The source code can be split into multiple files as on Node.js thanks to
ES5Lib relies on Browserify to bundle all the files together in an unique UMD library that can run in a browser.
You can easily get your first UMD library running in a couple of minutes by just typing a few command lines. But first, you need to create an empty folder. It will contain your library.
Then, you have to install the
ES5Lib package globally. Open a terminal session and type the command line:
npm install es5lib -g
Or, if you don't have the rights to install ES5Lib globally, you can install it locally in your project. Open a terminal session, move to your working directory - the empty folder you created - and type the following command line:
npm install es5lib
Now populate your empty folder and create your first UMD library:
// populate es5lib populate -n myapp // Or, if you installed the package locally: ./node_modules/es5lib/bin/es5lib.js populate -n myapp // Install Node.js packages npm install
Now your folder contains the following files:
YourFolder |_ lib | |_ es5lib.js // Your library generated by the build, | |_ src | |_ xxx.js // The sources files, | |_ yyy.js | |_ zzz.js | |_ tasks | |_ config.js // The build configuration file, | |_ browserify.js // The Gulp build to bundle the source files, | |_ makedist // The Gulp build to create a distribution, | |_ test | |_ main.js // Your Mocha, Chai test file, | |_ .eslintrc // A Configuration file for the ESLint linter tool (if you use it), |_ .gitignore // Files that Git must ignore (if you use git), |_ .travis.yml // A configuration file for Travis CI (if you use it), | |_ CHANGELOG.md // The changes between your different versions, |_ eslint.sh // A Bash script to switch from ES5 to ES6 linter, |_ eslint-es5 // The ES5 configuration file for the linter, |_ eslint-es6 // The ES6 configuration file for the linter, |_ gulpfile.js // The general Gulp build, |_ index.js // The link to the entry point of your UMD library, |_ LICENSE.md // The license that applies to your library (here MIT), |_ package.json // The NPM package dependencies for your library, |_ README.md // Your README file,
This folder is now a NPM package.
How to build it
gulpfile.js contains the build instructions. These instructions populate the folder
lib from the sources files included in the folder
gulpfile.js implements three operations for the build:
- the command
npm run buildcreates the library at the execution,
- the command
npm run watchupdates the library when one of the source files is modified,
- the command
npm run makedistcreates a distribution version,
How to test it
package.json file contains three scripts to test your UMD library:
npm run test,
npm run check-coverage,
npm run display-coverage,
npm run report.
npm run test executes the tests and computes the test coverage.
npm run check-coverage checks if the test coverage matches the requirements. Here 100%.
npm run display-coverage opens your browser and reports the test coverage.
npm run report prints a table showing the percentage of coverage.
How to use it
On Node.js, your project folder is viewed as a NPM package. Choose a working directory outside your project folder, create a folder
node_modules and copy your project folder into
node_modules. Then, on your terminal, type (at your working directory level):
node > const MyLib = require('my_umd_lib'); undefined > const mylib = MyLib(); > mylib.string(); 'I am a string!' > mylib.array(); 'I am an array!' >
On the browser, pick-up the JS file
lib/es5lib.js and add it as a script in your HTML file.
es5lib is an immediately-invoked function expression. It attaches the
ES5Lib variable to the current context.
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <script src="es5lib.js"></script> <script> console.log(ES5Lib.VERSION); </script> </body> </html>