modern-errors-serialize
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6.0.0 • Public • Published
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modern-errors plugin to serialize/parse errors.

This adds BaseError.serialize() and BaseError.parse() to serialize/parse errors to/from plain objects.

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Features

Example

Adding the plugin to modern-errors.

import ModernError from 'modern-errors'

import modernErrorsSerialize from 'modern-errors-serialize'

export const BaseError = ModernError.subclass('BaseError', {
  plugins: [modernErrorsSerialize],
})
// ...

Serializing errors to plain objects.

const error = new ExampleError('message', { props: { filePath } })

const errorObject = BaseError.serialize(error)
// { name: 'ExampleError', message: 'message', stack: '...', filePath: '...' }
const errorString = JSON.stringify(errorObject)
// '{"name":"ExampleError",...}'

Parsing errors from plain objects.

const newErrorObject = JSON.parse(errorString)
const newError = BaseError.parse(newErrorObject)
// ExampleError: message
//     at ...
//   filePath: '...'

Install

npm install modern-errors-serialize

This package works in both Node.js >=18.18.0 and browsers.

This is an ES module. It must be loaded using an import or import() statement, not require(). If TypeScript is used, it must be configured to output ES modules, not CommonJS.

API

modernErrorsSerialize

Type: Plugin

Plugin object to pass to the plugins option of ErrorClass.subclass().

BaseError.serialize(error)

error: ErrorInstance
Return value: ErrorObject

Converts error to an error plain object. All error properties are kept. Plugin options are also preserved.

BaseError.parse(errorObject)

errorObject: ErrorObject
Return value: ErrorInstance

Converts errorObject to an error instance. The original error classes are preserved providing they are subclasses of BaseError.

Options

Type: object

shallow

Type: boolean
Default: false

Unless this option is true, nested errors are also serialized/parsed. They can be inside other errors, plain objects or arrays.

const inner = new ExampleError('inner')
const error = new ExampleError('example', { props: { inner } })

BaseError.serialize(error).inner // { name: 'BaseError', message: 'inner', ... }
BaseError.serialize(error, { shallow: true }).inner // BaseError

const errorObject = BaseError.serialize(error)
BaseError.parse(errorObject).inner // BaseError
BaseError.parse(errorObject, { shallow: true }).inner // { name: '...', ... }

loose

Type: boolean
Default: false

By default, when the argument is not an Error instance or an error plain object, it is converted to one. If this option is true, it is kept as is instead.

BaseError.serialize('example') // { name: 'BaseError', message: 'example', ... }
BaseError.serialize('example', { loose: true }) // 'example'

BaseError.parse('example') // BaseError
BaseError.parse('example', { loose: true }) // 'example'

Configuration

Options can apply to (in priority order):

export const BaseError = ModernError.subclass('BaseError', {
  plugins: [modernErrorsSerialize],
  serialize: options,
})
export const ExampleError = BaseError.subclass('ExampleError', {
  serialize: options,
})
throw new ExampleError('...', { serialize: options })
BaseError.serialize(error, options)
BaseError.parse(errorObject, options)

Usage

JSON safety

Error plain objects are always safe to serialize with JSON.

const error = new ExampleError('message')
error.cycle = error

// Cycles make `JSON.stringify()` throw, so they are removed
console.log(BaseError.serialize(error).cycle) // undefined

Deep serialization/parsing

The loose option can be used to deeply serialize/parse objects and arrays.

const error = new ExampleError('message')
const deepArray = BaseError.serialize([{}, { error }], { loose: true })

const jsonString = JSON.stringify(deepArray)
const newDeepArray = JSON.parse(jsonString)

const newError = BaseError.parse(newDeepArray, { loose: true })[1].error
// ExampleError: message
//     at ...

Automatic serialization

error.toJSON() is defined. It is automatically called by JSON.stringify().

const error = new ExampleError('message')
const deepArray = [{}, { error }]

const jsonString = JSON.stringify(deepArray)
const newDeepArray = JSON.parse(jsonString)

const newError = BaseError.parse(newDeepArray, { loose: true })[1].error
// ExampleError: message
//     at ...

Custom serialization/parsing

Errors are converted to/from plain objects, not strings. This allows any serialization/parsing logic to be performed.

import { dump, load } from 'js-yaml'

const error = new ExampleError('message')
const errorObject = BaseError.serialize(error)
const errorYamlString = dump(errorObject)
// name: ExampleError
// message: message
// stack: ExampleError: message ...
const newErrorObject = load(errorYamlString)
const newError = BaseError.parse(newErrorObject) // ExampleError: message

Additional error properties

const error = new ExampleError('message', { props: { prop: true } })
const errorObject = BaseError.serialize(error)
console.log(errorObject.prop) // true
const newError = BaseError.parse(errorObject)
console.log(newError.prop) // true

Aggregate errors

const error = new ExampleError('message', {
  errors: [new ExampleError('one'), new ExampleError('two')],
})

const errorObject = BaseError.serialize(error)
// {
//   name: 'ExampleError',
//   message: 'message',
//   stack: '...',
//   errors: [{ name: 'ExampleError', message: 'one', stack: '...' }, ...],
// }
const newError = BaseError.parse(errorObject)
// ExampleError: message
//   [errors]: [ExampleError: one, ExampleError: two]

Constructors

If an error with a custom class is parsed, its custom constructor is not called. However, any property previously set by that constructor is still preserved, providing it is serializable and enumerable.

const ExampleError = BaseError.subclass('ExampleError', {
  custom: class extends BaseError {
    constructor(message, options, prop) {
      super(message, options, prop)
      this.prop = prop
    }
  },
})

const error = new ExampleError('message', {}, true)
const errorObject = BaseError.serialize(error)
// `constructor(message, options, prop)` is not called
const newError = BaseError.parse(errorObject)
// But properties set by that `constructor(...)` are kept
console.log(newError.prop) // true

Related projects

Support

For any question, don't hesitate to submit an issue on GitHub.

Everyone is welcome regardless of personal background. We enforce a Code of conduct in order to promote a positive and inclusive environment.

Contributing

This project was made with ❤️. The simplest way to give back is by starring and sharing it online.

If the documentation is unclear or has a typo, please click on the page's Edit button (pencil icon) and suggest a correction.

If you would like to help us fix a bug or add a new feature, please check our guidelines. Pull requests are welcome!

Package Sidebar

Install

npm i modern-errors-serialize

Weekly Downloads

1,698

Version

6.0.0

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

22.3 kB

Total Files

9

Last publish

Collaborators

  • ehmicky