TypeScript icon, indicating that this package has built-in type declarations

3.1.2 • Public • Published

Node Dependency Injection

NDI Logo

A special thanks to Symfony which was a great inspiration and example for this project.

The Node Dependency Injection component allows you to standardize and centralize the way objects are constructed in your application.

Npm Version Build Status Publish Status Code Coverage Code Climate Coding Standard Known Vulnerabilities Npm Downloads License


npm install --save node-dependency-injection

Usage: register and get services

Imagine you have a Mailer class like this:

// services/Mailer.js

export default class Mailer {
   * @param {ExampleService} exampleService
  constructor(exampleService) {
    this._exampleService = exampleService;


You can register this in the container as a service:

import {ContainerBuilder} from 'node-dependency-injection'
import Mailer from './services/Mailer'
import ExampleService from './services/ExampleService'

let container = new ContainerBuilder()

  .register('service.example', ExampleService)

  .register('service.mailer', Mailer)

And get services from your container

const mailer = container.get('service.mailer')

Autowire for TypeScript

import {ContainerBuilder, Autowire} from 'node-dependency-injection'

const container = new ContainerBuilder(
const autowire = new Autowire(container)
await autowire.process()

or from yaml-json-js configuration

# /path/to/services.yml
    autowire: true
    rootDir:  "/path/to/src"

You can also get a service from a class definition

import SomeService from '@src/service/SomeService'


If you are transpiling your Typescript may you need to dump the some kind of service configuration file.

import {ContainerBuilder, Autowire, ServiceFile} from 'node-dependency-injection'

const container = new ContainerBuilder(
const autowire = new Autowire(container)
autowire.serviceFile = new ServiceFile('/some/path/to/dist/services.yaml')
await autowire.process()

My proposal for load configuration file in a production environment with transpiling/babel compilation:

if (process.env.NODE_ENV === 'dev') {
  this._container = new ContainerBuilder(false, '/src');
  this._autowire = new Autowire(this._container);
  this._autowire.serviceFile = new ServiceFile('/some/path/to/dist/services.yaml');
  await this._autowire.process();
} else {
  this._container = new ContainerBuilder(false, '/dist');
  this._loader = new YamlFileLoader(this._container);
  await this._loader.load('/some/path/to/dist/services.yaml');
await this._container.compile();

Configuration files: how to load and use configuration files

You can also use configuration files to improve your service configuration

# /path/to/file.yml
    class: 'services/ExampleService'

    class: 'services/Mailer'
    arguments: ['@service.example']
import {ContainerBuilder, YamlFileLoader} from 'node-dependency-injection'

let container = new ContainerBuilder()
let loader = new YamlFileLoader(container)
await loader.load('/path/to/file.yml')

And get services from your container easily

const mailer = container.get('service.mailer')

List of features

  • Autowire for TypeScript
  • Configuration files with JS, YAML or JSON.
  • Multiple configuration files
  • Custom relative service directory
  • Compiling container
    • Custom compiler pass
    • Change definition behaviour
  • Using a factory to create services
  • Nullable Dependencies
  • Public or private services
  • Service Aliasing
  • Service Tagging
  • Parameters Injection
  • Lazy Services
  • Deprecate Services
  • Decorate Services
  • Synthetic Services
  • Non Shared Services
  • Parent and Abstract Services
  • Custom Logger
  • Container as Service

Please read full documentation

ExpressJS Usage

If you are using expressJS and you like Node Dependency Injection Framework then I strongly recommend you to use the node-dependency-injection-express-middleware package. That gives you the possibility to retrieve the container from the request.

npm install --save node-dependency-injection-express-middleware
import NDIMiddleware from 'node-dependency-injection-express-middleware'
import express from 'express'

const app = express()

const options = {serviceFilePath: 'some/path/to/config.yml'}
app.use(new NDIMiddleware(options).middleware())

Express Middleware Documentation

TypeScript Usage

If you are using typescript and you like Node Dependency Injection Framework then typing are now provided at node-dependency-injection so you do not have to create custom typing anymore.

npm install --save node-dependency-injection
import { ContainerBuilder } from 'node-dependency-injection'
import MongoClient from './services/MongoClient'
import { Env } from './EnvType'

export async function boot(container = new ContainerBuilder(), env: Env) {
    container.register('Service.MongoClient', MongoClient).addArgument({
        host: env.HOST,
        port: env.PORT,


Package Sidebar


npm i node-dependency-injection

Weekly Downloads






Unpacked Size

218 kB

Total Files


Last publish


  • zazoomauro