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nested-property

2.0.1 • Public • Published

npm Actively Maintained

Nested property

Traverse a deeply nested JS data structure to get, set values, or test if values are part of the data structure. Nested property offers a simple syntax to define a path to access a value with.

For instance:

const data = { 
  a: {
    b: [
      10,
      20
    ]
  }
 };
 
nestedProperty.get(data, "a.b.1"); // returns 20, or sdata.a.b[1]

The syntax also supports array wildcards to access all items within an array:

const array = [
  { ssn: "123-456-7890", name: "alice" },
  { ssn: "234-567-8901", name: "bob" },
  { ssn: "456-789-0123", name: "charlie" }
]
 
nestedProperty.set(array, "+.ssn", "<redacted>"); // sets all `ssn` values to <redacted>

Install

npm install nested-property

Use

Require nested-property:

var nestedProperty = require("nested-property");

nestedProperty.get(data, "path")

You can get a nested property from an object:

var object = {
  a: {
    b: {
      c: {
        d: 5
      }
    }
  }
};
 
nestedProperty.get(object, "a"); // returns object.a
nestedProperty.get(object, "a.b.c"); // returns object.a.b.c
nestedProperty.get(object, "a.b.c.d"); // returns 5
nestedProperty.get(object, "a.d.c"); // returns undefined
nestedProperty.get(object); // returns object
nestedProperty.get(null); // returns null

It also works through arrays:

var array = [{
  a: {
    b: [0, 1]
  }
  }];
 
nestedProperty.get(array, "0"); // returns array[0]
nestedProperty.get(array, "0.a.b"); // returns array[0].a.b
nestedProperty.get(array, "0.a.b.0"); // returns 0
nestedProperty.get(array, "1.a.b.c"); // returns undefined

You may also use wildcards to access multiple values:

var array = [
  { a: 0, b: 1, c: 2 },
  { a: 10, b: 11, c: 12 },
  { a: 20, b: 21, c: 22 }
]
 
nestedProperty.get(array, "+.b"); // returns [1, 11, 21]

nestedProperty.set(data, "path", value)

You can set a nested property on an object:

var object = {
  a: {
    b: {
      c: {
        d: 5
      }
    }
  }
};
 
nestedProperty.set(object, "a", 1); // object.a == 1
nestedProperty.set(object, "a.b.c", 1337); // object.a.b.c == 1337
nestedProperty.set(object, "e.f.g", 1); // object.e.f.g == 1, it creates the missing objects!
nestedProperty.set(object); // returns object
nestedProperty.set(null); // returns null

You can also set a nested property through arrays:

var array = [
 {
   a: [0, 1]
 }
];
 
nestedProperty.set(array, "0.a.0", 10); // array[0].a[0] == 10
nestedProperty.set(array, "0.b.c", 1337); // array[0].b.c == 1337

You may also use wildcards to set multiple values:

var array = [
  { a: 0, b: 1, c: 2 },
  { a: 10, b: 11, c: 12 },
  { a: 20, b: 21, c: 22 }
]
 
nestedProperty.set(array, "+.b", 0); // array[0].b === 0, array[1].b === 0, array[2].b === 0 

nestedProperty.has(data, "path")

You can also test if a data structure has a nested property:

var array = [
 {
   a: [0, 1]
 }
];
 
nestedProperty.has(array, "0.a"); // true
nestedProperty.has(array, "0.a.1"); // true
nestedProperty.has(array, "0.a.2"); // false
nestedProperty.has(array, "1.a.0"); // false

The example shows that it works through array, but of course, plain objects are fine too.

If it must be an "own" property (i.e. not in the prototype chain) you can use the own option:

function DataStructure() {}
DataStructure.prototype.prop = true;
 
var obj = new DataStructure();
 
nestedProperty.has(obj, "prop", { own: true }); // false
nestedProperty.has(obj, "prop"); // true

Alternatively, you can use the hasOwn function:

var obj = Object.create({ prop: true });
 
nestedProperty.hasOwn(obj, "prop"); // false

Just like other methods, you may also use array wildcards. For instance, testing if any item in an array has a given property:

var array = [
  { a: 0, b: 1, c: 2 },
  { a: 10, b: 11, c: 12, d: 13 },
  { a: 20, b: 21, c: 22 }
]
 
nestedProperty.has(array, "+.d"); // returns true, since array[1].d exists

nestedProperty.isIn(data, "path", value)

And finally, you can test if an object is on the path to a nested property:

var obj = {
    nested: [
        {
            property: true
        }
    ]
};
 
nestedProperty.isIn(obj, "nested.0.property", obj); // true
nestedProperty.isIn(obj, "nested.0.property", obj.nested); // true
nestedProperty.isIn(obj, "nested.0.property", obj.nested[0]); // true
 
nestedProperty.isIn(obj, "nested.0.property", {}); // false

The path doesn't have to be completely valid to return true, as long as the value exists within the valid portion.

nestedProperty.isIn(obj, "nested.0.property.foo.bar.path", obj.nested[0]); // true

Unless the validPath option is set to true, in this case the full path needs to be valid:

nestedProperty.isIn(obj, "nested.0.property.foo.bar.path", obj.nested[0], { validPath: true }); // false

Note that if instead of an object you give it the value of the nested property, it'll return true:

nestedProperty.isIn(obj, "nested.0.property", obj.nested[0].property); // true
nestedProperty.isIn(obj, "nested.0.property", true); // true

LICENSE

MIT

Install

npm i nested-property

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

150,566

Version

2.0.1

License

MIT

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