willReturn
}

export function filterArray(
  predicate, list, indexed = false
){
  let index = 0
  const len = list.length
  const willReturn = []

  while (index < len){
    const predicateResult = indexed ?
      predicate(list[ index ], index) :
      predicate(list[ index ])
    if (predicateResult){
      willReturn.push(list[ index ])
    }

    index++
  }

  return willReturn
}

export function filter(predicate, iterable){
  if (arguments.length === 1)
    return _iterable => filter(predicate, _iterable)
  if (!iterable){
    throw new Error('Incorrect iterable input')
  }

  if (isArray(iterable)) return filterArray(
    predicate, iterable, false
  )

  return filterObject(predicate, iterable)
}
Tests
import { filter as filterRamda } from 'ramda'

import { filter } from './filter.js'
import { T } from './T.js'

const sampleObject = {
  a : 1,
  b : 2,
  c : 3,
  d : 4,
}

test('happy', () => {
  const isEven = n => n % 2 === 0

  expect(filter(isEven, [ 1, 2, 3, 4 ])).toEqual([ 2, 4 ])
  expect(filter(isEven, {
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
    d : 3,
  })).toEqual({ b : 2 })
})

test('predicate when input is object', () => {
  const obj = {
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  }
  const predicate = (
    val, prop, inputObject
  ) => {
    expect(inputObject).toEqual(obj)
    expect(typeof prop).toBe('string')

    return val < 2
  }
  expect(filter(predicate, obj)).toEqual({ a : 1 })
})

test('with object', () => {
  const isEven = n => n % 2 === 0
  const result = filter(isEven, sampleObject)
  const expectedResult = {
    b : 2,
    d : 4,
  }

  expect(result).toEqual(expectedResult)
})

test('bad inputs difference between Ramda and Rambda', () => {
  expect(() => filter(T, null)).toThrowWithMessage(Error,
    'Incorrect iterable input')
  expect(() => filter(T)(undefined)).toThrowWithMessage(Error,
    'Incorrect iterable input')
  expect(() => filterRamda(T, null)).toThrowWithMessage(TypeError,
    'Cannot read properties of null (reading \'fantasy-land/filter\')')
  expect(() => filterRamda(T, undefined)).toThrowWithMessage(TypeError,
    'Cannot read properties of undefined (reading \'fantasy-land/filter\')')
})
TypeScript test
import {filter} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]
const obj = {a: 1, b: 2}

describe('R.filter with array', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = filter<number>(x => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      return x > 1
    }, list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = filter<number>(x => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      return x > 1
    })(list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

describe('R.filter with objects', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = filter<number>((val, prop, origin) => {
      val // $ExpectType number
      prop // $ExpectType string
      origin // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>

      return val > 1
    }, obj)
    result // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
  })
  it('curried version requires second dummy type', () => {
    const result = filter<number, any>((val, prop, origin) => {
      val // $ExpectType number
      prop // $ExpectType string
      origin // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>

      return val > 1
    })(obj)
    result // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
  })
})

---------------

find

find<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): T | undefined

It returns the first element of list that satisfy the predicate.

If there is no such element, it returns undefined.

Try this R.find example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
find<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): T | undefined;
find<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean): (list: T[]) => T | undefined;
R.find source
export function find(predicate, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => find(predicate, _list)

  let index = 0
  const len = list.length

  while (index < len){
    const x = list[ index ]
    if (predicate(x)){
      return x
    }

    index++
  }
}
Tests
import { find } from './find.js'
import { propEq } from './propEq.js'

const list = [ { a : 1 }, { a : 2 }, { a : 3 } ]

test('happy', () => {
  const fn = propEq(2, 'a')
  expect(find(fn, list)).toEqual({ a : 2 })
})

test('with curry', () => {
  const fn = propEq(4, 'a')
  expect(find(fn)(list)).toBeUndefined()
})

test('with empty list', () => {
  expect(find(() => true, [])).toBeUndefined()
})
TypeScript test
import {find} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]

describe('R.find', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const predicate = (x: number) => x > 2
    const result = find(predicate, list)
    result // $ExpectType number | undefined
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const predicate = (x: number) => x > 2
    const result = find(predicate)(list)
    result // $ExpectType number | undefined
  })
})

---------------

findIndex

findIndex<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): number

It returns the index of the first element of list satisfying the predicate function.

If there is no such element, then -1 is returned.

Try this R.findIndex example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
findIndex<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): number;
findIndex<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean): (list: T[]) => number;
R.findIndex source
export function findIndex(predicate, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => findIndex(predicate, _list)

  const len = list.length
  let index = -1

  while (++index < len){
    if (predicate(list[ index ])){
      return index
    }
  }

  return -1
}
Tests
import { findIndex } from './findIndex.js'
import { propEq } from './propEq.js'

const list = [ { a : 1 }, { a : 2 }, { a : 3 } ]

test('happy', () => {
  expect(findIndex(propEq(2, 'a'), list)).toBe(1)
  expect(findIndex(propEq(1, 'a'))(list)).toBe(0)
  expect(findIndex(propEq(4, 'a'))(list)).toBe(-1)
})
TypeScript test
import {findIndex} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]

describe('R.findIndex', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const predicate = (x: number) => x > 2
    const result = findIndex(predicate, list)
    result // $ExpectType number
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const predicate = (x: number) => x > 2
    const result = findIndex(predicate)(list)
    result // $ExpectType number
  })
})

---------------

findLast

findLast<T>(fn: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): T | undefined

It returns the last element of list satisfying the predicate function.

If there is no such element, then undefined is returned.

Try this R.findLast example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
findLast<T>(fn: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): T | undefined;
findLast<T>(fn: (x: T) => boolean): (list: T[]) => T | undefined;
R.findLast source
export function findLast(predicate, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => findLast(predicate, _list)

  let index = list.length

  while (--index >= 0){
    if (predicate(list[ index ])){
      return list[ index ]
    }
  }

  return undefined
}
Tests
import { findLast } from './findLast.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const result = findLast(x => x > 1, [ 1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1 ])
  expect(result).toBe(4)

  expect(findLast(x => x === 0, [ 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1 ])).toBe(0)
})

test('with curry', () => {
  expect(findLast(x => x > 1)([ 1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1 ])).toBe(4)
})

const obj1 = { x : 100 }
const obj2 = { x : 200 }
const a = [ 11, 10, 9, 'cow', obj1, 8, 7, 100, 200, 300, obj2, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0 ]
const even = function (x){
  return x % 2 === 0
}
const gt100 = function (x){
  return x > 100
}
const isStr = function (x){
  return typeof x === 'string'
}
const xGt100 = function (o){
  return o && o.x > 100
}

test('ramda 1', () => {
  expect(findLast(even, a)).toBe(0)
  expect(findLast(gt100, a)).toBe(300)
  expect(findLast(isStr, a)).toBe('cow')
  expect(findLast(xGt100, a)).toEqual(obj2)
})

test('ramda 2', () => {
  expect(findLast(even, [ 'zing' ])).toBeUndefined()
})

test('ramda 3', () => {
  expect(findLast(even, [ 2, 3, 5 ])).toBe(2)
})

test('ramda 4', () => {
  expect(findLast(even, [])).toBeUndefined()
})
TypeScript test
import {findLast} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]

describe('R.findLast', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const predicate = (x: number) => x > 2
    const result = findLast(predicate, list)
    result // $ExpectType number | undefined
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const predicate = (x: number) => x > 2
    const result = findLast(predicate)(list)
    result // $ExpectType number | undefined
  })
})

---------------

findLastIndex

findLastIndex<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): number

It returns the index of the last element of list satisfying the predicate function.

If there is no such element, then -1 is returned.

Try this R.findLastIndex example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
findLastIndex<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): number;
findLastIndex<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean): (list: T[]) => number;
R.findLastIndex source
export function findLastIndex(fn, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => findLastIndex(fn, _list)

  let index = list.length

  while (--index >= 0){
    if (fn(list[ index ])){
      return index
    }
  }

  return -1
}
Tests
import { findLastIndex } from './findLastIndex.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const result = findLastIndex(x => x > 1, [ 1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1 ])

  expect(result).toBe(5)

  expect(findLastIndex(x => x === 0, [ 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1 ])).toBe(0)
})

test('with curry', () => {
  expect(findLastIndex(x => x > 1)([ 1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1 ])).toBe(5)
})

const obj1 = { x : 100 }
const obj2 = { x : 200 }
const a = [ 11, 10, 9, 'cow', obj1, 8, 7, 100, 200, 300, obj2, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0 ]
const even = function (x){
  return x % 2 === 0
}
const gt100 = function (x){
  return x > 100
}
const isStr = function (x){
  return typeof x === 'string'
}
const xGt100 = function (o){
  return o && o.x > 100
}

test('ramda 1', () => {
  expect(findLastIndex(even, a)).toBe(15)
  expect(findLastIndex(gt100, a)).toBe(9)
  expect(findLastIndex(isStr, a)).toBe(3)
  expect(findLastIndex(xGt100, a)).toBe(10)
})

test('ramda 2', () => {
  expect(findLastIndex(even, [ 'zing' ])).toBe(-1)
})

test('ramda 3', () => {
  expect(findLastIndex(even, [ 2, 3, 5 ])).toBe(0)
})

test('ramda 4', () => {
  expect(findLastIndex(even, [])).toBe(-1)
})
TypeScript test
import {findLastIndex} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]

describe('R.findLastIndex', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const predicate = (x: number) => x > 2
    const result = findLastIndex(predicate, list)
    result // $ExpectType number
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const predicate = (x: number) => x > 2
    const result = findLastIndex(predicate)(list)
    result // $ExpectType number
  })
})

---------------

flatten

flatten<T>(list: any[]): T[]

It deeply flattens an array.

Try this R.flatten example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
flatten<T>(list: any[]): T[];
R.flatten source
import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'

export function flatten(list, input){
  const willReturn = input === undefined ? [] : input

  for (let i = 0; i < list.length; i++){
    if (isArray(list[ i ])){
      flatten(list[ i ], willReturn)
    } else {
      willReturn.push(list[ i ])
    }
  }

  return willReturn
}
Tests
import { flatten } from './flatten.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(flatten([ 1, 2, 3, [ [ [ [ [ 4 ] ] ] ] ] ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3, 4 ])

  expect(flatten([ 1, [ 2, [ [ 3 ] ] ], [ 4 ] ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3, 4 ])

  expect(flatten([ 1, [ 2, [ [ [ 3 ] ] ] ], [ 4 ] ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3, 4 ])

  expect(flatten([ 1, 2, [ 3, 4 ], 5, [ 6, [ 7, 8, [ 9, [ 10, 11 ], 12 ] ] ] ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 ])
})

test('readme example', () => {
  const result = flatten([ 1, 2, [ 3, 30, [ 300 ] ], [ 4 ] ])
  expect(result).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3, 30, 300, 4 ])
})
TypeScript test
import {flatten} from 'rambda'

describe('flatten', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = flatten<number>([1, 2, [3, [4]]])
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

---------------

flip

It returns function which calls fn with exchanged first and second argument.

Try this R.flip example in Rambda REPL

---------------

forEach

forEach<T>(fn: Iterator<T, void>, list: T[]): T[]

It applies iterable function over all members of list and returns list.

Try this R.forEach example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
forEach<T>(fn: Iterator<T, void>, list: T[]): T[];
forEach<T>(fn: Iterator<T, void>): (list: T[]) => T[];
forEach<T>(fn: ObjectIterator<T, void>, list: Dictionary<T>): Dictionary<T>;
forEach<T, U>(fn: ObjectIterator<T, void>): (list: Dictionary<T>) => Dictionary<T>;
R.forEach source
import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'
import { forEachObjIndexedFn } from './forEachObjIndexed.js'

export function forEach(fn, iterable){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => forEach(fn, _list)
  if (iterable === undefined) return

  if (isArray(iterable)){
    let index = 0
    const len = iterable.length

    while (index < len){
      fn(iterable[ index ])
      index++
    }
  } else return forEachObjIndexedFn(fn, iterable)

  return iterable
}
Tests
import { forEach } from './forEach.js'
import { type } from './type.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const sideEffect = {}
  forEach(x => sideEffect[ `foo${ x }` ] = x + 10)([ 1, 2 ])

  expect(sideEffect).toEqual({
    foo1 : 11,
    foo2 : 12,
  })
})

test('iterate over object', () => {
  const obj = {
    a : 1,
    b : [ 1, 2 ],
    c : { d : 7 },
    f : 'foo',
  }
  const result = {}
  const returned = forEach((
    val, prop, inputObj
  ) => {
    expect(type(inputObj)).toBe('Object')
    result[ prop ] = `${ prop }-${ type(val) }`
  })(obj)

  const expected = {
    a : 'a-Number',
    b : 'b-Array',
    c : 'c-Object',
    f : 'f-String',
  }

  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
  expect(returned).toEqual(obj)
})

test('with empty list', () => {
  const list = []
  const result = forEach(x => x * x)(list)

  expect(result).toEqual(list)
})

test('with wrong input', () => {
  const list = undefined
  const result = forEach(x => x * x)(list)

  expect(result).toBeUndefined()
})

test('returns the input', () => {
  const list = [ 1, 2, 3 ]
  const result = forEach(x => x * x)(list)

  expect(result).toEqual(list)
})
TypeScript test
import {forEach} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]
const obj = {a: 1, b: 2}

describe('R.forEach with arrays', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = forEach(a => {
      a // $ExpectType number
    }, list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried require an explicit typing', () => {
    const result = forEach<number>(a => {
      a // $ExpectType number
    })(list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

describe('R.forEach with objects', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = forEach((a, b, c) => {
      a // $ExpectType number
      b // $ExpectType string
      c // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
      return `${a}`
    }, obj)
    result // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
  })
  it('curried require an input typing and a dummy third typing', () => {
    // Required in order all typings to work
    const result = forEach<number, any>((a, b, c) => {
      a // $ExpectType number
      b // $ExpectType string
      c // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
    })(obj)
    result // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
  })
  it('iterator without property', () => {
    const result = forEach(a => {
      a // $ExpectType number
    }, obj)
    result // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
  })
})

---------------

forEachObjIndexed

---------------

fromPairs

It transforms a listOfPairs to an object.

Try this R.fromPairs example in Rambda REPL

---------------

groupBy

It splits list according to a provided groupFn function and returns an object.

Try this R.groupBy example in Rambda REPL

---------------

groupWith

It returns separated version of list or string input, where separation is done with equality compareFn function.

Try this R.groupWith example in Rambda REPL

---------------

gt

Try this R.gt example in Rambda REPL

---------------

gte

Try this R.gte example in Rambda REPL

---------------

has

has<T>(prop: string, obj: T): boolean

It returns true if obj has property prop.

Try this R.has example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
has<T>(prop: string, obj: T): boolean;
has(prop: string): <T>(obj: T) => boolean;
R.has source
export function has(prop, obj){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _obj => has(prop, _obj)

  if (!obj) return false

  return obj.hasOwnProperty(prop)
}
Tests
import { has } from './has.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(has('a')({ a : 1 })).toBeTrue()
  expect(has('b', { a : 1 })).toBeFalse()
})

test('with non-object', () => {
  expect(has('a', undefined)).toBeFalse()
  expect(has('a', null)).toBeFalse()
  expect(has('a', true)).toBeFalse()
  expect(has('a', '')).toBeFalse()
  expect(has('a', /a/)).toBeFalse()
})
TypeScript test
import {has} from 'rambda'

describe('R.has', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = has('foo', {a: 1})
    const curriedResult = has('bar')({a: 1})
    result // $ExpectType boolean
    curriedResult // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

hasIn

Try this R.hasIn example in Rambda REPL

---------------

hasPath

hasPath<T>(
  path: string | string[],
  input: object
): boolean

It will return true, if input object has truthy path(calculated with R.path).

Try this R.hasPath example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
hasPath<T>(
  path: string | string[],
  input: object
): boolean;
hasPath<T>(
  path: string | string[]
): (input: object) => boolean;
R.hasPath source
import { path } from './path.js'

export function hasPath(pathInput, obj){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return objHolder => hasPath(pathInput, objHolder)
  }

  return path(pathInput, obj) !== undefined
}
Tests
import { hasPath } from './hasPath.js'

test('when true', () => {
  const path = 'a.b'
  const obj = { a : { b : [] } }

  const result = hasPath(path)(obj)
  const expectedResult = true

  expect(result).toEqual(expectedResult)
})

test('when false', () => {
  const path = 'a.b'
  const obj = {}

  const result = hasPath(path, obj)
  const expectedResult = false

  expect(result).toEqual(expectedResult)
})
TypeScript test
import {hasPath} from 'rambda'

describe('R.hasPath', () => {
  it('string path', () => {
    const obj = {a: {b: 1}}
    const result = hasPath('a.b', obj)
    const curriedResult = hasPath('a.c')(obj)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
    curriedResult // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('array path', () => {
    const obj = {a: {b: 1}}
    const result = hasPath(['a', 'b'], obj)
    const curriedResult = hasPath(['a', 'c'])(obj)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
    curriedResult // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

head

head(str: string): string

It returns the first element of list or string input.

Try this R.head example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
head(str: string): string;
head(str: ''): undefined;
head<T>(list: never[]): undefined;
head<T extends unknown[]>(array: T): FirstArrayElement<T>
head<T extends readonly unknown[]>(array: T): FirstArrayElement<T>
R.head source
export function head(listOrString){
  if (typeof listOrString === 'string') return listOrString[ 0 ] || ''

  return listOrString[ 0 ]
}
Tests
import { head } from './head.js'

test('head', () => {
  expect(head([ 'fi', 'fo', 'fum' ])).toBe('fi')
  expect(head([])).toBeUndefined()
  expect(head('foo')).toBe('f')
  expect(head('')).toBe('')
})
TypeScript test
import {
  emptyList,
  emptyString,
  mixedList,
  mixedListConst,
  numberList,
  numberListConst,
  string,
} from '_internals/typescriptTestUtils'
import {head, last} from 'rambda'

describe('R.head', () => {
  it('string', () => {
    head(string) // $ExpectType string
    last(string) // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('empty string', () => {
    head(emptyString) // $ExpectType undefined
    last(emptyString) // $ExpectType undefined
  })
  it('array', () => {
    head(numberList) // $ExpectType number
    head(numberListConst) // $ExpectType 1

    last(numberList) // $ExpectType number
    last(numberListConst) // $ExpectType 3
  })
  it('empty array', () => {
    const list = [] as const
    head(emptyList) // $ExpectType undefined
    head(list) // $ExpectType never
    last(emptyList) // $ExpectType undefined
    last(list) // $ExpectType never
  })

  it('mixed', () => {
    head(mixedList) // $ExpectType string | number
    head(mixedListConst) // $ExpectType 1
    last(mixedList) // $ExpectType string | number
    last(mixedListConst) // $ExpectType "bar"
  })
})

---------------

identical

It returns true if its arguments a and b are identical.

Otherwise, it returns false.

Try this R.identical example in Rambda REPL

---------------

identity

identity<T>(input: T): T

It just passes back the supplied input argument.

Try this R.identity example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
identity<T>(input: T): T;
R.identity source
export function identity(x){
  return x
}
Tests
import { identity } from './identity.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(identity(7)).toBe(7)
  expect(identity(true)).toBeTrue()
  expect(identity({ a : 1 })).toEqual({ a : 1 })
})
TypeScript test
import {identity} from 'rambda'

describe('R.identity', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = identity(4)
    result // $ExpectType 4
  })
})

---------------

ifElse

ifElse<T, TFiltered extends T, TOnTrueResult, TOnFalseResult>(
  pred: (a: T) => a is TFiltered,
  onTrue: (a: TFiltered) => TOnTrueResult,
  onFalse: (a: Exclude<T, TFiltered>) => TOnFalseResult,
): (a: T) => TOnTrueResult | TOnFalseResult

It expects condition, onTrue and onFalse functions as inputs and it returns a new function with example name of fn.

When fn`` is called with inputargument, it will return eitheronTrue(input)oronFalse(input)depending oncondition(input)` evaluation.

Try this R.ifElse example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
ifElse<T, TFiltered extends T, TOnTrueResult, TOnFalseResult>(
  pred: (a: T) => a is TFiltered,
  onTrue: (a: TFiltered) => TOnTrueResult,
  onFalse: (a: Exclude<T, TFiltered>) => TOnFalseResult,
): (a: T) => TOnTrueResult | TOnFalseResult;
ifElse<TArgs extends any[], TOnTrueResult, TOnFalseResult>(fn: (...args: TArgs) => boolean, onTrue: (...args: TArgs) => TOnTrueResult, onFalse: (...args: TArgs) => TOnFalseResult): (...args: TArgs) => TOnTrueResult | TOnFalseResult;
R.ifElse source
import { curry } from './curry.js'

function ifElseFn(
  condition, onTrue, onFalse
){
  return (...input) => {
    const conditionResult =
      typeof condition === 'boolean' ? condition : condition(...input)

    if (conditionResult === true){
      return onTrue(...input)
    }

    return onFalse(...input)
  }
}

export const ifElse = curry(ifElseFn)
Tests
import { always } from './always.js'
import { has } from './has.js'
import { identity } from './identity.js'
import { ifElse } from './ifElse.js'
import { prop } from './prop.js'

const condition = has('foo')
const v = function (a){
  return typeof a === 'number'
}
const t = function (a){
  return a + 1
}
const ifFn = x => prop('foo', x).length
const elseFn = () => false

test('happy', () => {
  const fn = ifElse(condition, ifFn)(elseFn)

  expect(fn({ foo : 'bar' })).toBe(3)
  expect(fn({ fo : 'bar' })).toBeFalse()
})

test('ramda spec', () => {
  const ifIsNumber = ifElse(v)
  expect(ifIsNumber(t, identity)(15)).toBe(16)
  expect(ifIsNumber(t, identity)('hello')).toBe('hello')
})

test('pass all arguments', () => {
  const identity = function (a){
    return a
  }
  const v = function (){
    return true
  }
  const onTrue = function (a, b){
    expect(a).toBe(123)
    expect(b).toBe('abc')
  }
  ifElse(
    v, onTrue, identity
  )(123, 'abc')
})

test('accept constant as condition', () => {
  const fn = ifElse(true)(always(true))(always(false))

  expect(fn()).toBeTrue()
})

test('accept constant as condition - case 2', () => {
  const fn = ifElse(
    false, always(true), always(false)
  )

  expect(fn()).toBeFalse()
})

test('curry 1', () => {
  const fn = ifElse(condition, ifFn)(elseFn)

  expect(fn({ foo : 'bar' })).toBe(3)
  expect(fn({ fo : 'bar' })).toBeFalse()
})

test('curry 2', () => {
  const fn = ifElse(condition)(ifFn)(elseFn)

  expect(fn({ foo : 'bar' })).toBe(3)
  expect(fn({ fo : 'bar' })).toBeFalse()
})

test('simple arity of 1', () => {
  const condition = x => x > 5
  const onTrue = x => x + 1
  const onFalse = x => x + 10
  const result = ifElse(
    condition, onTrue, onFalse
  )(1)
  expect(result).toBe(11)
})

test('simple arity of 2', () => {
  const condition = (x, y) => x + y > 5
  const onTrue = (x, y) => x + y + 1
  const onFalse = (x, y) => x + y + 10
  const result = ifElse(
    condition, onTrue, onFalse
  )(1, 10)
  expect(result).toBe(12)
})
TypeScript test
import {ifElse} from 'rambda'

describe('R.ifElse', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const condition = (x: number) => x > 5
    const onTrue = (x: number) => `foo${x}`
    const onFalse = (x: number) => `bar${x}`
    const fn = ifElse(condition, onTrue, onFalse)
    fn // $ExpectType (x: number) => string
    const result = fn(3)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('arity of 2', () => {
    const condition = (x: number, y: string) => x + y.length > 5
    const onTrue = (x: number, y: string) => `foo${x}-${y}`
    const onFalse = (x: number, y: string) => `bar${x}-${y}`
    const fn = ifElse(condition, onTrue, onFalse)
    fn // $ExpectType (x: number, y: string) => string
    const result = fn(3, 'hello')
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  test('DefinitelyTyped#59291', () => {
    const getLengthIfStringElseDouble = ifElse(
      (a: string | number): a is string => true,
      a => a.length,
      a => a * 2
    )

    getLengthIfStringElseDouble('foo') // $ExpectType number
    getLengthIfStringElseDouble(3) // $ExpectType number
    const result = ifElse(
      (a: {
        foo?: string,
        bar: number | string,
      }): a is {foo: string, bar: string} => true,
      (a): [string, string] => [a.foo, a.bar],
      (a): [string | undefined, string | number] => [a.foo, a.bar]
    )
    result // $ExpectType (a: { foo?: string | undefined; bar: string | number; }) => [string, string] | [string | undefined, string | number]
  })
})

---------------

inc

It increments a number.

Try this R.inc example in Rambda REPL

---------------

includes

includes<T extends string>(valueToFind: T, input: string): boolean

If input is string, then this method work as native String.includes.

If input is array, then R.equals is used to define if valueToFind belongs to the list.

Try this R.includes example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
includes<T extends string>(valueToFind: T, input: string): boolean;
includes<T extends string>(valueToFind: T): (input: string) => boolean;
includes<T>(valueToFind: T, input: T[]): boolean;
includes<T>(valueToFind: T): (input: T[]) => boolean;
R.includes source
import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'
import { _indexOf } from './equals.js'

export function includes(valueToFind, iterable){
  if (arguments.length === 1)
    return _iterable => includes(valueToFind, _iterable)
  if (typeof iterable === 'string'){
    return iterable.includes(valueToFind)
  }
  if (!iterable){
    throw new TypeError(`Cannot read property \'indexOf\' of ${ iterable }`)
  }
  if (!isArray(iterable)) return false

  return _indexOf(valueToFind, iterable) > -1
}
Tests
import { includes as includesRamda } from 'ramda'

import { includes } from './includes.js'

test('with string as iterable', () => {
  const str = 'foo bar'

  expect(includes('bar')(str)).toBeTrue()
  expect(includesRamda('bar')(str)).toBeTrue()
  expect(includes('never', str)).toBeFalse()
  expect(includesRamda('never', str)).toBeFalse()
})

test('with array as iterable', () => {
  const arr = [ 1, 2, 3 ]

  expect(includes(2)(arr)).toBeTrue()
  expect(includesRamda(2)(arr)).toBeTrue()

  expect(includes(4, arr)).toBeFalse()
  expect(includesRamda(4, arr)).toBeFalse()
})

test('with list of objects as iterable', () => {
  const arr = [ { a : 1 }, { b : 2 }, { c : 3 } ]

  expect(includes({ c : 3 }, arr)).toBeTrue()
  expect(includesRamda({ c : 3 }, arr)).toBeTrue()
})

test('with NaN', () => {
  const result = includes(NaN, [ NaN ])
  const ramdaResult = includesRamda(NaN, [ NaN ])
  expect(result).toBeTrue()
  expect(ramdaResult).toBeTrue()
})

test('with wrong input that does not throw', () => {
  const result = includes(1, /foo/g)
  const ramdaResult = includesRamda(1, /foo/g)
  expect(result).toBeFalse()
  expect(ramdaResult).toBeFalse()
})

test('throws on wrong input - match ramda behaviour', () => {
  expect(() => includes(2, null)).toThrowWithMessage(TypeError,
    'Cannot read property \'indexOf\' of null')
  expect(() => includesRamda(2, null)).toThrowWithMessage(TypeError,
    'Cannot read properties of null (reading \'indexOf\')')
  expect(() => includes(2, undefined)).toThrowWithMessage(TypeError,
    'Cannot read property \'indexOf\' of undefined')
  expect(() => includesRamda(2, undefined)).toThrowWithMessage(TypeError,
    'Cannot read properties of undefined (reading \'indexOf\')')
})
TypeScript test
import {includes} from 'rambda'

const list = [{a: {b: '1'}}, {a: {c: '2'}}, {a: {b: '3'}}]

describe('R.includes', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = includes({a: {b: '1'}}, list)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
    const result2 = includes('oo', ['f', 'oo'])
    result2 // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('with string', () => {
    const str = 'foo' as 'foo' | 'bar'
    const result = includes('oo', str)
    const curriedResult = includes('oo')(str)

    result // $ExpectType boolean
    curriedResult // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

indexBy

It generates object with properties provided by condition and values provided by list array.

If condition is a function, then all list members are passed through it.

If condition is a string, then all list members are passed through R.path(condition).

Try this R.indexBy example in Rambda REPL

---------------

indexOf

It returns the index of the first element of list equals to valueToFind.

If there is no such element, it returns -1.

Try this R.indexOf example in Rambda REPL

---------------

init

init<T extends unknown[]>(input: T): T extends readonly [...infer U, any] ? U : [...T]

It returns all but the last element of list or string input.

Try this R.init example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
init<T extends unknown[]>(input: T): T extends readonly [...infer U, any] ? U : [...T];
init(input: string): string;
R.init source
import baseSlice from './_internals/baseSlice.js'

export function init(listOrString){
  if (typeof listOrString === 'string') return listOrString.slice(0, -1)

  return listOrString.length ?
    baseSlice(
      listOrString, 0, -1
    ) :
    []
}
Tests
import { init } from './init.js'

test('with array', () => {
  expect(init([ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 2 ])
  expect(init([ 1, 2 ])).toEqual([ 1 ])
  expect(init([ 1 ])).toEqual([])
  expect(init([])).toEqual([])
  expect(init([])).toEqual([])
  expect(init([ 1 ])).toEqual([])
})

test('with string', () => {
  expect(init('foo')).toBe('fo')
  expect(init('f')).toBe('')
  expect(init('')).toBe('')
})
TypeScript test
import {init} from 'rambda'

describe('R.init', () => {
  it('with string', () => {
    const result = init('foo')

    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('with list - one type', () => {
    const result = init([1, 2, 3])

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('with list - mixed types', () => {
    const result = init([1, 2, 3, 'foo', 'bar'])

    result // $ExpectType (string | number)[]
  })
})

---------------

innerJoin

It returns a new list by applying a predicate function to all elements of list1 and list2 and keeping only these elements where predicate returns true.

Try this R.innerJoin example in Rambda REPL

---------------

insert

Try this R.insert example in Rambda REPL

---------------

insertAll

Try this R.insertAll example in Rambda REPL

---------------

intersection

It loops through listA and listB and returns the intersection of the two according to R.equals.

Try this R.intersection example in Rambda REPL

---------------

intersperse

It adds a separator between members of list.

Try this R.intersperse example in Rambda REPL

---------------

is

It returns true if x is instance of targetPrototype.

Try this R.is example in Rambda REPL

---------------

isEmpty

isEmpty<T>(x: T): boolean

It returns true if x is empty.

Try this R.isEmpty example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
isEmpty<T>(x: T): boolean;
R.isEmpty source
import { type } from './type.js'

export function isEmpty(input){
  const inputType = type(input)
  if ([ 'Undefined', 'NaN', 'Number', 'Null' ].includes(inputType))
    return false
  if (!input) return true

  if (type(input.isEmpty) === 'Function') {
	return input.isEmpty();
  } else if (input.isEmpty) {
	return !!input.isEmpty;
  }

  if (inputType === 'Object'){
    return Object.keys(input).length === 0
  }

  if (inputType === 'Array'){
    return input.length === 0
  }

  return false
}
Tests
import { isEmpty } from './isEmpty.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(isEmpty(undefined)).toBeFalse()
  expect(isEmpty('')).toBeTrue()
  expect(isEmpty(null)).toBeFalse()
  expect(isEmpty(' ')).toBeFalse()
  expect(isEmpty(new RegExp(''))).toBeFalse()
  expect(isEmpty([])).toBeTrue()
  expect(isEmpty([ [] ])).toBeFalse()
  expect(isEmpty({})).toBeTrue()
  expect(isEmpty({ x : 0 })).toBeFalse()
  expect(isEmpty(0)).toBeFalse()
  expect(isEmpty(NaN)).toBeFalse()
  expect(isEmpty([ '' ])).toBeFalse()
  expect(isEmpty({ isEmpty: false})).toBeFalse()
  expect(isEmpty({ isEmpty: () => false})).toBeFalse()
  expect(isEmpty({ isEmpty: true})).toBeTrue()
  expect(isEmpty({ isEmpty: () => true})).toBeTrue()
})
TypeScript test
import {isEmpty} from 'rambda'

describe('R.isEmpty', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = isEmpty('foo')
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

isNil

isNil(x: any): x is null | undefined

It returns true if x is either null or undefined.

Try this R.isNil example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
isNil(x: any): x is null | undefined;
R.isNil source
export function isNil(x){
  return x === undefined || x === null
}
Tests
import { isNil } from './isNil.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(isNil(null)).toBeTrue()

  expect(isNil(undefined)).toBeTrue()

  expect(isNil([])).toBeFalse()
})

---------------

isNotNil

Try this R.isNotNil example in Rambda REPL

---------------

join

join<T>(glue: string, list: T[]): string

It returns a string of all list instances joined with a glue.

Try this R.join example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
join<T>(glue: string, list: T[]): string;
join<T>(glue: string): (list: T[]) => string;
R.join source
export function join(glue, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => join(glue, _list)

  return list.join(glue)
}
Tests
import { join } from './join.js'

test('curry', () => {
  expect(join('|')([ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toBe('foo|bar|baz')

  expect(join('|', [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toBe('1|2|3')

  const spacer = join(' ')

  expect(spacer([ 'a', 2, 3.4 ])).toBe('a 2 3.4')
})
TypeScript test
import {join} from 'rambda'

describe('R.join', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = join('|', [1, 2, 3])
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

juxt

juxt<A extends any[], R1>(fns: [(...a: A) => R1]): (...a: A) => [R1]

It applies list of function to a list of inputs.

Try this R.juxt example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
juxt<A extends any[], R1>(fns: [(...a: A) => R1]): (...a: A) => [R1];
juxt<A extends any[], R1, R2>(fns: [(...a: A) => R1, (...a: A) => R2]): (...a: A) => [R1, R2];
juxt<A extends any[], R1, R2, R3>(fns: [(...a: A) => R1, (...a: A) => R2, (...a: A) => R3]): (...a: A) => [R1, R2, R3];
juxt<A extends any[], R1, R2, R3, R4>(fns: [(...a: A) => R1, (...a: A) => R2, (...a: A) => R3, (...a: A) => R4]): (...a: A) => [R1, R2, R3, R4];
juxt<A extends any[], R1, R2, R3, R4, R5>(fns: [(...a: A) => R1, (...a: A) => R2, (...a: A) => R3, (...a: A) => R4, (...a: A) => R5]): (...a: A) => [R1, R2, R3, R4, R5];
juxt<A extends any[], U>(fns: Array<(...args: A) => U>): (...args: A) => U[];
R.juxt source
export function juxt(listOfFunctions){
  return (...args) => listOfFunctions.map(fn => fn(...args))
}
Tests
import { juxt } from './juxt.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const fn = juxt([ Math.min, Math.max, Math.min ])
  const result = fn(
    3, 4, 9, -3
  )
  expect(result).toEqual([ -3, 9, -3 ])
})
TypeScript test
import {juxt} from 'rambda'

describe('R.juxt', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const fn = juxt([Math.min, Math.max])
    const result = fn(3, 4, 9, -3)
    result // $ExpectType [number, number]
  })
})

---------------

keys

keys<T extends object>(x: T): (keyof T & string)[]

It applies Object.keys over x and returns its keys.

Try this R.keys example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
keys<T extends object>(x: T): (keyof T & string)[];
keys<T>(x: T): string[];
R.keys source
export function keys(x){
  return Object.keys(x)
}
Tests
import { keys } from './keys.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(keys({ a : 1 })).toEqual([ 'a' ])
})

---------------

last

last(str: ''): undefined

It returns the last element of input, as the input can be either a string or an array.

Try this R.last example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
last(str: ''): undefined;
last(str: string): string;
last(list: never[]): undefined;
last<T extends unknown[]>(array: T): LastArrayElement<T>
last<T extends readonly unknown[]>(array: T): LastArrayElement<T>
R.last source
export function last(listOrString){
  if (typeof listOrString === 'string'){
    return listOrString[ listOrString.length - 1 ] || ''
  }

  return listOrString[ listOrString.length - 1 ]
}
Tests
import { last } from './last.js'

test('with list', () => {
  expect(last([ 1, 2, 3 ])).toBe(3)
  expect(last([])).toBeUndefined()
})

test('with string', () => {
  expect(last('abc')).toBe('c')
  expect(last('')).toBe('')
})

---------------

lastIndexOf

lastIndexOf<T>(target: T, list: T[]): number

It returns the last index of target in list array.

R.equals is used to determine equality between target and members of list.

If there is no such index, then -1 is returned.

Try this R.lastIndexOf example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
lastIndexOf<T>(target: T, list: T[]): number;
lastIndexOf<T>(target: T): (list: T[]) => number;
R.lastIndexOf source
import { _lastIndexOf } from './equals.js'

export function lastIndexOf(valueToFind, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _list => _lastIndexOf(valueToFind, _list)
  }

  return _lastIndexOf(valueToFind, list)
}
Tests
import { lastIndexOf as lastIndexOfRamda } from 'ramda'

import { compareCombinations } from './_internals/testUtils.js'
import { possibleIterables, possibleTargets } from './indexOf.spec.js'
import { lastIndexOf } from './lastIndexOf.js'

test('with NaN', () => {
  expect(lastIndexOf(NaN, [ NaN ])).toBe(0)
})

test('will throw with bad input', () => {
  expect(lastIndexOfRamda([], true)).toBe(-1)
  expect(() => indexOf([], true)).toThrowErrorMatchingInlineSnapshot('"indexOf is not defined"')
})

test('without list of objects - no R.equals', () => {
  expect(lastIndexOf(3, [ 1, 2, 3, 4 ])).toBe(2)
  expect(lastIndexOf(10)([ 1, 2, 3, 4 ])).toBe(-1)
})

test('list of objects uses R.equals', () => {
  const listOfObjects = [ { a : 1 }, { b : 2 }, { c : 3 } ]
  expect(lastIndexOf({ c : 4 }, listOfObjects)).toBe(-1)
  expect(lastIndexOf({ c : 3 }, listOfObjects)).toBe(2)
})

test('list of arrays uses R.equals', () => {
  const listOfLists = [ [ 1 ], [ 2, 3 ], [ 2, 3, 4 ], [ 2, 3 ], [ 1 ], [] ]
  expect(lastIndexOf([], listOfLists)).toBe(5)
  expect(lastIndexOf([ 1 ], listOfLists)).toBe(4)
  expect(lastIndexOf([ 2, 3, 4 ], listOfLists)).toBe(2)
  expect(lastIndexOf([ 2, 3, 5 ], listOfLists)).toBe(-1)
})

test('with string as iterable', () => {
  expect(() => lastIndexOf('a', 'abc')).toThrowErrorMatchingInlineSnapshot('"Cannot read property \'indexOf\' of abc"')
  expect(lastIndexOfRamda('a', 'abc')).toBe(0)
})

describe('brute force', () => {
  compareCombinations({
    fn          : lastIndexOf,
    fnRamda     : lastIndexOfRamda,
    firstInput  : possibleTargets,
    secondInput : possibleIterables,
    callback    : errorsCounters => {
      expect(errorsCounters).toMatchInlineSnapshot(`
        {
          "ERRORS_MESSAGE_MISMATCH": 0,
          "ERRORS_TYPE_MISMATCH": 34,
          "RESULTS_MISMATCH": 0,
          "SHOULD_NOT_THROW": 51,
          "SHOULD_THROW": 0,
          "TOTAL_TESTS": 170,
        }
      `)
    },
  })
})
TypeScript test
import {lastIndexOf} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]

describe('R.lastIndexOf', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = lastIndexOf(2, list)
    result // $ExpectType number
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = lastIndexOf(2)(list)
    result // $ExpectType number
  })
})

---------------

length

length<T>(input: T[]): number

It returns the length property of list or string input.

Try this R.length example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
length<T>(input: T[]): number;
R.length source
import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'

export function length(x){
  if (isArray(x)) return x.length
  if (typeof x === 'string') return x.length

  return NaN
}
Tests
import { length as lengthRamda } from 'ramda'

import { length } from './length.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(length('foo')).toBe(3)
  expect(length([ 1, 2, 3 ])).toBe(3)
  expect(length([])).toBe(0)
})

test('with empty string', () => {
  expect(length('')).toBe(0)
})

test('with bad input returns NaN', () => {
  expect(length(0)).toBeNaN()
  expect(length({})).toBeNaN()
  expect(length(null)).toBeNaN()
  expect(length(undefined)).toBeNaN()
})

test('with length as property', () => {
  const input1 = { length : '123' }
  const input2 = { length : null }
  const input3 = { length : '' }

  expect(length(input1)).toBeNaN()
  expect(lengthRamda(input1)).toBeNaN()
  expect(length(input2)).toBeNaN()
  expect(lengthRamda(input2)).toBeNaN()
  expect(length(input3)).toBeNaN()
  expect(lengthRamda(input3)).toBeNaN()
})

---------------

lens

lens<S, A>(getter: (s: S) => A, setter: (a: A, s: S) => S): Lens<S, A>

It returns a lens for the given getter and setter functions.

The getter gets the value of the focus; the setter sets the value of the focus.

The setter should not mutate the data structure.

Try this R.lens example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
lens<S, A>(getter: (s: S) => A, setter: (a: A, s: S) => S): Lens<S, A>;
R.lens source
export function lens(getter, setter){
  return function (functor){
    return function (target){
      return functor(getter(target)).map(focus => setter(focus, target))
    }
  }
}
TypeScript test
import {lens, assoc, lensProp, view, lensIndex, lensPath} from 'rambda'

interface Input {
  foo: string,
}
const testObject: Input = {
  foo: 'Jazz',
}

describe('R.lens', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const fn = lens<Input, string>((x: Input) => {
      x.foo // $ExpectType string
      return x.foo
    }, assoc('name'))
    fn // $ExpectType Lens<Input, string>
  })
})

describe('R.lensProp', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = view<Input, string>(lensProp('foo'), testObject)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

describe('R.lensIndex', () => {
  const testList: Input[] = [{foo: 'bar'}, {foo: 'baz'}]
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = view<Input[], Input>(lensIndex(0), testList)
    result // $ExpectType Input
    result.foo // $ExpectType string
  })
})

describe('R.lensPath', () => {
  const path = lensPath(['bar', 'a'])
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = view<Input, string>(path, testObject)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

describe('R.view', () => {
  const fooLens = lens<Input, string>((x: Input) => {
    return x.foo
  }, assoc('foo'))
  it('happt', () => {
    const result = view<Input, string>(fooLens, testObject)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

lensIndex

lensIndex<A>(n: number): Lens<A[], A>

It returns a lens that focuses on specified index.

Try this R.lensIndex example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
lensIndex<A>(n: number): Lens<A[], A>;
lensIndex<A extends any[], N extends number>(n: N): Lens<A, A[N]>;
R.lensIndex source
import { lens } from './lens.js'
import { nth } from './nth.js'
import { update } from './update.js'

export function lensIndex(index){
  return lens(nth(index), update(index))
}
Tests
import { compose } from './compose.js'
import { keys } from './keys.js'
import { lensIndex } from './lensIndex.js'
import { over } from './over.js'
import { set } from './set.js'
import { view } from './view.js'

const testList = [ { a : 1 }, { b : 2 }, { c : 3 } ]

test('focuses list element at the specified index', () => {
  expect(view(lensIndex(0), testList)).toEqual({ a : 1 })
})

test('returns undefined if the specified index does not exist', () => {
  expect(view(lensIndex(10), testList)).toBeUndefined()
})

test('sets the list value at the specified index', () => {
  expect(set(
    lensIndex(0), 0, testList
  )).toEqual([ 0, { b : 2 }, { c : 3 } ])
})

test('applies function to the value at the specified list index', () => {
  expect(over(
    lensIndex(2), keys, testList
  )).toEqual([ { a : 1 }, { b : 2 }, [ 'c' ] ])
})

test('can be composed', () => {
  const nestedList = [ 0, [ 10, 11, 12 ], 1, 2 ]
  const composedLens = compose(lensIndex(1), lensIndex(0))

  expect(view(composedLens, nestedList)).toBe(10)
})

test('set s (get s) === s', () => {
  expect(set(
    lensIndex(0), view(lensIndex(0), testList), testList
  )).toEqual(testList)
})

test('get (set s v) === v', () => {
  expect(view(lensIndex(0), set(
    lensIndex(0), 0, testList
  ))).toBe(0)
})

test('get (set(set s v1) v2) === v2', () => {
  expect(view(lensIndex(0),
    set(
      lensIndex(0), 11, set(
        lensIndex(0), 10, testList
      )
    ))).toBe(11)
})

---------------

lensPath

It returns a lens that focuses on specified path.

Try this R.lensPath example in Rambda REPL

---------------

lensProp

lensProp<S, K extends keyof S = keyof S>(prop: K): Lens<S, S[K]>

It returns a lens that focuses on specified property prop.

Try this R.lensProp example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
lensProp<S, K extends keyof S = keyof S>(prop: K): Lens<S, S[K]>;
R.lensProp source
import { assoc } from './assoc.js'
import { lens } from './lens.js'
import { prop } from './prop.js'

export function lensProp(key){
  return lens(prop(key), assoc(key))
}
Tests
import { compose } from './compose.js'
import { identity } from './identity.js'
import { inc } from './inc.js'
import { lensProp } from './lensProp.js'
import { over } from './over.js'
import { set } from './set.js'
import { view } from './view.js'

const testObj = {
  a : 1,
  b : 2,
  c : 3,
}

test('focuses object the specified object property', () => {
  expect(view(lensProp('a'), testObj)).toBe(1)
})

test('returns undefined if the specified property does not exist', () => {
  expect(view(lensProp('X'), testObj)).toBeUndefined()
})

test('sets the value of the object property specified', () => {
  expect(set(
    lensProp('a'), 0, testObj
  )).toEqual({
    a : 0,
    b : 2,
    c : 3,
  })
})

test('adds the property to the object if it doesn\'t exist', () => {
  expect(set(
    lensProp('d'), 4, testObj
  )).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
    c : 3,
    d : 4,
  })
})

test('applies function to the value of the specified object property', () => {
  expect(over(
    lensProp('a'), inc, testObj
  )).toEqual({
    a : 2,
    b : 2,
    c : 3,
  })
})

test('applies function to undefined and adds the property if it doesn\'t exist', () => {
  expect(over(
    lensProp('X'), identity, testObj
  )).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
    c : 3,
    X : undefined,
  })
})

test('can be composed', () => {
  const nestedObj = {
    a : { b : 1 },
    c : 2,
  }
  const composedLens = compose(lensProp('a'), lensProp('b'))

  expect(view(composedLens, nestedObj)).toBe(1)
})

test('set s (get s) === s', () => {
  expect(set(
    lensProp('a'), view(lensProp('a'), testObj), testObj
  )).toEqual(testObj)
})

test('get (set s v) === v', () => {
  expect(view(lensProp('a'), set(
    lensProp('a'), 0, testObj
  ))).toBe(0)
})

test('get (set(set s v1) v2) === v2', () => {
  expect(view(lensProp('a'),
    set(
      lensProp('a'), 11, set(
        lensProp('a'), 10, testObj
      )
    ))).toBe(11)
})

---------------

lt

Try this R.lt example in Rambda REPL

---------------

lte

Try this R.lte example in Rambda REPL

---------------

map

map<T, U>(fn: ObjectIterator<T, U>, iterable: Dictionary<T>): Dictionary<U>

It returns the result of looping through iterable with fn.

It works with both array and object.

Try this R.map example in Rambda REPL

All TypeScript definitions
map<T, U>(fn: ObjectIterator<T, U>, iterable: Dictionary<T>): Dictionary<U>;
map<T, U>(fn: Iterator<T, U>, iterable: T[]): U