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    3.0.5 • Public • Published

    Node Dependency Injection

    NDI Logo

    A special thanks to Symfony which was a great inspiration and example for this project.

    The Node Dependency Injection component allows you to standardize and centralize the way objects are constructed in your application.

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    npm install --save node-dependency-injection

    Usage: register and get services

    Imagine you have a Mailer class like this:

    // services/Mailer.js
    export default class Mailer {
       * @param {ExampleService} exampleService
      constructor(exampleService) {
        this._exampleService = exampleService;

    You can register this in the container as a service:

    import {ContainerBuilder} from 'node-dependency-injection'
    import Mailer from './services/Mailer'
    import ExampleService from './services/ExampleService'
    let container = new ContainerBuilder()
      .register('service.example', ExampleService)
      .register('service.mailer', Mailer)

    And get services from your container

    const mailer = container.get('service.mailer')

    Autowire for TypeScript

    import {ContainerBuilder, Autowire} from 'node-dependency-injection'
    const container = new ContainerBuilder(
    const autowire = new Autowire(container)
    await autowire.process()

    or from yaml-json-js configuration

    # /path/to/services.yml
        autowire: true
        rootDir:  "/path/to/src"

    You can also get a service from a class definition

    import SomeService from '@src/service/SomeService'

    If you are transpiling your Typescript may you need to dump the some kind of service configuration file.

    import {ContainerBuilder, Autowire, ServiceFile} from 'node-dependency-injection'
    const container = new ContainerBuilder(
    const autowire = new Autowire(container)
    autowire.serviceFile = new ServiceFile('/some/path/to/dist/services.yaml')
    await autowire.process()

    My proposal for load configuration file in a production environment with transpiling/babel compilation:

    if (process.env.NODE_ENV === 'dev') {
      this._container = new ContainerBuilder(false, '/src');
      this._autowire = new Autowire(this._container);
      this._autowire.serviceFile = new ServiceFile('/some/path/to/dist/services.yaml');
      await this._autowire.process();
    } else {
      this._container = new ContainerBuilder(false, '/dist');
      this._loader = new YamlFileLoader(this._container);
      await this._loader.load('/some/path/to/dist/services.yaml');
    await this._container.compile();

    Configuration files: how to load and use configuration files

    You can also use configuration files to improve your service configuration

    # /path/to/file.yml
        class: 'services/ExampleService'
        class: 'services/Mailer'
        arguments: ['@service.example']
    import {ContainerBuilder, YamlFileLoader} from 'node-dependency-injection'
    let container = new ContainerBuilder()
    let loader = new YamlFileLoader(container)
    await loader.load('/path/to/file.yml')

    And get services from your container easily

    const mailer = container.get('service.mailer')

    List of features

    • Autowire for TypeScript
    • Configuration files with JS, YAML or JSON.
    • Multiple configuration files
    • Custom relative service directory
    • Compiling container
      • Custom compiler pass
      • Change definition behaviour
    • Using a factory to create services
    • Nullable Dependencies
    • Public or private services
    • Service Aliasing
    • Service Tagging
    • Parameters Injection
    • Lazy Services
    • Deprecate Services
    • Decorate Services
    • Synthetic Services
    • Non Shared Services
    • Parent and Abstract Services
    • Custom Logger
    • Container as Service

    Please read full documentation

    ExpressJS Usage

    If you are using expressJS and you like Node Dependency Injection Framework then I strongly recommend you to use the node-dependency-injection-express-middleware package. That gives you the possibility to retrieve the container from the request.

    npm install --save node-dependency-injection-express-middleware
    import NDIMiddleware from 'node-dependency-injection-express-middleware'
    import express from 'express'
    const app = express()
    const options = {serviceFilePath: 'some/path/to/config.yml'}
    app.use(new NDIMiddleware(options).middleware())

    Express Middleware Documentation

    TypeScript Usage

    If you are using typescript and you like Node Dependency Injection Framework then typing are now provided at node-dependency-injection so you do not have to create custom typing anymore.

    npm install --save node-dependency-injection
    import { ContainerBuilder } from 'node-dependency-injection'
    import MongoClient from './services/MongoClient'
    import { Env } from './EnvType'
    export async function boot(container = new ContainerBuilder(), env: Env) {
        container.register('Service.MongoClient', MongoClient).addArgument({
            host: env.HOST,
            port: env.PORT,



    npm i node-dependency-injection

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    • zazoomauro