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connect-mongo

3.2.0 • Public • Published

connect-mongo

MongoDB session store for Connect and Express

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Compatibility

For extended compatibility, see previous versions v2.0.3. But please note that we are not maintaining v2.x.x anymore.

Usage

Express or Connect integration

Express 4.x, 5.0 and Connect 3.x:

const session = require('express-session');
const MongoStore = require('connect-mongo')(session);
 
app.use(session({
    secret: 'foo',
    store: new MongoStore(options)
}));

Connection to MongoDB

In many circumstances, connect-mongo will not be the only part of your application which need a connection to a MongoDB database. It could be interesting to re-use an existing connection.

Alternatively, you can configure connect-mongo to establish a new connection.

Re-use an existing Mongoose connection

const mongoose = require('mongoose');
 
// Basic usage
mongoose.connect(connectionOptions);
 
app.use(session({
    store: new MongoStore({ mongooseConnection: mongoose.connection })
}));
 
// Advanced usage
const connection = mongoose.createConnection(connectionOptions);
 
app.use(session({
    store: new MongoStore({ mongooseConnection: connection })
}));

Re-use an existing native MongoDB driver client (or a promise)

In this case, you just have to give your MongoClient instance to connect-mongo.

/*
** There are many ways to create MongoClient.
** You should refer to the driver documentation.
*/
 
// Database name present in the connection string will be used
app.use(session({
    store: new MongoStore({ client: clientInstance })
}));
 
// Explicitly specifying database name
app.use(session({
    store: new MongoStore({
        client: clientInstance,
        dbName: 'test-app'
    })
}));

Or just give a promise...

// Database name present in the connection string will be used
app.use(session({
    store: new MongoStore({ clientPromise: clientInstancePromise })
}));
 
// Explicitly specifying database name
app.use(session({
    store: new MongoStore({
        clientPromise: clientInstancePromise,
        dbName: 'test-app'
    })
}));

Create a new connection from a MongoDB connection string

MongoDB connection strings are the best way to configure a new connection. For advanced usage, more options can be configured with mongoOptions property.

// Basic usage
app.use(session({
    store: new MongoStore({ url: 'mongodb://localhost/test-app' })
}));
 
// Advanced usage
app.use(session({
    store: new MongoStore({
        url: 'mongodb://user12345:foobar@localhost/test-app?authSource=admins&w=1',
        mongoOptions: advancedOptions // See below for details
    })
}));

Events

A MongoStore instance will emit the following events:

Event name Description Payload
create A session has been created sessionId
touch A session has been touched (but not modified) sessionId
update A session has been updated sessionId
set A session has been created OR updated (for compatibility purpose) sessionId
destroy A session has been destroyed manually sessionId

Session expiration

When the session cookie has an expiration date, connect-mongo will use it.

Otherwise, it will create a new one, using ttl option.

app.use(session({
    store: new MongoStore({
        url: 'mongodb://localhost/test-app',
        ttl: 14 * 24 * 60 * 60 // = 14 days. Default
    })
}));

Note: Each time an user interacts with the server, its session expiration date is refreshed.

Remove expired sessions

By default, connect-mongo uses MongoDB's TTL collection feature (2.2+) to have mongod automatically remove expired sessions. But you can change this behavior.

Set MongoDB to clean expired sessions (default mode)

connect-mongo will create a TTL index for you at startup. You MUST have MongoDB 2.2+ and administration permissions.

app.use(session({
    store: new MongoStore({
        url: 'mongodb://localhost/test-app',
        autoRemove: 'native' // Default
    })
}));

Note: If you use connect-mongo in a very concurrent environment, you should avoid this mode and prefer setting the index yourself, once!

Set the compatibility mode

You have an older MongoDB version (compatible with connect-mongo) or you can't or don't want to create a TTL index.

connect-mongo will take care of removing expired sessions, using defined interval.

app.use(session({
    store: new MongoStore({
      url: 'mongodb://localhost/test-app',
      autoRemove: 'interval',
      autoRemoveInterval: 10 // In minutes. Default
    })
}));

Disable expired sessions cleaning

You are in production environnement and/or you manage the TTL index elsewhere.

app.use(session({
    store: new MongoStore({
        url: 'mongodb://localhost/test-app',
        autoRemove: 'disabled'
    })
}));

Lazy session update

If you are using express-session >= 1.10.0 and don't want to resave all the session on database every single time that the user refresh the page, you can lazy update the session, by limiting a period of time.

app.use(express.session({
    secret: 'keyboard cat',
    saveUninitialized: false, // don't create session until something stored
    resave: false, //don't save session if unmodified
    store: new MongoStore({
        url: 'mongodb://localhost/test-app',
        touchAfter: 24 * 3600 // time period in seconds
    })
}));

by doing this, setting touchAfter: 24 * 3600 you are saying to the session be updated only one time in a period of 24 hours, does not matter how many request's are made (with the exception of those that change something on the session data)

Transparent encryption/decryption of session data

When working with sensitive session data it is recommended to use encryption

const store = new MongoStore({
    url: 'mongodb://localhost/test-app',
    secret: 'squirrel'
})

Options

Connection-related options (required)

One of the following options should be provided. If more than one option are provided, each option will take precedence over others according to priority.

Priority Option Description
1 url A connection string for creating a new MongoClient connection. If database name is not present in the connection string, database name should be provided using dbName option. Otherwise MongoDB will set the database name to 'test'.
2 mongooseConnection An existing Mongoose connection. If the connection was established without database name being present in the connection string, database name is set to MongoDB default 'test'.
3 client An existing MongoClient connection. If the connection was established without database name being present in the connection string, database name should be provided using dbName option. Otherwise MongoDB will set the database name to 'test'.
4 clientPromise A Promise that is resolved with MongoClient connection. If the connection was established without database name being present in the connection string, database name should be provided using dbName option. Otherwise MongoDB will set the database name to 'test'.

More options

Option Default Description
mongoOptions {useNewUrlParser: true, useUnifiedTopology: true} Options object for MongoClient.connect() method. Can be used with url option.
dbName A name of database used for storing sessions. Can be used with url, client or clientPromise options. Takes precedence over database name present in the connection string.
collection 'sessions' A name of collection used for storing sessions.
ttl 1209600 The maximum lifetime (in seconds) of the session which will be used to set session.cookie.expires if it is not yet set. Default is 14 days.
autoRemove 'native' Behavior for removing expired sessions. Possible values: 'native', 'interval' and 'disabled'.
autoRemoveInterval 10 Interval (in minutes) used when autoRemove option is set to interval.
touchAfter Interval (in seconds) between session updates.
fallbackMemory Fallback to MemoryStore if true. Useful if you want to use MemoryStore in some case, like in development environment.
stringify true If true, connect-mongo will serialize sessions using JSON.stringify before setting them, and deserialize them with JSON.parse when getting them. This is useful if you are using types that MongoDB doesn't support.
serialize Custom hook for serializing sessions to MongoDB. This is helpful if you need to modify the session before writing it out.
unserialize Custom hook for unserializing sessions from MongoDB. This can be used in scenarios where you need to support different types of serializations (e.g., objects and JSON strings) or need to modify the session before using it in your app.
writeOperationOptions Options object to pass to every MongoDB write operation call that supports it (e.g. update, remove). Useful for adjusting the write concern. Only exception: If autoRemove is set to 'interval', the write concern from the writeOperationOptions object will get overwritten.
transformId Transform original sessionId in whatever you want to use as storage key.

Crypto-related options

Option Default Description
secret false Enables transparent crypto in accordance with OWASP session management recommendations.
algorithm 'aes-256-gcm' Allows for changes to the default symmetric encryption cipher. See crypto.getCiphers() for supported algorithms.
hashing 'sha512' May be used to change the default hashing algorithm. See crypto.getHashes() for supported hashing algorithms.
encodeas 'hex' Specify to change the session data cipher text encoding.
key_size 32 When using varying algorithms the key size may be used. Default value 32 is based on the AES blocksize.
iv_size 16 This can be used to adjust the default IV size if a different algorithm requires a different size.
at_size 16 When using newer AES modes such as the default GCM or CCM an authentication tag size can be defined.

Tests

docker run --rm -p 27017:27017 mongo:3.6
yarn install
yarn test

The tests use a database called connect-mongo-test.

Showcase

Open source projects and production apps using connect-mongo. Feel free to add yours in a pull request.

  • Builder Book: Open source web app to write and host documentation or sell books. Built with React, Material-UI, Next, Express, Mongoose, MongoDB.

License

The MIT License

install

npm i connect-mongo

Downloadsweekly downloads

64,727

version

3.2.0

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

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