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forked from eslint-plugin-node v11.1.0. as the original repository seems no longer maintained.

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Additional ESLint rules for Node.js

🎨 Playground


💿 Install & Usage

npm install --save-dev eslint eslint-plugin-n
Version Supported Node.js Supported ESLint Version Status
17.x ^18.18.0 || ^20.9.0 || >=21.1.0 >=8.23.0 🏃‍♂️actively maintained
16.x >=16.0.0 >=7.0.0 ⚠️EOL
15.x >=12.22.0 >=7.0.0 ⚠️EOL

Note: It recommends a use of the "engines" field of package.json. The "engines" field is used by n/no-unsupported-features/* rules.

.eslintrc.json (An example)

    "extends": ["eslint:recommended", "plugin:n/recommended"],
    "parserOptions": {
        "ecmaVersion": 2021
    "rules": {
        "n/exports-style": ["error", "module.exports"]

eslint.config.js (requires eslint>=v8.23.0)

const nodePlugin = require("eslint-plugin-n")

module.exports = [
        rules: {
            "n/exports-style": ["error", "module.exports"]

package.json (An example)

    "name": "your-module",
    "version": "1.0.0",
    "type": "commonjs",
    "engines": {
        "node": ">=8.10.0"

Configured Node.js version range

The rules get the supported Node.js version range from the following, falling back to the next if unspecified:

  1. Rule configuration version
  2. ESLint shared setting node.version
  3. package.json [engines] field
  4. >=16.0.0

If you omit the [engines] field, this rule chooses >=16.0.0 as the configured Node.js version since 16 is the maintained lts (see also Node.js Release Working Group).

For Node.js packages, using the [engines] field is recommended because it's the official way to indicate support:

    "name": "your-module",
    "version": "1.0.0",
    "engines": {
        "node": ">=16.0.0"

For Shareable Configs or packages with a different development environment (e.g. pre-compiled, web package, etc.), you can configure ESLint with settings.node.version to specify support.

📖 Rules

💼 Configurations enabled in.
☑️ Set in the flat/recommended configuration.
🟢 Set in the flat/recommended-module configuration.
✅ Set in the flat/recommended-script configuration.
☑️ Set in the recommended configuration.
🟢 Set in the recommended-module configuration.
✅ Set in the recommended-script configuration.
🔧 Automatically fixable by the --fix CLI option.
❌ Deprecated.

Name                                  Description 💼 🔧
callback-return require return statements after callbacks
exports-style enforce either module.exports or exports 🔧
file-extension-in-import enforce the style of file extensions in import declarations 🔧
global-require require require() calls to be placed at top-level module scope
handle-callback-err require error handling in callbacks
hashbang require correct usage of hashbang ☑️ 🟢 ✅ ☑️ 🟢 ✅ 🔧
no-callback-literal enforce Node.js-style error-first callback pattern is followed
no-deprecated-api disallow deprecated APIs ☑️ 🟢 ✅ ☑️ 🟢 ✅
no-exports-assign disallow the assignment to exports ☑️ 🟢 ✅ ☑️ 🟢 ✅
no-extraneous-import disallow import declarations which import extraneous modules ☑️ 🟢 ✅ ☑️ 🟢 ✅
no-extraneous-require disallow require() expressions which import extraneous modules ☑️ 🟢 ✅ ☑️ 🟢 ✅
no-hide-core-modules disallow third-party modules which are hiding core modules
no-missing-import disallow import declarations which import non-existence modules ☑️ 🟢 ✅ ☑️ 🟢 ✅
no-missing-require disallow require() expressions which import non-existence modules ☑️ 🟢 ✅ ☑️ 🟢 ✅
no-mixed-requires disallow require calls to be mixed with regular variable declarations
no-new-require disallow new operators with calls to require
no-path-concat disallow string concatenation with __dirname and __filename
no-process-env disallow the use of process.env
no-process-exit disallow the use of process.exit() ☑️ 🟢 ✅ ☑️ 🟢 ✅
no-restricted-import disallow specified modules when loaded by import declarations
no-restricted-require disallow specified modules when loaded by require
no-sync disallow synchronous methods
no-unpublished-bin disallow bin files that npm ignores ☑️ 🟢 ✅ ☑️ 🟢 ✅
no-unpublished-import disallow import declarations which import private modules ☑️ 🟢 ✅ ☑️ 🟢 ✅
no-unpublished-require disallow require() expressions which import private modules ☑️ 🟢 ✅ ☑️ 🟢 ✅
no-unsupported-features/es-builtins disallow unsupported ECMAScript built-ins on the specified version ☑️ 🟢 ✅ ☑️ 🟢 ✅
no-unsupported-features/es-syntax disallow unsupported ECMAScript syntax on the specified version ☑️ 🟢 ✅ ☑️ 🟢 ✅
no-unsupported-features/node-builtins disallow unsupported Node.js built-in APIs on the specified version ☑️ 🟢 ✅ ☑️ 🟢 ✅
prefer-global/buffer enforce either Buffer or require("buffer").Buffer
prefer-global/console enforce either console or require("console")
prefer-global/process enforce either process or require("process")
prefer-global/text-decoder enforce either TextDecoder or require("util").TextDecoder
prefer-global/text-encoder enforce either TextEncoder or require("util").TextEncoder
prefer-global/url enforce either URL or require("url").URL
prefer-global/url-search-params enforce either URLSearchParams or require("url").URLSearchParams
prefer-node-protocol enforce using the node: protocol when importing Node.js builtin modules. 🔧
prefer-promises/dns enforce require("dns").promises
prefer-promises/fs enforce require("fs").promises
process-exit-as-throw require that process.exit() expressions use the same code path as throw ☑️ 🟢 ✅ ☑️ 🟢 ✅
shebang require correct usage of hashbang 🔧

🔧 Configs

🟠 flat/mixed-esm-and-cjs
☑️ flat/recommended
🟢 flat/recommended-module
☑️ recommended
🟢 recommended-module

About each config:

  • recommended: Considers both CommonJS and ES Modules. If "type":"module" field existed in package.json then it considers files as ES Modules. Otherwise it considers files as CommonJS. In addition, it considers *.mjs files as ES Modules and *.cjs files as CommonJS.
  • recommended-module: Considers all files as ES Modules.
  • recommended-script: Considers all files as CommonJS.

These preset configs:

  • enable no-process-exit rule because the official document does not recommend a use of process.exit().
  • enable plugin rules indicated by emojis in the rules table.
  • add {ecmaVersion: 2021} and etc into parserOptions.
  • add proper globals into globals.
  • add this plugin into plugins.


  • Q: The no-missing-import / no-missing-require rules don't work with nested folders in SublimeLinter-eslint

  • A: See context.getFilename() in rule returns relative path in the SublimeLinter-eslint FAQ.

  • Q: How to use the flat eslint config with mixed commonjs and es modules?

  • A: You can use the new exported flat config flat/mixed-esm-and-cjs, an example:

const nodePlugin = require("eslint-plugin-n");

module.exports = [
    rules: {
      "n/exports-style": ["error", "module.exports"],

🚥 Semantic Versioning Policy

eslint-plugin-n follows semantic versioning and ESLint's Semantic Versioning Policy.

  • Patch release (intended to not break your lint build)
    • A bug fix in a rule that results in it reporting fewer errors.
    • Improvements to documentation.
    • Non-user-facing changes such as refactoring code, adding, deleting, or modifying tests, and increasing test coverage.
    • Re-releasing after a failed release (i.e., publishing a release that doesn't work for anyone).
  • Minor release (might break your lint build)
    • A bug fix in a rule that results in it reporting more errors.
    • A new rule is created.
    • A new option to an existing rule is created.
    • An existing rule is deprecated.
  • Major release (likely to break your lint build)
    • A support for old Node version is dropped.
    • A support for old ESLint version is dropped.
    • An existing rule is changed in it reporting more errors.
    • An existing rule is removed.
    • An existing option of a rule is removed.
    • An existing config is updated.

Deprecated rules follow ESLint's deprecation policy.

📰 Changelog

❤️ Contributing

Welcome contributing!

Please use GitHub's Issues/PRs.

Development Tools

  • npm test runs tests and measures coverage.
  • npm run coverage shows the coverage result of npm test command.
  • npm run clean removes the coverage result of npm test command.

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