devlop

1.1.0 • Public • Published

devlop

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Some tools to make developing easier while not including code in production.

Contents

What is this?

This package lets you do things in development that are free in production. It contains useful assert functions and a deprecate function that are useful when developing JavaScript packages while being small in production.

If you know Rust, you might know how nice having a debug_assert! is. This is that, and a bit more. For more on why they’re nice, see “Rust’s Two Kinds of ‘Assert’ Make for Better Code”

When should I use this?

Many JavaScript programs do not use assertions at all (perhaps because they’re typed and so assume type safety) or include lots of code to throw errors when users do weird things (weighing down production code). This package hopes to improve the sitation by making assertions free and deprecations cheap.

Install

This package is ESM only. In Node.js (version 16+), install with npm:

npm install devlop

In Deno with esm.sh:

import {deprecate, equal, ok, unreachable} from 'https://esm.sh/devlop@1'
// For development code:
// import {deprecate, equal, ok} from 'https://esm.sh/devlop@1?conditions=development'

In browsers with esm.sh:

<script type="module">
  import {deprecate, equal, ok, unreachable} from 'https://esm.sh/devlop@1?bundle'
  // For development code:
  // import {deprecate, equal, ok} from 'https://esm.sh/devlop@1?bundle&conditions=development'
</script>

Use

Say we have a small ponyfill for the ES5 String#includes function. It’s deprecated, because folks can use String#includes nowadays. It’s nicely typed so users should be able to figure out what to pass but we include assertions to show nicer errors when they get it wrong.

example/string-includes.js:

import {deprecate, ok} from 'devlop'

export const stringIncludes = deprecate(
  includes,
  'Since ES5, please use `String#includes` itself.'
)

/**
 * @deprecated
 *   Since ES5, please use `String#includes` itself.
 * @param {string} value
 *   Value to search in.
 * @param {string} search
 *   Value to search for.
 * @param {number | undefined} [position=0]
 *   Position to search from (default: `0`).
 * @returns {boolean}
 *   Whether the searched for value exists in the searched value after position.
 */
function includes(value, search, position) {
  ok(typeof value === 'string', 'expected string for `value`')
  ok(typeof search === 'string', 'expected string for `search`')
  ok(position === undefined || typeof position === 'number', 'expected number')
  ok(
    position === undefined ||
      (typeof position === 'number' &&
        !(/* #__PURE__ */ Number.isNaN(position))),
    'expected number'
  )
  // eslint-disable-next-line unicorn/prefer-includes
  return value.indexOf(search, position || 0) !== -1
}

example/index.js:

import {stringIncludes} from './example-includes.js'

console.log(stringIncludes('blue whale', 'dolphin')) //=> false
console.log(stringIncludes('blue whale', 'whale')) //=> true

Say we’d bundle that in development with esbuild and check the gzip size (gzip-size-cli), we’d get 1.02 kB of code:

$ esbuild example/index.js --bundle --conditions=development --format=esm --minify --target=es2022 | gzip-size
1.02 kB

But because devlop is light in production we’d get:

$ esbuild example/index.js --bundle --format=esm --minify --target=es2022 | gzip-size
169 B

The bundle looks as follows:

function u(n){return n}var r=u(c,"Since ES5, please use `String#includes` itself.");function c(n,t,e){return n.indexOf(t,e||0)!==-1}console.log(r("blue whale","dolphin"));console.log(r("blue whale","whale"));

It depends a bit on which bundler and minifier you use how small the code is: esbuild keeps the unused message parameter to the deprecate function around and does not know Number.isNaN can be dropped without a /* #__PURE__ */ annotation.

rollup with @rollup/plugin-node-resolve and @rollup/plugin-terser performs even better:

$ rollup example/index.js -p node-resolve -p terser | gzip-size
118 B

The bundle looks as follows:

const l=function(l,e,o){return-1!==l.indexOf(e,o||0)};console.log(l("blue whale","dolphin")),console.log(l("blue whale","whale"));

Rollup doesn’t need the /* #__PURE__ */ comment either!

API

This package exports the identifiers deprecate, equal, ok, and unreachable. There is no default export.

The export map supports the development condition. Run node --conditions development module.js to get dev code. Without this condition, no-ops are loaded.

deprecate(fn, message[, code])

Wrap a function or class to show a deprecation message when first called.

👉 Important: only shows a message when the development condition is used, does nothing in production.

When the resulting wrapped fn is called, emits a warning once to console.error (stderr). If a code is given, one warning message will be emitted in total per code.

Parameters
  • fn (Function) — function or class
  • message (string) — message explaining deprecation
  • code (string, optional) — deprecation identifier (optional); deprecation messages will be generated only once per code
Returns

Wrapped fn.

equal(actual, expected[, message])

Assert deep strict equivalence.

👉 Important: only asserts when the development condition is used, does nothing in production.

Parameters
  • actual (unknown) — value
  • expected (unknown) — baseline
  • message (Error or string, default: 'Expected values to be deeply equal') — message for assertion error
Returns

Nothing (undefined).

Throws

Throws (AssertionError) when actual is not deep strict equal to expected.

ok(value[, message])

Assert if value is truthy.

👉 Important: only asserts when the development condition is used, does nothing in production.

Parameters
  • actual (unknown) — value to assert
  • message (Error or string, default: 'Expected value to be truthy') — message for assertion error
Returns

Nothing (undefined).

Throws

Throws (AssertionError) when value is falsey.

unreachable(message?)

Assert that a code path never happens.

👉 Important: only asserts when the development condition is used, does nothing in production.

Parameters
  • message (Error or string, default: 'Unreachable') — message for assertion error
Returns

Never (never).

Throws

Throws (AssertionError), always.

Types

This package is fully typed with TypeScript. It exports no additional types.

Compatibility

This project is compatible with maintained versions of Node.js.

When we cut a new major release, we drop support for unmaintained versions of Node. This means we try to keep the current release line, devlop@^1, compatible with Node.js 16.

Security

This package is safe.

Related

  • babel-plugin-unassert — encourage reliable programming with assertions while compiling them away in production (can remove arbitrary assert modules, works regardless of conditions, so has to be configured by the end user)

Contribute

Yes please! See How to Contribute to Open Source.

License

MIT © Titus Wormer

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Install

npm i devlop

Weekly Downloads

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Version

1.1.0

License

MIT

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  • wooorm