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expand-brackets

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Expand POSIX bracket expressions (character classes) in glob patterns.

Install

Install with npm:

$ npm install --save expand-brackets

Usage

var brackets = require('expand-brackets');
brackets(string[, options]);

Params

The main export is a function that takes the following parameters:

  • pattern {String}: the pattern to convert
  • options {Object}: optionally supply an options object
  • returns {String}: returns a string that can be used to create a regex

Example

console.log(brackets('[![:lower:]]'));
//=> '[^a-z]' 

API

brackets

Parses the given POSIX character class pattern and returns a string that can be used for creating regular expressions for matching.

Params

  • pattern {String}
  • options {Object}
  • returns {Object}

.match

Takes an array of strings and a POSIX character class pattern, and returns a new array with only the strings that matched the pattern.

Example

var brackets = require('expand-brackets');
console.log(brackets.match(['1', 'a', 'ab'], '[[:alpha:]]'));
//=> ['a'] 
 
console.log(brackets.match(['1', 'a', 'ab'], '[[:alpha:]]+'));
//=> ['a', 'ab'] 

Params

  • arr {Array}: Array of strings to match
  • pattern {String}: POSIX character class pattern(s)
  • options {Object}
  • returns {Array}

.isMatch

Returns true if the specified string matches the given brackets pattern.

Example

var brackets = require('expand-brackets');
 
console.log(brackets.isMatch('a.a', '[[:alpha:]].[[:alpha:]]'));
//=> true 
console.log(brackets.isMatch('1.2', '[[:alpha:]].[[:alpha:]]'));
//=> false 

Params

  • string {String}: String to match
  • pattern {String}: Poxis pattern
  • options {String}
  • returns {Boolean}

.matcher

Takes a POSIX character class pattern and returns a matcher function. The returned function takes the string to match as its only argument.

Example

var brackets = require('expand-brackets');
var isMatch = brackets.matcher('[[:lower:]].[[:upper:]]');
 
console.log(isMatch('a.a'));
//=> false 
console.log(isMatch('a.A'));
//=> true 

Params

  • pattern {String}: Poxis pattern
  • options {String}
  • returns {Boolean}

.makeRe

Create a regular expression from the given pattern.

Example

var brackets = require('expand-brackets');
var re = brackets.makeRe('[[:alpha:]]');
console.log(re);
//=> /^(?:[a-zA-Z])$/ 

Params

  • pattern {String}: The pattern to convert to regex.
  • options {Object}
  • returns {RegExp}

.create

Parses the given POSIX character class pattern and returns an object with the compiled output and optional source map.

Example

var brackets = require('expand-brackets');
console.log(brackets('[[:alpha:]]'));
// { options: { source: 'string' }, 
//   input: '[[:alpha:]]', 
//   state: {}, 
//   compilers: 
//    { eos: [Function], 
//      noop: [Function], 
//      bos: [Function], 
//      not: [Function], 
//      escape: [Function], 
//      text: [Function], 
//      posix: [Function], 
//      bracket: [Function], 
//      'bracket.open': [Function], 
//      'bracket.inner': [Function], 
//      'bracket.literal': [Function], 
//      'bracket.close': [Function] }, 
//   output: '[a-zA-Z]', 
//   ast: 
//    { type: 'root', 
//      errors: [], 
//      nodes: [ [Object], [Object], [Object] ] }, 
//   parsingErrors: [] } 

Params

  • pattern {String}
  • options {Object}
  • returns {Object}

Options

options.sourcemap

Generate a source map for the given pattern.

Example

var res = brackets('[:alpha:]', {sourcemap: true});
 
console.log(res.map);
// { version: 3, 
//   sources: [ 'brackets' ], 
//   names: [], 
//   mappings: 'AAAA,MAAS', 
//   sourcesContent: [ '[:alpha:]' ] } 

POSIX Character classes

The following named POSIX bracket expressions are supported:

  • [:alnum:]: Alphanumeric characters (a-zA-Z0-9])
  • [:alpha:]: Alphabetic characters (a-zA-Z])
  • [:blank:]: Space and tab ([ t])
  • [:digit:]: Digits ([0-9])
  • [:lower:]: Lowercase letters ([a-z])
  • [:punct:]: Punctuation and symbols. ([!"#$%&'()*+, -./:;<=>?@ [\]^_``{|}~])
  • [:upper:]: Uppercase letters ([A-Z])
  • [:word:]: Word characters (letters, numbers and underscores) ([A-Za-z0-9_])
  • [:xdigit:]: Hexadecimal digits ([A-Fa-f0-9])

See posix-character-classes for more details.

Not supported

Changelog

v2.0.0

Breaking changes

  • The main export now returns the compiled string, instead of the object returned from the compiler

Added features

  • Adds a .create method to do what the main function did before v2.0.0

v0.2.0

In addition to performance and matching improvements, the v0.2.0 refactor adds complete POSIX character class support, with the exception of equivalence classes and POSIX.2 collating symbols which are not relevant to node.js usage.

Added features

  • parser is exposed, so that expand-brackets parsers can be used by upstream parsers (like micromatch)
  • compiler is exposed, so that expand-brackets compilers can be used by upstream compilers
  • source maps

source map example

var brackets = require('expand-brackets');
var res = brackets('[:alpha:]');
console.log(res.map);
 
{ version: 3,
     sources: [ 'brackets' ],
     names: [],
     mappings: 'AAAA,MAAS',
     sourcesContent: [ '[:alpha:]' ] }

About

Related projects

  • braces: Fast, comprehensive, bash-like brace expansion implemented in JavaScript. Complete support for the Bash 4.3 braces… more | homepage
  • extglob: Extended glob support for JavaScript. Adds (almost) the expressive power of regular expressions to glob… more | homepage
  • micromatch: Glob matching for javascript/node.js. A drop-in replacement and faster alternative to minimatch and multimatch. | homepage
  • nanomatch: Fast, minimal glob matcher for node.js. Similar to micromatch, minimatch and multimatch, but complete Bash… more | homepage

Contributing

Pull requests and stars are always welcome. For bugs and feature requests, please create an issue.

Contributors

Commits Contributor
66 jonschlinkert
2 MartinKolarik
2 es128
1 eush77

Building docs

(This document was generated by verb-generate-readme (a verb generator), please don't edit the readme directly. Any changes to the readme must be made in .verb.md.)

To generate the readme and API documentation with verb:

$ npm install -g verb verb-generate-readme && verb

Running tests

Install dev dependencies:

$ npm install -d && npm test

Author

Jon Schlinkert

License

Copyright © 2016, Jon Schlinkert. Released under the MIT license.


This file was generated by verb-generate-readme, v0.2.0, on December 12, 2016.