Nineteen Poor Moths

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    9.0.0 • Public • Published


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    Is a wrapper around the Electron's IPC for building type-safe API based RPC-like and reactive interactions.

    You describe an API structure and communication channel only once creating an API Service instance and then you share that instance between provider and client. It means that API method names and types of the input/return parameters on the client side are the same as on the provider side, so you get a type-safety on both sides having no overhead in runtime, thanks to TypeScript.

    The module provides createIpcMainApiService and createWebViewApiService factory-like functions that can be used to create respective service instances.

    Getting started

    Your project needs rxjs module to be installed, which is a peer dependency of this project.

    Method resolving and method calling are type-safe actions here:


    IpcMainApiService usage example is shown below. It's based on the example app, so you can jump there and run the app.

    • First of all an API structure needs to be defined (example/electron-app/src/shared/ipc-main-api-definition.ts):

      // no need to put API implementation logic here
      // but only API definition and service instance creating
      // as this file is supposed to be shared between the provider and client implementations
      import {ActionType, ScanService, createIpcMainApiService} from "electron-rpc-api";
      const apiDefinition = {
          ping: ActionType.SubscribableLike<{ domain: string, times: number }, { domain: string, value: number }>(),
          sanitizeHtml: ActionType.Promise<string, string>(),
          quitApp: ActionType.Promise(),
      export const IPC_MAIN_API_SERVICE = createIpcMainApiService({
          channel: "some-event-name", // event name used to communicate between the event emitters
      // optionally exposing inferred API structure
      export type ScannedIpcMainApiService = ScanService<typeof IPC_MAIN_API_SERVICE>;
    • API methods implementation and registration in main process using previously created IPC_MAIN_API_SERVICE service instance (example/electron-app/src/main/ipc-main-api.ts):

      import sanitizeHtml from "sanitize-html";
      import tcpPing from "tcp-ping";
      import {app} from "electron";
      import {interval} from "rxjs";
      import {map, mergeMap, take} from "rxjs/operators";
      import {observableToSubscribableLike} from "electron-rpc-api";
      import {promisify} from "util";
      import {IPC_MAIN_API_SERVICE, ScannedIpcMainApiService} from "src/shared/ipc-main-api-definition";
      export function register(): ScannedIpcMainApiService["ApiClient"] {
          const api: ScannedIpcMainApiService["ApiImpl"] = {
              ping: ({domain, times}) => {
                  return observableToSubscribableLike(
                      interval(/*one second*/ 1000).pipe(
                          mergeMap(() => promisify({address: domain, attempts: times})),
                          map(({avg: value}) => {
                              if (typeof value === "undefined" || isNaN(value)) {
                                  throw new Error(`Host "${domain}" is unreachable`);
                              return {domain, value};
              async sanitizeHtml(input) {
                  return sanitizeHtml(
                          allowedTags: sanitizeHtml.defaults.allowedTags.concat(["span"]),
                          allowedClasses: {
                              span: ["badge", "badge-light", "badge-danger"],
              async quitApp() {
          return api;
    • Exposing the API Client factory function to renderer process as window.__ELECTRON_EXPOSURE__ property using contextBridge.exposeInMainWorld call in preload script (example/electron-app/src/renderer/browser-window-preload/index.ts):

      import {contextBridge} from "electron";
      import {ElectronWindow} from "src/shared/model";
      import {IPC_MAIN_API_SERVICE} from "src/shared/ipc-main-api-definition";
      const electronWindow: ElectronWindow = {
          __ELECTRON_EXPOSURE__: {
              buildIpcMainClient: IPC_MAIN_API_SERVICE.client.bind(IPC_MAIN_API_SERVICE),
      const exposeKey: keyof typeof electronWindow = "__ELECTRON_EXPOSURE__";
      contextBridge.exposeInMainWorld(exposeKey, electronWindow[exposeKey]);
    • And finally calling the API methods in renderer process using exposed in preload script window.__ELECTRON_EXPOSURE__ property (example/electron-app/src/renderer/browser-window/index.ts):

      import {subscribableLikeToObservable} from "electron-rpc-api";
      import "./index.scss";
      // the below code block is recommended for adding if you create/destroy
      // the renderer processes dynamically (multiple times)
      const cleanupPromise = new Promise<void>((resolve) => {
          // don't call ".destroy()" on the BrowserWindow instance in the main process but ".close()"
          // since the app needs "window.beforeunload" event handler to be triggered
          window.addEventListener("beforeunload", () => resolve());
      const ipcMainApiClient = __ELECTRON_EXPOSURE__.buildIpcMainClient({
          // the below code line is recommended for adding if you create/destroy
          // the renderer processes dynamically (multiple times)
          options: {finishPromise: cleanupPromise},
      // resolved methods
      const ipcMainPingMethod = ipcMainApiClient("ping"); // type-safe API method resolving
      const ipcMainSanitizeHtmlMethod = ipcMainApiClient("sanitizeHtml"); // type-safe API method resolving
      window.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", () => {
          const form = document.querySelector("form") as HTMLFormElement;
          const fieldset = form.querySelector("fieldset") as HTMLFieldSetElement;
          const input = form.querySelector("[name=domain]") as HTMLInputElement;
          const times = form.querySelector("[name=times]") as HTMLInputElement;
          const quitBtn = form.querySelector(`[type="button"]`) as HTMLFormElement;
          const disableForm = (disable: boolean) => {
                  ? fieldset.setAttribute("disabled", "disabled")
                  : fieldset.removeAttribute("disabled")
          form.addEventListener("submit", async (event) => {
              // type-safe API method calling
                  ipcMainPingMethod({domain: input.value, times: Number(times.value)})
                  async ({domain, value}) => {
                      await append(`<span class="badge badge-light">${domain}</span> <small>${value}</small>`);
                  // "error" handler
                  async ({message}) => {
                      await append(`<span class="badge badge-danger">${message}</span>`);
                  // "complete" handler
                  () => {
          quitBtn.addEventListener("click", async () => {
              await ipcMainApiClient("quitApp")();
      async function append(html: string) {
              .innerHTML = await ipcMainSanitizeHtmlMethod(html);


    npm i electron-rpc-api

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    • vladimiry