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    authorize-jwt   Build Status Coverage Status NPM version

    Simple JSON Web Token authorization module for Node.js.

    • Uses jose to perform verification of tokens.
    • Uses pub-keystore to retrieve and manage token issuers' public keys.
    • Adds extra check for maximum expiry time.
    • Extracts tokens from HTTP Authorization (Basic or Bearer) headers or query strings.
    • Unit tests with 100% code coverage.
    • Support for the Web Authentication browser API.
      • Use case (thanks to Emil Lundberg for the summary):
        1. Alice logs in and proves she's an admin (e.g. by signing a challenge generated on the server, which is then verified on the server).
        2. Alice uses client side script to generate a JWT.
        3. Client side script uses Alice's public key credential to sign the JWT.
        4. JWT with Alice's admin signature is sent to ordinary user Bob.
        5. Bob sends signed JWT to server, and receives a perk.
      • Uses Webauthn4JS.
      • See this test for an example.

    The API is described here.


    const authorize_jwt = require('..');
    const http = require('http');
    const assert = require('assert');
    const { generateKeyPair, SignJWT, exportJWK } = require('jose');
    const the_uri = '';
    const audience = 'urn:authorize-jwt:example';
    process.on('unhandledRejection', err => { throw err });
    // create authorization object
        db_type: 'pouchdb',
        db_for_update: true, // we're going to update a public key
        max_token_expiry: 60
    }, async function (err, authz) {
        const { privateKey: priv_key, publicKey: pub_key } = await generateKeyPair('EdDSA');
        var the_issuer_id, the_rev, change_rev;
        async function doit() {
            assert.equal(the_rev, change_rev);
            // create and sign a JWT
            const the_token = await new SignJWT({
                foo: 'bar'
                alg: 'EdDSA'
            // send and receive the token via HTTP Basic Auth
            const http_server = http.createServer(function (req, res) {
                authz.get_authz_data(req, function (err, info, token) {
                    assert.equal(info, 'test');
                    assert.equal(token, the_token);
                    // authorize the token
                    authz.authorize(token, ['EdDSA'], function (err, payload, uri, rev) {
                        assert.equal(uri, the_uri);
                        assert.equal(rev, the_rev);
                        assert.equal(, 'bar');
            }).listen(6000, '', function () {
                http.request({ hostname: '', port: 6000, auth: 'test:' + the_token }).end();
        // just to demonstrate change events
        authz.keystore.once('change', function (uri, rev) {
            assert.equal(uri, the_uri);
            change_rev = rev;
            if (the_rev) { doit(); }
        // add public key to the store
        authz.keystore.add_pub_key(the_uri, await exportJWK(pub_key), function (err, issuer_id, rev) {
            the_issuer_id = issuer_id;
            the_rev = rev;
            if (change_rev) { doit(); }


    npm install authorize-jwt




    grunt test

    Code Coverage

    grunt coverage

    c8 results are available here.

    Coveralls page is here.


    grunt lint


    Source: index.js

    module.exports(config, cb)

    Creates a JWT authorizer.


    • {Object} config Configures the authorizer. config is passed down to pub-keystore, jose and webauthn4js. The following extra properties are supported:

      • {Integer} [max_token_expiry] If set then all JSON Web Tokens must expire sooner than max_token_expiry seconds in the future (from the time they're presented). Defaults to undefined.

      • {Boolean} [WEBAUTHN_MODE] If truthy then instead of verifying standalone JSON Web Tokens, the authorizer will verify signed assertions generated by the Web Authentication browser API. The challenge contained in each assertion's client data must be an unsigned JSON Web Token. Defaults to false.

      • {Function} [complete_webauthn_token] This applies only if WEBAUTHN_MODE is truthy and is mandatory if you pass strings to authorize. It will receive the following arguments:

        • {Object} partial_webauthn_token. This is a partially-complete Web Authentication assertion containing issuer_id and car properties (see authorize for a description).

        • {Function} cb Call this function when you have filled in the remaining properties. It takes the following arguments:

          • {Object} err If an error occurred then pass details of the error, otherwise pass null.
          • {Object} webauthn_token This should have the same properties as partial_webauthn_token plus the opts property, if required (see authorize). It's safe to modify partial_webauthn_token and then pass it here.
      • {PubKeyStore} [keystore] If you have a pre-existing PubKeyStore instance, pass it here. The authorizer will use it to look up the public keys of token issuers. The default is to make a new one by calling pub-keystore.

      • {WebAuthn4JS} [webAuthn] If you have a pre-existing WebAuthn4JS instance, pass it here. The default is to make a new one by calling webauthn4js.

    • {Function} cb Function called with the result of creating the authorizer. It will receive the following arguments:

      • {Object} err If an error occurred then details of the error, otherwise null.

      • {AuthorizeJWT} authz The AuthorizeJWT object. As well as AuthorizeJWT's prototype methods, it has the following properties:

        • {PubKeyStore} keystore The PubKeyStore object that the authorizer is using to look up the public keys of token issuers. For example, you could listen to events so you know that previously verified tokens are invalid.

        • {WebAuthn4JS} [webAuthn] The WebAuthn4JS object being used to verify assertions, if WEBAUTHN_MODE is truthy.

    Go: TOC | module

    AuthorizeJWT.prototype.get_authz_data(req, cb)

    Extracts JSON Web Tokens from a HTTP request.


    • {http.IncomingMessage} req HTTP request object which should contain the tokens either in the Authorization header (Basic or Bearer auth) or in the authz_token query string parameter.
    • {Function} cb Function called with the tokens obtained from req. The Authorization header is used in preference to the query string. cb will receive the following arguments:
      • {Object} err If an error occurred then details of the error, otherwise null.

      • {String} info Extra information retrieved from req along with the tokens. This is either the username extracted from the Authorization header or the authz_info query string parameter.

      • {String|Array} token The JSON Web Tokens retrieved from req. If only one token is retrieved, it will be passed as a string, otherwise an array of the tokens retrieved will be passed. If no tokens are present in req then info and token will be undefined. The tokens are obtained from either:

        • The password part of the Authorization header, split into multiple tokens using comma as a separator.
        • Or from any authz_token query string parameters present.

    Go: TOC | AuthorizeJWT.prototype

    AuthorizeJWT.prototype.authorize(authz_token, algorithms, cb)

    Authorizes (or not) a JSON Web Token.

    The token must pass all the tests made by jose and

    • If config.max_token_expiry was passed to module.exports then the token must expire sooner than config.max_token_expiry seconds in the future.


    • {String | Object} authz_token The token to authorize.

      • If config.WEBAUTHN_MODE was not passed truthy to module.exports then authz_token must be a JWT string.

        • The iss property in the token's payload is used to retrieve a public key from AuthorizeJWT's key store using PubKeyStore.prototype_get_pub_key_by_issuer_id.
        • If the retrieved value has a pub_key property then that is used as the public key otherwise the retrieved value itself is used.
      • If config.WEBAUTHN_MODE was passed truthy to module.exports then authz_token must be a Web Authentication assertion. It must either be an object with the following properties or a string of the form - i.e. issuer_id and the properties of car.response (both described below) separated by a period. In the latter case, the remaining opts property is obtained by calling config.complete_webauthn_token (see module.exports).

    • {Array} algorithms This is passed to jose and specifies the algorithms expected to be used to sign authz_token. If you pass undefined then all algorithms available on the public key are allowed. Note this parameter is ignored if config.WEBAUTHN_MODE was passed truthy to module.exports.

    • {Function} cb Function called with the result of authorizing the token. It will receive the following arguments:

      • {Object} err If authorization fails for some reason (e.g. the token isn't valid) then details of the failure, otherwise null.

      • {Object} payload The JWT's payload.

      • {String} uri The permanent URI of the token's issuer. This is different to the issuer ID in the payload's iss property (PubKeyStore generates a different issuer ID each time a public key is stored, even for the same issuer).

      • {String} rev Revision string for the public key used to verify the token. You can use this to identify tokens that become invalid when a event occurs for the same issuer but with a different revision string.

      • {Credential} [credential] If config.WEBAUTHN_MODE was passed truthy to module.exports then this contains the validated credential, plus the issuer ID in the issuer_id property and the User in the user property.

    Go: TOC | AuthorizeJWT.prototype


    Closes the JW authorizer.

    If you passed your own keystore or webAuthn to module.exports, it will not be closed.


    • {Function} cb Called when everything's closed. It will receive the following argument:
      • {Object} err If something failed to close, details of the error.

    Go: TOC | AuthorizeJWT.prototype

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