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    Manage BED (Browser Extensible Data) files with Node.JS (Bioinformatics).


    Use NPM to install the package:

    npm install bedjs


    About the BED file format

    A BED file is a tab delimited containing one feature of interest per line. Each line must contain at least the three first fields listed below:

    KEY Description Type
    chromosome Chromosome name String
    start Start position of the feature Integer
    end End position of the feature Integer
    name Name of the line String
    score Score between 0 and 1000 Integer
    strand Strand of the feature ('+' or '-') String
    thickStart Start position at which the feature is drawn thickly Integer
    thickEnd End position at which the feature is drawn thickly Integer
    itemRgb RGB value in format R,G,B String
    blockCount The number of blocks (exons) in the BED line Integer
    blockSizes A comma-separated list of the block sizes String
    blockStarts A comma-separated list of block starts String

    You can read more about the BED format here.

    The BED object

    This tool will convert each line of a BED file in one JavaScript object, where each column of the BED file will be saved with the format key=value. The key attribute will be one of the previous table.

    Example of a BED file:

    1	6579260	6579725	PLEKHG5
    1	10292069	10292214	KIF1B
    1	33282660	33282997	YARS
    1	156084621	156085204	LMNA

    The previous BED file converted to a BED object will be:

      { chromosome: '1', start: 6579260, end: 6579725, name: 'PLEKHG5' },
      { chromosome: '1', start: 10292069, end: 10292214, name: 'KIF1B' },
      { chromosome: '1', start: 33282660, end: 33282997, name: 'YARS' },
      { chromosome: '1', start: 156084621, end: 156085204, name: 'LMNA' }


    Include the package in your JavaScript code using:

    var bedJS = require('bedjs');


    Read a BED file. Returns an array with one BED object for each line of the BED file.

    var bed = bedJS.Read('example.bed');

    bedJS.Write(file, bed)

    Save an array with BED objects to a BED file.

    bedJS.Write('newfile.bed', bed);


    A class to combine all BED objects into a new object. The following combining methods are available:


    Combines all BED objects with overlapping features into a new BED object. This method only combines all features that have the same chromosome and the same strand.

    Example of a BED object:

      { "chromosome": "2", "start": 500, "end": 600, "name": "REGION1", "score": 0, "strand": "+" },
      { "chromosome": "2", "start": 550, "end": 700, "name": "REGION2", "score": 0, "strand": "+" },
      { "chromosome": "2", "start": 500, "end": 700, "name": "REGION3", "score": 0, "strand": "-" }

    If now we run:

    var bed2 = bedJS.Collapse.ByRegion(bed);

    This will return the following array:

      { "chromosome": "2", "start": 500, "end": 700, "name": "REGION1,REGION2", "score": 0, "strand": "+" },
      { "chromosome": "2", "start": 500, "end": 700, "name": "REGION3", "score": 0, "strand": "-" }


    Combines all BED objects that have the same feature name. The output object will have the minimum start position and the maximum end position of all objects combined.

    Example of a BED object:

      { "chromosome": "2", "start": 500, "end": 600, "name": "REGION1", "score": 0, "strand": "+" },
      { "chromosome": "2", "start": 700, "end": 800, "name": "REGION1", "score": 0, "strand": "+" },
      { "chromosome": "2", "start": 500, "end": 700, "name": "REGION2", "score": 0, "strand": "-" }

    If now we run:

    var bed2 = bedJS.Collapse.ByName(bed);

    This will return the following array:

      { "chromosome": "2", "start": 500, "end": 800, "name": "REGION1", "score": 0, "strand": "+" },
      { "chromosome": "2", "start": 500, "end": 700, "name": "REGION3", "score": 0, "strand": "-" }


    A set of tools to work with Fasta files.


    Create an index of your Fasta file in JSON format. This index is required if you want to use the bedJS.Fasta.Get function.


    The previous command will generate a file called fasta_file.fa.json. Once you have created the index file, you don't need to run it again.

    bedJS.Fasta.Get(fasta, bed, opt)

    A method to extract sequences from a Fasta file using the regions delimited in your BED file or in your BED object. The inputs of this method are:

    • fasta: the path of your fasta file where you will extract the sequence.
    • bed: a BED object or the path to a BED file with the regions where you want to extract the sequence.
    • opt: an object with the following keys:
      • strand: set it to true if you want to extract the sequence with the same orientation defined in the BED file. Default is false.

    This will return an array with the sequence for each BED object.

    Note that you must run bedJS.Fasta.Index to index the Fasta file before run this function.

    Example of a Fasta file:


    Example of a bed file

    1 5 10

    If you run:

    var sequence = bedJS.Fasta.Get('test.fa', 'test.bed', { strand: false });
    // -> sequence = [ { "head": "1:5-10", "sequence": "AAAAC"}] 


    © MIT LICENSE Jose M. Juanes.


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