Naan and Paneer Makhani

    TypeScript icon, indicating that this package has built-in type declarations

    16.5.5 • Public • Published


    npm version Build Status Coverage Status

    npm-check-updates upgrades your package.json dependencies to the latest versions, ignoring specified versions.

    • maintains existing semantic versioning policies, i.e. "react": "^16.0.4" to "react": "^18.2.0".
    • only modifies package.json file. Run npm install to update your installed packages and package-lock.json.
    • clean output
    • sensible defaults
    • lots of options for custom behavior
    • CLI and module usage
    • compatible with npm, yarn, and pnpm


    • Red = major upgrade (and all major version zero)
    • Cyan = minor upgrade
    • Green = patch upgrade


    Install globally:

    npm install -g npm-check-updates

    Or run with npx:

    npx npm-check-updates


    Show all new dependencies (excluding peerDependencies) for the project in the current directory:

    $ ncu
    Checking package.json
    [====================] 5/5 100%
     eslint             7.32.0  →    8.0.0
     prettier           ^2.7.1  →   ^3.0.0
     svelte            ^3.48.0  →  ^3.51.0
     typescript         >3.0.0  →   >4.0.0
     untildify          <4.0.0  →   ^4.0.0
     webpack               4.x  →      5.x
    Run ncu -u to upgrade package.json

    Upgrade a project's package file:

    Make sure your package file is in version control and all changes have been committed. This will overwrite your package file.

    $ ncu -u
    Upgrading package.json
    [====================] 1/1 100%
     express           4.12.x  →   4.13.x
    Run npm install to install new versions.
    $ npm install      # update installed packages and package-lock.json

    Check global packages:

    ncu -g

    Filter packages using the --filter option or adding additional cli arguments. You can exclude specific packages with the --reject option or prefixing a filter with !. Supports strings, wildcards, globs, comma-or-space-delimited lists, and regular expressions:

    # upgrade only mocha
    ncu mocha
    ncu -f mocha
    ncu --filter mocha
    # upgrade packages that start with "react-"
    ncu react-*
    ncu "/^react-.*$/"
    # upgrade everything except nodemon
    ncu \!nodemon
    ncu -x nodemon
    ncu --reject nodemon
    # upgrade only chalk, mocha, and react
    ncu chalk mocha react
    ncu chalk, mocha, react
    ncu -f "chalk mocha react"
    # upgrade packages that do not start with "react-".
    ncu \!react-*
    ncu '/^(?!react-).*$/' # mac/linux
    ncu "/^(?!react-).*$/" # windows

    How dependency updates are determined

    • Direct dependencies are updated to the latest stable version:
      • 1.21.3
    • Range operators are preserved and the version is updated:
      • ^1.2.0^2.0.0
      • 1.x2.x
      • >0.2.0>0.3.0
    • "Less than" is replaced with a wildcard:
      • <2.0.0^3.0.0
      • 1.0.0 < 2.0.0^3.0.0
    • "Any version" is preserved:
      • **
    • Prerelease and deprecated versions are ignored by default.
      • Use --pre to include prerelease versions (e.g. alpha, beta, build1235)
      • Use --deprecated to include deprecated versions
    • With --target minor, only update patch and minor:
    • With --target patch, only update patch:
    • With --target @next, update to the version published on the next tag:
      • 0.1.0 -> 0.1.1-next.1


    --cache                    Cache versions to the cache file
    --cacheClear               Clear the default cache, or the cache file
                               specified by --cacheFile
    --cacheExpiration <min>    Cache expiration in minutes (default: 10)
    --cacheFile <path>         Filepath for the cache file (default:
    --color                    Force color in terminal
    --concurrency <n>          Max number of concurrent HTTP requests to
                               registry. (default: 8)
    --configFileName <s>       Config file name. (default: .ncurc.{json,yml,js})
    --configFilePath <path>    Directory of .ncurc config file. (default:
                               directory of `packageFile`)
    --cwd <path>               Working directory in which npm will be executed.
    --deep                     Run recursively in current working directory.
                               Alias of (--packageFile '**/package.json').
    --dep <value>              Check one or more sections of dependencies only:
                               dev, optional, peer, prod, bundle
                               (comma-delimited). (default:
    --deprecated               Include deprecated packages.
    -d, --doctor               Iteratively installs upgrades and runs tests to
                               identify breaking upgrades. Requires "-u" to
                               execute. Run "ncu --help --doctor" for details.
    --doctorInstall <command>  Specifies the install script to use in doctor
                               mode. (default: npm install/yarn)
    --doctorTest <command>     Specifies the test script to use in doctor mode.
                               (default: npm test)
    --enginesNode              Include only packages that satisfy engines.node as
                               specified in the package file.
    -e, --errorLevel <n>       Set the error level. 1: exits with error code 0 if
                               no errors occur. 2: exits with error code 0 if no
                               packages need updating (useful for continuous
                               integration). (default: 1)
    -f, --filter <p>           Include only package names matching the given
                               string, wildcard, glob, comma-or-space-delimited
                               list, /regex/, or predicate function.
    --filterVersion <p>        Filter on package version using
                               comma-or-space-delimited list, /regex/, or
                               predicate function.
    --format <value>           Modify the output formatting or show additional
                               information. Specify one or more comma-delimited
                               values: group, ownerChanged, repo. Run "ncu --help
                               --format" for details. (default: [])
    -g, --global               Check global packages instead of in the current
    --groupFunction <fn>       Customize how packages are divided into groups
                               when using '--format group'. Run "ncu --help
                               --groupFunction" for details.
    -i, --interactive          Enable interactive prompts for each dependency;
                               implies -u unless one of the json options are set.
    -j, --jsonAll              Output new package file instead of human-readable
    --jsonDeps                 Like `jsonAll` but only lists `dependencies`,
                               `devDependencies`, `optionalDependencies`, etc of
                               the new package data.
    --jsonUpgraded             Output upgraded dependencies in json.
    -l, --loglevel <n>         Amount to log: silent, error, minimal, warn, info,
                               verbose, silly. (default: "warn")
    --mergeConfig              Merges nested configs with the root config file
                               for --deep or --packageFile options. (default:
    -m, --minimal              Do not upgrade newer versions that are already
                               satisfied by the version range according to
    --packageData <value>      Package file data (you can also use stdin).
    --packageFile <path|glob>  Package file(s) location. (default:
    -p, --packageManager <s>   npm, yarn, pnpm, staticRegistry (default: npm).
                               Run "ncu --help --packageManager" for details.
    --peer                     Check peer dependencies of installed packages and
                               filter updates to compatible versions. Run "ncu
                               --help --peer" for details.
    --pre <n>                  Include prerelease versions, e.g. -alpha.0,
                               -beta.5, -rc.2. Automatically set to 1 when
                               --target is newest or greatest, or when the
                               current version is a prerelease. (default: 0)
    --prefix <path>            Current working directory of npm.
    -r, --registry <uri>       Third-party npm registry. Run "ncu --help
                               --registry" for details.
    -x, --reject <p>           Exclude packages matching the given string,
                               wildcard, glob, comma-or-space-delimited list,
                               /regex/, or predicate function.
    --rejectVersion <p>        Exclude package.json versions using
                               comma-or-space-delimited list, /regex/, or
                               predicate function.
    --removeRange              Remove version ranges from the final package
    --retry <n>                Number of times to retry failed requests for
                               package info. (default: 3)
    --root                     Runs updates on the root project in addition to
                               specified workspaces. Only allowed with
                               --workspace or --workspaces. (default: false)
    -s, --silent               Don't output anything. Alias for --loglevel
    --stdin                    Read package.json from stdin.
    -t, --target <value>       Determines the version to upgrade to: latest,
                               newest, greatest, minor, patch, @[tag], or
                               [function]. (default: latest) Run "ncu --help
                               --target" for details.
    --timeout <ms>             Global timeout in milliseconds. (default: no
                               global timeout and 30 seconds per
    -u, --upgrade              Overwrite package file with upgraded versions
                               instead of just outputting to console.
    --verbose                  Log additional information for debugging. Alias
                               for --loglevel verbose.
    -w, --workspace <s>        Run on one or more specified workspaces. Add
                               --root to also upgrade the root project. (default:
    -ws, --workspaces          Run on all workspaces. Add --root to also upgrade
                               the root project.
    -V, --version              output the version number
    -h, --help                 display help for command

    Advanced Options

    Some options have advanced usage, or allow per-package values by specifying a function in your ncurc.js file.

    Run ncu --help [OPTION] to view advanced help for a specific option, or see below:



    ncu --doctor
    ncu -d

    Iteratively installs upgrades and runs tests to identify breaking upgrades. Reverts broken upgrades and updates package.json with working upgrades.

    Add "-u" to execute (modifies your package file, lock file, and node_modules)

    To be more precise:

    1. Runs "npm install" and "npm test" to ensure tests are currently passing.
    2. Runs "ncu -u" to optimistically upgrade all dependencies.
    3. If tests pass, hurray!
    4. If tests fail, restores package file and lock file.
    5. For each dependency, install upgrade and run tests.
    6. Prints broken upgrades with test error.
    7. Saves working upgrades to package.json.

    Additional options:

    --doctorInstall   specify a custom install script (default: "npm install" or "yarn")
    --doctorTest      specify a custom test script (default: "npm test")


    $ ncu --doctor -u
    Running tests before upgrading
    npm install
    npm run test
    Upgrading all dependencies and re-running tests
    ncu -u
    npm install
    npm run test
    Tests failed
    Identifying broken dependencies
    npm install
    npm install --no-save react@16.0.0
    npm run test
      ✓ react 15.0.0 → 16.0.0
    npm install --no-save react-redux@7.0.0
    npm run test
      ✗ react-redux 6.0.0 → 7.0.0
      throw new Error('Test failed!')
    npm install --no-save react-dnd@11.1.3
    npm run test
      ✓ react-dnd 10.0.0 → 11.1.3
    Saving partially upgraded package.json



    ncu --format [value]

    Modify the output formatting or show additional information. Specify one or more comma-delimited values.

    │        group │ Groups packages by major, minor, patch, and major version zero updates. │
    │ ownerChanged │ Shows if the package owner has changed.                                 │
    │         repo │ Infers and displays links to the package's source code repository.      │
    │         time │ Shows the publish time of each upgrade.                                 │



    ncu --groupFunction [fn]

    Customize how packages are divided into groups when using '--format group'. Only available in .ncurc.js or when importing npm-check-updates as a module:

      @param name             The name of the dependency.
      @param defaultGroup     The predefined group name which will be used by default.
      @param currentSpec      The current version range in your package.json.
      @param upgradedSpec     The upgraded version range that will be written to your package.json.
      @param upgradedVersion  The upgraded version number returned by the registry.
      @returns                A predefined group name ('major' | 'minor' | 'patch' | 'majorVersionZero' | 'none') or a custom string to create your own group.
    groupFunction: (name, defaultGroup, currentSpec, upgradedSpec, upgradedVersion} {
      if (name === 'typescript' && defaultGroup === 'minor') {
        return 'major'
      if (name.startsWith('@myorg/')) {
        return 'My Org'
      return defaultGroup



    ncu --packageManager [s]
    ncu -p [s]

    Specifies the package manager to use when looking up version numbers.

    │            npm │ System-installed npm. Default.                                                            │
    │           yarn │ System-installed yarn. Automatically used if yarn.lock is present.                        │
    │           pnpm │ System-installed pnpm. Automatically used if pnpm-lock.yaml is present.                   │
    │ staticRegistry │ Checks versions from a static file. Must include the --registry option with the path to a │
    │                │ JSON registry file.                                                                       │
    │                │                                                                                           │
    │                │ Example:                                                                                  │
    │                │                                                                                           │
    │                │     $ ncu --packageManager staticRegistry --registry ./my-registry.json                   │
    │                │                                                                                           │
    │                │ my-registry.json:                                                                         │
    │                │                                                                                           │
    │                │     {                                                                                     │
    │                │       "prettier": "2.7.1",                                                                │
    │                │       "typescript": "4.7.4"                                                               │
    │                │     }                                                                                     │



    ncu --peer

    Check peer dependencies of installed packages and filter updates to compatible versions.


    The following example demonstrates how --peer works, and how it uses peer dependencies from upgraded modules.

    The package ncu-test-peer-update has two versions published:

    • 1.0.0 has peer dependency "ncu-test-return-version": "1.0.x"
    • 1.1.0 has peer dependency "ncu-test-return-version": "1.1.x"

    Our test app has the following dependencies:

    "ncu-test-peer-update": "1.0.0",
    "ncu-test-return-version": "1.0.0"

    The latest versions of these packages are:

    "ncu-test-peer-update": "1.1.0",
    "ncu-test-return-version": "2.0.0"

    With --peer:

    ncu upgrades packages to the highest version that still adheres to the peer dependency constraints:

    ncu-test-peer-update     1.0.0  →  1.1.0
    ncu-test-return-version  1.0.0  →  1.1.0

    Without --peer:

    As a comparison: without using the --peer option, ncu will suggest the latest versions, ignoring peer dependencies:

    ncu-test-peer-update     1.0.0  →  1.1.0
    ncu-test-return-version  1.0.0  →  2.0.0



    ncu --registry [uri]
    ncu -r [uri]

    Specify the registry to use when looking up package version numbers.

    When --packageManager staticRegistry is set, --registry must specify a path to a JSON registry file.



    ncu --target [value]
    ncu -t [value]

    Determines the version to upgrade to. (default: "latest")

    │ greatest │ Upgrade to the highest version number published, regardless of release date or tag. Includes │
    │   latest │ Upgrade to whatever the package's "latest" git tag points to. Excludes pre is specified.     │
    │    minor │ Upgrade to the highest minor version without bumping the major version.                      │
    │   newest │ Upgrade to the version with the most recent publish date, even if there are other version    │
    │          │ numbers that are higher. Includes prereleases.                                               │
    │    patch │ Upgrade to the highest patch version without bumping the minor or major versions.            │
    │   @[tag] │ Upgrade to the version published to a specific tag, e.g. 'next' or 'beta'.                   │

    You can also specify a custom function in your .ncurc.js file, or when importing npm-check-updates as a module:

    /** Custom target.
      @param dependencyName The name of the dependency.
      @param parsedVersion A parsed Semver object from semver-utils.
      @returns One of the valid target values (specified in the table above).
    target: (dependencyName, [{ semver, version, operator, major, minor, patch, release, build }]) => {
      if (major === '0') return 'minor'
      return 'latest'

    Interactive Mode

    Choose which packages to update in interactive mode:

    ncu --interactive
    ncu -i

    ncu --interactive

    Combine with --format group for a truly luxe experience:

    ncu --interactive --format group

    Config File

    Use a .ncurc.{json,yml,js} file to specify configuration information. You can specify file name and path using --configFileName and --configFilePath command line options.

    For example, .ncurc.json:

      "upgrade": true,
      "filter": "svelte",
      "reject": ["@types/estree", "ts-node"]

    Module/Programmatic Usage

    npm-check-updates can be imported as a module:

    import ncu from 'npm-check-updates'
    const upgraded = await{
      // Pass any cli option
      packageFile: '../package.json',
      upgrade: true,
      // Defaults:
      // jsonUpgraded: true,
      // silent: true,
    console.log(upgraded) // { "mypackage": "^2.0.0", ... }


    Contributions are happily accepted. I respond to all PR's and can offer guidance on where to make changes. For contributing tips see

    Known Issues

    • If ncu prints output that does not seem related to this package, it may be conflicting with another executable such as ncu-weather-cli or Nvidia CUDA. Try using the long name instead: npm-check-updates.
    • Windows: If npm-check-updates hangs, try setting the package file explicitly: ncu --packageFile package.json. You can run ncu --loglevel verbose to confirm that it was incorrectly waiting for stdin. See #136.


    File an issue. Please search existing issues first.


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