A simple & lightweight method of displaying modal windows with jQuery.
For quick examples and demos, head to jquerymodal.com.
Why another modal plugin?
Most plugins I've found try to do too much, and have specialized ways of handling photo galleries, iframes and video. The resulting HTML & CSS is often bloated and difficult to customize.
By contrast, this plugin handles the two most common scenarios I run into
- displaying an existing DOM element
- loading a page with AJAX
and does so with as little HTML & CSS as possible.
You can install jquery-modal with npm:
npm install jquery-modal
or with Bower:
bower install jquery-modal
or use the hosted version from cdnjs:
<!-- Remember to include jQuery :) --><!-- jQuery Modal -->
Using Rails? Check out the jquery-modal-rails plugin!
jQuery Requirements: As of version 0.3.0, jQuery 1.7 is required. If you're using an earlier version of jQuery you can use the v.0.2.5 tag.
Naming conflict with Bootstrap: Bootstrap's modal uses the same
$.modal namespace. If you want to use jquery-modal with Bootstrap, the simplest solution is to manually modify the name of this plugin.
Method 1: Automatically attaching to links
The simplest approach is to add
rel="modal:open" to your links and use the
href attribute to specify what to open in the modal.
Open an existing DOM element by ID:
Load a remote URL with AJAX:
Method 2: Manually
You can manually open a modal by calling the
.modal() method on the element:
You can also invoke
.modal() directly on links:
Open a DOM elementOpen an AJAX modal
data-modal attribute. This allows you to write your links pointing to the
By default the overlay & window appear instantaneously, but you can enable a fade effect by specifying the
This will fade in the overlay and modal over 250 milliseconds simultaneously. If you want the effect of the overlay appearing before the window, you can specify the
fadeDelay option. This indicates at what point during the overlay transition the window transition should begin.
So if you wanted the window to fade in when the overlay's was 80% finished:
Or, if you wanted the window to fade in a few moments after the overlay transition has completely finished:
fadeDelay option only applies when opening the modal. When closing the modal, both the modal and the overlay fade out simultaneously according to the
Fading is the only supported transition.
Because there can be only one modal active at a single time, there's no need to select which modal to close:
Similar to how links can be automatically bound to open modals, they can be bound to close modals using
(Note that modals loaded with AJAX are removed from the DOM when closed).
Checking current state
$.modal.isActive()to check if a modal is currently being displayed.
$.modal.getCurrent()to retrieve a reference to the currently active modal instance, if any.
These are the supported options and their default values:
$modaldefaults =closeExisting: true // Close existing modals. Set this to false if you need to stack multiple modal instances.escapeClose: true // Allows the user to close the modal by pressing `ESC`clickClose: true // Allows the user to close the modal by clicking the overlaycloseText: 'Close' // Text content for the close <a> tag.closeClass: '' // Add additional class(es) to the close <a> tag.showClose: true // Shows a (X) icon/link in the top-right cornermodalClass: "modal" // CSS class added to the element being displayed in the modal.blockerClass: "modal" // CSS class added to the overlay (blocker).// HTML appended to the default spinner during AJAX requests.spinnerHtml: '<div class="rect1"></div><div class="rect2"></div><div class="rect3"></div><div class="rect4"></div>'showSpinner: true // Enable/disable the default spinner during AJAX requests.fadeDuration: null // Number of milliseconds the fade transition takes (null means no transition)fadeDelay: 10 // Point during the overlay's fade-in that the modal begins to fade in (.5 = 50%, 1.5 = 150%, etc.);
The following events are triggered on the modal element at various points in the open/close cycle (see below for AJAX events).
$modalBEFORE_BLOCK = 'modal:before-block'; // Fires just before the overlay (blocker) appears.$modalBLOCK = 'modal:block'; // Fires after the overlay (block) is visible.$modalBEFORE_OPEN = 'modal:before-open'; // Fires just before the modal opens.$modalOPEN = 'modal:open'; // Fires after the modal has finished opening.$modalBEFORE_CLOSE = 'modal:before-close'; // Fires when the modal has been requested to close.$modalCLOSE = 'modal:close'; // Fires when the modal begins closing (including animations).$modalAFTER_CLOSE = 'modal:after-close'; // Fires after the modal has fully closed (including animations).
The first and only argument passed to these event handlers is the
modal object, which has four properties:
modal$elm; // Original jQuery object upon which modal() was invoked.modaloptions; // Options passed to the modal.modal$blocker; // The overlay element.modal$anchor; // Anchor element originating the event.
So, you could do something like this:
jQuery Modal uses $.get for basic AJAX support. A simple spinner will be displayed by default (if you've included modal.css) and will have the class
modal-spinner. If you've set the
modalClass option, the spinner will be prefixed with that class name instead.
You can add text or additional HTML to the spinner with the
spinnerHtml option, or disable the spinner entirely by setting
The following events are triggered when AJAX modals are requested.
$modalAJAX_SEND = 'modal:ajax:send';$modalAJAX_SUCCESS = 'modal:ajax:success';$modalAJAX_FAIL = 'modal:ajax:fail';$modalAJAX_COMPLETE = 'modal:ajax:complete';
The handlers receive no arguments. The events are triggered on the
<a> element which initiated the AJAX modal.
More advanced AJAX handling
It's a good idea to provide more robust AJAX handling -- error handling, in particular. Instead of accommodating the myriad
$.ajax options jQuery provides, jquery-modal makes it possible to directly modify the AJAX request itself.
Simply bypass the default AJAX handling (i.e.: don't use
and make your AJAX request in the link's click handler. Note that you need to manually append the new HTML/modal in the
Note that the AJAX response must be wrapped in a div with class
modal when using the second (manual) method.
Bugs & Feature Requests
Found a bug? MEH!
Just kidding. Please create an issue and include a publicly-accessible demonstration of the bug. Dropbox or JSFiddle work well for demonstrating reproducable bugs, but you can use anything as long as it's publicly accessible. Your issue is much more likely to be resolved/merged if it includes a fix & pull request.
Have an idea that improves jquery-modal? Awesome! Please fork this repository, implement your idea (including documentation, if necessary), and submit a pull request.
I don't use this library as frequently as I used to, so if you want to see a fix/improvement you're best off submitting a pull request. Bugs without a test case and/or improvements without a pull request will be shown no mercy and closed!
This library became more popular and active than I ever expected, and unfortunately I don't have time to maintain it myself.
If you are interested in helping me maintain this library, please let me know — I would love your help!
I'd especially like people who would be excited about working towards a brand new jQuery Modal 2.0. See my Proposal for jQuery Modal 2.0 for more details & discussion.
How to contribute
I welcome improvements to this plugin, particularly with:
- Performance improvements
- Making the code as concise/efficient as possible
- Bug fixes & browser compatibility
Please fork and send pull requests, or create an issue. Keep in mind the spirit of this plugin is minimalism so I'm very picky about adding new features.
Tips for development/contributing
- Make sure dependencies are installed:
- After modifying
jquery.modal.css, you can optionally regenerate the minified files with
- Make sure you have updated documentation (
examples/index.html) if necessary. Pull requests without documentation updates will be rejected.
- Maintainers should increment version numbers and run
gulp changelogwhen cutting a new release.
jQuery Modal is distributed under the MIT License:
Copyright (c) 2012 Kyle Fox Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions: The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software. THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.