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    browserify-csspublic

    browserify-css build status Coverage Status

    NPM

    A Browserify transform for bundling, rebasing, inlining, and minifying CSS files. It's useful for CSS modularization where styles are scoped to their related bundles.

    Getting Started

    If you're new to browserify, check out the browserify handbook and the resources on browserify.org.

    Installation

    npm install --save-dev browserify-css

    Usage

    app.css:

    @import url("modules/foo/index.css");
    @import url("modules/bar/index.css");
    body {
        background-color: #fff;
    }

    app.js:

    var css = require('./app.css');
    console.log(css);

    You can compile your app by passing -t browserify-css to browserify:

    $ browserify -t browserify-css app.js > bundle.js

    Each require('./path/to/file.css') call will concatenate CSS files with @import statements, rebasing urls, inlining @import, and minifying CSS. It will add a style tag with an optional data-href attribute to the head section of the document during runtime:

    <html>
    <head>
        <style type="text/css" data-href="app.css">...</style>
    </head>
    </html>

    Configuration

    You can set configuration to your package.json file:

    {
        "browserify-css": {
            "autoInject": true,
            "minify": true,
            "rootDir": "."
        }
    }

    or use an external configuration file like below:

    {
        "browserify-css": "./config/browserify-css.js"
    }

    config/browserify-css.js:

    module.exports = {
        "autoInject": true,
        "minify": true,
        "rootDir": "."
    };

    Furthermore, browserify-css transform can obtain options from the command-line with subarg syntax:

    $ browserify -t [ browserify-css --minify=true --output bundle.css ] -o bundle.js app.js
    

    or from the api:

    b.transform('browserify-css', {
        minify: true,
        output: 'bundle.css'
    });
    

    Options

    autoInject

    Type: Boolean Default: true

    If true, each require('path/to/file.css') call will add a style tag to the head section of the document.

    autoInjectOptions

    Type: Object Default:

    {
        "verbose": true,
        "insertAt": "bottom" // or "top"
    }

    verbose

    If verbose is set to true, the path to CSS will be specified in the data-href attribute inside the style tag

    insertAt

    By default, browserify-css transform appends <style> elements to the end of the <head> tag of the page. This will cause CSS created by browserify-css transform to take priority over CSS already present in the document head. To insert style elements at the beginning of the head, set the insertAt parameter to 'top'.

    inlineImages

    Type: Boolean or Object Default: false

    If true, each required css file will have image url() replaced with data urls. For example from:

      background-image: url("background.png");

    to:

      background-image: url("data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAVQAAAHgCAYAAAD6yZXWAAAABmJLR0QA");

    inlineImagesOptions

    Type: Object Default:

    {
        // maximum size (in bytes) of image file that will be inlined into css file
        "limit": 0 // 0 means no limit - inline all images
    }

    If a limit is set, then only files that are smaller than the number of bytes given will be inlined into the css file.

    minify

    Type: Boolean Default: false

    minifyOptions

    Type: Object Default: {}

    Check out a list of CSS minify options at CleanCSS.

    onFlush

    Type: Function

    The onFlush option accepts a function which takes two arguments: (options, done).

    // @param {object} options The options object
    // @param {string} options.filename The filename
    // @param {string} options.data The CSS file content
    // @param {string} options.rootDir The root directory
    // @param {string} options.relativePath The relative path
    // @param {string} options.href The href attribute
    // @param {function} done The done callback
    onFlush: function(options, done) {
        // Method 1:
        // This will keep original module.exports unchanged
        done();
        
        // Method 2:
        // Pass a null value to the done callback if you do not want to embed CSS into a JavaScript bundle
        done(null);
        
        // Method 3:
        // Pass a text string to the done callback to customize module.exports
        done('module.exports = ' + JSON.stringify(options.data) + ';');
    }

    You can use the onFlush option to output each CSS to a separate file, or append multiple CSS into one file. For example:

    var browserify = require('browserify');
    var fs = require('fs');
     
    fs.unlinkSync('dist/assets/app.css');
     
    browserify(options)
        .add('src/index.js')
        .transform(require('browserify-css'), {
            rootDir: 'src',
            onFlush: function(options, done) {
                fs.appendFileSync('dist/assets/app.css', options.data);
                
                // Do not embed CSS into a JavaScript bundle
                done(null);
            }
        })
        .bundle();

    output

    Type: String Default: ''

    The output path of the CSS file. When using this option, browserify-css will not embed stylesheets into a JavaScript bundle.

    browserify -t [ browserify-css --minify=true --output bundle.css ] -o bundle.js index.js

    processRelativeUrl

    Type: Function

    The processRelativeUrl option accepts a function which takes one argument (the relative url) and returns the original relativeUrl string or the converted result. For example:

    var browserify = require('browserify');
     
    browserify(options)
        .add('src/index.js')
        .transform(require('browserify-css'), {
            rootDir: 'src',
            processRelativeUrl: function(relativeUrl) {
                return relativeUrl;
            }
        })
        .bundle();

    You can embed the image data directly into the CSS file with data URI, like so:

    var _ = require('lodash');
    var path = require('path');
    var browserify = require('browserify');
     
    browserify(options)
        .add('src/index.js')
        .transform(require('browserify-css'), {
            rootDir: 'src',
            processRelativeUrl: function(relativeUrl) {
                if (_.contains(['.jpg','.png','.gif'], path.extname(relativeUrl))) {
                    // Embed image data with data URI
                    var DataUri = require('datauri');
                    var dUri = new DataUri(relativeUrl);
                    return dUri.content;
                }
                return relativeUrl;
            }
        })
        .bundle();

    You may also want to check out the FAQ for advanced usage.

    rebaseUrls

    Type: Boolean Default: true

    If true, relative paths will be rebased in css files; if false, paths will be unchanged.

    rootDir

    Type: String Default: ./

    An absolute path to resolve relative paths against the project's base directory.

    stripComments

    Type: Boolean Default: false

    Strip comments from CSS. Defaults to false.

    FAQ

    1. How do I include CSS files located inside the node_modules folder?

    You can choose one of the following methods to include CSS files located inside the node_modules folder:

    1. The easiest way to do this is using the @import rule. For example:

    app.js:

    require('./app.css');

    app.css:

    /* Use CSS from your node_modules folder */
    @import "node_modules/foo/foo.css";
     
    /* Or your own relative files */
    @import "styles/common.css";
    1. Use the global transform option (i.e. --global-transform or -g) on the command line to transform all files in a node_modules directory:
    $ browserify -g browserify-css app.js > bundle.js 

    or use the API directly:

    var browserify = require('browserify');
    var b = browserify('./app.js');
    b.transform('browserify-css', {global: true});
    b.bundle().pipe(process.stdout);

    See browserify transform options for details.

    Then you will be able to require CSS files from within node_modules. For example:

    require('bootstrap/dist/bootstrap.css');
    1. Put browserify transform option into a submodule's package.json file inside the node_modules directory on a per-module basis like so:

    node_modules/foo/package.json:

    {
      "browserify": {
        "transform": ["browserify-css"]
      }
    }

    Then, run browserify transform on the command line:

    $ browserify -t browserify-css app.js > bundle.js 

    2. How do I load font and image files from node_modules?

    Assume that you have the following directory structure:

    package.json
    dist/
    src/
        index.js
        index.css
    node_modules/
        bootstrap/
            dist/
                css/
                    bootstrap.css

    The index.css uses @import to import external style sheets:

    @import url("../node_modules/bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.css");

    All output files, including the generated bundle.js, are created under the dist directory:

    dist/
        bundle.js
        vendor/
            bootstrap/
                dist/
                    css/
                        bootstrap.css

    Suppose that the dist directory is your web root, you might want to copy external font and images files from ../node_modules/ to dist/vendor/.

    For example, the @font-face rules in node_modules/bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.css:

    @font-face {
        font-family: 'Glyphicons Halflings';
        src: url('../fonts/glyphicons-halflings-regular.eot');
        src: url('../fonts/glyphicons-halflings-regular.eot?#iefix') format('embedded-opentype'),
             url('../fonts/glyphicons-halflings-regular.woff2') format('woff2'),
             url('../fonts/glyphicons-halflings-regular.woff') format('woff'),
             url('../fonts/glyphicons-halflings-regular.ttf') format('truetype'),
             url('../fonts/glyphicons-halflings-regular.svg#glyphicons_halflingsregular') format('svg');
    }

    The example below illustrates the use of the processRelativeUrl option:

    var gulp = require('gulp');
    var gutil = require('gulp-util');
    var path = require('path');
    var browserify = require('browserify');
    var sourceStream = require('vinyl-source-stream');
    var fse = require('fs-extra');
     
    var bundleStream = browserify()
        .add('src/index.js')
        .transform(require('browserify-css'), {
            rootDir: 'src',
            processRelativeUrl: function(relativeUrl) {
                var stripQueryStringAndHashFromPath = function(url) {
                    return url.split('?')[0].split('#')[0];
                };
                var rootDir = path.resolve(process.cwd(), 'src');
                var relativePath = stripQueryStringAndHashFromPath(relativeUrl);
                var queryStringAndHash = relativeUrl.substring(relativePath.length);
     
                //
                // Copying files from '../node_modules/bootstrap/' to 'dist/vendor/bootstrap/'
                //
                var prefix = '../node_modules/';
                if (_.startsWith(relativePath, prefix)) {
                    var vendorPath = 'vendor/' + relativePath.substring(prefix.length);
                    var source = path.join(rootDir, relativePath);
                    var target = path.join(rootDir, vendorPath);
     
                    gutil.log('Copying file from ' + JSON.stringify(source) + ' to ' + JSON.stringify(target));
                    fse.copySync(source, target);
     
                    // Returns a new path string with original query string and hash fragments
                    return vendorPath + queryStringAndHash;
                }
     
                return relativeUrl;
            }
        })
        .bundle();
     
    bundleStream
        .pipe(sourceStream(bundleFile))
        .pipe(gulp.dest(browserifyConfig.dest));
     

    Acknowledgements

    Test Images:

    License

    MIT

    install

    npm i browserify-css

    Downloadsweekly downloads

    4,717

    version

    0.14.0

    license

    MIT

    repository

    githubgithub

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