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    dree
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    3.3.7 • Public • Published

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    dree

    A nodejs module which helps you handle a directory tree. It provides you an object of a directory tree with custom configuration and optional callback method when a file or dir is scanned. You will also be able to turn the tree into a string representation. With Typescript support and both sync and async support.

    The name

    A little explaination of the name dree:

    I chose it because it comes from the union of Directory Tree.

    Install

    To install dree as a local module:

    $ npm install dree

    To install dree as a global module:

    $ npm install -g dree

    Usage (local module)

    Get an object

    Simple:

    const dree = require('dree');
    const tree = dree.scan('./folder');

    With custom configuration:

    const dree = require('dree');
    
    const options = {
      stat: false,
      normalize: true,
      followLinks: true,
      size: true,
      hash: true,
      depth: 5,
      exclude: /dir_to_exclude/,
      extensions: [ 'txt', 'jpg' ]
    };
    
    const tree = dree.scan('./folder', options);

    With file and dir callbacks:

    const dree = require('dree');
    
    const options = {
      stat: false
    };
    
    const fileCallback = function (element, stat) {
      console.log('Found file named ' + element.name + ' created on ' + stat.ctime);
    };
    const dirCallback = function (element, stat) {
      console.log('Found file named ' + element.name + ' created on ' + stat.ctime);
    };
    
    const tree = dree.scan('./folder', options, fileCallback, dirCallback);

    With the asynchronous version:

    const dree = require('dree');
    
    const options = {
      stat: false,
      normalize: true,
      followLinks: true,
      size: true,
      hash: true,
      depth: 5,
      exclude: /dir_to_exclude/,
      extensions: [ 'txt', 'jpg' ]
    };
    
    dree.scanAsync('./folder', options)
      .then(function (tree) {
        console.log(tree);
      });

    Get a string

    Simple:

    const dree = require('dree');
    const string = dree.parse('./folder');

    With custom configuration:

    const dree = require('dree');
    
    const options = {
      followLinks: true,
      depth: 5,
      exclude: /dir_to_exclude/,
      extensions: [ 'txt', 'jpg' ]
    };
    
    const string = dree.parse('./folder', options);

    Get a string from an object:

    const dree = require('dree');
    const tree = dree.scan('./folder');
    
    const options = {
      followLinks: true,
      depth: 5,
      exclude: /dir_to_exclude/,
      extensions: [ 'txt', 'jpg' ]
    };
    
    const string = dree.parseTree(tree, options);

    With the asynchronous version:

    const dree = require('dree');
    
    const options = {
      followLinks: true,
      depth: 5,
      exclude: /dir_to_exclude/,
      extensions: [ 'txt', 'jpg' ]
    };
    
    dree.parseAsync('./folder', options)
      .then(function (string) {
        console.log(string);
      });

    Usage (global module)

    Get an object and print on stdout

    $ dree scan <source>

    This way the result will be printed on stdout

    Get an object and save in a file

    $ dree scan <source> --dest ./output/result.json

    This way the result will be saved in ./output/result.json

    Get a string and print on stdout

    $ dree parse <source>

    This way the result will be printed on stdout

    Get a string and save in a file

    $ dree parse <source> --dest ./output/result.txt

    This way the result will be saved in ./output/result.txt

    Log the result and save in a file

    $ dree parse <source> --dest ./output/result.txt --show

    With --show option, the result will also be printed with on stdout even if also saved in a file

    See all options

    scan and parse accept the same options of their analog local functions. The options can be specified both as command arguments and json file.

    $ dree --help --all-options

    Result

    Given a directory structured like this:

    sample
    ├── backend
    │   └── firebase.json
    │   └── notes.txt
    │   └── server
    │       └── server.ts
    └── .gitignore
    

    With this configurations:

    const options = {
        stat: false,
        hash: false,
        sizeInBytes: false,
        size: true,
        normalize: true,
        extensions: [ 'ts', 'json' ]
    };

    The object returned from scan will be:

    {
      "name": "sample",
      "path": "D:/Github/dree/test/sample",
      "relativePath": ".",
      "type": "directory",
      "isSymbolicLink": false,
      "size": "1.79 MB",
      "children": [
        {
          "name": "backend",
          "path": "D:/Github/dree/test/sample/backend",
          "relativePath": "backend",
          "type": "directory",
          "isSymbolicLink": false,
          "size": "1.79 MB",
          "children": [
            {
              "name": "firebase.json",
              "path": "D:/Github/dree/test/sample/backend/firebase.json",
              "relativePath": "backend/firebase.json",
              "type": "file",
              "isSymbolicLink": false,
              "extension": "json",
              "size": "29 B"
            }, 
            {
              "name": "server",
              "path": "D:/Github/dree/test/sample/backend/server",
              "relativePath": "backend/server",
              "type": "directory",
              "isSymbolicLink": false,
              "size": "1.79 MB",
              "children": [
                {
                  "name": "server.ts",
                  "path": "D:/Github/dree/test/sample/backend/server/server.ts",
                  "relativePath": "backend/server/server.ts",
                  "type": "file",
                  "isSymbolicLink": false,
                  "extension": "ts",
                  "size": "1.79 MB"
                }
              ]
            }
          ]
        }
      ]
    }

    With similar configurations, parse will return:

    sample
     └─> backend
         ├── firebase.json
         ├── hello.txt
         └─> server
             └── server.ts
    

    API

    Online documentation

    The documentation generated with TypeDoc is available in this site. There is also a more specific version for development in this site.

    scan

    Syntax:

    dree.scan(path, options, fileCallback, dirCallback)

    Description:

    Given a path, returns an object representing its directory tree. The result could be customized with options and a callback for either each file and each directory is provided. Executed synchronously. See Usage to have an example.

    Parameters:

    • path: Is of type string, and is the relative or absolute path the file or directory that you want to scan
    • options: Optional. Is of type object and allows you to customize the function behaviour.
    • fileCallback: Optional. Called each time a file is added to the tree. It provides you the node, which reflects the fiven options, and its status returned by fs.stat (fs.lstat if followLinks option is enabled).
    • dirCallback: Optional. Called each time a directory is added to the tree. It provides you the node, which reflects the fiven options, and its status returned by fs.lstat (fs.stat if followLinks option is enabled).

    Options parameters:

    • stat: Default value: false. If true every node of the result will contain stat property, provided by fs.lstat or fs.stat.
    • normalize: Default value: false. If true, on windows, normalize each path replacing each backslash \\ with a slash /.
    • symbolicLinks: Default value: true. If true, all symbolic links found will be included in the result. Could not work on Windows.
    • followLinks: Default value: false. If true, all symbolic links will be followed, including even their content if they link to a folder. Could not work on Windows.
    • sizeInBytes: Default value: true. If true, every node in the result will contain sizeInBytes property as the number of bytes of the content. If a node is a folder, only its considered inner files will be computed to have this size.
    • size: Default value: true. If true, every node in the result will contain size property. Same as sizeInBytes, but it is a string rounded to the second decimal digit and with an appropriate unit.
    • hash: Default value: true. If true, every node in the result will contain hash property, computed by taking in consideration the name and the content of the node. If the node is a folder, all his considered inner files will be used by the algorithm.
    • hashAlgorithm: Values: md5(default) and sha1. Hash algorithm used by cryptojs to return the hash.
    • hashEncoding: Values: hex(default), latin1 and base64. Hash encoding used by cryptojs to return the hash.
    • showHidden: Default value: true. If true, all hidden files and dirs will be included in the result. A hidden file or a directory has a name which starts with a dot and in some systems like Linux are hidden.
    • depth: Default value: undefined. It is a number which says the max depth the algorithm can reach scanning the given path. All files and dirs which are beyound the max depth will not be considered by the algorithm.
    • exclude: Default value: undefined. It is a regex or array of regex and all the matched paths will not be considered by the algorithm.
    • matches: Default value: undefined. It is a regex or array of regex and all the non-matching paths will not be considered by the algorithm. Note: All the ancestors of a matching node will be added.
    • extensions: Default value: undefined. It is an array of strings and all the files whose extension is not included in that array will be skipped by the algorithm. If value is undefined, all file extensions will be considered, if it is [], no files will be included.
    • emptyDirectory: Default value: false. If value is true, the isEmpty property will be added in all the directory nodes in the result. Its value will be true if the directory contains no files and no directories, false otherwise.
    • excludeEmptyDirectories: Default value: false. If value is true, all empty directories will be excluded from the result. Even directories which are not empty but all their children are excluded are excluded from the result because of other options will be considered empty.
    • descendants: Default value false. If true, also the number of descendants of each node will be added to the result.
    • descendantsIgnoreDirectories: Default value false. If true, only files will be count as descendants of a node. It does not have effect if descendants option is not true.
    • sorted: Default value: undefined. If specified, directories and files will be scanned ordered by path. The value can be both boolean for default alphabetical order or a custom sorting function.
    • skipErrors: Default value: true. If true, folders whose user has not permissions will be skipped. An error will be thrown otherwise. Note: in fact every error thrown by fs calls will be ignored.

    Result object parameters:

    • name: Always returned. The name of the node as a string.
    • path: Always returned. The absolute path of the node.
    • relativePath: Always returned. The relative path from the root of the node.
    • type: Always returned. Values: file or directory.
    • isSymbolicLink: Always returned. A boolean with true value if the node is a symbolic link.
    • sizeInBytes: The size in bytes of the node, returned as a number.
    • size: The size of the node, returned as a string rounded to two decimals and appropriate unit.
    • hash: The hash of the node.
    • extension: The extension (without dot) of the node. Returned only if the node is a file.
    • isEmpty: A boolean with true value if the node is a directory containig no files and no directories.
    • descendants: The number of descendants of the node. Returned only if the node is a directory and descendants option is specified.
    • stat: The fs.lstat or fs.fstat of the node.
    • children: An array of object structured like this one, containing all the children of the node.

    This is also the structure of the callbacks' first parameter.

    scanAsync

    Syntax:

    dree.scanAsync(path, options, fileCallback, dirCallback)

    Description:

    Given a path, returns a promise to an object representing its directory tree. The result could be customized with options and a callback for either each file and each directory is provided. Executed asynchronously, it is the asynchronous analog of the scan function. See Usage to have an example.

    Parameters:

    • path: Is of type string, and is the relative or absolute path the file or directory that you want to scan
    • options: Optional. Is of type object and allows you to customize the function behaviour.
    • fileCallback: Optional. Called each time a file is added to the tree. It provides you the node, which reflects the fiven options, and its status returned by fs.stat (fs.lstat if followLinks option is enabled). The callback can be an async function.
    • dirCallback: Optional. Called each time a directory is added to the tree. It provides you the node, which reflects the fiven options, and its status returned by fs.lstat (fs.stat if followLinks option is enabled). The callback can be an async function.

    Options parameters:

    They are exactly the same of the scan's function option parameters.

    Result object parameters:

    • name: Always returned. The name of the node as a string.
    • path: Always returned. The absolute path of the node.
    • relativePath: Always returned. The relative path from the root of the node.
    • type: Always returned. Values: file or directory.
    • isSymbolicLink: Always returned. A boolean with true value if the node is a symbolic link.
    • sizeInBytes: The size in bytes of the node, returned as a number.
    • size: The size of the node, returned as a string rounded to two decimals and appropriate unit.
    • hash: The hash of the node.
    • extension: The extension (without dot) of the node. Returned only if the node is a file.
    • isEmpty: A boolean with true value if the node is a directory containig no files and no directories.
    • descendants: The number of descendants of the node. Returned only if the node is a directory and descendants option is specified.
    • stat: The fs.lstat or fs.fstat of the node.
    • children: An array of object structured like this one, containing all the children of the node.

    This is also the structure of the callbacks' first parameter.

    parse

    Syntax:

    dree.parse(path, options)

    Description:

    Given a path, returns a string representing its directory tree. The result could be customized with options. Executed synchronously. See Usage to have an example.

    Parameters:

    • path: Is of type string, and is the relative or absolute path the file or directory that you want to parse
    • options: Optional. Is of type object and allows you to customize the function behaviour.

    Options parameters:

    • symbolicLinks: Default value: true. If true, all symbolic links found will be included in the result. Could not work on Windows.
    • followLinks: Default value: false. If true, all symbolic links will be followed, including even their content if they link to a folder. Could not work on Windows.
    • showHidden: Default value: true. If true, all hidden files and dirs will be included in the result. A hidden file or a directory has a name which starts with a dot and in some systems like Linux are hidden.
    • depth: Default value: undefined. It is a number which says the max depth the algorithm can reach scanning the given path. All files and dirs which are beyound the max depth will not be considered by the algorithm.
    • exclude: Default value: undefined. It is a regex or array of regex and all the matched paths will not be considered by the algorithm.
    • extensions: Default value: undefined. It is an array of strings and all the files whose extension is not included in that array will be skipped by the algorithm. If value is undefined, all file extensions will be considered, if it is [], no files will be included.
    • sorted: Default value: undefined. If specified, directories and files will be parsed ordered by path. The value can be both boolean for default alphabetical order or a custom sorting function.
    • skipErrors: Default value: true. If true, folders whose user has not permissions will be skipped. An error will be thrown otherwise. Note: in fact every error thrown by fs calls will be ignored.

    Result string:

    The result will be a string representing the Directory Tree of the path given as first parameter. Folders will be preceded by > and symbolic links by >>.

    Syntax:

    dree.parseAsync(path, options)

    Description:

    Given a path, returns a promise to a string representing its directory tree. The result could be customized with options. Executed asynchronously. See Usage to have an example.

    Parameters:

    • path: Is of type string, and is the relative or absolute path the file or directory that you want to parse
    • options: Optional. Is of type object and allows you to customize the function behaviour.

    Options parameters:

    They are exactly the same of the parse's function options parameters.

    Result string:

    The result will be a promise to string representing the Directory Tree of the path given as first parameter. Folders will be preceded by > and symbolic links by >>.

    parseTree

    Syntax:

    dree.parseTree(dirTree, options)

    Description:

    The same as parse, but the first parameter is an object returned by scan function. Executed synchronously.

    Parameters:

    • dirTree: Is of type object, and is the object representing a Directory Tree that you want to parse into a string.
    • options: Optional. Is of type object and allows you to customize the function behaviour.

    Options parameters:

    Same parameters of parse, with one more parameter, skipErrors: is the same parameter in scan options.

    Result string:

    The result will be a string representing the Directory Tree of the object given as first parameter. Folders will be preceded by > and symbolic links by >>.

    parseTreeAsync

    Syntax:

    dree.parseTreeAsync(dirTree, options)

    Description:

    The same as parseAsync, but the first parameter is an object returned by scan function. Executed asynchronously.

    Parameters:

    • dirTree: Is of type object, and is the object representing a Directory Tree that you want to parse into a string.
    • options: Optional. Is of type object and allows you to customize the function behaviour.

    Options parameters:

    Same parameters of parse, with one more parameter, skipErrors: is the same parameter in scan options.

    Result string:

    The result will be a promise to string representing the Directory Tree of the object given as first parameter. Folders will be preceded by > and symbolic links by >>.

    Note

    On Windows it could be possible that symbolic links are not detected, due to a problem with node fs module. If symbolicLinks is set to true, then isSymbolicLink could result false for al the tree nodes. In addition, if followLinks is set to true, it could be possible that links will not be followed instead.

    The callbacks have a tree representation of the node and its stat as parameters. The tree parameter reflects the options given to scan. For example, if you set hash to false, then the tree parameter of a callback will not have the hash value. The stat parameter depends on the followLinks option. If it is true it will be the result of fs.stat, otherwise it will be the result of fs.lstat.

    The callbacks for scanAsync can return a promise, hence async callbacks are supported.

    Properties as hash or size are computed considering only the not filtered nodes. For instance, the result size of a folder could be different from its actual size, if some of its inner files have not been considered due to filters as exclude.

    The hash of two nodes with the same content could be different, because also the name is take in consideration.

    In the global usage, if an option is given both in the command args and in the options json file, the args one is considered.

    Executing the asynchronous version of scan could return a different object to the one returned by the synchronous one. This is why the asynchronous and synchronous versions read the directory in a different order.

    Development

    Make sure that you have all the dependencies installed

    Transpile

    To transpile the typescript code

    $ npm run transpile

    The transpiled code will be in the dist folder.

    Bundle

    To bundle the library with webpack:

    $ npm run bundle

    The bundled code will be in the bundled folder.

    Test

    After having transpiled the code:

    $ npm test

    The tests with mocha will be run.

    Install

    npm i dree

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    536

    Version

    3.3.7

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    58.8 kB

    Total Files

    6

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • euberdeveloper