Numerous Problems Multiplied

    parse-stream

    2.0.0 • Public • Published

    parse-stream

    Parse streams of binary data of arbitrary lengths, handling broken/incomplete chunks.

    This is useful when procesisng binary data that can be chunked in any way. For example, imagine we're handling some arbitrary IPC format we'll call "jsonIPC" through a net.Socket.

    "jsonIPC" is a fake, simple data format that encodes the length of the JSON string as a 32-bit little-endian uint before the JSON string. By default, net.Socket may emit 8192 byte chunks. These chunks may contain multiple messages, may be smaller than 8192 bytes, or contain part of a larger message. To illustrate, they may look like this, with | indicating a break in chunks:

    [len32, ...message], [len32, ...message], [len32, ...mes | sage], [len32, ...message]
    

    By defining how to get the length of each message from a stream of binary data, ParseStream takes care of splitting chunks properly, dealing with:

    • Chunks that contain multiple messages
    • Chunks that contain partial messages (e.g. 8192 byte chunks, 1MB message)
    • Chunks that don't contain enough data to even parse the length
      • Return Infinity from getDataGramLength() and a larger chunk will be passed back on the next invocation.

    Usage

    Notice! Version 2.0 no longer has the parseDataGram function, and does not emit 'chunkLen' anymore. Simply pipe your ParseStream into another transform stream to replicate the old behavior.

    const ParseStream = require('../dist/index.js');
    const {Transform} = require('stream');
     
    // Get a socket from somewhere
    const sock = new require('stream').PassThrough();
     
    // Pipe through a ParseStream.
    sock.pipe(
      new ParseStream({
        // This is used to slice up buffers. Knowing your data format, return the
        // length of the message you expect to parse.
        // IMPORTANT: You may get a buffer of *any length*! Use Infinity as a
        // sentinel value to tell ParseStream to get another chunk.
        getDataGramLength(buf) {
          if (buf.length < 4) return Infinity;
          return 4 + buf.readUInt32LE(0);
        },
      })
    ).pipe(
      new Transform({
        // Once you have the full datagram, you might want to parse it.
        //
        // This defines the transformation from raw buffer data to any type.
        // The length of the buffer you are passed is defined by getDataGramLength().
        transform(chunk, encoding, callback) {
          // Slice off first 4 which is length
          callback(null, JSON.parse(chunk.slice(4).toString('utf8')));
        },
        readableObjectMode: true,
      })
    ).on('data', function(result/*: Object */) {
      console.log(result, typeof result);
    });
     
    const testData = JSON.stringify({foo: 'bar', biff: [1,2,3]});
    const testBuf = Buffer.alloc(4 + testData.length);
    testBuf.writeUInt32LE(Buffer.byteLength(testData), 0);
    testBuf.write(testData, 4);
     
    sock.write(testBuf);
    // Logs: "{foo: 'bar', biff: [1,2,3]}, 'object'"
     

    Install

    npm i parse-stream

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    3

    Version

    2.0.0

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    13.5 kB

    Total Files

    7

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • strml