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componentsjs
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4.0.6 • Public • Published

Components.js

A semantic dependency injection framework

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This repository contains the source code of Components.js. Full documentation on its usage can be found at http://componentsjs.readthedocs.io/.

Interested in contributing to this project? Have a look at this contribution guide.

Introduction

Components.js is a dependency injection framework for TypeScript and JavaScript projects using JSON(-LD) files.

Instead of hard-wiring software components together, Components.js allows these components to be instantiated and wired together declaratively using semantic configuration files. The advantage of these semantic configuration files is that software components can be uniquely and globally identified using URIs.

Configurations can be written in any RDF serialization, such as JSON-LD.

This software is aimed for developers who want to build modular and easily configurable and rewireable JavaScript applications.

Get started with the TypeScript or JavaScript quick start guide below!

Quick Start (TypeScript)

1. Install dependencies

Components.js can be installed using npm:

$ npm install componentsjs

Component and module files can be automatically generated using Components-Generator.js:

$ npm install -D componentsjs-generator

2. Mark your package as a Components.js module

This will allow Components.js to find your module(s) when they are included from other packages.

package.json:

{
  "name": "my-package",
  "version": "2.3.4",
  "lsd:module": true
}

3. Create a configuration file to instantiate our class

Assuming a TypeScript class that is exported from the package:

export class MyClass {
  public readonly name: string;
  constructor(name: string) {
    this.name = name;  
  }
}

config.jsonld:

{
  "@context": [
    "https://linkedsoftwaredependencies.org/bundles/npm/componentsjs/^4.0.0/components/context.jsonld",
    {
      "ex": "http://example.org/",
      "name": "ex:MyPackage/MyClass#name"
    }
  ],
  "@id": "http://example.org/myInstance",
  "@type": "ex:MyPackage/MyClass",
  "name": "John"
}

This configuration is a semantic representation of the instantiation of MyClass with name set to "John".

4. Instantiate from config file

...
import { ComponentsManager } from 'componentsjs';

const manager = await ComponentsManager.build({
  mainModulePath: __dirname, // Path to your npm package's root
});
await manager.configRegistry.register('config.jsonld');
const myInstance = await manager.instantiate('http://example.org/myInstance');
...

myInstance is an instance of type MyClass, as defined in the config file.

Quick Start (JavaScript)

1. Install dependencies

Components.js can be installed using npm:

$ npm install componentsjs

2. Define your module and its components

Assuming a JavaScript class that is exported from the package:

export class MyClass {
  public readonly name;
  constructor(name) {
    this.name = name;  
  }
}

module.jsonld:

{
  "@context": [
    "https://linkedsoftwaredependencies.org/bundles/npm/componentsjs/^4.0.0/components/context.jsonld",
    { "ex": "http://example.org/" }
  ],
  "@id": "ex:MyPackage",
  "@type": "Module",
  "requireName": "my-package",
  "components": [
    {
      "@id": "ex:MyPackage/MyClass",
      "@type": "Class",
      "requireElement": "MyClass",
      "parameters": [
        { "@id": "ex:MyPackage/MyClass#name", "unique": true }
      ],
      "constructorArguments": [
        { "@id": "ex:MyPackage/MyClass#name" }
      ]
    }
  ]
}

The npm module my-package exports a class with the name MyClass.

The constructor of MyClass takes a single name argument.

3. Create a configuration file to instantiate our class

config.jsonld:

{
  "@context": [
    "https://linkedsoftwaredependencies.org/bundles/npm/componentsjs/^4.0.0/components/context.jsonld",
    {
      "ex": "http://example.org/",
      "name": "ex:MyPackage/MyClass#name"
    }
  ],
  "@id": "http://example.org/myInstance",
  "@type": "ex:MyPackage/MyClass",
  "name": "John"
}

This configuration is a semantic representation of the instantiation of MyClass with name set to "John".

4. Instantiate from config file

...
import { ComponentsManager } from 'componentsjs';

const manager = await ComponentsManager.build({
  mainModulePath: __dirname, // Path to your npm package's root
});
await manager.configRegistry.register('config.jsonld');
const myInstance = await manager.instantiate('http://example.org/myInstance');
...

myInstance is an instance of type MyClass, as defined in the config file.

License

Components.js is written by Ruben Taelman.

This code is copyrighted by Ghent University – imec and released under the MIT license.

Install

npm i componentsjs

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4.0.6

License

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