node package manager
Easy collaboration. Discover, share, and reuse code in your team. Create a free org »

i18next-express-middleware

Introduction

This is a middleware to use i18next in express.js.

Getting started

Source can be loaded via npm.

# npm package
$ npm install i18next-express-middleware

wire up i18next to request object

var i18next = require('i18next');
var middleware = require('i18next-express-middleware');
var express = require('express');
 
i18next
  .use(middleware.LanguageDetector)
  .init({ 
    preload: ['en', 'de', 'it'], 
    ...otherOptions 
   });
 
var app = express();
app.use(middleware.handle(i18next, {
  ignoreRoutes: ["/foo"],
  removeLngFromUrl: false
}));
 
 
// in your request handler
app.get('myRoute', function(req, res) {
  var lng = req.language; // 'de-CH'
  var lngs = req.languages; // ['de-CH', 'de', 'en']
  req.i18n.changeLanguage('en'); // will not load that!!! assert it was preloaded
 
  var exists = req.i18n.exists('myKey');
  var translation = req.t('myKey');
});
 
// in your views, eg. in pug (ex. jade)
div=t('myKey')

add routes

// missing keys
app.post('/locales/add/:lng/:ns', middleware.missingKeyHandler(i18next));
 
// multiload backend route
app.get('/locales/resources.json', middleware.getResourcesHandler(i18next));

add localized routes

You can add your routes directly to the express app

var express = require('express'),
    app = express(),
    i18next = require('i18next'),
    FilesystemBackend = require('i18next-node-fs-backend'),
    i18nextMiddleware = require('i18next-express-middleware'),
    port = 3000;
 
i18next
  .use(i18nextMiddleware.LanguageDetector)
  .use(FilesystemBackend)
  .init({ preload: ['en', 'de', 'it'], ...otherOptions }, function() {
    i18nextMiddleware.addRoute(i18next, '/:lng/key-to-translate', ['en', 'de', 'it'], app, 'get', function(req, res) {
      //endpoint function
    });
  });
app.use(i18nextMiddleware.handle(i18next));
app.listen(port, function() { console.log('Server listening on port', port) } );

or to an express router

var express = require('express'),
    app = express(),
    i18next = require('i18next'),
    FilesystemBackend = require('i18next-node-fs-backend'),
    i18nextMiddleware = require('i18next-express-middleware'),
    router = require('express').Router(),
    port = 3000;
 
i18next
  .use(i18nextMiddleware.LanguageDetector)
  .use(FilesystemBackend)
  .init({ preload: ['en', 'de', 'it'], ...otherOptions }, function() {
    i18nextMiddleware.addRoute(i18next, '/:lng/key-to-translate', ['en', 'de', 'it'], router, 'get', function(req, res) {
      //endpoint function
    });
    app.use('/', router);
  });
app.use(i18nextMiddleware.handle(i18next));
app.listen(port, function() { console.log('Server listening on port', port) } );

language detection

Detects user language from current request. Comes with support for:

  • path
  • cookie
  • header
  • querystring
  • session

Wiring up:

var i18next = require('i18next');
var middleware = require('i18next-express-middleware');
 
i18next
  .use(middleware.LanguageDetector)
  .init(i18nextOptions);

As with all modules you can either pass the constructor function (class) to the i18next.use or a concrete instance.

Detector Options

{
  // order and from where user language should be detected
  order: [/*'path', 'session', */ 'querystring', 'cookie', 'header'],
 
  // keys or params to lookup language from
  lookupQuerystring: 'lng',
  lookupCookie: 'i18next',
  lookupSession: 'lng',
  lookupPath: 'lng',
  lookupFromPathIndex: 0,
 
  // cache user language
  caches: false, // ['cookie']
 
  // optional expire and domain for set cookie
  cookieExpirationDate: new Date(),
  cookieDomain: 'myDomain'
}

Options can be passed in:

preferred - by setting options.detection in i18next.init:

var i18next = require('i18next');
var middleware = require('i18next-express-middleware');
 
i18next
  .use(middleware.LanguageDetector)
  .init({
    detection: options
  });

on construction:

var middleware = require('i18next-express-middleware');
var lngDetector = new middleware.LanguageDetector(null, options);

via calling init:

var middleware = require('i18next-express-middleware');
 
var lngDetector = new middleware.LanguageDetector();
lngDetector.init(options);

Adding own detection functionality

interface

module.exports {
  name: 'myDetectorsName',
 
  lookup: function(req, res, options) {
    // options -> are passed in options
    return 'en';
  },
 
  cacheUserLanguage: function(req, res, lng, options) {
    // options -> are passed in options
    // lng -> current language, will be called after init and on changeLanguage
 
    // store it
  }
};

adding it

var i18next = require('i18next');
var middleware = require('i18next-express-middleware');
 
var lngDetector = new middleware.LanguageDetector();
lngDetector.addDetector(myDetector);
 
i18next
  .use(lngDetector)
  .init({
    detection: options
  });