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find-my-way

1.15.4 • Public • Published

find-my-way

js-standard-style Build Status Coverage Status NPM downloads

A crazy fast HTTP router, internally uses an highly performant Radix Tree (aka compact Prefix Tree), supports route params, wildcards, and it's framework independent.

If you want to see a benchmark comparison with the most commonly used routers, see here.
Do you need a real-world example that uses this router? Check out Fastify or Restify.

Install

npm i find-my-way --save

Usage

const http = require('http')
const router = require('find-my-way')()
 
router.on('GET', '/', (req, res, params) => {
  res.end('{"message":"hello world"}')
})
 
const server = http.createServer((req, res) => {
  router.lookup(req, res)
})
 
server.listen(3000, err => {
  if (err) throw err
  console.log('Server listening on: http://localost:3000')
})

API

FindMyway([options])

Instance a new router.
You can pass a default route with the option defaultRoute.

const router = require('find-my-way')({
  defaultRoute: (req, res) => {
    res.statusCode = 404
    res.end()
  }
})

Trailing slashes can be ignored by supplying the ignoreTrailingSlash option:

const router = require('find-my-way')({
  ignoreTrailingSlash: true
})
function handler (req, res, params) {
  res.end('foo')
}
// maps "/foo/" and "/foo" to `handler`
router.on('GET', '/foo/', handler)

You can set a custom length for parameters in parametric (standard, regex and multi) routes by using maxParamLength option, the default value is 100 characters.
If the maximum length limit is reached, the default route will be invoked.

const router = require('find-my-way')({
  maxParamLength: 500
})

If you are using a regex based route, find-my-way will throw an error if detects potentially catastrophic exponential-time regular expressions (internally uses safe-regex).
If you want to disable this behavior, pass the option allowUnsafeRegex.

const router = require('find-my-way')({
  allowUnsafeRegex: true
})

According to RFC3986, find-my-way is case sensitive by default. You can disable this by setting the caseSensitive option to false: in that case all paths will be lowercased before routing, including parametric and regexp-matched values. You can turn off case sensitivity with:

const router = require('find-my-way')({
  caseSensitive: false
})

on(method, path, [opts], handler, [store])

Register a new route.

router.on('GET', '/example', (req, res, params) => {
  // your code
})

Last argument, store is used to pass an object that you can access later inside the handler function. If needed, store can be updated.

router.on('GET', '/example', (req, res, params, store) => {
  assert.equal(store, { message: 'hello world' })
}, { message: 'hello world' })

Versioned routes

If needed you can provide a version option, which will allow you to declare multiple versions of the same route. The versioning should follow the semver specification.
When using lookup, find-my-way will automatically detect the Accept-Version header and route the request accordingly.
Internally find-my-way uses the semver-store to get the correct version of the route; advanced ranges and pre-releases currently are not supported.
Be aware that using this feature will cause a degradation of the overall performances of the router.

router.on('GET', '/example', { version: '1.2.0' }, (req, res, params) => {
  res.end('Hello from 1.2.0!')
})
 
router.on('GET', '/example', { version: '2.4.0' }, (req, res, params) => {
  res.end('Hello from 2.4.0!')
})
 
// The 'Accept-Version' header could be '1.2.0' as well as '*', '2.x' or '2.4.x'

If you declare multiple versions with the same major or minor find-my-way will always choose the highest compatible with the Accept-Version header value.

on(methods[], path, [opts], handler, [store])

Register a new route for each method specified in the methods array. It comes handy when you need to declare multiple routes with the same handler but different methods.

router.on(['GET', 'POST'], '/example', (req, res, params) => {
  // your code
})

Supported path formats

To register a parametric path, use the colon before the parameter name. For wildcard use the star. Remember that static routes are always inserted before parametric and wildcard.

// parametric
router.on('GET', '/example/:userId', (req, res, params) => {}))
router.on('GET', '/example/:userId/:secretToken', (req, res, params) => {}))
 
// wildcard
router.on('GET', '/example/*', (req, res, params) => {}))

Regular expression routes are supported as well, but pay attention, RegExp are very expensive in term of performance!
If you want to declare a regular expression route, you must put the regular expression inside round parenthesis after the parameter name.

// parametric with regexp
router.on('GET', '/example/:file(^\\d+).png', () => {}))

It's possible to define more than one parameter within the same couple of slash ("/"). Such as:

router.on('GET', '/example/near/:lat-:lng/radius/:r', (req, res, params) => {}))

Remember in this case to use the dash ("-") as parameters separator.

Finally it's possible to have multiple parameters with RegExp.

router.on('GET', '/example/at/:hour(^\\d{2})h:minute(^\\d{2})m', (req, res, params) => {}))

In this case as parameter separator it's possible to use whatever character is not matched by the regular expression.

Having a route with multiple parameters may affect negatively the performance, so prefer single parameter approach whenever possible, especially on routes which are on the hot path of your application.

Match order

The routing algorithm matches one chunk at a time (where the chunk is a string between two slashes), this means that it cannot know if a route is static or dynamic until it finishes to match the URL.

The chunks are matched in the following order:

  1. static
  2. parametric
  3. wildcards
  4. parametric(regex)
  5. multi parametric(regex)

So if you declare the following routes

  • /:userId/foo/bar
  • /33/:a(^.*$)/:b

and the URL of the incoming request is /33/foo/bar, the second route will be matched because the first chunk (33) matches the static chunk. If the URL would have been /32/foo/bar, the first route would have been matched.

Supported methods

The router is able to route all HTTP methods defined by http core module.

off(method, path)

Deregister a route.

router.off('GET', '/example')
// => { handler: Function, params: Object, store: Object}
// => null
off(methods[], path, handler, [store])

Deregister a route for each method specified in the methods array. It comes handy when you need to deregister multiple routes with the same path but different methods.

router.off(['GET', 'POST'], '/example')
// => [{ handler: Function, params: Object, store: Object}]
// => null

reset()

Empty router.

router.reset()
Caveats
  • It's not possible to register two routes which differs only for their parameters, because internally they would be seen as the same route. In a such case you'll get an early error during the route registration phase. An example is worth thousand words:
const findMyWay = FindMyWay({
  defaultRoute: (req, res) => {}
})
 
findMyWay.on('GET', '/user/:userId(^\\d+)', (req, res, params) => {})
 
findMyWay.on('GET', '/user/:username(^[a-z]+)', (req, res, params) => {})
// Method 'GET' already declared for route ':'

Shorthand methods

If you want an even nicer api, you can also use the shorthand methods to declare your routes.

For each HTTP supported method, there's the shorthand method. For example:

router.get(path, handler [, store])
router.delete(path, handler [, store])
router.head(path, handler [, store])
router.patch(path, handler [, store])
router.post(path, handler [, store])
router.put(path, handler [, store])
router.options(path, handler [, store])
// ...

If you need a route that supports all methods you can use the all api.

router.all(path, handler [, store])

lookup(request, response)

Start a new search, request and response are the server req/res objects.
If a route is found it will automatically called the handler, otherwise the default route will be called.
The url is sanitized internally, all the parameters and wildcards are decoded automatically.

router.lookup(req, res)

find(method, path [, version])

Return (if present) the route registered in method:path.
The path must be sanitized, all the parameters and wildcards are decoded automatically.
You can also pass an optional version string, which should be conform to the semver specification.

router.find('GET', '/example')
// => { handler: Function, params: Object, store: Object}
// => null
 
router.find('GET', '/example', '1.x')
// => { handler: Function, params: Object, store: Object}
// => null

prettyPrint()

Prints the representation of the internal radix tree, useful for debugging.

findMyWay.on('GET', '/test', () => {})
findMyWay.on('GET', '/test/hello', () => {})
findMyWay.on('GET', '/hello/world', () => {})
 
console.log(findMyWay.prettyPrint())
// └── /
//   ├── test (GET)
//   │   └── /hello (GET)
//   └── hello/world (GET)

Acknowledgements

This project is kindly sponsored by LetzDoIt.
It is inspired by the echo router, some parts have been extracted from trekjs router.

License

find-my-way - MIT
trekjs/router - MIT

Copyright © 2017 Tomas Della Vedova

install

npm i find-my-way

Downloadsweekly downloads

25,216

version

1.15.4

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

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