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modulerizr

1.8.1 • Public • Published

Modulerizr

Integrate a powerful, component based architecture to your legacy project in just a few steps

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Install

    npm install modulerizr --save-dev

The Problem

When designing larger websites you will end up in many problems you have to challenge, like

  • very large files imports
  • overwriting css-rules,
  • overwriting/global scoped javascript-variables,
  • serverside syntax like php,jsp,... mixed with html-content
  • ... Let's consider the html below:
<html>
    <head>
        <title>This could be a legacy page in your project</title>
        <!-- 
            This Stylesheet is 100kb large because it includes all the styles of your project.
            And you just need ****** 5% oft thes styles on this page 
        -->
        <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="path/to/your/css/allStyles.css">
 
        <!-- 
            This script all libraries you need in your project - again 95% that are not used.
        -->
        <script src="path/to/global-scripts.js"></script> 
 
        <style>
            .aPseudoLocalClass{
                color: green
            }
        </style> 
    </head>
    <body>
        <!-- 
            Many legacy projects have serverside syntax in the templates PHP, jsp,... most of the time.
            Here shown with the brackets.
        -->
        {+include-head}
            <!-- **** There is a selector with !important to class aPseudoLocalClass in the globalStyles. Now it's pink... -->
            <div class="aPseudoLocalClass">
                My color is pink, not green :D
            </div>
            <script>
                ...
                //oh, there was a global scoped variable. Now I have overwritten it an a onclick-script does does something wrong... *angry-smiley*
                {!testmode}
                    var color = '{{serversideColor}}';
                {/!testmode}
                {testmode}
                    var color = '{{anyOtherColor}}';
                {/testmode}
                ...
            </script> 
        {+include-footer}
    </body>
</html>

Many solutions exist to reduce these problems in web projects, one of the most important ones is modularisation. There are many good frameworks that use this pattern and do a veeeery, very good job with it

  • Angular
  • Vue
  • React
  • ... many other ones

BUT: These Frameworks DON'T WORK GOOD WITHIN LEGACYPROJECTS. Have you ever seen Serverside-Syntax in Vue or Angular-Templates. No. If you have a legacy project and want to change it to a modular system, you will have big problems. That means you can not easily switch to modularisation when all your architecture is currently designed with php.

Here's is a solutionen - where you can have serverside syntax AND modularisation without big effort.

The solution

Modulerizr.

While angular, react,... give you many great features from the scratch without having to think about it, Modulerizr does it vice versa. It gives you a simple infrastructure for modularisation and you can add the features you want.

Because of this, you can append it to almost every legacy project you can imagine.

Usage

Imagine the following html-page "startpage.hml":

<html>
    <head>
        <title>Startpage</title>
        ...
    </head>
    <body>
        {+include-head}
            <!-- **** There is a selector with !important to class aPseudoLocalClass in the globalStyles. Now it's pink... -->
            <custom-component-1>Some Text from component1</custom-component1>
            <custom-component-2>{{serversideText}}</custom-component2>
        {+include-footer}
    </body>
</html>

The Brackets { } show serverside syntax. It could also be php-syntax,...

The component "custom-component-1.component.hml":

<template name="custom-component1">
    <style m-scoped>
        .color{color:green}
    </style> 
    <script m-scoped>
        var x = "a scoped variable";
    </script> 
    <div class="color"><slot></slot></div>
</template>

And the component "custom-component-2.component.hml":

<template name="custom-component2">
    <style m-scoped>
        .color{color:red}
    </style> 
    <script m-scoped>
        var x = "another scoped variable; was not defined before";
    </script> 
    <div class="color"><slot></slot></div>
    {{Some serverside Syntax here}}
</template>

Then run modulerizr:

const { modulerizr } = require('modulerizr');
 
modulerizr.run({
    "src": ["startpage.html"],
    "components": ["*.component.html"],
    "dest": "./dest/",
});

More ways to run modulerizr you see in the next section "How to run modulerizr"

Voilà, your're done. This will be rendered to:

<html>
    <head>
        <title>Startpage</title>
        ...
    </head>
    <body>
        {+include-head}
            <div id="1e34329b" data-v-1e34329b data-component="custom-component1">
                <style>
                    .color[data-v-1e34329b]{color:red}
                </style> 
                <script>
                    (function(){
                        var x = "a scoped variable";
                    })();   
                </script> 
                <div class="color" data-v-1e34329b>Some Text from component1</div>
            </div>
            <div id="93d13c56" data-v-93d13c56  data-component="custom-component2">
                <style>
                    .color[data-v-93d13c56]{color:red}
                </style> 
                <script>
                    (function(){
                        var x = "another scoped variable; was not defined before";
                    })();   
                </script> 
                <div class="color" data-v-93d13c56>{{serversideText}}</div>
                {{Some serverside Syntax here}}
            </div>
        {+include-footer}
    </body>
</html>

If you need some more specials features, just add a plugin that does what you need.

How to run modulerizr

There are multiple ways to run it. With Terminal or with node.

Run in Terminal

Before running it, add a modulerizr.config.js in the root-folder.

module.exports = {
    "src": ["**/*.src.html"],
    "components": ["*.component.html"],
    "dest": "./dest/",
}
Variant 1 - globally installed:

Install the package

    npm install modulerizr --global

And run it

    modulerizr run
Variant 2 - locally installed:

Install the package

    npm install modulerizr --save-dev

Add a script to the package.json

{
    ...
    "scripts": {
        "modulerizr": "modulerizr run"
    }
    ...
}

and run it

    npm run modulerizr    
Commandline-Parameters
    #both overwrites debug-Attribute in config 
 
    #debug mode: shows logs;  
    modulerizr --debug 
 
    #production mode: hides logs; default; 
    modulerizr --production 

Node

Here's how

    const { modulerizr } = require('modulerizr');
    const config = {...} // some config
    modulerizr.run(config)  

Modulerizr.config

You can run one config or an array of configs

    const { modulerizr } = require('modulerizr');
    const config1 = {...} // some config
    const config2 = {...} // some other config
 
    //executes one config
    modulerizr.run(config1);
    
    //executes multiple configs
    modulerizr.run([config1,config2]);

Config attributes

src

All src-files that will be prerendered. They will be copied into the destination-folder. Glob-Syntax. Type String or Array. Required.

{
    ...
    // it can be a string
    "src": "**/*.allsrcfiles.html",
 
    //or an array of strings
    "src": ["srcfile1.html","srcfile2.html","srcfile3.html"]
    ...
}
components

All component-files. Glob-Syntax. Type: String or Array. Optional. (But there will be a warning if you don't define it)

{
    ...
    // it can be a string
    "components": "**/*.component.html",
 
    //or an array of strings
    "components": ["comp1.component.html","comp2.component.html","comp3.component.html"]
    ...
}
dest

The folder where the files will be rendered to. MUST BE AN ABSOLUTE PATH. Type: String. Optional. Defaults to "dest"

{
    ...
    "dest": "./dest",
    ...
}
debug

Debugmode. Shows logs if debug == true. Will be overwritten by the --debug or --production Parameter in command line. Type: Boolean. Default: false.

{
    ...
    "debug": true,
    ...
}
plugins

If you need a custom feature, you can add it via plugin. Type: Array.

const { modulerizr } = require("modulerizr");
 
modulerizr.run({
    ...
    //Add your plugins here
    "plugins": [DebugPlugin()],
    ...
})
defaultComponentWrapper

By Default, components are wrapped by a div-tag. To change this, a component needs a "wrapper"-attribute or you can you can use a default-wrapper-tag for each component. This will be overwritten by the tag assigned in the component.

const { modulerizr } = require("modulerizr");
 
modulerizr.run({
    ...
    //Now all you components will be wrapped by a span
    "defaultComponentWrapper": "span",
    ...
})
maxRecursionLevel

What happens if you add component X in component X and the content does not change? We have an infinte-loop.

<component-a>
    <component-a>
        <component-a>
            <component-a>
                <component-a>
                    <component-a>
                        ...
                    </component-a>
                </component-a>
            </component-a>
        </component-a>
    </component-a>
</component-a>

We assume this is not expected - that's why there is a maximum recursion level. This example above has a recurison level of 6 (until the three dots "...") because there are 6 levels of components. By default ther is a maximumRecursionLevel of 100 - if you have more, there will be an error because we expect, that there is sth wrong.

Maybe there is a usecase where you need more levels. You can increase this level in the config with the maxRecursionLevel-attribute.

const { modulerizr } = require("modulerizr");
 
modulerizr.run({
    ...
    //Now you can have 500 component-levels. Yippeeee
    "maxRecursionLevel": "500",
    ...
})

Features

To understand the the next features, it is good to know the differences between components and src-files:

  • Src-Files:

    • Any html how you already use it
    • They are the Root-Files that will be prerendered.
    • The transpilation of these files will be added in the dest-folder
    • Many features like scoped variables,... don't work in src-files (if you don't change this via config)
  • Components

    • It is wrapped by a template-tag with some attributes
    • Currently each component must have its own file - this will be changed in future
    • A component can include other components
    • All features like scoping,... work in components
    • A component by itself won't be rendered - it (or a parent component) must be included into a src-file

Basics

Without one of the next features, a component is just outsourced html from the original file - like a php-include. So we make sure, that the rendering process does not affect legacy files.

Example: src-file.html

<html>
    <head>...</head>
    <body>
        some text
        <component-1></component-1>
        some text
    </body>
</html>

component1.component.html

<template name="component-1">
    This is component1
</template>

dest-file:

<html>
    <head>...</head>
    <body>
        some text
        This is component1
        some text
    </body>
</html>

To be honest: This feature by itself is not better then a php-include, it wouldn't make sense writing this package to add a feature that can be added without effort.

Let's add some more "magic":

Components

Sorry, before adding "magic", we need the basics of components. A component is always wrapped by a template-tag and has a uniqe name.

    <template name="xyz">
        here comes the content
    </template>

If the name is missing or a component with this name already exists, there will be an error.

Until now just one component per file is possible. Also inline components in a src-file are not possible. This will change in future.

Slots

The first "magic", well known from vue, web-components,... Sometimes you want to do sth with the innerHTML in the component declaration.

Default Slot:

Anywhere in the src-file:

...
<make-bold>
    <div> 
        This content will be bold, even though no class or style can be seen in the src-file;
    </div>
</make-bold>
...

In the component file:

    <template name="make-bold">
        <div style="font-weight:bold;">
            <slot></slot>
        </div>
    </template>

Will be rendered to:

...
<div style="font-weight:bold;">
    <div> 
        This content will be bold, even though no class or style can be seen in the src-file;
    </div>
</div>
...
Named slots

Sometimes you need more slots per component. In this case, you can add named slots. Anywhere in the src-file:

...
<before-and-after>
    <div slot="before">
        This text is written before a static text.
    </div>
    <div slot="after">
        This text is written after a static text.
    </div>
</before-and-after>
...

In the component file:

    <template name="before-and-after">
        <div><slot name="before"></slot></div>
        <div>This Text is in the middle</div>
        <div><slot name="after"></slot></div>
    </template>

Will be rendered to:

...
<div>This text is written before a static text.</div>
<div>This Text is in the middle</div>
<div>This text is written after a static text.</div>
...

Wrapper

Right now the default wrapper-element is a div. But for some components you may want another tag then div. Add the "wrapper"-attribute to a component assignment to change the wrapper attribute.

...
<make-bold m-wrapper="h1">This is a bold header</make-bold>
...

will be rendered to

...
<h1 style="font-weight:bold;">
    <div> 
        This is a bold header
    </div>
</h1>
 
<!--
Instead of 
<div style="font-weight:bold;">
    <div> 
        This is a bold header
    </div>
</div>
-->
...

If you want to change the wrapper-element for all elements, set the "defaultComponentWrapper"-Attribute in the plugin-configuration. If both the config attribute ("defaultComponentWrapper") is set and the component attribute ("m-wrapper"), the component attribute will be used.

Scoped Styles

What happens if you have 2 components with the same style declaration, but different value? The style will be overwritten. :(

Problem

Component A

<template name="red-text">
    <style>
        .textColor{color: red;}
    </style> 
    <div class="textColor">This Text is red.</div>
</template>

Component B

<template name="green-text">
    <style>
        .textColor{color: green;}
    </style> 
    <div class="textColor">This Text is green.</div>
</template>

Src-file:

...
    <red-text></red-text>
    <green-text></green-text>
...

This will be rendered to

...
<style>
    .textColor{color: red;}
</style> 
<!-- Oh no, ****. This text is green, because the text color has been overwritten in another component.-->
<div class="textColor">This Text is red.</div>
 
<style>
    .textColor{color: green;}
</style> 
<div class="textColor">This Text is green.</div>
...
Solution

If you want scoped styles, just add a "scoped" attribute to the "style"-tag. Component A

<template name="red-text">
    <style m-scoped>
        .textColor{color: red;}
    </style> 
    <div class="textColor">This Text is red.</div>
</template>

Component B

<template name="green-text">
    <style m-scoped>
        .textColor{color: green;}
    </style> 
    <div class="textColor">This Text is green.</div>
</template>

This will be rendered to

...
<style>
    .textColor [data-v-12345]{color: red;}
</style> 
<!-- Yaaay, this is red now - as expected:) -->
<div data-v-12345 class="textColor">This Text is red.</div>
 
<style>
    .textColor [data-v-67890]{color: green;}
</style> 
<div class="textColor" data-v-67890>This Text is green.</div>
...
Efficency

What happens if you add the same component multiple times?

..
<green-text></green-text>
<green-text></green-text>
<green-text></green-text>
...

Will the same styles exist multiple times?

...
<!-- Will it be like this?-->
<style>
    .textColor [data-v-67890]{color: green;}
</style> 
<div class="textColor" data-v-67890>This Text is green.</div>
<style>
    .textColor [data-v-67890]{color: green;}
</style> 
<div class="textColor" data-v-67890>This Text is green.</div>
<style>
    .textColor [data-v-67890]{color: green;}
</style> 
<div class="textColor" data-v-67890>This Text is green.</div>
...

No. Same styleblocks with attribute "scoped" will just exist once. the example above would look like this:

...
<style>
    .textColor [data-v-67890]{color: green;}
</style> 
<div class="textColor" data-v-67890>This Text is green.</div>
 
<div class="textColor" data-v-67890>This Text is green.</div>
 
<div class="textColor" data-v-67890>This Text is green.</div>
...

Scoped Scripts

If you add a raw script-tag in a component, it can have side effects to other components. Variables are global scoped and so they can overwrite other variables.

Example

Parent-Component

<template name="parent-component">
    <script>
        var text = "Hello Parent";
    </script> 
    <child-component></child-component>
    <script>
        console.log(text);
    </script> 
</template>

Child-Component

<template name="child-component">
    <script>
        var text = "Hello child";
        console.log(text);
    </script> 
</template>

This would be rendered like this:

<script>
    // Declaration in the parent component
    var text = "Hello Parent";
</script> 
 <script>
     // Declaration in the child component
    var text = "Hello child";
    console.log(text);
</script> 
<script>
    // Oh no, the text in the parent component has been overwritten. That's not expected;
    console.log(text);
</script> 

There are two Problems:

  • the global Scope is polluted
  • variables can be overwritten what is not expected
Solution

Scoped Scripts: Just add a "scoped"-Attribute to the script and this can not happen anymore.

I this case, the parent component stays the same. In the child component we add a "scoped"-Attriubte

Child-Component

<template name="child-component">
    <script m-scoped>
        var text = "Hello child";
    </script> 
</template>

Would be rendered to

<script>
    // Declaration in the parent component
    var text = "Hello Parent";
</script> 
<div id="12345" data-component="12345" data-v-12345>
    <script>
        (function(window){
            // This is added when you use a "scoped"-Attribute. 
            //It gives you important component information in javascript.
            var _m = {
                id: '12345',
                name: 'child-component',
                $el: document.getElementById('12345'),
                slots: {
                    _default: "<script m-scoped>var text = "Hello child";</script>"
                },
                attributes: {
                    "attributeKey1": "attributeValue1"
                    ...
                }
            };
 
            var text = "Hello child";
            console.log(text);
        })(window);
    </script> 
</div>
<script>
    // As expected, "Hello parent" will be logged here
    console.log(text);
</script> 

One Time Rendering

We work on a legacyproject and the codbease has no / not many components - and many scripts are assigned via script-tag.

Some scripts are only necessary for a specific features - for example jquery UI for a slider.

We can use modulerizr to only add external scripts into the src-files, when they're used in a component. Let's imagine a slider component that needs the external jquery-ui-lib.

<template name="custom-slider">
    <script src="https://a-external-provider.com/jquery-ui.min.js"></script> 
    <link href="https://a-external-provider.com/jquery-ui.min.css">
    <div>
        Here we add the component elements. 
        ...
    </div>
</template>

Adding external scripts and styles in templates work as expected - but you have to take care of one scenario: Using a component multiple times per page. Imagine this:

<custom-slider></custom-slider>
...
<custom-slider></custom-slider>

This would be rendered to

<script src="https://a-external-provider.com/jquery-ui.min.js"></script>
<link href="https://a-external-provider.com/jquery-ui.min.css">
<div>
    Here we add the component elements. 
    ...
</div>
...
<!-- Oh no, the script is loaded twice -->
<script src="https://a-external-provider.com/jquery-ui.min.js"></script>
<!-- 
    External Stylesheets are just loaded once per src-file.
    <link href="https://a-external-provider.com/jquery-ui.min.css"> 
-->
<div>
    Here we add the component elements. 
    ...
</div>

By default external stylesheets are just loaded once per src-file (when assigend in a component). In case of scripts you have to assign them with a "once"-Attribute to assure that they are just loaded once.

<script m-once src="https://a-external-provider.com/jquery-ui.min.js"></script>
<div>
    Here we add the component elements. 
    ...
</div>

Declared multiple times in a src-file it would be rendered like this:

<script m-once src="https://a-external-provider.com/jquery-ui.min.js"></script>
<div>
    Here we add the component elements. 
    ...
</div>
...
<div>
    Here we add the component elements. 
    ...
</div>

Component Config

Your Component may need some specific configuration. You can add this in your component by the attribute "m-componentconfig".

<template name="any-component">
    <script m-componentconfig>
        /*Add your component configuration here*/
    </script> 
</template>

This is useful if you for example want to preload data and use it with the modulerizr-jsrender-plugin. This script must be a node script and export an object.

<template name="any-component">
    <script m-componentconfig>
        //This data could also be fetched from anywhere else asynchronous
        const data = {
                    name: "dieter",
                    kids: [{name:'heinz'},{name:'gustav'}]
                };
 
        module.exports = {
            data(){
                return data;
            }
        }
    </script> 
</template>

This data will also be rendered in the scoped scripts:

 <script>
    (function(window){
        var _component = {
            id: "c7350017",
            name: "any-component",
            $el: document.getElementById("c7350017"),
            data: {"name":"dieter","kids":[{"name":"heinz"},{"name":"gustav","def":"ghi"}]},
            attributes: {},
            slots: {"_default":""},
        };
    })(window);
</script> 

Modulerizr-Plugins

You can use any other webpack-plugin to add more features you want, for example for bundling,... But there are some specific modulerizr-plugins that exist.

Modulerizr-jsrender-plugin

The modulerizr-jsrender-plugin gives you the chance to add template-syntax in your templates. It is based on JS-Render.

Component:
<template name="jsrender-example">
    Hello {{:name}}.
    {{if age> 30}}
        You are reeeeally old.
    {{/if}}
    {{if age <= 30}}
        In Germany they would call you "Jungspund".
    {{/if}}
</template>
 
Src:
<div>
    <jsrender-example name="Peter" age="25"></jsrender-example>
</div>
 
Will be rendered to:
<div>
    <div>
        Hello Peter.
        In Germany the would call you "Jungspund".
    </div>
</div>

See more information about this plugin here

Use Webpack Plugins

A Modulerizr-Plugin is just a webpack-plugin. That means, you can add any webpack plugin to customize your files. Here's a list of webpack-plugins, that have nothing to do with modulerizr but can also be added in the plugins.

// This works:
const { modulerizr } = require('modulerizr');
const {StyleExtHtmlWebpackPlugin } = require('style-ext-html-webpack-plugin');
    modulerizr.run({
        //...some other config...
        plugins: [new StyleExtHtmlWebpackPlugin()]
    }); 
 

Write your own Plugin

Read here how to write your own Plugins.

Features in future

  • inline-templates in src-files, marked with a "inline-template"-Attribute.
  • multiple components per file
  • support attribute component declarations
  • scoped link tags

Contribution

  • You have some ideas how to make modulerizr more simple?
  • You have ideas for a new feature / new modulerizr-plugin?
  • You found a bug?
  • Or you have some general demands/questions?

Then create an issue or contact me. Or if you have time and a good idea, then you can of course create a new plugin. This would be awesome :D

Last but not least

Happy Coding. Let's get rid of your legacy code in your Projects :D

Install

npm i modulerizr

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

40

Version

1.8.1

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

499 kB

Total Files

53

Last publish

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