express-jwt

JWT authentication middleware.

express-jwt

Middleware that validates JsonWebTokens and sets req.user.

This module lets you authenticate HTTP requests using JWT tokens in your Node.js applications. JWTs are typically used to protect API endpoints, and are often issued using OpenID Connect.

$ npm install express-jwt

The JWT authentication middleware authenticates callers using a JWT. If the token is valid, req.user will be set with the JSON object decoded to be used by later middleware for authorization and access control.

For example,

var jwt = require('express-jwt');
 
app.get('/protected',
  jwt({secret: 'shhhhhhared-secret'}),
  function(reqres) {
    if (!req.user.admin) return res.send(401);
    res.send(200);
  });

You can specify audience and/or issuer as well:

jwt({ secret: 'shhhhhhared-secret',
  audience: 'http://myapi/protected',
  issuer: 'http://issuer' })

If the JWT has an expiration (exp), it will be checked.

Optionally you can make some paths unprotected as follows:

app.use(jwt({ secret: 'shhhhhhared-secret'}).unless({path: ['/token']}));

This is especially useful when applying to multiple routes.

This module also support tokens signed with public/private key pairs. Instead of a secret, you can specify a Buffer with the public key

var publicKey = fs.readFileSync('/pat/to/public.pub');
jwt({ secret: publicKey });

By default, the decoded token is attached to req.user but can be configured with the requestProperty option.

jwt({ secret: publicKey, requestProperty: 'auth' });

A custom function for extracting the token from a request can be specified with the getToken option. This is useful if you need to pass the token through a query parameter or a cookie. You can throw an error in this function and it will be handled by express-jwt.

app.use(jwt({
  secret: 'hello world !',
  credentialsRequired: false,
  getToken: function fromHeaderOrQuerystring (req) {
    if (req.headers.authorization && req.headers.authorization.split(' ')[0] === 'Bearer') {
        return req.headers.authorization.split(' ')[1];
    } else if (req.query && req.query.token) {
      return req.query.token;
    }
    return null;
  }
}));

If you are developing an application in which the secret used to sign tokens is not static, you can provide a callback function as the secret parameter. The function has the signature: function(req, payload, done):

  • req (Object) - The express request object.
  • payload (Object) - An object with the JWT claims.
  • done (Function) - A function with signature function(err, secret) to be invoked when the secret is retrieved.
    • err (Any) - The error that occurred.
    • secret (String) - The secret to use to verify the JWT.

For example, if the secret varies based on the JWT issuer:

var jwt = require('express-jwt');
var data = require('./data');
var utilities = requre('./utilities');
 
var secretCallback = function(reqpayloaddone){
  var issuer = payload.iss;
 
  data.getTenantByIdentifier(issuer, function(errtenant){
    if (err) { return done(err); }
    if (!tenant) { return done(new Error('missing_secret')); }
 
    var secret = utilities.decrypt(tenant.secret);
    done(null, secret);
  });
};
 
app.get('/protected',
  jwt({secret: secretCallback}),
  function(reqres) {
    if (!req.user.admin) return res.send(401);
    res.send(200);
  });

It is possible that some tokens will need to be revoked so they cannot be used any longer. You can provide a function as the isRevoked option. The signature of the function is function(req, payload, done):

  • req (Object) - The express request object.
  • payload (Object) - An object with the JWT claims.
  • done (Function) - A function with signature function(err, revoked) to be invoked once the check to see if the token is revoked or not is complete.
    • err (Any) - The error that occurred.
    • secret (Boolean) - true if the JWT is revoked, false otherwise.

For example, if the (iss, jti) claim pair is used to identify a JWT:

var jwt = require('express-jwt');
var data = require('./data');
var utilities = requre('./utilities');
 
var isRevokedCallback = function(reqpayloaddone){
  var issuer = payload.iss;
  var tokenId = payload.jti;
 
  data.getRevokedToken(issuer, tokenId, function(errtoken){
    if (err) { return done(err); }
    return done(null, !!token);
  });
};
 
app.get('/protected',
  jwt({secret: shhhhhhared-secret,
    isRevoked: isRevokedCallback}),
  function(reqres) {
    if (!req.user.admin) return res.send(401);
    res.send(200);
  });

The default behavior is to throw an error when the token is invalid, so you can add your custom logic to manage unauthorized access as follows:

app.use(function (errreqresnext) {
  if (err.name === 'UnauthorizedError') {
    res.send(401, 'invalid token...');
  }
});

You might want to use this module to identify registered users without preventing unregistered clients to access to some data, you can do it using the option credentialsRequired:

app.use(jwt({
  secret: 'hello world !',
  credentialsRequired: false
}));

If you have found a bug or if you have a feature request, please report them at this repository issues section. Please do not report security vulnerabilities on the public GitHub issue tracker. The Responsible Disclosure Program details the procedure for disclosing security issues.

$ npm install
$ npm test

This project is licensed under the MIT license. See the LICENSE file for more info.