cylon-beaglebone

Cylon adaptor for the Beaglebone Black single-board computer

Cylon.js For BeagleBone Black

Cylon.js (http://cylonjs.com) is a JavaScript framework for robotics, physical computing, and the Internet of Things (IoT).

This module provides an adaptor for the BeagleBone Black single-board computer (http://beagleboard.org/Products/BeagleBone+Black/)

Want to use Ruby on robots? Check out our sister project Artoo (http://artoo.io)

Want to use the Go programming language to power your robots? Check out our sister project Gobot (http://gobot.io).

Installing Cylon.js for the BeagleBone Black is pretty easy, but must be done on the Beaglebone Black itself, or on another Linux computer. Due to I2C device support, the module cannot be installed on OS X or Windows.

$ npm install cylon cylon-beaglebone
var Cylon = require('cylon');
 
// Initialize the robot 
Cylon.robot({
  connections: {
    beaglebone: { adaptor: 'beaglebone' }
  },
 
  devices: {
    led: { driver: 'led', pin: 'P9_12' },
    button: { driver: 'button', pin: 'P9_14' }
  },
 
  workfunction(my) {
    my.button.on('push', function() {my.led.toggle()});
  }
}).start();

You will likely want to connect your development machine to your BeagleBone Black while working on your code. You can do this easily, just by connecting to the BeagleBone Black over USB. Then, you can connect to the BBB using Network-Over-USB, and upload driver or configuration changes.

The Beaglebone Black is a 3.3V device. You will need a logic level converter to work with 5V devices, such as this one from SparkFun or this one from Adafruit.

Furthermore, the Analog to Digital Converters (ADC) cannot handle more than 1.8V input, so keep this in mind when connecting to analog devices, or risk burning up your BBB.

For OS X, some drivers need to be installed to allow Network-Over-USB access to the BeagleBone black. You can find the instructions on the BeagleBone site's getting started page.

Once you've installed the drivers and connected to the BeagleBone over USB, you can just SSH into it. The BBB should have an IP address of 192.168.7.2.

For Linux machines, you will need to create a udev rule. You can find the instructions on the BeagleBone site's getting started page.

To connect to the BeagleBone Black from your Linux machine, save this script as bbb.sh (or whatever name you'd prefer). Executing the script will then SSH into the BBB.

#!/bin/bash 
sudo -- sh -c 'echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward'
sudo iptables -A POSTROUTING -t nat -j MASQUERADE
ssh root@192.168.7.2

For Windows, some drivers need to be installed to allow Network-Over-USB access to the BeagleBone black. You can find the instructions on the BeagleBone site's getting started page.

The connection process for Windows is a bit more involved. But when you're done, it should be just as simple to connect to the board.

  • First, follow this guide for setting up Internet Sharing on your Windows computer
  • Next, install PuTTY (or your preferred SSH client) to SSH into the BeagleBone Black
  • Finally, SSH into the BBB. It will have the same IP address (192.168.7.2)

By default, the BeagleBone's login credentials are:

  • user: root
  • pass: none

You may need to create a bootable SD card with the BBB Debian Linux distro.

To find the name of the SD card on OS X, use the diskutil command:

$ diskutil list
/dev/disk0
  #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
  0:      GUID_partition_scheme                        *500.3 GB   disk0
  1:                        EFI EFI                     209.7 MB   disk0s1
  2:                  Apple_HFS Macintosh HD            499.4 GB   disk0s2
  3:                 Apple_Boot Recovery HD             650.0 MB   disk0s3
/dev/disk1
  #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
  0:     FDisk_partition_scheme                        *15.9 GB    disk1
  1:                 DOS_FAT_32 UNTITLED                15.9 GB    disk1s1

In this case, the SD card's name is /dev/disk1. Before you proceed, be sure to eject the mounted volume:

$ diskutil umount /dev/disk1s1

On most Linux distros, the df -h command should help you determine the name of your SD card.

The image we're using is the official modified Debian distro provided by BeagleBoard, so we'll download it directly from them: http://debian.beagleboard.org/images/bone-debian-7.8-lxde-4gb-armhf-2015-03-01-4gb.img.xz.

Once the image has downloaded, uncompress it like this:

unxz bone-debian-7.8-lxde-4gb-armhf-2015-03-01-4gb.img.xz

The final step is to flash the image onto the SD card. You can do so by running this command (be sure to update the of section to point to the SD card name you found earlier!):

$ sudo dd bs=1M if=./bone-debian-7.8-lxde-4gb-armhf-2015-03-01-4gb.img of=/dev/sdb && sudo sync

Insert SD card into your (powered-down) board, hold down the USER/BOOT button (if using Black) and apply power, either by the USB cable or 5V adapter.

After SSHing into the BeagleBone Black, save the following script into ~/profile. Be sure to do this on the BBB. This will allow your BeagleBone Black to share your computer's internet connection.

#!/bin/bash 
ROUTE=`route | grep 0.0.0.0 | wc -l`
if [ $ROUTE -eq 0 ]
then
    sudo -- sh -c 'echo "nameserver 8.8.8.8" >> /etc/resolv.conf'
    sudo /sbin/route add default gw 192.168.7.1
    ping www.google.com -q -c2 > /dev/null
    if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
        sudo ntpdate ntp.ubuntu.com
    fi
fi

After the script is saved, it will automatically run when the BeagleBone Black boots, so you only have to do this step once.

At this point, we have a full Debian Linux OS set up, and can connect over SSH to the BBB. Now, we need to adjust the SD card's partitions, to give us space to install dependencies and do some work.

First, login to the board over SSH, and run this series of commands:

$ fdisk /dev/mmcblk0
d
2
n
p
2

w
$ shutdown -r now

After the board finishes restarting, log back in and resize the filesystem on the SD card before another restart:

$ resize2fs /dev/mmcblk0p2
$ shutdown -r now

After this restart has completed, log back in, and check the partition has been correctly resized:

$ df -h

The /dev/root partition should take up the entire size of the SD card. With this done, we're now ready to start running Cylon directly on the BeagleBone Black.

We're busy adding documentation to our web site at http://cylonjs.com/ please check there as we continue to work on Cylon.js

Thank you!

For our contribution guidelines, please go to https://github.com/hybridgroup/cylon/blob/master/CONTRIBUTING.md .

For the release history, please go to https://github.com/hybridgroup/cylon-beaglebone/blob/master/RELEASES.md .

Copyright (c) 2013-2015 The Hybrid Group. Licensed under the Apache 2.0 license.