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font-ranger

3.0.5 • Public • Published

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Optimize your webfont loading! Split a large Unicode font into smaller subsets (Latin, Cyrillic etc.) and browser will only download the subset needed for a particular page (using unicode-range).

With Font-Ranger you can:

  • Generate subsets for each language you support
  • Use unicode-range subsetting for saving bandwidth
  • Remove bloat from your fonts and optimize them for web
  • Convert your fonts to a compressed woff2 format
  • Provide .woff fallback for older browsers
  • Self-host web fonts or use them locally
  • Generate CSS file with @font-face rules
  • Customize font loading and rendering

Installation

You can install it globally:

npm i -g font-ranger

Or locally:

npm i --save-dev font-ranger

And you can use it without installation (see usage)

Font-Ranger requires fonttools and brotli (for woff2) to be installed on your system.

On Ubuntu:

sudo apt install fonttools brotli

Using Python:

pip install fonttools brotli

Usage

npx - an official npm tool to run packages. Use it to run font-ranger without installation (or with local installation):

npx font-ranger --help

This tool takes your single font file and splits it to multiple subsets using unicode ranges from Google Fonts:

  • Latin
  • Latin Extended
  • Cyrillic
  • Cyrillic Extended
  • Greek
  • Greek Extended
  • and other...

For example, you can take 'Roboto-Regular.ttf' and run the following command:

npx font-ranger -f Roboto-Regular.ttf -o fonts -u latin latin-ext cyrillic cyrillic-ext greek greek-ext -n roboto-400 -p "/fonts/" -m Roboto -b 400 -s normal -i swap -l Roboto Roboto-Regular

You will get the following font files:

+  fonts/roboto-400.cyrillic.woff2 - 6.42 KB
+  fonts/roboto-400.greek.woff2 - 7.25 KB
+  fonts/roboto-400.greek-ext.woff2 - 4.09 KB
+  fonts/roboto-400.latin.woff2 - 12.51 KB
+  fonts/roboto-400.latin-ext.woff2 - 28.52 KB
+  fonts/roboto-400.cyrillic-ext.woff2 - 18.27 KB
+  fonts/roboto-400.css

Here you can see a css-file with your @font-face rules:

/* latin */
@font-face {
  font-family: 'Roboto';
  font-style: normal;
  font-weight: 400;
  font-display: swap;
  src: 
    local('Roboto'),
    local('Roboto-Regular'),
    url('/fonts/roboto-400.latin.woff2') format('woff2');
  unicode-range: U+0000-00FF, U+0131, U+0152-0153, U+02BB-02BC, U+02C6, U+02DA, U+02DC, U+2000-206F, U+2074, U+20AC, U+2122, U+2191, U+2193, U+2212, U+2215, U+FEFF, U+FFFD;
}
...

Why unicode-range?

The purpose of this descriptor is to allow the font resources to be segmented so that a browser only needs to download the font resource needed for the text content of a particular page. For example, a site with many localizations could provide separate font resources for English, Greek and Japanese. For users viewing the English version of a page, the font resources for Greek and Japanese fonts wouldn't need to be downloaded, saving bandwidth.

Google Fonts

You can download source fonts from https://github.com/google/fonts

After that just process files (e.g. ttf) using Font-Ranger

Tips

The browser must parse all the HTML and CSS to know what font variants are being used. Only after that any font files will be requested. If we want to kick things off more quickly, we should use preloading:

<link rel="stylesheet" href="/fonts/Roboto~300-400-500.css">
<link rel="preload" href="/fonts/Roboto/roboto-regular.latin.woff2" as="font" type="font/woff2" crossorigin>

CLI options

Available subsets:
  latin, latin-ext, cyrillic, cyrillic-ext, greek, greek-ext, vietnamese,
  sinhala, hebrew, oriya, malayalam, gurmukhi, kannada, arabic, tamil,
  khmer, telugu, bengali, thai, devanagari, myanmar, gujarati

Options:
  -f, --font-file      Source font (to create subsets from)  [string] [required]
  -u, --subsets        Unicode subsets to use (e.g. latin)    [array] [required]
  -r, --ranges         Custom unicode ranges (e.g. U+0000-00FF)          [array]
  -o, --output-folder  Output subsets to specific folder                [string]
  -n, --font-name      Use this font name for your subset files         [string]
  -k, --keep-format    Keep original font format                       [boolean]
  -w, --add-woff       Create and add woff as a fallback format        [boolean]
  -l, --locals         Use local names to check for system fonts         [array]
  -p, --url-prefix     Prefix for your @font-face urls                  [string]
  -m, --font-family    Specify "font-family" for your css file          [string]
  -b, --font-weight    Specify "font-weight" for your css file          [string]
  -s, --font-style     Specify "font-style" for your css file           [string]
  -i, --font-display   Specify "font-display" for your css file         [string]
  -d, --skip-css       Do not generate css file                        [boolean]
  -c, --copy-original  Copy original file to the output folder         [boolean]
  -h, --help           Show help                                       [boolean]
  -v, --version        Show version number                             [boolean]

API

You can automate Font-Ranger using Node.js API

Author

@doasync

Install

npm i font-ranger

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

22

Version

3.0.5

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

22 kB

Total Files

13

Last publish

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