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1.2.1 • Public • Published

html-react-parser

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HTML to React parser that works on both the server (Node.js) and the client (browser):

HTMLReactParser(string[, options])

The parser converts an HTML string to one or more React elements.

To replace an element with another element, check out the replace option.

Example

const parse = require('html-react-parser');
parse('<p>Hello, World!</p>'); // React.createElement('p', {}, 'Hello, World!')

Repl.it | JSFiddle | CodeSandbox | TypeScript | Examples

Table of Contents

Install

NPM:

$ npm install html-react-parser --save

Yarn:

$ yarn add html-react-parser

CDN:

<!-- HTMLReactParser depends on React -->
<script src="https://unpkg.com/react@17/umd/react.production.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://unpkg.com/html-react-parser@latest/dist/html-react-parser.min.js"></script>
<script>
  window.HTMLReactParser(/* string */);
</script>

Usage

Import or require the module:

// ES Modules
import parse from 'html-react-parser';

// CommonJS
const parse = require('html-react-parser');

Parse single element:

parse('<h1>single</h1>');

Parse multiple elements:

parse('<li>Item 1</li><li>Item 2</li>');

Make sure to render parsed adjacent elements under a parent element:

<ul>
  {parse(`
    <li>Item 1</li>
    <li>Item 2</li>
  `)}
</ul>

Parse nested elements:

parse('<body><p>Lorem ipsum</p></body>');

Parse element with attributes:

parse(
  '<hr id="foo" class="bar" data-attr="baz" custom="qux" style="top:42px;">'
);

replace

The replace option allows you to replace an element with another element.

The replace callback's first argument is domhandler's node:

parse('<br>', {
  replace: domNode => {
    console.dir(domNode, { depth: null });
  }
});

Console output:

Element {
  type: 'tag',
  parent: null,
  prev: null,
  next: null,
  startIndex: null,
  endIndex: null,
  children: [],
  name: 'br',
  attribs: {}
}

The element is replaced if a valid React element is returned:

parse('<p id="replace">text</p>', {
  replace: domNode => {
    if (domNode.attribs && domNode.attribs.id === 'replace') {
      return <span>replaced</span>;
    }
  }
});

For TypeScript projects, you may need to check that domNode is an instance of domhandler's Element:

import { HTMLReactParserOptions } from 'html-react-parser';
import { Element } from 'domhandler/lib/node';

const options: HTMLReactParserOptions = {
  replace: domNode => {
    if (domNode instanceof Element && domNode.attribs) {
      // ...
    }
  }
};

The following example modifies the element along with its children:

import parse, { domToReact } from 'html-react-parser';

const html = `
  <p id="main">
    <span class="prettify">
      keep me and make me pretty!
    </span>
  </p>
`;

const options = {
  replace: ({ attribs, children }) => {
    if (!attribs) {
      return;
    }

    if (attribs.id === 'main') {
      return <h1 style={{ fontSize: 42 }}>{domToReact(children, options)}</h1>;
    }

    if (attribs.class === 'prettify') {
      return (
        <span style={{ color: 'hotpink' }}>
          {domToReact(children, options)}
        </span>
      );
    }
  }
};

parse(html, options);

HTML output:

<h1 style="font-size:42px">
  <span style="color:hotpink">
    keep me and make me pretty!
  </span>
</h1>

Convert DOM attributes to React props with attributesToProps:

import parse, { attributesToProps } from 'html-react-parser';

const html = `
  <main class="prettify" style="background: #fff; text-align: center;" />
`;

const options = {
  replace: domNode => {
    if (domNode.attribs && domNode.name === 'main') {
      const props = attributesToProps(domNode.attribs);
      return <div {...props} />;
    }
  }
};

parse(html, options);

HTML output:

<div class="prettify" style="background:#fff;text-align:center"></div>

Exclude an element from rendering by replacing it with <React.Fragment>:

parse('<p><br id="remove"></p>', {
  replace: ({ attribs }) => attribs && attribs.id === 'remove' && <></>
});

HTML output:

<p></p>

library

This option specifies the library that creates elements. The default library is React.

To use Preact:

parse('<br>', {
  library: require('preact')
});

Or a custom library:

parse('<br>', {
  library: {
    cloneElement: () => {
      /* ... */
    },
    createElement: () => {
      /* ... */
    },
    isValidElement: () => {
      /* ... */
    }
  }
});

htmlparser2

Along with the default htmlparser2 options, the parser also sets:

{
  "lowerCaseAttributeNames": false
}

Since v0.12.0, the htmlparser2 options can be overridden.

The following example enables xmlMode but disables lowerCaseAttributeNames:

parse('<p /><p />', {
  htmlparser2: {
    xmlMode: true
  }
});

WARNING: htmlparser2 options do not apply on the client-side (browser). The options only apply on the server-side (Node.js). By overriding htmlparser2 options, universal rendering can break. Do this at your own risk.

trim

Normally, whitespace is preserved:

parse('<br>\n'); // [React.createElement('br'), '\n']

Enable the trim option to remove whitespace:

parse('<br>\n', { trim: true }); // React.createElement('br')

This fixes the warning:

Warning: validateDOMNesting(...): Whitespace text nodes cannot appear as a child of <table>. Make sure you don't have any extra whitespace between tags on each line of your source code.

However, intentional whitespace may be stripped out:

parse('<p> </p>', { trim: true }); // React.createElement('p')

Migration

v1.0.0

TypeScript projects will need to update the types in v1.0.0.

For the replace option, you may need to do the following:

import { Element } from 'domhandler/lib/node';

parse('<br class="remove">', {
  replace: domNode => {
    if (domNode instanceof Element && domNode.attribs.class === 'remove') {
      return <></>;
    }
  }
});

Since v1.1.1, Internet Explorer 9 (IE9) is no longer supported.

FAQ

Is this XSS safe?

No, this library is not XSS (cross-site scripting) safe. See #94.

Does invalid HTML get sanitized?

No, this library does not sanitize HTML. See #124, #125, and #141.

Are <script> tags parsed?

Although <script> tags and their contents are rendered on the server-side, they're not evaluated on the client-side. See #98.

Attributes aren't getting called

The reason why your HTML attributes aren't getting called is because inline event handlers (e.g., onclick) are parsed as a string rather than a function. See #73.

Parser throws an error

If the parser throws an erorr, check if your arguments are valid. See "Does invalid HTML get sanitized?".

Is SSR supported?

Yes, server-side rendering on Node.js is supported by this library. See demo.

Elements aren't nested correctly

If your elements are nested incorrectly, check to make sure your HTML markup is valid. The HTML to DOM parsing will be affected if you're using self-closing syntax (/>) on non-void elements:

parse('<div /><div />'); // returns single element instead of array of elements

See #158.

Warning: validateDOMNesting(...): Whitespace text nodes cannot appear as a child of table

Enable the trim option. See #155.

Don't change case of tags

Tags are lowercased by default. To prevent that from happening, pass the htmlparser2 option:

const options = {
  htmlparser2: {
    lowerCaseTags: false
  }
};
parse('<CustomElement>', options); // React.createElement('CustomElement')

Warning: By preserving case-sensitivity of the tags, you may get rendering warnings like:

Warning: <CustomElement> is using incorrect casing. Use PascalCase for React components, or lowercase for HTML elements.

See #62 and example.

TS Error: Property 'attribs' does not exist on type 'DOMNode'

The TypeScript error occurs because DOMNode needs be an instance of domhandler's Element. See migration or #199.

Can I enable trim for certain elements?

Yes, you can enable or disable trim for certain elements using the replace option. See #205.

Performance

Run benchmark:

$ npm run test:benchmark

Output of benchmark run on MacBook Pro 2017:

html-to-react - Single x 415,186 ops/sec ±0.92% (85 runs sampled)
html-to-react - Multiple x 139,780 ops/sec ±2.32% (87 runs sampled)
html-to-react - Complex x 8,118 ops/sec ±2.99% (82 runs sampled)

Run Size Limit:

$ npx size-limit

Contributors

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Support

License

MIT

Install

npm i html-react-parser

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

336,233

Version

1.2.1

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

319 kB

Total Files

16

Last publish

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