got
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    11.8.2 • Public • Published


    Got


    Huge thanks to for sponsoring Sindre Sorhus!

    (they love Got too!)



    Human-friendly and powerful HTTP request library for Node.js

    Build Status: Linux Coverage Status Downloads Install size

    Moving from Request? (Note that Request is unmaintained)

    See how Got compares to other HTTP libraries

    For browser usage, we recommend Ky by the same people.

    Highlights

    Install

    $ npm install got
    

    Usage

    Promise
    const got = require('got');
    
    (async () => {
    	try {
    		const response = await got('https://sindresorhus.com');
    		console.log(response.body);
    		//=> '<!doctype html> ...'
    	} catch (error) {
    		console.log(error.response.body);
    		//=> 'Internal server error ...'
    	}
    })();
    JSON
    const got = require('got');
    
    (async () => {
    	const {body} = await got.post('https://httpbin.org/anything', {
    		json: {
    			hello: 'world'
    		},
    		responseType: 'json'
    	});
    
    	console.log(body.data);
    	//=> {hello: 'world'}
    })();

    See JSON mode for more details.

    Streams
    const stream = require('stream');
    const {promisify} = require('util');
    const fs = require('fs');
    const got = require('got');
    
    const pipeline = promisify(stream.pipeline);
    
    (async () => {
    	await pipeline(
    		got.stream('https://sindresorhus.com'),
    		fs.createWriteStream('index.html')
    	);
    
    	// For POST, PUT, PATCH, and DELETE methods, `got.stream` returns a `stream.Writable`.
    	await pipeline(
    		fs.createReadStream('index.html'),
    		got.stream.post('https://sindresorhus.com')
    	);
    })();

    Tip: from.pipe(to) doesn't forward errors. Instead, use stream.pipeline(from, ..., to, callback).

    Note: While got.post('https://example.com') resolves, got.stream.post('https://example.com') will hang indefinitely until a body is provided. If there's no body on purpose, remember to .end() the stream or set the body option to an empty string.

    API

    It's a GET request by default, but can be changed by using different methods or via options.method.

    By default, Got will retry on failure. To disable this option, set options.retry to 0.

    got(url?, options?)

    Returns a Promise giving a Response object or a Got Stream if options.isStream is set to true.

    url

    Type: string | object

    The URL to request, as a string, a https.request options object, or a WHATWG URL.

    Properties from options will override properties in the parsed url.

    If no protocol is specified, it will throw a TypeError.

    Note: The query string is not parsed as search params. Example:

    got('https://example.com/?query=a b'); //=> https://example.com/?query=a%20b
    got('https://example.com/', {searchParams: {query: 'a b'}}); //=> https://example.com/?query=a+b
    
    // The query string is overridden by `searchParams`
    got('https://example.com/?query=a b', {searchParams: {query: 'a b'}}); //=> https://example.com/?query=a+b
    options

    Type: object

    Any of the https.request options.

    Note: Legacy URL support is disabled. options.path is supported only for backwards compatibility. Use options.pathname and options.searchParams instead. options.auth has been replaced with options.username & options.password.

    method

    Type: string
    Default: GET

    The HTTP method used to make the request.

    prefixUrl

    Type: string | URL

    When specified, prefixUrl will be prepended to url. The prefix can be any valid URL, either relative or absolute.
    A trailing slash / is optional - one will be added automatically.

    Note: prefixUrl will be ignored if the url argument is a URL instance.

    Note: Leading slashes in input are disallowed when using this option to enforce consistency and avoid confusion. For example, when the prefix URL is https://example.com/foo and the input is /bar, there's ambiguity whether the resulting URL would become https://example.com/foo/bar or https://example.com/bar. The latter is used by browsers.

    Tip: Useful when used with got.extend() to create niche-specific Got instances.

    Tip: You can change prefixUrl using hooks as long as the URL still includes the prefixUrl. If the URL doesn't include it anymore, it will throw.

    const got = require('got');
    
    (async () => {
    	await got('unicorn', {prefixUrl: 'https://cats.com'});
    	//=> 'https://cats.com/unicorn'
    
    	const instance = got.extend({
    		prefixUrl: 'https://google.com'
    	});
    
    	await instance('unicorn', {
    		hooks: {
    			beforeRequest: [
    				options => {
    					options.prefixUrl = 'https://cats.com';
    				}
    			]
    		}
    	});
    	//=> 'https://cats.com/unicorn'
    })();
    headers

    Type: object
    Default: {}

    Request headers.

    Existing headers will be overwritten. Headers set to undefined will be omitted.

    isStream

    Type: boolean
    Default: false

    Returns a Stream instead of a Promise. This is equivalent to calling got.stream(url, options?).

    body

    Type: string | Buffer | stream.Readable or form-data instance

    Note #1: The body option cannot be used with the json or form option.

    Note #2: If you provide this option, got.stream() will be read-only.

    Note #3: If you provide a payload with the GET or HEAD method, it will throw a TypeError unless the method is GET and the allowGetBody option is set to true.

    Note #4: This option is not enumerable and will not be merged with the instance defaults.

    The content-length header will be automatically set if body is a string / Buffer / fs.createReadStream instance / form-data instance, and content-length and transfer-encoding are not manually set in options.headers.

    json

    Type: object | Array | number | string | boolean | null (JSON-serializable values)

    Note #1: If you provide this option, got.stream() will be read-only.
    Note #2: This option is not enumerable and will not be merged with the instance defaults.

    JSON body. If the Content-Type header is not set, it will be set to application/json.

    context

    Type: object

    User data. In contrast to other options, context is not enumerable.

    Note: The object is never merged, it's just passed through. Got will not modify the object in any way.

    It's very useful for storing auth tokens:

    const got = require('got');
    
    const instance = got.extend({
    	hooks: {
    		beforeRequest: [
    			options => {
    				if (!options.context || !options.context.token) {
    					throw new Error('Token required');
    				}
    
    				options.headers.token = options.context.token;
    			}
    		]
    	}
    });
    
    (async () => {
    	const context = {
    		token: 'secret'
    	};
    
    	const response = await instance('https://httpbin.org/headers', {context});
    
    	// Let's see the headers
    	console.log(response.body);
    })();
    responseType

    Type: string
    Default: 'text'

    Note: When using streams, this option is ignored.

    The parsing method. Can be 'text', 'json' or 'buffer'.

    The promise also has .text(), .json() and .buffer() methods which return another Got promise for the parsed body.
    It's like setting the options to {responseType: 'json', resolveBodyOnly: true} but without affecting the main Got promise.

    Example:

    (async () => {
    	const responsePromise = got(url);
    	const bufferPromise = responsePromise.buffer();
    	const jsonPromise = responsePromise.json();
    
    	const [response, buffer, json] = await Promise.all([responsePromise, bufferPromise, jsonPromise]);
    	// `response` is an instance of Got Response
    	// `buffer` is an instance of Buffer
    	// `json` is an object
    })();
    // This
    const body = await got(url).json();
    
    // is semantically the same as this
    const body = await got(url, {responseType: 'json', resolveBodyOnly: true});

    Note: buffer will return the raw body buffer. Modifying it will also alter the result of promise.text() and promise.json(). Before overwritting the buffer, please copy it first via Buffer.from(buffer). See https://github.com/nodejs/node/issues/27080

    parseJson

    Type: (text: string) => unknown
    Default: (text: string) => JSON.parse(text)

    A function used to parse JSON responses.

    Example

    Using bourne to prevent prototype pollution:

    const got = require('got');
    const Bourne = require('@hapi/bourne');
    
    (async () => {
    	const parsed = await got('https://example.com', {
    		parseJson: text => Bourne.parse(text)
    	}).json();
    
    	console.log(parsed);
    })();
    stringifyJson

    Type: (object: unknown) => string
    Default: (object: unknown) => JSON.stringify(object)

    A function used to stringify the body of JSON requests.

    Examples

    Ignore properties starting with _:

    const got = require('got');
    
    (async () => {
    	await got.post('https://example.com', {
    		stringifyJson: object => JSON.stringify(object, (key, value) => {
    			if (key.startsWith('_')) {
    				return;
    			}
    
    			return value;
    		}),
    		json: {
    			some: 'payload',
    			_ignoreMe: 1234
    		}
    	});
    })();

    All numbers as strings:

    const got = require('got');
    
    (async () => {
    	await got.post('https://example.com', {
    		stringifyJson: object => JSON.stringify(object, (key, value) => {
    			if (typeof value === 'number') {
    				return value.toString();
    			}
    
    			return value;
    		}),
    		json: {
    			some: 'payload',
    			number: 1
    		}
    	});
    })();
    resolveBodyOnly

    Type: boolean
    Default: false

    When set to true the promise will return the Response body instead of the Response object.

    cookieJar

    Type: object | tough.CookieJar instance

    Note: If you provide this option, options.headers.cookie will be overridden.

    Cookie support. You don't have to care about parsing or how to store them. Example.

    cookieJar.setCookie

    Type: Function<Promise>

    The function takes two arguments: rawCookie (string) and url (string).

    cookieJar.getCookieString

    Type: Function<Promise>

    The function takes one argument: url (string).

    ignoreInvalidCookies

    Type: boolean
    Default: false

    Ignore invalid cookies instead of throwing an error. Only useful when the cookieJar option has been set. Not recommended.

    encoding

    Type: string
    Default: 'utf8'

    Encoding to be used on setEncoding of the response data.

    To get a Buffer, you need to set responseType to buffer instead. Don't set this option to null.

    Note: This doesn't affect streams! Instead, you need to do got.stream(...).setEncoding(encoding).

    form

    Type: object

    Note #1: If you provide this option, got.stream() will be read-only.
    Note #2: This option is not enumerable and will not be merged with the instance defaults.

    The form body is converted to a query string using (new URLSearchParams(object)).toString().

    If the Content-Type header is not present, it will be set to application/x-www-form-urlencoded.

    searchParams

    Type: string | object<string, string | number> | URLSearchParams

    Query string that will be added to the request URL. This will override the query string in url.

    If you need to pass in an array, you can do it using a URLSearchParams instance:

    const got = require('got');
    
    const searchParams = new URLSearchParams([['key', 'a'], ['key', 'b']]);
    
    got('https://example.com', {searchParams});
    
    console.log(searchParams.toString());
    //=> 'key=a&key=b'

    There are some exceptions in regards to URLSearchParams behavior:

    Note #1: null values are not stringified, an empty string is used instead.

    Note #2: undefined values are not stringified, the entry is skipped instead.

    timeout

    Type: number | object

    Milliseconds to wait for the server to end the response before aborting the request with got.TimeoutError error (a.k.a. request property). By default, there's no timeout.

    This also accepts an object with the following fields to constrain the duration of each phase of the request lifecycle:

    • lookup starts when a socket is assigned and ends when the hostname has been resolved. Does not apply when using a Unix domain socket.
    • connect starts when lookup completes (or when the socket is assigned if lookup does not apply to the request) and ends when the socket is connected.
    • secureConnect starts when connect completes and ends when the handshaking process completes (HTTPS only).
    • socket starts when the socket is connected. See request.setTimeout.
    • response starts when the request has been written to the socket and ends when the response headers are received.
    • send starts when the socket is connected and ends with the request has been written to the socket.
    • request starts when the request is initiated and ends when the response's end event fires.
    retry

    Type: number | object
    Default:

    • limit: 2
    • calculateDelay: ({attemptCount, retryOptions, error, computedValue}) => computedValue | Promise<computedValue>
    • methods: GET PUT HEAD DELETE OPTIONS TRACE
    • statusCodes: 408 413 429 500 502 503 504 521 522 524
    • maxRetryAfter: undefined
    • errorCodes: ETIMEDOUT ECONNRESET EADDRINUSE ECONNREFUSED EPIPE ENOTFOUND ENETUNREACH EAI_AGAIN

    An object representing limit, calculateDelay, methods, statusCodes, maxRetryAfter and errorCodes fields for maximum retry count, retry handler, allowed methods, allowed status codes, maximum Retry-After time and allowed error codes.

    If maxRetryAfter is set to undefined, it will use options.timeout.
    If Retry-After header is greater than maxRetryAfter, it will cancel the request.

    Delays between retries counts with function 1000 * Math.pow(2, retry - 1) + Math.random() * 100, where retry is attempt number (starts from 1).

    The calculateDelay property is a function that receives an object with attemptCount, retryOptions, error and computedValue properties for current retry count, the retry options, error and default computed value. The function must return a delay in milliseconds (or a Promise resolving with it) (0 return value cancels retry).

    Note: The calculateDelay function is responsible for the entire cache mechanism, including the limit property. To support it, you need to check whether computedValue is different than 0.

    By default, it retries only on the specified methods, status codes, and on these network errors:

    • ETIMEDOUT: One of the timeout limits were reached.
    • ECONNRESET: Connection was forcibly closed by a peer.
    • EADDRINUSE: Could not bind to any free port.
    • ECONNREFUSED: Connection was refused by the server.
    • EPIPE: The remote side of the stream being written has been closed.
    • ENOTFOUND: Couldn't resolve the hostname to an IP address.
    • ENETUNREACH: No internet connection.
    • EAI_AGAIN: DNS lookup timed out.

    You can retry Got streams too. The implementation looks like this:

    const got = require('got');
    const fs = require('fs');
    
    let writeStream;
    
    const fn = (retryCount = 0) => {
    	const stream = got.stream('https://example.com');
    	stream.retryCount = retryCount;
    
    	if (writeStream) {
    		writeStream.destroy();
    	}
    
    	writeStream = fs.createWriteStream('example.com');
    
    	stream.pipe(writeStream);
    
    	// If you don't attach the listener, it will NOT make a retry.
    	// It automatically checks the listener count so it knows whether to retry or not :)
    	stream.once('retry', fn);
    };
    
    fn();
    followRedirect

    Type: boolean
    Default: true

    Defines if redirect responses should be followed automatically.

    Note that if a 303 is sent by the server in response to any request type (POST, DELETE, etc.), Got will automatically request the resource pointed to in the location header via GET. This is in accordance with the spec.

    methodRewriting

    Type: boolean
    Default: true

    By default, redirects will use method rewriting. For example, when sending a POST request and receiving a 302, it will resend the body to the new location using the same HTTP method (POST in this case).

    allowGetBody

    Type: boolean
    Default: false

    Note: The RFC 7321 doesn't specify any particular behavior for the GET method having a payload, therefore it's considered an anti-pattern.

    Set this to true to allow sending body for the GET method. However, the HTTP/2 specification says that An HTTP GET request includes request header fields and no payload body, therefore when using the HTTP/2 protocol this option will have no effect. This option is only meant to interact with non-compliant servers when you have no other choice.

    maxRedirects

    Type: number
    Default: 10

    If exceeded, the request will be aborted and a MaxRedirectsError will be thrown.

    decompress

    Type: boolean
    Default: true

    Decompress the response automatically. This will set the accept-encoding header to gzip, deflate, br on Node.js 11.7.0+ or gzip, deflate for older Node.js versions, unless you set it yourself.

    Brotli (br) support requires Node.js 11.7.0 or later.

    If this is disabled, a compressed response is returned as a Buffer. This may be useful if you want to handle decompression yourself or stream the raw compressed data.

    cache

    Type: object | false
    Default: false

    Cache adapter instance for storing cached response data.

    cacheOptions

    Type: object | undefined
    Default: {}

    Cache options used for the specified request.

    dnsCache

    Type: CacheableLookup | false
    Default: false

    An instance of CacheableLookup used for making DNS lookups. Useful when making lots of requests to different public hostnames.

    Note: This should stay disabled when making requests to internal hostnames such as localhost, database.local etc.
    CacheableLookup uses dns.resolver4(..) and dns.resolver6(...) under the hood and fall backs to dns.lookup(...) when the first two fail, which may lead to additional delay.

    dnsLookupIpVersion

    Type: 'auto' | 'ipv4' | 'ipv6'
    Default: 'auto'

    Indicates which DNS record family to use.
    Values:

    • auto: IPv4 (if present) or IPv6
    • ipv4: Only IPv4
    • ipv6: Only IPv6

    Note: If you are using the undocumented option family, dnsLookupIpVersion will override it.

    // `api6.ipify.org` will be resolved as IPv4 and the request will be over IPv4 (the website will respond with your public IPv4)
    await got('https://api6.ipify.org', {
    	dnsLookupIpVersion: 'ipv4'
    });
    
    // `api6.ipify.org` will be resolved as IPv6 and the request will be over IPv6 (the website will respond with your public IPv6)
    await got('https://api6.ipify.org', {
    	dnsLookupIpVersion: 'ipv6'
    });
    lookup

    Type: Function
    Default: dns.lookup

    Custom DNS resolution logic.

    The function signature is the same as dns.lookup.

    request

    Type: Function
    Default: http.request | https.request (Depending on the protocol)

    Custom request function. The main purpose of this is to support HTTP2 using a wrapper.

    http2

    Type: boolean
    Default: false

    If set to true, Got will additionally accept HTTP2 requests.
    It will choose either HTTP/1.1 or HTTP/2 depending on the ALPN protocol.

    Note: Overriding options.request will disable HTTP2 support.

    Note: This option will default to true in the next upcoming major release.

    const got = require('got');
    
    (async () => {
    	const {headers} = await got('https://nghttp2.org/httpbin/anything', {http2: true});
    	console.log(headers.via);
    	//=> '2 nghttpx'
    })();
    throwHttpErrors

    Type: boolean
    Default: true

    Determines if a got.HTTPError is thrown for unsuccessful responses.

    If this is disabled, requests that encounter an error status code will be resolved with the response instead of throwing. This may be useful if you are checking for resource availability and are expecting error responses.

    agent

    Type: object

    An object representing http, https and http2 keys for http.Agent, https.Agent and http2wrapper.Agent instance. This is necessary because a request to one protocol might redirect to another. In such a scenario, Got will switch over to the right protocol agent for you.

    If a key is not present, it will default to a global agent.

    const got = require('got');
    const HttpAgent = require('agentkeepalive');
    const {HttpsAgent} = HttpAgent;
    
    got('https://sindresorhus.com', {
    	agent: {
    		http: new HttpAgent(),
    		https: new HttpsAgent()
    	}
    });
    hooks

    Type: object<string, Function[]>

    Hooks allow modifications during the request lifecycle. Hook functions may be async and are run serially.

    hooks.init

    Type: Function[]
    Default: []

    Called with plain request options, right before their normalization. This is especially useful in conjunction with got.extend() when the input needs custom handling.

    See the Request migration guide for an example.

    Note #1: This hook must be synchronous!
    Note #2: Errors in this hook will be converted into an instances of RequestError.
    Note #3: The options object may not have a url property. To modify it, use a beforeRequest hook instead.

    hooks.beforeRequest

    Type: Function[]
    Default: []

    Called with normalized request options. Got will make no further changes to the request before it is sent. This is especially useful in conjunction with got.extend() when you want to create an API client that, for example, uses HMAC-signing.

    Note: Changing options.json or options.form has no effect on the request, you should change options.body instead. If needed, update the options.headers accordingly. Example:

    const got = require('got');
    
    got.post({
    	json: {payload: 'old'},
    	hooks: {
    		beforeRequest: [
    			options => {
    				options.body = JSON.stringify({payload: 'new'});
    				options.headers['content-length'] = options.body.length.toString();
    			}
    		]
    	}
    });

    Tip: You can override the request function by returning a ClientRequest-like instance or a IncomingMessage-like instance. This is very useful when creating a custom cache mechanism.

    hooks.beforeRedirect

    Type: Function[]
    Default: []

    Called with normalized request options and the redirect response. Got will make no further changes to the request. This is especially useful when you want to avoid dead sites. Example:

    const got = require('got');
    
    got('https://example.com', {
    	hooks: {
    		beforeRedirect: [
    			(options, response) => {
    				if (options.hostname === 'deadSite') {
    					options.hostname = 'fallbackSite';
    				}
    			}
    		]
    	}
    });
    hooks.beforeRetry

    Type: Function[]
    Default: []

    Note: When using streams, this hook is ignored.

    Called with normalized request options, the error and the retry count. Got will make no further changes to the request. This is especially useful when some extra work is required before the next try. Example:

    const got = require('got');
    
    got.post('https://example.com', {
    	hooks: {
    		beforeRetry: [
    			(options, error, retryCount) => {
    				if (error.response.statusCode === 413) { // Payload too large
    					options.body = getNewBody();
    				}
    			}
    		]
    	}
    });

    Note: When retrying in a afterResponse hook, all remaining beforeRetry hooks will be called without the error and retryCount arguments.

    hooks.afterResponse

    Type: Function[]
    Default: []

    Note: When using streams, this hook is ignored.

    Called with response object and a retry function. Calling the retry function will trigger beforeRetry hooks.

    Each function should return the response. This is especially useful when you want to refresh an access token. Example:

    const got = require('got');
    
    const instance = got.extend({
    	hooks: {
    		afterResponse: [
    			(response, retryWithMergedOptions) => {
    				if (response.statusCode === 401) { // Unauthorized
    					const updatedOptions = {
    						headers: {
    							token: getNewToken() // Refresh the access token
    						}
    					};
    
    					// Save for further requests
    					instance.defaults.options = got.mergeOptions(instance.defaults.options, updatedOptions);
    
    					// Make a new retry
    					return retryWithMergedOptions(updatedOptions);
    				}
    
    				// No changes otherwise
    				return response;
    			}
    		],
    		beforeRetry: [
    			(options, error, retryCount) => {
    				// This will be called on `retryWithMergedOptions(...)`
    			}
    		]
    	},
    	mutableDefaults: true
    });
    hooks.beforeError

    Type: Function[]
    Default: []

    Called with an Error instance. The error is passed to the hook right before it's thrown. This is especially useful when you want to have more detailed errors.

    Note: Errors thrown while normalizing input options are thrown directly and not part of this hook.

    const got = require('got');
    
    got('https://api.github.com/some-endpoint', {
    	hooks: {
    		beforeError: [
    			error => {
    				const {response} = error;
    				if (response && response.body) {
    					error.name = 'GitHubError';
    					error.message = `${response.body.message} (${response.statusCode})`;
    				}
    
    				return error;
    			}
    		]
    	}
    });
    pagination

    Type: object

    Note: We're looking for feedback, any ideas on how to improve the API are welcome.

    pagination.transform

    Type: Function
    Default: response => JSON.parse(response.body)

    A function that transform Response into an array of items. This is where you should do the parsing.

    pagination.paginate

    Type: Function
    Default: Link header logic

    The function takes three arguments:

    • response - The current response object.
    • allItems - An array of the emitted items.
    • currentItems - Items from the current response.

    It should return an object representing Got options pointing to the next page. The options are merged automatically with the previous request, therefore the options returned pagination.paginate(...) must reflect changes only. If there are no more pages, false should be returned.

    For example, if you want to stop when the response contains less items than expected, you can use something like this:

    const got = require('got');
    
    (async () => {
    	const limit = 10;
    
    	const items = got.paginate('https://example.com/items', {
    		searchParams: {
    			limit,
    			offset: 0
    		},
    		pagination: {
    			paginate: (response, allItems, currentItems) => {
    				const previousSearchParams = response.request.options.searchParams;
    				const previousOffset = previousSearchParams.get('offset');
    
    				if (currentItems.length < limit) {
    					return false;
    				}
    
    				return {
    					searchParams: {
    						...previousSearchParams,
    						offset: Number(previousOffset) + limit,
    					}
    				};
    			}
    		}
    	});
    
    	console.log('Items from all pages:', items);
    })();
    pagination.filter

    Type: Function
    Default: (item, allItems, currentItems) => true

    Checks whether the item should be emitted or not.

    pagination.shouldContinue

    Type: Function
    Default: (item, allItems, currentItems) => true

    Checks whether the pagination should continue.

    For example, if you need to stop before emitting an entry with some flag, you should use (item, allItems, currentItems) => !item.flag. If you want to stop after emitting the entry, you should use (item, allItems, currentItems) => allItems.some(entry => entry.flag) instead.

    pagination.countLimit

    Type: number
    Default: Infinity

    The maximum amount of items that should be emitted.

    pagination.backoff

    Type: number
    Default: 0

    Milliseconds to wait before the next request is triggered.

    pagination.requestLimit

    Type: number
    Default: 10000

    The maximum amount of request that should be triggered. Retries on failure are not counted towards this limit.

    For example, it can be helpful during development to avoid an infinite number of requests.

    pagination.stackAllItems

    Type: boolean
    Default: true

    Defines how the parameter allItems in pagination.paginate, pagination.filter and pagination.shouldContinue is managed. When set to false, the parameter allItems is always an empty array.

    This option can be helpful to save on memory usage when working with a large dataset.

    localAddress

    Type: string

    The IP address used to send the request from.

    Advanced HTTPS API

    Note: If the request is not HTTPS, these options will be ignored.

    https.certificateAuthority

    Type: string | Buffer | Array<string | Buffer>

    Override the default Certificate Authorities (from Mozilla)

    // Single Certificate Authority
    got('https://example.com', {
    	https: {
    		certificateAuthority: fs.readFileSync('./my_ca.pem')
    	}
    });
    https.key

    Type: string | Buffer | Array<string | Buffer> | object[]

    Private keys in PEM format.
    PEM allows the option of private keys being encrypted. Encrypted keys will be decrypted with options.https.passphrase.
    Multiple keys with different passphrases can be provided as an array of {pem: <string | Buffer>, passphrase: <string>}

    https.certificate

    Type: string | Buffer | (string | Buffer)[]

    Certificate chains in PEM format.
    One cert chain should be provided per private key (options.https.key).
    When providing multiple cert chains, they do not have to be in the same order as their private keys in options.https.key.
    If the intermediate certificates are not provided, the peer will not be able to validate the certificate, and the handshake will fail.

    https.passphrase

    Type: string

    The passphrase to decrypt the options.https.key (if different keys have different passphrases refer to options.https.key documentation).

    https.pfx

    Type: string | Buffer | Array<string | Buffer | object>

    PFX or PKCS12 encoded private key and certificate chain. Using options.https.pfx is an alternative to providing options.https.key and options.https.certificate individually. A PFX is usually encrypted, and if it is, options.https.passphrase will be used to decrypt it.

    Multiple PFX's can be be provided as an array of unencrypted buffers or an array of objects like:

    {
    	buffer: string | Buffer,
    	passphrase?: string
    }

    This object form can only occur in an array. If the provided buffers are encrypted, object.passphrase can be used to decrypt them. If object.passphrase is not provided, options.https.passphrase will be used for decryption.

    Examples for https.key, https.certificate, https.passphrase, and https.pfx
    // Single key with certificate
    got('https://example.com', {
    	https: {
    		key: fs.readFileSync('./client_key.pem'),
    		certificate: fs.readFileSync('./client_cert.pem')
    	}
    });
    
    // Multiple keys with certificates (out of order)
    got('https://example.com', {
    	https: {
    		key: [
    			fs.readFileSync('./client_key1.pem'),
    			fs.readFileSync('./client_key2.pem')
    		],
    		certificate: [
    			fs.readFileSync('./client_cert2.pem'),
    			fs.readFileSync('./client_cert1.pem')
    		]
    	}
    });
    
    // Single key with passphrase
    got('https://example.com', {
    	https: {
    		key: fs.readFileSync('./client_key.pem'),
    		certificate: fs.readFileSync('./client_cert.pem'),
    		passphrase: 'client_key_passphrase'
    	}
    });
    
    // Multiple keys with different passphrases
    got('https://example.com', {
    	https: {
    		key: [
    			{pem: fs.readFileSync('./client_key1.pem'), passphrase: 'passphrase1'},
    			{pem: fs.readFileSync('./client_key2.pem'), passphrase: 'passphrase2'},
    		],
    		certificate: [
    			fs.readFileSync('./client_cert1.pem'),
    			fs.readFileSync('./client_cert2.pem')
    		]
    	}
    });
    
    // Single encrypted PFX with passphrase
    got('https://example.com', {
    	https: {
    		pfx: fs.readFileSync('./fake.pfx'),
    		passphrase: 'passphrase'
    	}
    });
    
    // Multiple encrypted PFX's with different passphrases
    got('https://example.com', {
    	https: {
    		pfx: [
    			{
    				buffer: fs.readFileSync('./key1.pfx'),
    				passphrase: 'passphrase1'
    			},
    			{
    				buffer: fs.readFileSync('./key2.pfx'),
    				passphrase: 'passphrase2'
    			}
    		]
    	}
    });
    
    // Multiple encrypted PFX's with single passphrase
    got('https://example.com', {
    	https: {
    		passphrase: 'passphrase',
    		pfx: [
    			{
    				buffer: fs.readFileSync('./key1.pfx')
    			},
    			{
    				buffer: fs.readFileSync('./key2.pfx')
    			}
    		]
    	}
    });
    https.rejectUnauthorized

    Type: boolean
    Default: true

    If set to false, all invalid SSL certificates will be ignored and no error will be thrown.
    If set to true, it will throw an error whenever an invalid SSL certificate is detected.

    We strongly recommend to have this set to true for security reasons.

    const got = require('got');
    
    (async () => {
    	// Correct:
    	await got('https://example.com', {
    		https: {
    			rejectUnauthorized: true
    		}
    	});
    
    	// You can disable it when developing an HTTPS app:
    	await got('https://localhost', {
    		https: {
    			rejectUnauthorized: false
    		}
    	});
    
    	// Never do this:
    	await got('https://example.com', {
    		https: {
    			rejectUnauthorized: false
    		}
    	});
    https.checkServerIdentity

    Type: Function
    Signature: (hostname: string, certificate: DetailedPeerCertificate) => Error | undefined
    Default: tls.checkServerIdentity (from the tls module)

    This function enable a custom check of the certificate.
    Note: In order to have the function called the certificate must not be expired, self-signed or with an untrusted-root.
    The function parameters are:

    • hostname: The server hostname (used when connecting)
    • certificate: The server certificate

    The function must return undefined if the check succeeded or an Error if it failed.

    await got('https://example.com', {
    	https: {
    		checkServerIdentity: (hostname, certificate) => {
    			if (hostname === 'example.com') {
    				return; // Certificate OK
    			}
    
    			return new Error('Invalid Hostname'); // Certificate NOT OK
    		}
    	}
    });

    Response

    The response object will typically be a Node.js HTTP response stream, however, if returned from the cache it will be a response-like object which behaves in the same way.

    request

    Type: object

    Note: This is not a http.ClientRequest.

    • options - The Got options that were set on this request.
    body

    Type: string | object | Buffer (Depending on options.responseType)

    The result of the request.

    rawBody

    Type: Buffer

    The raw result of the request.

    url

    Type: string

    The request URL or the final URL after redirects.

    ip

    Type: string

    The remote IP address.

    Note: Not available when the response is cached. This is hopefully a temporary limitation, see lukechilds/cacheable-request#86.

    requestUrl

    Type: string

    The original request URL.

    timings

    Type: object

    The object contains the following properties:

    • start - Time when the request started.
    • socket - Time when a socket was assigned to the request.
    • lookup - Time when the DNS lookup finished.
    • connect - Time when the socket successfully connected.
    • secureConnect - Time when the socket securely connected.
    • upload - Time when the request finished uploading.
    • response - Time when the request fired response event.
    • end - Time when the response fired end event.
    • error - Time when the request fired error event.
    • abort - Time when the request fired abort event.
    • phases
      • wait - timings.socket - timings.start
      • dns - timings.lookup - timings.socket
      • tcp - timings.connect - timings.lookup
      • tls - timings.secureConnect - timings.connect
      • request - timings.upload - (timings.secureConnect || timings.connect)
      • firstByte - timings.response - timings.upload
      • download - timings.end - timings.response
      • total - (timings.end || timings.error || timings.abort) - timings.start

    If something has not been measured yet, it will be undefined.

    Note: The time is a number representing the milliseconds elapsed since the UNIX epoch.

    isFromCache

    Type: boolean

    Whether the response was retrieved from the cache.

    redirectUrls

    Type: string[]

    The redirect URLs.

    retryCount

    Type: number

    The number of times the request was retried.

    Streams

    Note: Progress events, redirect events and request/response events can also be used with promises.

    Note: To access response.isFromCache you need to use got.stream(url, options).isFromCache. The value will be undefined until the response event.

    got.stream(url, options?)

    Sets options.isStream to true.

    Returns a duplex stream with additional events:

    .on('request', request)

    request event to get the request object of the request.

    Tip: You can use request event to abort request:

    got.stream('https://github.com')
    	.on('request', request => setTimeout(() => request.destroy(), 50));
    .on('response', response)

    The response event to get the response object of the final request.

    .on('redirect', response, nextOptions)

    The redirect event to get the response object of a redirect. The second argument is options for the next request to the redirect location.

    .on('uploadProgress', progress)
    .uploadProgress
    .on('downloadProgress', progress)
    .downloadProgress

    Progress events for uploading (sending a request) and downloading (receiving a response). The progress argument is an object like:

    {
    	percent: 0.1,
    	transferred: 1024,
    	total: 10240
    }

    If the content-length header is missing, total will be undefined.

    (async () => {
    	const response = await got('https://sindresorhus.com')
    		.on('downloadProgress', progress => {
    			// Report download progress
    		})
    		.on('uploadProgress', progress => {
    			// Report upload progress
    		});
    
    	console.log(response);
    })();
    .once('retry', retryCount, error)

    To enable retrying on a Got stream, it is required to have a retry handler attached.
    When this event is emitted, you should reset the stream you were writing to and prepare the body again.

    See the retry option for an example implementation.

    .ip

    Type: string

    The remote IP address.

    .aborted

    Type: boolean

    Indicates whether the request has been aborted or not.

    .timings

    The same as response.timings.

    .isFromCache

    The same as response.isFromCache.

    .socket

    The same as response.socket.

    .on('error', error)

    The emitted error is an instance of RequestError.

    Pagination

    got.paginate(url, options?)

    got.paginate.each(url, options?)

    Returns an async iterator:

    (async () => {
    	const countLimit = 10;
    
    	const pagination = got.paginate('https://api.github.com/repos/sindresorhus/got/commits', {
    		pagination: {countLimit}
    	});
    
    	console.log(`Printing latest ${countLimit} Got commits (newest to oldest):`);
    
    	for await (const commitData of pagination) {
    		console.log(commitData.commit.message);
    	}
    })();

    See options.pagination for more pagination options.

    got.paginate.all(url, options?)

    Returns a Promise for an array of all results:

    (async () => {
    	const countLimit = 10;
    
    	const results = await got.paginate.all('https://api.github.com/repos/sindresorhus/got/commits', {
    		pagination: {countLimit}
    	});
    
    	console.log(`Printing latest ${countLimit} Got commits (newest to oldest):`);
    	console.log(results);
    })();

    See options.pagination for more pagination options.

    got.get(url, options?)

    got.post(url, options?)

    got.put(url, options?)

    got.patch(url, options?)

    got.head(url, options?)

    got.delete(url, options?)

    Sets options.method to the method name and makes a request.

    Instances

    got.extend(...options)

    Configure a new got instance with default options. The options are merged with the parent instance's defaults.options using got.mergeOptions. You can access the resolved options with the .defaults property on the instance.

    const client = got.extend({
    	prefixUrl: 'https://example.com',
    	headers: {
    		'x-unicorn': 'rainbow'
    	}
    });
    
    client.get('demo');
    
    /* HTTP Request =>
     * GET /demo HTTP/1.1
     * Host: example.com
     * x-unicorn: rainbow
     */
    (async () => {
    	const client = got.extend({
    		prefixUrl: 'httpbin.org',
    		headers: {
    			'x-foo': 'bar'
    		}
    	});
    	const {headers} = await client.get('headers').json();
    	//=> headers['x-foo'] === 'bar'
    
    	const jsonClient = client.extend({
    		responseType: 'json',
    		resolveBodyOnly: true,
    		headers: {
    			'x-baz': 'qux'
    		}
    	});
    	const {headers: headers2} = await jsonClient.get('headers');
    	//=> headers2['x-foo'] === 'bar'
    	//=> headers2['x-baz'] === 'qux'
    })();

    Additionally, got.extend() accepts two properties from the defaults object: mutableDefaults and handlers. Example:

    // You can now modify `mutableGot.defaults.options`.
    const mutableGot = got.extend({mutableDefaults: true});
    
    const mergedHandlers = got.extend({
    	handlers: [
    		(options, next) => {
    			delete options.headers.referer;
    
    			return next(options);
    		}
    	]
    });

    Note: Handlers can be asynchronous. The recommended approach is:

    const handler = (options, next) => {
    	if (options.isStream) {
    		// It's a Stream
    		return next(options);
    	}
    
    	// It's a Promise
    	return (async () => {
    		try {
    			const response = await next(options);
    			response.yourOwnProperty = true;
    			return response;
    		} catch (error) {
    			// Every error will be replaced by this one.
    			// Before you receive any error here,
    			// it will be passed to the `beforeError` hooks first.
    			// Note: this one won't be passed to `beforeError` hook. It's final.
    			throw new Error('Your very own error.');
    		}
    	})();
    };
    
    const instance = got.extend({handlers: [handler]});

    got.extend(...options, ...instances, ...)

    Merges many instances into a single one:

    • options are merged using got.mergeOptions() (including hooks),
    • handlers are stored in an array (you can access them through instance.defaults.handlers).
    const a = {headers: {cat: 'meow'}};
    const b = got.extend({
    	options: {
    		headers: {
    			cow: 'moo'
    		}
    	}
    });
    
    // The same as `got.extend(a).extend(b)`.
    // Note `a` is options and `b` is an instance.
    got.extend(a, b);
    //=> {headers: {cat: 'meow', cow: 'moo'}}

    got.mergeOptions(parent, ...sources)

    Extends parent options. Avoid using object spread as it doesn't work recursively:

    const a = {headers: {cat: 'meow', wolf: ['bark', 'wrrr']}};
    const b = {headers: {cow: 'moo', wolf: ['auuu']}};
    
    {...a, ...b}            // => {headers: {cow: 'moo', wolf: ['auuu']}}
    got.mergeOptions(a, b)  // => {headers: {cat: 'meow', cow: 'moo', wolf: ['auuu']}}

    Note: Only Got options are merged! Custom user options should be defined via options.context.

    Options are deeply merged to a new object. The value of each key is determined as follows:

    • If the new property is not defined, the old value is used.
    • If the new property is explicitly set to undefined:
      • If the parent property is a plain object, the parent value is deeply cloned.
      • Otherwise, undefined is used.
    • If the parent value is an instance of URLSearchParams:
      • If the new value is a string, an object or an instance of URLSearchParams, a new URLSearchParams instance is created. The values are merged using urlSearchParams.append(key, value). The keys defined in the new value override the keys defined in the parent value. Please note that null values point to an empty string and undefined values will exclude the entry.
      • Otherwise, the only available value is undefined.
    • If the new property is a plain object:
      • If the parent property is a plain object too, both values are merged recursively into a new object.
      • Otherwise, only the new value is deeply cloned.
    • If the new property is an Array, it overwrites the old one with a deep clone of the new property.
    • Properties that are not enumerable, such as context, body, json, and form, will not be merged.
    • Otherwise, the new value is assigned to the key.
    const a = {json: {cat: 'meow'}};
    const b = {json: {cow: 'moo'}};
    
    got.mergeOptions(a, b);
    //=> {json: {cow: 'moo'}}

    got.defaults

    Type: object

    The Got defaults used in that instance.

    options
    handlers

    Type: Function[]
    Default: []

    An array of functions. You execute them directly by calling got(). They are some sort of "global hooks" - these functions are called first. The last handler (it's hidden) is either asPromise or asStream, depending on the options.isStream property.

    Each handler takes two arguments:

    options
    next()

    Returns a Promise or a Stream depending on options.isStream.

    const settings = {
    	handlers: [
    		(options, next) => {
    			if (options.isStream) {
    				// It's a Stream, so we can perform stream-specific actions on it
    				return next(options)
    					.on('request', request => {
    						setTimeout(() => {
    							request.abort();
    						}, 50);
    					});
    			}
    
    			// It's a Promise
    			return next(options);
    		}
    	],
    	options: got.mergeOptions(got.defaults.options, {
    		responseType: 'json'
    	})
    };
    
    const jsonGot = got.extend(settings);
    mutableDefaults

    Type: boolean
    Default: false

    A read-only boolean describing whether the defaults are mutable or not. If set to true, you can update headers over time, for example, update an access token when it expires.

    Types

    Got exports some handy TypeScript types and interfaces. See the type definition for all the exported types.

    Got

    TypeScript will automatically infer types for Got instances, but in case you want to define something like dependencies, you can import the available types directly from Got.

    import {GotRequestFunction} from 'got';
    
    interface Dependencies {
    	readonly post: GotRequestFunction
    }

    Hooks

    When writing hooks, you can refer to their types to keep your interfaces consistent.

    import {BeforeRequestHook} from 'got';
    
    const addAccessToken = (accessToken: string): BeforeRequestHook => options => {
    	options.path = `${options.path}?access_token=${accessToken}`;
    }

    Errors

    Each error contains an options property which are the options Got used to create a request - just to make debugging easier.
    Additionaly, the errors may have request (Got Stream) and response (Got Response) properties depending on which phase of the request failed.

    got.RequestError

    When a request fails. Contains a code property with error class code, like ECONNREFUSED. All the errors below inherit this one.

    got.CacheError

    When a cache method fails, for example, if the database goes down or there's a filesystem error.

    got.ReadError

    When reading from response stream fails.

    got.ParseError

    When server response code is 2xx, and parsing body fails. Includes a response property.

    got.UploadError

    When the request body is a stream and an error occurs while reading from that stream.

    got.HTTPError

    When the server response code is not 2xx nor 3xx if options.followRedirect is true, but always except for 304. Includes a response property.

    got.MaxRedirectsError

    When the server redirects you more than ten times. Includes a response property.

    got.UnsupportedProtocolError

    When given an unsupported protocol.

    got.TimeoutError

    When the request is aborted due to a timeout. Includes an event and timings property.

    got.CancelError

    When the request is aborted with .cancel().

    Aborting the request

    The promise returned by Got has a .cancel() method which when called, aborts the request.

    (async () => {
    	const request = got(url, options);
    
    	// …
    
    	// In another part of the code
    	if (something) {
    		request.cancel();
    	}
    
    	// …
    
    	try {
    		await request;
    	} catch (error) {
    		if (request.isCanceled) { // Or `error instanceof got.CancelError`
    			// Handle cancelation
    		}
    
    		// Handle other errors
    	}
    })();

    When using hooks, simply throw an error to abort the request.

    const got = require('got');
    
    (async () => {
    	const request = got(url, {
    		hooks: {
    			beforeRequest: [
    				() => {
    					throw new Error('Oops. Request canceled.');
    				}
    			]
    		}
    	});
    
    	try {
    		await request;
    	} catch (error) {
    		// …
    	}
    })();

    To abort the Got Stream request, just call stream.destroy().

    const got = require('got');
    
    const stream = got.stream(url);
    stream.destroy();

    Cache

    Got implements RFC 7234 compliant HTTP caching which works out of the box in-memory and is easily pluggable with a wide range of storage adapters. Fresh cache entries are served directly from the cache, and stale cache entries are revalidated with If-None-Match/If-Modified-Since headers. You can read more about the underlying cache behavior in the cacheable-request documentation. For DNS cache, Got uses cacheable-lookup.

    You can use the JavaScript Map type as an in-memory cache:

    const got = require('got');
    
    const map = new Map();
    
    (async () => {
    		let response = await got('https://sindresorhus.com', {cache: map});
    		console.log(response.isFromCache);
    		//=> false
    
    		response = await got('https://sindresorhus.com', {cache: map});
    		console.log(response.isFromCache);
    		//=> true
    })();

    Got uses Keyv internally to support a wide range of storage adapters. For something more scalable you could use an official Keyv storage adapter:

    $ npm install @keyv/redis
    
    const got = require('got');
    const KeyvRedis = require('@keyv/redis');
    
    const redis = new KeyvRedis('redis://user:pass@localhost:6379');
    
    got('https://sindresorhus.com', {cache: redis});

    Got supports anything that follows the Map API, so it's easy to write your own storage adapter or use a third-party solution.

    For example, the following are all valid storage adapters:

    const storageAdapter = new Map();
    // Or
    const storageAdapter = require('./my-storage-adapter');
    // Or
    const QuickLRU = require('quick-lru');
    const storageAdapter = new QuickLRU({maxSize: 1000});
    
    got('https://sindresorhus.com', {cache: storageAdapter});

    View the Keyv docs for more information on how to use storage adapters.

    Proxies

    You can use the tunnel package with the agent option to work with proxies:

    const got = require('got');
    const tunnel = require('tunnel');
    
    got('https://sindresorhus.com', {
    	agent: {
    		https: tunnel.httpsOverHttp({
    			proxy: {
    				host: 'localhost'
    			}
    		})
    	}
    });

    Otherwise, you can use the hpagent package, which keeps the internal sockets alive to be reused.

    const got = require('got');
    const {HttpsProxyAgent} = require('hpagent');
    
    got('https://sindresorhus.com', {
    	agent: {
    		https: new HttpsProxyAgent({
    			keepAlive: true,
    			keepAliveMsecs: 1000,
    			maxSockets: 256,
    			maxFreeSockets: 256,
    			scheduling: 'lifo',
    			proxy: 'https://localhost:8080'
    		})
    	}
    });

    Alternatively, use global-agent to configure a global proxy for all HTTP/HTTPS traffic in your program.

    Read the http2-wrapper docs to learn about proxying for HTTP/2.

    Cookies

    You can use the tough-cookie package:

    const {promisify} = require('util');
    const got = require('got');
    const {CookieJar} = require('tough-cookie');
    
    (async () => {
    	const cookieJar = new CookieJar();
    	const setCookie = promisify(cookieJar.setCookie.bind(cookieJar));
    
    	await setCookie('foo=bar', 'https://example.com');
    	await got('https://example.com', {cookieJar});
    })();

    Form data

    You can use the form-data package to create POST request with form data:

    const fs = require('fs');
    const got = require('got');
    const FormData = require('form-data');
    
    const form = new FormData();
    
    form.append('my_file', fs.createReadStream('/foo/bar.jpg'));
    
    got.post('https://example.com', {
    	body: form
    });

    OAuth

    You can use the oauth-1.0a package to create a signed OAuth request:

    const got = require('got');
    const crypto  = require('crypto');
    const OAuth = require('oauth-1.0a');
    
    const oauth = OAuth({
    	consumer: {
    		key: process.env.CONSUMER_KEY,
    		secret: process.env.CONSUMER_SECRET
    	},
    	signature_method: 'HMAC-SHA1',
    	hash_function: (baseString, key) => crypto.createHmac('sha1', key).update(baseString).digest('base64')
    });
    
    const token = {
    	key: process.env.ACCESS_TOKEN,
    	secret: process.env.ACCESS_TOKEN_SECRET
    };
    
    const url = 'https://api.twitter.com/1.1/statuses/home_timeline.json';
    
    got(url, {
    	headers: oauth.toHeader(oauth.authorize({url, method: 'GET'}, token)),
    	responseType: 'json'
    });

    Unix Domain Sockets

    Requests can also be sent via unix domain sockets. Use the following URL scheme: PROTOCOL://unix:SOCKET:PATH.

    • PROTOCOL - http or https (optional)
    • SOCKET - Absolute path to a unix domain socket, for example: /var/run/docker.sock
    • PATH - Request path, for example: /v2/keys
    const got = require('got');
    
    got('http://unix:/var/run/docker.sock:/containers/json');
    
    // Or without protocol (HTTP by default)
    got('unix:/var/run/docker.sock:/containers/json');

    AWS

    Requests to AWS services need to have their headers signed. This can be accomplished by using the got4aws package. This is an example for querying an "API Gateway" with a signed request.

    const got4aws = require('got4aws');;
    
    const awsClient = got4aws();
    
    const response = await awsClient('https://<api-id>.execute-api.<api-region>.amazonaws.com/<stage>/endpoint/path', {
    	// Request-specific options
    });

    Testing

    You can test your requests by using the nock package to mock an endpoint:

    const got = require('got');
    const nock = require('nock');
    
    nock('https://sindresorhus.com')
    	.get('/')
    	.reply(200, 'Hello world!');
    
    (async () => {
    	const response = await got('https://sindresorhus.com');
    	console.log(response.body);
    	//=> 'Hello world!'
    })();

    Bear in mind, that by default nock mocks only one request. Got will retry on failed requests by default, causing a No match for request ... error. The solution is to either disable retrying (set options.retry to 0) or call .persist() on the mocked request.

    const got = require('got');
    const nock = require('nock');
    
    const scope = nock('https://sindresorhus.com')
    	.get('/')
    	.reply(500, 'Internal server error')
    	.persist();
    
    (async () => {
    	try {
    		await got('https://sindresorhus.com')
    	} catch (error) {
    		console.log(error.response.body);
    		//=> 'Internal server error'
    
    		console.log(error.response.retryCount);
    		//=> 2
    	}
    
    	scope.persist(false);
    })();

    For real integration testing we recommend using ava with create-test-server. We're using a macro so we don't have to server.listen() and server.close() every test. Take a look at one of our tests:

    test('retry function gets iteration count', withServer, async (t, server, got) => {
    	let knocks = 0;
    	server.get('/', (request, response) => {
    		if (knocks++ === 1) {
    			response.end('who`s there?');
    		}
    	});
    
    	await got({
    		retry: {
    			calculateDelay: ({attemptCount}) => {
    				t.true(is.number(attemptCount));
    				return attemptCount < 2 ? 1 : 0;
    			}
    		}
    	});
    });

    Tips

    JSON mode

    To pass an object as the body, you need to use the json option. It will be stringified using JSON.stringify. Example:

    const got = require('got');
    
    (async () => {
    	const {body} = await got.post('https://httpbin.org/anything', {
    		json: {
    			hello: 'world'
    		},
    		responseType: 'json'
    	});
    
    	console.log(body.data);
    	//=> '{"hello":"world"}'
    })();

    To receive a JSON body you can either set responseType option to json or use promise.json(). Example:

    const got = require('got');
    
    (async () => {
    	const body = await got.post('https://httpbin.org/anything', {
    		json: {
    			hello: 'world'
    		}
    	}).json();
    
    	console.log(body);
    	//=> {…}
    })();

    User Agent

    It's a good idea to set the 'user-agent' header so the provider can more easily see how their resource is used. By default, it's the URL to this repo. You can omit this header by setting it to undefined.

    const got = require('got');
    const pkg = require('./package.json');
    
    got('https://sindresorhus.com', {
    	headers: {
    		'user-agent': `my-package/${pkg.version} (https://github.com/username/my-package)`
    	}
    });
    
    got('https://sindresorhus.com', {
    	headers: {
    		'user-agent': undefined
    	}
    });

    304 Responses

    Bear in mind; if you send an if-modified-since header and receive a 304 Not Modified response, the body will be empty. It's your responsibility to cache and retrieve the body contents.

    Custom endpoints

    Use got.extend() to make it nicer to work with REST APIs. Especially if you use the prefixUrl option.

    const got = require('got');
    const pkg = require('./package.json');
    
    const custom = got.extend({
    	prefixUrl: 'example.com',
    	responseType: 'json',
    	headers: {
    		'user-agent': `my-package/${pkg.version} (https://github.com/username/my-package)`
    	}
    });
    
    // Use `custom` exactly how you use `got`
    (async () => {
    	const list = await custom('v1/users/list');
    })();

    FAQ

    Why yet another HTTP client?

    Got was created because the popular request package is bloated: Install size
    Furthermore, Got is fully written in TypeScript and actively maintained.

    Electron support has been removed

    The Electron net module is not consistent with the Node.js http module. See #899 for more info.

    Comparison

    got request node-fetch ky axios superagent
    HTTP/2 support ❇️ ✔️**
    Browser support ✔️* ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
    Promise API ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
    Stream API ✔️ ✔️ Node.js only ✔️
    Pagination API ✔️
    Request cancelation ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
    RFC compliant caching ✔️
    Cookies (out-of-box) ✔️ ✔️
    Follows redirects ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
    Retries on failure ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
    Progress events ✔️ ✔️*** Browser only ✔️
    Handles gzip/deflate ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
    Advanced timeouts ✔️
    Timings ✔️ ✔️
    Errors with metadata ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
    JSON mode ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
    Custom defaults ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
    Composable ✔️ ✔️
    Hooks ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
    Issues open
    Issues closed
    Downloads
    Coverage
    Build
    Bugs
    Dependents
    Install size
    GitHub stars
    TypeScript support
    Last commit

    * It's almost API compatible with the browser fetch API.
    ** Need to switch the protocol manually. Doesn't accept PUSH streams and doesn't reuse HTTP/2 sessions.
    *** Currently, only DownloadProgress event is supported, UploadProgress event is not supported.
    ❇️ Almost-stable feature, but the API may change. Don't hesitate to try it out!
    Feature in early stage of development. Very experimental.

    Click here to see the install size of the Got dependencies.

    Related

    • gh-got - Got convenience wrapper to interact with the GitHub API
    • gl-got - Got convenience wrapper to interact with the GitLab API
    • travis-got - Got convenience wrapper to interact with the Travis API
    • graphql-got - Got convenience wrapper to interact with GraphQL
    • GotQL - Got convenience wrapper to interact with GraphQL using JSON-parsed queries instead of strings
    • got-fetch - Got with a fetch interface

    Maintainers

    Sindre Sorhus Szymon Marczak Giovanni Minotti
    Sindre Sorhus Szymon Marczak Giovanni Minotti
    Former

    These amazing companies are using Got

                                                


    Segment is a happy user of Got! Got powers the main backend API that our app talks to. It's used by our in-house RPC client that we use to communicate with all microservices.

    Vadim Demedes

    Antora, a static site generator for creating documentation sites, uses Got to download the UI bundle. In Antora, the UI bundle (aka theme) is maintained as a separate project. That project exports the UI as a zip file we call the UI bundle. The main site generator downloads that UI from a URL using Got and streams it to vinyl-zip to extract the files. Those files go on to be used to create the HTML pages and supporting assets.

    Dan Allen

    GetVoIP is happily using Got in production. One of the unique capabilities of Got is the ability to handle Unix sockets which enables us to build a full control interfaces for our docker stack.

    Daniel Kalen

    We're using Got inside of Exoframe to handle all the communication between CLI and server. Exoframe is a self-hosted tool that allows simple one-command deployments using Docker.

    Tim Ermilov

    Karaoke Mugen uses Got to fetch content updates from its online server.

    Axel Terizaki

    Renovate uses Got, gh-got and gl-got to send millions of queries per day to GitHub, GitLab, npmjs, PyPi, Packagist, Docker Hub, Terraform, CircleCI, and more.

    Rhys Arkins

    Resistbot uses Got to communicate from the API frontend where all correspondence ingresses to the officials lookup database in back.

    Chris Erickson

    Natural Cycles is using Got to communicate with all kinds of 3rd-party REST APIs (over 9000!).

    Kirill Groshkov

    Microlink is a cloud browser as an API service that uses Got widely as the main HTTP client, serving ~22M requests a month, every time a network call needs to be performed.

    Kiko Beats

    We’re using Got at Radity. Thanks for such an amazing work!

    Mirzayev Farid

    For enterprise

    Available as part of the Tidelift Subscription.

    The maintainers of got and thousands of other packages are working with Tidelift to deliver commercial support and maintenance for the open source dependencies you use to build your applications. Save time, reduce risk, and improve code health, while paying the maintainers of the exact dependencies you use. Learn more.

    Install

    npm i got

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    20,357,183

    Version

    11.8.2

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    266 kB

    Total Files

    49

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • sindresorhus
    • szmarczak